Wendell C. and John B. Tombaugh








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700 Pontiac Street

Rochester, Indiana





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TABER, GEORGE [Logansport, Indiana]
George Taber, pioneer citizen and veteran member of the Cass County Bar Association died at his home in Logansport last night after a long illness. He was 75 years of age. Taber at one time owned large tracts of land in Fulton county which his father had purchased from the Indians.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, May 2, 1930]

TABER, STEPHEN C. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Hotels - Fairview

TABERNACLE - 1908 [Rochester, Indiana]
My grandfather, John G. Hill, helped build the Rochester Tabernacle about 1906 or thereabouts, as a place to hold summer revival meetings, sponsored by all the churches in Rochester. It was located on the "south commons" on southeast corner of 7th and Pontiac streets. The town had two commons, each about one-fourth square block. The "north commons" was vacant and used for ball games until the high school was built in 1912. The Tabernacle had a sawdust floor and wood benches and a pulpit. Meetings were held there every night. People would go forward and join the church of their choice. I joined church there that summer. In the fall it was torn down. Later Al Fenstermaker built the three houses that now occupy the site.
[Hill Family, Clarence F. Hill, Fulton Co. Folks, Vol. 1., Willard]

Rochester is to have a tabernacle in the near future, the plans having already been completed.
Work on the new building, which will be 60x80 feet in dimensions, will be commenced the first week in September and will be completed in about one week. It is to be erected on the vacant lot in the rear of the M.E. parsonage and will be constructed one story high, with a sloping roof on both sides. The sides will be made so that they may be raised all along for ventilation.
As soon as completed, the new building will be used as a place of worship in a series of union revival meetings with evangelist Honeywell, of Chicago, as the principal speaker, along with his two assistants. Evangelist Honeywell is well known throughout the country as a powerful man and was a right-hand man to Rev. Billy Sunday for several years. These meetings will continue through September and include the first week in October.
Another purpose of the building, according to the plans of the builders, will be the holding of political meetings there during October and first week of November. This will be a fine place as the building will have a seating capacity of 1,500 and will be the same as being out doors with the advantage of protection from the elements.
Before next winter the building will be torn down and the lumber returned to the dealer.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, August 13, 1908]

Rochester is to be the scene of a modern uptodate religious campaign. Next Monday morning work will be begun on a tabernacle which will seat about 1800 people. The tabernacle will be located on the lot in front of the Hospital and of course will be a temporary structure. The meetings will begin Friday evening, Sept. 11 and will be in charge of the Rev. I. E. Honeywell, a noted evangelist. He will be assisted by a singer and an assistant. During the meeting Mr. Honeywell plans to have the Rev. Billy Sunday here and also the Rev. Melvin Trotter of Grand Rapids, one of the most successful christian workers of the day. Mr. Sunday and Mr. Trotter are both well known to Winona attendants.
Every christian man and woman in Rochester and surrounding country is invited to join in this great movement which has for its purpose the conversion of every person not already a christian.
The meetings will probably continue for a month. The tabernacle will be used after the meetings are over for the political gatherings of all parties.
Every man in Rochester who can drive a nail or handle a saw is invited to assist in the building of the tabernacle and a large force of volunteer workers is requested for Tuesday morning of next week. All who can are requested to be on hand Monday afternoon. Tuesday morning at 7 o'clock a force of twenty men will be needed.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 5, 1908]

The new Gospel Tabernacle was started this morning and a force of men are working hard to have it ready for occupancy by next Sunday morning when the churches interested in the movement will hold their first service. The plan was to be ready Friday 11th but the date for the first meeting has been changed to next Saturday the 13th. Morning, afternoon and evening services will be held on that day. The expenses of the churches interested in the movement will be kept up just the same as usual as the envelopes will be brought to the tabernacle services and the offerings to the different churches will be given to their respective treasurers at the close of each service.
Next Saturday evening there will be a choir rehearsal of all the singers who will assist with the meeting at the Tabernacle. Every singer in Rochester is invited to join the great chorus choir which will number about 250 voices. The meetings will have as leader of the singing a trained chorus leader and talented singer, the Rev. M. C. Martin of Minneapolis. A great orchestra will also be organized and anyone who can play on a musical instrument will be invited to join it.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, September 9, 1908]

The building of Gospel Tabernacle just west of the Methodist church is creating much interest. Climbing over the building and weilding hammer and saw are three prominent pastors, Dr. Campbell and Revs. Newman and Smith. The former are excellent mechanics and Mr. Smith is good help, splendid on the lift. Judge Troutman occasionally comes around to lend a hand or bring a melon for "the boys" working on the building.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, September 10, 1908]

The Big Meeting planned for by a number of the pastors of Rochester will begin with a choir rehearsal this evening under the direction of Rev. Martin the director of music for the meeting. Every singer in Rochester who can help with the music in any way is invited to join in this rehearsal. Books will be used appropriate for the services. Persons who can play on musical instruments are invited to join in the orchestra. All members of churches interested in this meeting will bring their envelopes and put them in the contribution plates just as they would at their own churches. The arrangements of the Tabernacle are surprisingly complete and comfortable. The seats are broad and of dressed lumber and there are backs to them too. The ventilation has been looked after and there are plenty of windows and doors to let in fresh air.
Evangelist Honeywell who will have charge of the meeting is a man who has had large experience in this work and will prove the right man for this campaign.
Services are as follows: Sunday morning 10:45 with sermon by Rev. I. E. Honeywell. Afternoon service at 3 o'clock. Evening service at 7 o'clock with sermon by Rev. Honeywell. The tabernacle will accommodate 1,500 people. Everybody is invited to all the services.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 12, 1908]

The union tabernacle meetings for which the churches of Rochester have been planning for several weeks, opened yesterday with great congregations, a full tabernacle greeting Evangelist Honeywell when he stepped inside the door for the evening service. The morning sermon was devoted to the subject of prayer, and the evangelist appealed to the Christians to pray earnestly for a great revival, saying that there had never been a great revival except as the result of much prayer. He insisted that there must be a whole hearted consecration to God. He quoted examples from the lives of many of the Bible characters to prove that the great men, those who had accomplished great things, had been men of prayer. He also illustrated his point by returning to great men, both preachers and men outside of the pulpit, who were given to earnest prayer. He defined prayer in the following language: "Prayer is the confession of our need. It is man's weakness throwing itself on God's strength. It is man's ignorance throwing itself on God's wisdom. It is our refuge to trouble, our strength in weakness, our armor in battle. It is our comfort in sorrow, it is the wings by which we fly to God, a ladder for our feet in climbing to the sky. It is the first sign of conversion, it is the birth cry of the soul."
The subject in the evening was "Revivals." Mr. Honeywell introduced his subject by stating that he wished that he might appear not so much in the official capacity of a preacher or evangelist, but rather in the character of an earnest and true friend. He spoke of the great need of a revival and the conditions which would bring it about. The great revivals mentiond in the Bible were spoken of, then Mr. Honeywel showed that the Episcopalian, the Lutherans, the Congregationilists, the Presbytrians, the Quakers, the Methodists and the Baptists were the results of great revivals. Revivals in business, pleasure, styles and politics are common, and are thought nothing of, but when the church talks about a revival some old backslidden official or godless hypocrite in the church cries "I object." His story of the little girl whose sunshiny religion had been rebuked by her stern old grandfather and who went out and stroked the head of the neighbor's donkey, remarking, "Good old donkey, you've got religion all right for you have a long face just like grandpa," caused a great outburst of laughter from the great congregation, which seemed to appreciate his witty thrusts at the long faced, backslidden church member. He spoke of quarrels and envy among the churches and church members standing in the way of the revivals and pleaded with those who professed to be Christians to line up for God.
The evangelists are very pleasant and agreeable persons. Rev. Honeywell is a strong and forceful speaker, dealing in facts that are not always as pleasing to some of his hearers because of the truths he tells. He is argumentative and convincng in his utterances and it is believed that he will accomplish a great work in this community.
Rev. A. E. Phelps has not yet been much in evidence as a speaker. Upon him depends much of the management of the meetings. His work is more in line with the afternoon meetings and looking after the boys, girls and children. He is such a pleasant and sociable gentleman that he can not fail in the work he has in hand.
It is in Prof. M. C. Martin that much interest centers. As a singer evangelist he is certainly a success. In a very brief time he has organized a chorus and orchestra that makes the welkin ring and adds inspiration to all hearers. His management is superb, even the children cheerfully obeying every request made by him. He sings some beautiful solos as a mester of art. It is a matter of regret that a picture of this evangelist cannot be given at this time. To see and hear him will be more satisfactory to determine his merits.
Services this evening at 7:30. Announcements of afternoon meetings will be made at the evening meeting.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 14, 1908]

A very large and inspiring audience gathered at the Tabernacle Monday night, to hear the gospel in song and story. Usually that night is an off time for revival work, was not so in this instance. In the congregation were the representative people of the city. Prof. Martin led the large chorus which sang the new songs with enthusiasm. The singing could be heard for many squares. Every one is beginning to feel that a very great religious campaign has begun. Large success is predicted on every hand. Evangelist Honeywell preached a sermon full of truths which he drove home with power.
Mr. Honeywell said in part: "I never stand before an audience of this size in my evangelistic work without having a number of thoughts crowd in upon me. One is this. We never met until the other night, so may never meet again after the close of these services until we meet at the judgment day of God. Another is that in a few brief years we will all be asleep beneath the sod. Ten twenty, fifty, seventy-five years from tonight, where will we all be? Our church bells will be rung from our church spires but they will be rung by other hands for other worshipers. Our pulpits will be filled with other preachers and our pews with other listeners. But there is still another and more serious thought which comes to us and that is this: What an immense power, I mean immense mortal power there is, even in a congregation of this size. Do you know it is impossible for us to estimate aright the power that lies latent in the churches of our land today? Many of our church members, because they can not do everything, are willing to sit around until they actually mildew, and do nothing. All the great things of the world have been done little by little, by little agents, by little persons, by little things. And I want to say that if you ever have a revival here, the work will not be accomplished by the evangelist and the singer alone. If I thought that you imagined that this was my work and that the success or failure depended upon me and that you have no special part in it, I would pack my trunk at the close of this service and return to Chicago by the first train. This is your meeting, and mine." Using a common phrase, "It is up to you."
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, September 15, 1908]

A large crowd gathered at the Tabernacle last evening. Fine chorus singing and able preaching are the attractions which bid fair to command the whole attention of the community for the month. Never in the history of this city has there been so great a religious campaign planned and never more capable and successful leaders to direct the movement. Success seems certain. Prof Martin did splendid work with the large chorus and sang a solo with great acceptability. His work is very fine. Mr. Honeywell, though a little hoarse from hard speaking, preached a masterly sermon on "will the old book stand, or nuts for the skeptic to crack." The large audience listened most intently.
The salient points of Mr. Honeywell's sermon were as follows: "We do not have to go back to the bible times to determine the truth or falsity of the Bible. We judge a tree by its fruits, so can we judge Christianity. Some men say that they cannot believe the whale swallowed Jonah. The Bible does not say that it was a whale. It says that God prepared a great fish. There is a great shark in the Museum at London down the throat of which a team and wagn can be driven. Bad men would not write such a book as the Bible and they could not if they would. It must have been the work of good men. If it was an imposition bad men would not hate it and good men love it.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, September 16, 1908]

Great interest was manifested at the Tabernacle meeting last evening. The audience was large notwithstanding counter attractions. The chorus was increased and sang for the first half hour with enthusiasm. Mr. Martin sang "Old Jordan's Waves I do Not Fear." Mr. Honeywell in voice much improved preached a telling sermon on "The Home Problem" No one who heard it will ever forget what was said. The large audience was visibly and deeply moved.
Mr. Honeywell said the longer I live, the more I visit from home to home, the more I see of the sorrows and cares, the successes and failures of this life, the more I am impressed that the home problem is the greatest problem of our civilization. If the home life is pure all is pure. National life never rises above the home life, and never sinks below it. The prettiest picture earth furnishes is a whole family on the way to heaven, and the most horrible picture is a whole family on the way to hell. A child properly trained up to a proper point will not go astray. The child who does not obey his father will obey neither social, civil, nor divine laws. The lives of the mothers of Napoleon, Lord Bacon, Washington, Patrick Henry and of the Wesleys are illustrations of the influence of the parent on the life of the child. The children are following in the footstes of the parents. Do not lead them in the wrong way. Gabriel might come down here and preach and you might have an angel choir to sing, with heavenly musicians to play the accompaniments, but you will never reach the boys and girls, you will never save the young men and women, if you have to drag them in over some old wind broken backslider or some society dame of a mother.
Tonight 7:30 o'clock at the Tabernacle Mr. Honeywell will preach.
Tomorrow 9:40 to 12. Business mens meeting at Democratic headquarters. 2:30 day meeting at the Tabernacle.
Cottage prayer meetings will be tomorrow morning at 9:30 as follows: At the home of Daniel Agnew 1326 Main St., A. J. Brockie, 1212 Franklin St.; L. K. Brower, 402 W. 3rd St; C. G. Hoover, 525 Madison St; W. E. Jewell, 1130 Elm St; the Misses McCaughey, 719 Jefferson St; Frank Dillon, 113 E. 10th St.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, September 17, 1908]

The largest crowd of the week attended the Tabernacle meeting last night. The choir and the Evangelist did their best work and the meeting was a success. The first half hour of song by the choir of a hundred voices added often by the large audience was an inspiration; Evangelist Honeywell followed with a sermon of telling force. It was as a great battering ram beating down the walls of prejudice and sin. The sermon was severe in some parts, but no one could dispute its truth.
His theme was "No room in the Inn for Jesus." There was no room for Him when he came into the world and with many no room yet. In some churches he said little room for the real Christ. In the lives of many professed followers, little room for the real Christ. It was on this point that the preacher smote hard the worldliness of the day. He said it was not the low unattractive gambling room back of the saloon that was the greatest curse but the fashionable homes, the gilded palaces that with prize parties and wine suppers started young men and women on the way to ruin. The low down dives are but the last scenes in a tragedy which began at the prize card parties, the fashionable dance and the wine suppers. In business he said there was little room for the real Christ. Here he dwelt severaly upon the cut-throat methods of some in their mad craze for wealth and praised many stalwart, upright christian business men who stand for the highest integrity in the business world. It will be hard for the great audience to forget his words. Speaking of the effect of his sermon he said, "Throw a stone into a pack of dogs. The dog that is hit will howl." It's the fellow who is hit that will howl at what others said.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 18, 1908]

The largest indoor congragation ever assembled in Fulton county gathered in the Tabernacle last night to hear evangelist Honeywell. The huge building was packed to the limits and hundreds stood outside and heard the service. Never in this vicinity was there such a religious movement of such gigantic proportions. There was no doubt in the minds of any there last night of the very great final outcome of this movement.
The great choir of nearly two hundred voices and many instruments led by Mr. Martin did splendid service. Their choruses roused great enthusiasm. The offerings for current expenses for the day ran over $100 thrown loose into the baskets. The pastors who have the meeting in charge were greatly pleased.
Mr. Honeywell was at his best and preached with telling effect his "Kill or Cure" sermon and it brought forth frequent bursts of applause. It was a phillippic which will not soon be forgotten in Rochester. It was entertaining and heroic. It bristled with truths that needed to be told. He said in part: "Many men are physical giants and yet they are moral cowards. Fitzsimmons, Corbet, Jeffries and men of that stamp are physical marvels, but they are moral cowards. When you enter a campaign like this, you soon learn who the weak-kneed cowards are. You will soon hear 'Oh, I don't believe in revivals. Too much excitement for me.' The trouble is the church is afraid of creating a little opposition or trouble. Talk about sensational preaching. Jesus was a sensational preacher.
Tonight in the name of my mother, of my wife, of the children who hear my name, in the name of the Christ and the church, and all that is noble and virtuous, in the name of broken hearts, in the name of the drunkard and his family, in the name of a sinning and lost humanity I declare war! war! war! against sin and corruption; against damnation and the devil here in Rochester to the bitter end. What the world needs today is brave men. We need brave men in the pulpit, but we need more than that, we need brave men who will stand by the preachers.
You ought to forbid your children gadding the streets at nights. Many a poor girl has lost her name, simply because her fool of a father and mother have allowed her to gad the streets at night. I like to see a brave girl, one who will choose her companions right. The average young man is more particular about his associates than the average young girl. Until the young women take a decided stand and absolutely refuse to go with young men who are immoral, the young men will remain bad.
In the Morning, Mr. Honeywell preached a sermon which gripped the hearts of a large congregation, on 23d Psalm. The tabernacle was filled at the afternoon service for young people by boys, girls, young men and women, and the older ones. After a very interesting service over a half hundred accepted Christ, among them being many adults.
Prof. Martin called upon several of the young ladies to sing verses of the different songs and the congreagtion were well pleased with the work done. The different instruments were in evidence and did much to add to the success of the music.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 21, 1908]

"What a sermon that was!" was an exclamation on many lips at the close of last night's tabernacle meeting. It is the opinion of many that so strong an appeal was never made in this vicinity. It was eloquent, tragic and convincing. The preacher inspired by his subject and wrought up by the tremendous necessity of the hour, like a caged lion strode the platform speaking such truths as made souls tremble. The climax was reached in the touching and impassioned prayer of Dr. Campbell, leaving a spell over the great audience and many in tears.
The service opened with a half hour of song, the chorus doing excellent work under Mr. Martin's able direction. With as fine an audience as one would wish to address, Evangelist Honeywell having just left the bedside of his sick wife to be at the service, took the platform.
He took for his subject the scene in the garden of Gethsemane just before Christ's betrayal, and likened the church of today to the three groups found there. He said that the largest group now, as then were found near the edge of the garden, close to the world. The great majority of the church today are living on the border line of the world. It is hard to tell them from the world. The only way you can tell is to look up their names on the church register. The nearer you live to Jesus, the more elbow room you will have The nearer the relationship the greater the obligation. I owe to Mrs. Honeywell and my three children a duty which I do not owe to any other woman and children upon earth. By one deed of wrong I could cause Mrs. Honeywell and my three children to hang their heads in shame You owe to your wife and children what you owe to no others on earth. And so the christian owes to Christ the love and allegiance of children. The trouble is that too many church members are down on a level with the world and the world has no respect for your religion if you do not live up to it.
The whole worldly crowd of theatre going, card playing and dancing church members in the church today could not cast a devil out of a boy as big as a peanut. The way some church members act you would think that they had a through ticket to Heaven in a pullman palace car, but they will get side-tracked one of these days with a hot box.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, September 23, 1908]

The tabernacle meetings still hold the center of interest. Notwithstanding the band concert and the Republican rally, a great audience gathered to hear the large chorus choir sing those rousing choruses and the evangelist proclaim the truths of the gospel in forceful language. "This is probably my last message to the church," said the preacher after he had finished a strong sermon to backsliders the cause of whose failure he attributed to indulgence in the questionable things of the world.
Speaking of the careless backslider he said that "people belonging to that class would be sure of heaven if some epidemic came and took them before they get time to backslide. There is too much joining the church and not enough joining the body of Christ. There are hundreds and thousands of those whose names are on church books in earth to whom Christ will say "I never knew you." Many a man backslides because he neglects prayer. Watch and pray are wonderful words, but thre are times when we need to watch and hustle and pray. A man stormed at his family one day, spoiling the pleasure of everybody in the house and after leaving the house his little girl was heard to say "Mama, we made an awful mistake when we married papa, didn't we?" If you don't live your religion in your every day life, it doesn't amount to shucks. I tell you the preacher has as good a right to play cards, go to theatres and dance as church members and if he does he is no worse than they are.
"The problem of the 20th century is How shall we capture this sin cursed world for Christ? I'll tell you we will capture this old world for God when the members of our churches will be loyal and true to their vows and will not sell out to the devil."
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, September 24, 1908]

The good work goes on. The revival fires are burning. Quite a number last night committed themselves to the christian life and many are on the point of starting.
The attendance was large at the tabernacle and the large chorus of nearly 200 voices sang with much enthusiasm. Mr. Hoffman and Miss Newman sang a duet and the congregation joined in the singing with fervor. Evangelist Honeywell very seriously and with a message of universal interest spoke with telling effect.
Taking his text from the words "No man careth for my soul" he said in part, "This is one of the most pathetic plaints that ever issued from a human soul. The great organ of the human heart not only has its dispason stop, its vox jubilante and magic flute, but also the tearful tremulo. We live in an age of haste. Millions are crowded off the track by close competition, victims of jealousy, malice and hatred. The man whose fortune was dissipated through an unfortunate marriage but represents a multitude who have awakened to cry out 'No man careth for my soul.' What about your own boys and girls? Have you ever spoken to them about their spiritual welfare, or will they meet you at the judgment and say 'No man cared for my soul?' Mr. Pelton, of Cherokee, Iowa, who had long championed the cause of infidelity sent for the preacher when his girl had died. God has been patient with you a long time. It may be that a hearse backed up to your door is the only thing that will awaken you. To you who are unsaved I would say that there are those who care for your soul. We care for your soul or we would not have left our families in their loneliness to bring this message. These preachers care or they would not have asked us to come; the christians care, God cares, Jesus cares, or he would not have died for you."
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 25, 1908]

There was a tug of war at the tabernacle meeting last evening. It was a battle for men. The evangelist had a mighty conviction that men must be reached. He delivered one of his ablest philippics against sin. Not in the memory of the great audience had anyone ever heard a more teriffic arraignment of the subtle forms of sin which curse the home and society. It was a severe but a necessary lesson which opened the eyes of many to the conditions which previal in modern society and which is sapping the spiritual and moral life of the community. At the close of the great appeal quite a number responded.
The service opened with the usual half-hour of song led by Mr. Martin. A duet was sung by Miss Smith and Miss Stacy which was greatly enjoyed.
Using the story of the Shunamite woman as a basis for his sermon, Mr. Honeywell said "I would like to make this message so plain that no one can truthfully go away and say 'the message was not intended for me.' Is it well with thee? Not if you are here without Jesus Christ. My heart is profuundly moved as I see men drifting on in sin. Is it well with the man who takes his occasional glass? You say, 'but I never get drunk.' That may be true, yet where did the drunkard take his first step which led to his downfall and ruin? It was with his occasional glass. It is not well with you if you occasionally sit at a gambling table or take the name of God in vain or hang lewd pictures on the walls of his memory, or live a licentious life. Men, what is the matter with you anyway? Jesus Christ died for you that you might have life everlasting. I do not believe that you ever held a revival in this town but that some man received his last call. Is it well with the child? How many here know where their children are tonight? You apparently don't care where your children go so long as they are in by ten o'clock. You are much interested in their education, and have great anxiety about their bodies but you give no thought of their relationship to God."
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 26, 1908]

Sunday was high tide in the religious movement in this community. Never before has there been a campaign here of such proportions and not in a generation such interest manifested. The leaders are confident that present results are only a shadow of what is coming. The great day opened in the morning service when the large audience gladly pledged funds to pay all the necessary current exenses of the meeting. Evangelist Honeywell followed the offering with a strong sermon on "He shall receive power after that the Holy Spirit is come upon you." It was a strong argument showing the all conquering power of God in the individual and the church. It was a sermon which inspired a faith and confidence.
The men's meeting in the afternoon was a pronounced success. A large chorus sang. The Clarion Quartett of Indianapolis also delighted the audience by singing two numbers, and Mr. Honeywell delivered to the five hundred men present such a telling address as will not soon be forgotten. The burden of all his messages has been for men and in this service his interest was intense. The truths he uttered flashed and scintillated and burned their way into the great audience which applauded frequently. The meeting over, the long procession of men marched away, all declaring they had never heard its like before.
The meeting for women at the Evangelical church was also a success. The house was packed, even the gallery was filled. Evangelist Phelps delivered a special sermon to women on the "Insence of the home." He dwelt upon the requirements of a true home and especially emphasized the confidential relationship that should be kept up between mother and daughters. The sermon was full of excellent truth and was enthusiastically received.
The evening tabernacle meeting was very large, many coming for miles to be in the service. The great platform was filled with singers who sang as never before, eliciting frequent applause. The singing by classes was amusing. Evangelist Honeywell preached a masterly sermon on "How shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation." The great audience listened almost breathlessly to the masterly appeal. His arguments for a hell were strong and convincing and his call at the close of the service brought a response from a large number. When the great crowd left for their homes it was with a dee seriousness and conviction which will result in a better life.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 28, 1908]

The tabernacle meetings were resumed yesterday. Six meetings were held in the homes at 9:30 o'clock which were well attended. Evangelist Phelps conducted the tabernacle afternoon meeting. It was a discussion on soul winning followed by a round table discussion.
The evening attendance was good and the interest excellent. Mr. Honeywell gave a "heart to heart talk" as he called it, using for his subject the Father in the parable of the prodigal son. It was a very forceful sermon illustrating in a way which strongly enforced propositions. The effect of the sermon was very fine and many responded to the call to accept the christian life.
The tabernacle is being prepared for the cool weather and moves are being started so that the building will be comfortably heated for the afternoon and evening services.
Taking for his text John 3-16 "For God so loved the world that He gave his only begotten son that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish but have everlasting life." Mr. Honeywell said that the most interesting person in the story of the prodigal son was not the boy who went away and after a hard experience with the world, returned to his father's home. Neither was it the older son, who was like the so-called moral man of today. The most interesting person is the father who continued to love his son and welcomed him home, forgave him and made him one of the family again.
Comparing the love of God with His other attributes we get some idea of how great it is. And yet men spurn it and turn away from it. It is unmanly to spurn the love of God who made the greatest sacrifice possible, to save men from sin. He might have made one great world of all the worlds or planets and given that for the world's redemption, but he could have created other worlds but God himself could not create another only begotten Son. He gave his only Son. Surely it is unmanly to reject his gift.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, September 30, 1908]

The tabernacle has been more tightly closed and comfortably heated. The large audience last evening found it delightful. Almost all the seats in the great building were filled. The chorus sang with enthusiasm some excellent choruses. Mr. Martin sang "The Ninety and Nine," Evangelist Honeywell with his accustomed force and vigor preached a very strong sermon. It smote very hard and stamped some practices in society as being crimes. Sabbath desecration, profane swearing and prenatal murder were denounced in unmeasured terms.
Taking his subject from the story of the feast of Belshazzar, the evangelist said that many a man like this king disregarded their mothers advice until they got into trouble and turned away from the preacher until calamity came. The case of two men who professed to be infidels and the dying works of Tom Paine and Voltaire were cited as illustrating the fact that even blatant unbelievers are ready to cry out to God for mercy when death is near. The message to Belshazzar was "Thou art weighed in the balances and art found wanting." The balances in which men are being weighed are the ten commandments. Man's God is that which he loves most. With some men it would not be necessary to call a preacher to preach a funeral sermon. You could place a bottle on the casket, or a pack of cards, or the lives of ruined girls and the story would be told.
With many a woman a card party prize or society would tell the story. As to the sin of swearing it is evidence that the very foundations of a man's character and honor are honey-combed and rotten. Man needs the sabbath for a rest day. If he does not take rest he will break down and die or go to the insane asylum. The man who keeps his store open on Sunday violates the laws of God and man and is a bad citizen. How much to you weigh by the law, "Thou shalt not kill?" Many a boy is killing his mother by his wild and sinful life. Anti-natal infanticide is a hideous crime and sin now prevalent in society. Some M.D.s should put their degree D.M. - damnable murderers. Every man who sells a piece of goods under false pretenses is a thief. On the other hand the man who fails to do honest work for his wages is a thief. Weighed in these balances every man finds himself wanting. But as the Czar who found the sleeping soldier with the sum total of his debts on a sheet of paper before him, paid them all, so Christ died that we might be justified with God.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, October 1, 1908]

All who attended the tabernacle meeting last night felt that a crisis in the meeting had been reached, much work has been done, but will the revival fires sweep the entire community is the question yet unanswered. The determined words of evangelists and pastors and the pledge of several hundred christian people to put themselves wholly into the work bespeak yet greater things. It is confidently expected that before many days hundreds will respond to the call to the christian life. Evangelist Honeywell who has always seen great results in his meetings is expecting such results.
Tonight he will preach his great sermon on questionable amusements, a great crowd is expected.
In his sermon last night he said: "We can not study sin in its separate forms, but must study the principal back of all sin, which is rebellion against God. Sin is not a mistake or weakness but it is a crime. Crime must have its punishment. Every government has its penalty for crime, and the transgressor must pay the penalty of his crime. So the transgressor of the law of God is only receiving justice in being punished for his crime. A friend holding a meeting spoke to a gambler who said, 'I'll cut out the booze, I'll quit my cussing, I'll give up gambling, I'll live a pure life and then I wont need to accept Christ as my saviour.' Is that so? Suppose a man cracks a safe in Rochester tonight and steals $10,000, goes to Texas and lives an upright life for twenty years. If he comes back at the end of that time he will be compelled to pay the penalty. So the man who has lived a life of sin, even though he might quit the sin would still be liable to punishment for the sin which had been committed. But Chrtist died as our substitute and suffered death upon the cross that we might not die etrnally.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, October 2, 1908]

Throngs of people attended the tabernacle meetings yesterday. It was high tide in the history of religious movements in Rochester. Not in the memory of the oldest citizen have so many people met in one place to hear the gospel. Two thousand people crowded the tabernacle last night and hundreds coming late returned to their home, or waited outside to hear the music or to catch a few earnest words of the preacher. Pastors Campbell, Smith and Newman who inaugurated the movement and are standing by it so earnestly, expressed their deep satisfaction in the splendid work already done and predict great things for this work which will close the campaign.
The day opened with a strong sermon by Evangelist Honeywell at 10:30 o'clock. It was a sermon on "Power" and was one of the best this master preacher has given. A great audience of men gathered in the afternoon numbering seven or eight hundred. It was as fine a crowd of men as one would wish to address. The song program over, the ladies of the choir departed and Evangelist Honeywell laid off his coat and other surplus garments, took the platform and for over an hour held the great audience under the spell of mighty truths driven home with energy.
All were moved by the manly appeals made and saw things in a new light. He spoke on the subject of "choice," saying that every man has the alternative of choosing good or bad, weal or woe, heaven or hell, blessing or cursing. Well may a man tremble at the responsibility, and yet we should rejoice in the high honor with which God crowns us. By committing such vast and eternal interests to us, he declares that we are not senseless machines, but immortal spirits in possession of many God-like attributes. Every man ought to choose God because all men need Christ. No man is ever truly a man until he is a Christian man. The manliest men this country has produced have been Christian men and he who thinks that he loses any of his manliness by surrendering his life to Christ has a great deal to learn about manhood. The fact of the matter is that the more manhood a man possesses, the more likely he is to be a Christian. Some present pledged themselves to lead a new life and all went home with a desire to be better.
Evangelist Phelps preached an able sermon to the women in mass meeting at the Methodist Episcopal church at the three o'clock hour. The service was most helpful.
At the great evening hour, to the vast throng that crowded the tabernacle, Evangelist Honeywell preached his powerful sermon on the "Unpardonable sin." It was an appeal unequaled in the memory of this community and all were face to face with the appalling fact that the hardened heart made the return to God less probable - sometimes impossible. It is possible to say no again and again until it becomes impossible to say yes. The continued rejection of Jesus Christ has hardened the heart. The man or the woman may be living without any worry or care whatsoever regarding the future, yet the spirit of God may have left him or her. It sometimes shows itself in absolute indifference and sometimes in bitter malignity. It is not any particular sin, it is simply the constant and prevalent rejection of Christ. At the close of the sermon a score of people responded to the call to lead a christian life.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, October 5, 1908]

A large Monday evening audience assembled at the tabernacle. There was a marked feeling of seriousness resulting from the great Sunday meeting. The congregation was left in darkness for ten minutes by the blowing of an electric fuse but they sang familiar hymns till the light was restored. A fine spirit was prevalent and a faith which foreshadow large results this week. Today was set apart as a day of fasting and prayer. Little cooking was done and the time given to prayer for the great work. A dozen prayer meetings were held in the homes this morning and many assembled at the tabernacle afterward for a further service of prayer. This afternoon Mr. Honeywell spoke most earnestly at the tabernacle meeting. The campaign for Christianity is the most carefully flamed and most doggedly fought of any ever known here. Surely there will be a great victory.
In his sermon last night Mr. Honeywell said that escape from your sin is impossible. It is absolutely sure that if a man puts his hand in the fire he will be burned. You may escape the law, but you can not escape the consequences of your own sins. You may escape the laws of man but you can not escape the laws of God. No man can hide where his sin will not find him. When a man does not pay the penalty of his sin before human courts he pays for it in a court where there is no possibility of bribery, the court of physical retribution for moral offenses. Not only do certain diseases follow in the train of certain sins, but in a general way there is the most intimate connection between morality and health. All sins have physical consequences. Sin also finds you out in your character. Wherever else the law may seem to fail, her it absolutely never fails.
Your sin will also find you out in your children. That is one of the most awful things about sin, its curse tells, not upon us, but upon our children. Again your sin will find you out in your conscience. No physical torments match the torments of an accusing conscience. Then, lastly, your sin will find you out in eternity. We shall reap in eternity the consequences of every sin.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, October 6, 1908]

A fine evening brought another large audience to the tabernacle, many driving for several miles. One traveling salesman from Chicago remained three days here to get help and has gone away with light and happy heart. Many from out of town are here to get help from the meetings while some of her own citizens have not, even like the ground hog, come out of their holes to see the signs of spring coming to this community.
The chorus sang with unusual power and enthusiasm. Mr. Martin also sang most acceptably both in the preliminary and after services. Evangelist Honeywell with usual vigor and persuasive power delivered another telling message. In the service which followed many pledged fidelity to Christ. A part of his sermon was as follows: The question of the age, the question of the ages past, the question of the ages yet to come is "What think ye of Christ?" Christianity challenges thought. Addressed to our minds, it calls into play all the faculties which God gives us. Christianity has saved civilization and been the crowning benefactor of the world. Greece and Rome in the days of their highest refinement were reeking in abomination but Christianity threw a purifying element into the fetid mass. The slave when Christ came was a mere live chattle. The gospel strikes the shackles off from every slave. See the effects of Christianity upon science. There is no conflict between science and Christianity. There may be a conflict between divine truths and many scientific theories but theory is one thing and scientific fact is another. In christian lands alone science has found its widest sphere. School houses, academies, seminaries, universities, and printing presses are found only where christianity is preached. What think he of Christ, my friend? Where will you spend eternity? Prepare for it. Leave it not until the last hour. Leave it not until you get sick. You may never be sick. You may never get more time. This night thy soul may be required of you.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 7, 1908]

The tabernacle meeting had the right-of-way last night. Though "The Devil" was billed for another place it proved no counter attraction as the crowd came even in large numbers. The evangelist quoting a remark made by a woman in the choir said: "It is apparent by this great crowd tonight that the people of Rochester do not want to go to the 'Devil'. This is a hopeful sign. I will show you a more excellent way." He then proceeded to deliver a very strong sermon on eternal punishment. It was so clear and convincing that no one would think to dispute his position which is that of the thinking theological world. An impression was made on the great audience that will not soon be forgotten. It deepened conviction and a number responded at the close of the meeting to the call to the Christian life.
Mr. Honeywell said in part: "My friend, depend upon it, the doctrine of eternal punishment is an eternal fact. After this life there comes death, and after death the judgment, and after that eternal happiness for the redeemed and eternal damnation for the lost. It is not true that scholars no longer believe in a hell. But suppose scholars did say there was no hell. The Bible says there is. Hell is a place of physical suffering. I had a friend who visited a hospital in which were 1,200 people, all for sin. Hell is God's hospital for the incurables. Then Hell is a place of memory and remorse. I have seen men fall to the floor and writhe in agony in memory of their sin. An eternity of memory and remorse is an awful thing.
Hell is also a place of shame and vile companions.. All murderers, adulterers, liars, thieves, hold-up men, drunkards and the vile off-scouring of the earth will be there.
It is no wonder that we are in earnest. God has done everything that He can to block your way to hell. He has tried to block it with the advice and prayers of mother and the counsel of father. He offers you pardon from your sins. Will you take it?
Revival Doings
When the Christian people of this community, with a few exceptions, conceived the idea of erecting a large tabernacle for the purpose of inaugurating a religious campaign extending over four weeks, they builded better than they knew. With a unanimity of sentiment and action and a full confidence of success they began an undertaking that not a few doubting Thomases declared to be impracticable. Not daunted by any discouragements a commodious tabernacle capable of accommodating 2,000 worshipers was quickly erected without any assurances of where the means were to come from to meet the more than $500 expenses. In union there is strength and by the united effort of the Christian men and women, liberally assisted by the moral sentiment of the community, all the financial obligations were quickly and cheerfully met.
With the project of a four weeks' religious campaign fully launched, the services of the well known evangelist, J. E. Honeywell of Chicago, assisted by Rev. A. S. Phelps, of the same city, and the noted singing evangelist, Rev. M. C. Martin, of Minneapolis, the campaign against sin and ungodliness began September 15th and has been in progress every day from that time to the present. Numerous meetings have been held, as many as four in a day and night, not including cottage prayer meetings held nearly every day in homes in various parts of the city. As valiant workers and prime movers in the building of the tabernacle and the evangelistic work, Rev. A. M. Smith of the Presbyterian church, Rev. J. G. Campbell of the Methodist church and Rev. Levi Newman of the Evangelical church, deserve great praise. They have done all that was possible for men to do to bring about the success that has attended all the meetings. Their energy and zeal know no bounds.
Commendatory words for the three evangelists are not necessary. The best evidence of their worth as workers in the Lord's vineyard is attested by their power to draw thousands of people from long distances to listen to the powerful sermons by Mr. Honeywell and the angelic voices of the large chorus choir under the direction of Mr. Martin, supplemented by the prayers and work of Reverends Smith, Campbell, Newman and others. All have labored hard and faithfully to purify the religious atmosphere of Rochester and vicinity and bring sinners to repentance. Many have sought the better way of life and others are seeking the way that leads to peace and happiness. No man could work more earnestly and fervently than has Evangelist Honeywell. His eloquence, logic and sincerity have endeared him to the hearts of his large congregations and his reward should be in the harvesting of many sheaves into the Christian fold.
These services will be continued in about the same order that they have been conducted for the past month and close on the coming Sunday night.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, October 8, 1908]

Thursday evening was another victory at the tabernacle. The crowd was not diminished and the fervor has increased. There was an enthusiasm in congregational singing which foretold victory. Evangelist Honeywell was pleased with the spirit manifested and said Rochester was a week behind most places in such a movement. The meeting he said had reached a stage which foreshadowed great results but this should have been reached a week before. Nevertheless he said the next three days will count mighty for the kingdom of God in this city. A number of visiting clergymen from other places were in the audience and some sat on the platform. Interest in the movement here has gone out to neighboring towns and cities. All eyes are on Rochester. The week is favrably commented on by the press of other cities.
Mr. Honeywell preached with usual vigor and confidence and at the conclusion of the service a number responded to the invitation to profess Christ. A part of the sermon is as follows: "Excuses are as old as man himself. Now there is a vast difference between a reason and an excuse. I have never yet been able to find a man who has had a reasonable excuse why he should not be a Christian. The fact that you can not understand the entire Bible is the very strongest proof of its Divine origin. Could you clearly understand everything in the Bible then you could write a book its equal, and if you could write one its equal, then thousands of people could write a better one. You can understand enough to start with. You know that you are sinners and in need of salvation. But some one says to me, 'I don't know. I am an agnostic.' The Latin word for agnostic is ignoramus. Why don't you say 'I am an ignoramus?'
"Through the influence of Ingersol, Lou Wallace, was induced to write a tale of the Christ, exposing the falsities of that life as portrayed in the gospels, but after a careful study he realized that Jesus was the Christ and with all his skepticism swept away, he wrote that book, Ben Hur. And when people say they can not bear to associate with hypocrites, what will you do in eternity for all those hypocrites are going to hell."
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, October 9, 1908]

There seems no lack of interest on the part of the multitude as the great tabernacle meeting nears its close. The great building was filled again last night with a more serious and thoughtful congregation. There seemed to be but one feeling among the masses and that was that the gospel as preached is true and life would be richer and better to accept it and live it. Scores are hesitating on the point of decision. It is confidently expected that many will reach a decision tonight and tomorrow. A number of influential thinking people have declared themselves within the last few days, other have given their promise to make the start.
The choir sang wth unusual sweetness and fervor last night and the large audience also sang with enthusiasm. Prof. Martin sang with much feeling "Is He Yours." Evangelist Honeywell preached on John III 16 "God's Matchless Love for the World." He said, "The Bible is simply God's love story, the story of the love of God to a sinful world. This is the most amazing thing in all the Bible. In all the triumphant power of love why is the name of Lincoln the best loved in this American Continent? Undoubtedly because of His great loving and forgiving heart. And friends, this is the power and attractiveness in the name of Jesus.
There are three great incomprehensibles. The first is eternity, the second is space and the third is God's great love to a lost and ruined world and your indifference and scorn and repudiation of that love. I can understand "eternity" somewhat, I can in a measure, group "space" but I can not fathom or understand or comprehend the love of God. God loved the world and gave His Son. The measure of love is sacrifice.
I have an only son; how I love him. Suppose I should see him arrested by the enemies of Christ, blindfolded and then they spit on his face and smote him on the cheek, put a cruel crown of thorns on his brow and forced it down until the blood poured down his face on either side. Suppose they laid the lash on him, laid a cross down upon the ground and nailed him to it, and then took the cross to which he was nailed and plunged it into a hole in the rock, and left him hanging there, the agony getting worse and worse all the time. How do you suppose I would feel? But, men that is just what God saw. He gave His only begotten Son to come and suffer and die in our stead as a substitute for us, that whosoever believeth in Him might not perish but have everlasting life."
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, October 10, 1908]

The great tabernacle meetings are a thing of the past. For four weeks day and night the meetings have been in progress they have occupied the attention of a large number of our people. They have been the topic of conversation on the street and in the homes. Not in the history of Rochester has there been such a strenuous campaign to win men to Christ and to elevate the standard of morale. The results are apparent to all. Over two hundred have committed themselves definitely to the christian life. Hundreds of others have been quickened into new life and the standard of morals throughout the whole community elevated. The results have many times repaid the labor and expense.
Evangelist Honeywell has proven himself a great preacher, a tireless worker and has impressed the community with his sterling qualities. Mr. Martin and Mr. Phelps, his assistants, are efficient men of the best type. They are all a credit to their profession. They leave with the universal regard of the people.
The meetings yesterday were all large and interesting. The evenng crowd again out taxed the capacity of the great tabernacle, many not being able to gain entrance. Evangelist Honeywell preached his final sermon to church at the morning service. It was a service very helpful and full of power. The afternoon meeting for men was one of the best of the series. The preacher reached the climax of his earnestness when he placed two boys on the platform and made such an appeal for the boys to be saved from the ravages of the saloon as had never been equaled in this community. The large body of men were visibly moved as the fiery truths were burned into their hearts.
To the evening congregation he preached on the Judgment. With all the power of his being he portrayed the great assize in a manner that men trembled and women wept. When the great sermon was finished a number of people pledged themselves to the Christian life. The total number of converts whose cards were turned over to the pastors are as follows: Methodist Episcopal 112; Evangelical 37; Presbyterian 17; Disciples 16; Baptist 13; United Brethren 5; Brethren 1; no choice expressed 8; total received 209.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, October 12, 1908]

A larger or more attentive political gathering than that which assembled at the tabernacle Monday night has never been seen under cover in Rochester. Out-door meetings have exceeded it in numbers but never under a roof. The tabernacle, recently occupied for a religious campaign, with a seating capacity for nearly 2,000 persons, was well filled. - - - -
Hon. Harvey H. Hannah, of Tenn., ex-attorney general and present railroad commissioner of that state, was introduced by Mr. Ott McMahan, democratic county chairman. - - - - - - - - - -.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, October 13, 1908]

Hon. Thomas Marshall, democratic candidate for governor, was scheduled to speak in Rochester at 1:30 Thursday. Owing to the long distance between his last speaking point and this place he was a little late in arriving, but when he came he was received with open arms and shouts of applause from throats of thousands of democrats and many republicans who will rejoice to have him occupy the gubernatorial chair for the next four years. He was met at the Erie depot by the committee, a half dozen bands and a multitude of democrats bearing banners with appropriate and telling mottoes. After a short parade he was escorted to the large tabernacle that was found to be full and overflowing with enthusiastic men and women, all anxious to see and hear the man who is to become the next governor of Indiana. Hundreds were turned away not being able to get within hearing or seeing distance.
Mr. Marshall was introduced by Mr. O. F. Montgomery in a few words that were well chosen and fitting the occasion. Without hesitation Mr. Marshall at once proceeded with his speech with a force and energy characteristic of the man. His introductory remarks caught the attention of his large audience at once and held it in deep interest and silence save for the thunderous applause that greeted his quaint sayings and strong points in argument. His whole speech was along lines that received the hearty approval of all who were fortunate enough to hear it.
Barnhart Rally
Tonight the citizens of Rochester and Fulton county are to show their appreciation of Henry A. Barnhart, democratic candidate for congress, by one of the most spectacular and brilliant parades ever witnessed in Rochester. People without regard to political affiliation will be in attendance to do honor to a worthy citizen. There will be decorated floats and automobiles, a large number of bands, horsemen and wagons, a gaily dressed company of ladies on horseback and many other attractions that will excite the admiration of the multitude. A special feature of the parade will be the display made by the SENTINEL force and all the attaches of the telephone company. You will have to see it to appreciate its gorgeousness and splendor. It will be the most unique and pleasing parade you have ever seen in this city. It will be a great tribute of respect and confidence in a fellow citizen well known and highly respected.
After the parade, Mr. Barnhart will speak at the tabernacle and all should go early if they hope to get within hearing distance.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, October 29, 1908]

The work of tearing down the tabernacle will begin tomorrow and will be done by contract. The lumber will all be sold or returned to Brandenburg & Co., and Barrett. There will be roofing and pieces of lumber for sale to any who can use it.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, November 5, 1908]

The tabernacle, which has been such a feature of interest in this community, will soon be but a memory. The contract for the removal of the building has been let to Rev. L. Newman and a force of men have been engaged upon the building for two days. The lumber in the building that was rented, will be returned. The roofing, siding and short lengths of piece stuff will be sold. It is with regret to the entire community that the building has to be removed as such a building is a public necessity, and it is to be hoped that some such building may be erected in the near future.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, November 7, 1908]

TABERNACLE - 1915 [Rochester, Indiana]
Beginning with next Monday evening, when the first of the cottage prayer meetings will be held over the city, the preparation for the tabernacle meetings will begin in earnest.
Prayer meetings will be held the first three evenings of the week, places to be announced later. On Thursday evening the chorus choir, under the leadership of Mr. Bray, will hold its first meeting in the tabernacle for organization and rehearsal. Frday evening will be the dedication of the tabernacle, at which service it is expected that Dr. C. A. Decker of South Bend will be the speaker. On Saturday evening, Dr. M. B. Williams will be present and open the campaign.
Tuesday and Wednesday are the days set apart for the building of the tabernacle, which will be erected on the Sterner lot on Pontiac street and is to be built by the men of the churches and city. Every man willing to help is asked to come prepared to drive nails. In order that proper provision be made for dinners to be served by the women of the churches, it is suggested that all men who will help give their names to any of the ministers or to the general committee, composed of Ed Vawter, J. D. Holman, H. W. Wilson, George Faurote, B. F. Fretz and Omar Smith.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, October 1, 1915]

A big dinner will be served to all the men who work on the tabernacle tomorrow and Wednesday. Those dinners will not be made up of ices, whipped creams and salads, but of roast beef, chicken and all the good things which go with these substantials.
Men are asked to bring their hammers, saws and nail aprons to the tabernacle tomorrow morning and their appetites to the Presbyterian church at noon, when dinner will be served by the ladies of the U. B., Baptist and Presbyterian churches. This is one time when church dinners are free.
Prayer meetings will be held tonight at the homes of A. D. Hughes, Mrs. Nancy Meyer, Oscar Baldwin and Miss McCaughey.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, October 4, 1915]

Work on the big tabernacle on Pontiac street is proceeding rapidly and the workmen expect to have the structure completed Thursday evening in time for the rehearsal of the chorus.
The rafters of the building are now on and the roof will be finished Wednesday, when 50 more men are needed. The seats and the platform will be installed Wednesday afternoon and Thursday.
Mr. and Mrs. Bray, Dr. Williams' singer and helper, are here now making preparations for the chorus rehearsal Thursday evening. All of the singers of the city are urged to help in the chorus work.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, October 5, 1915]

Sixty-four men, workmen on the new tabernacle on Pontiac street, were served dinner today in the basement of the Presbyterian church. The members of the boys manual training class of the high school assisted on the building this afternoon. The structure is now ready for the roof and nearly all of the seats will be in place by 'Thursday.
It was announced today that Rev. Henry DAVIS of the First Methodist church of South Bend will deliver the opening address at the tabernacle Friday evening. Dr. Williams will arrive Saturday and will begin his work Saturday night. The tabernacle when completed will seat 1,600 people. It is 116 feet longh and 77 feet wide. The building faces on Pontiac street and the platform will be erected at the east end. It is the largest tabernacle ever built here.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 6, 1915]

Dedication services are to be held in the new tabernacle on Pontiac street, near 8th, this evening, and everything is in readiness for the affair. Finishing touches were put on the building today for the meeting at 7:30 this evening.
H. J. Bray, Williams' assistant, who is to be in charge of the music, says that it is one of the best structures he has ever seen. It will be well lighted and comfortably heated, with accommodations for 1600 people.
The chorus will make its first appearance at the meeting this evening, having practiced at the Methodist church Thursday night. Mr. Bray is much pleased with the talent and states that the organization should do good work. Dr. M. B. Williams, the evangelist, will arrive Saturday and hold his first meeting Saturday night at 7:30.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, October 8, 1915]

Rev. M. B. Williams, the evangelist, will open his four weeks campaign in Rochester at the tabernacle this evening at 7:30 when he will deliver his first sermon. Rev. Williams comes here from Darlington, Ind., where with his helpers, he has recently closed one of the most successful revivals ever held in that town. The evangelist comes to this city confident that he will be able to do the community much good.
As Rev. Henry L. Davis of South Bend failed to arrive Friday evening the dedication program was not as expected. The local ministers occupied the platform, speaking enthusiastically, and about 300 people attended the meeting. During the meetings at the tabernacle, no services will be held at any of the local churches, except Sunday school, which will convene at the usual places. Choir Leader Bray asserts that he has his organization whipped into shape for the opening meeting this evening. Mrs. Bray, who is the pianist, and women's worker, is enthusiastic over the prospects here. She is the daughter of a prominent former South Bend minister, Rev. Peter MOERDYKE.
The tabernacle is strongly built and much credit is due Oscar Baldwin of this city for the excellency of the structure. His work as contractor assures perfect safety. The lighting is very good and the seats are built to bring comfort, in fact the best seats ever seen in a tabernacle. The little discomfort because of inadequate heating Friday night was overcome today by lining the entire inside with heavy paper. This keeps the draft away and the building will be as comfortable as a home parlor.
Dr. Williams preaches tonight at 7:30 and a large audience is expected to hear him. A Womans Work Committee was appointed last night composed of five women from each church. The committee met Saturday afternoon with Mrs. Bray, who outlined the work for the coming weeks.
The decorating committee has made the tabernacle beautiful as far as their material went but wish everyone would bring what they may have to help its beauty. The pastors expect great things from these meetings, and all seem willing to lend every effort to make the greatest revival Rochester has ever known.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, October 9, 1915]

An audience of over 700 people greeted Evangelist M. B. Williams Tuesday night when he delivered a powerful sermon on prayer. A greater interest was manifested than at any previous gathering.
In discussing prayer, Dr. Williams said that many people are not taught when young how to pray properly and consequently their faith is destroyed when they have a chance to prove things for themselves. Dr. Williams said that an infidel once told him that he was taught when young that God would give anyone everything which he named in his prayers. Later this man learned that he had been fooled.
Dr. Williams also accused many people of making selfish prayers, that they want too much for themselves without thinking now it would affect others. "If we got what we pray for" said Dr. Williams, "we would not know what to do. We would act like the colored minister who prayed for an earthquake." He emphasized the fact that all prayers should end with the words, "Thy will, not mine, be done."
Mr. Bray had his booster choir on the platform for the first time Tuesday evening. They received much applause on their first effort.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 13, 1915]

Evangelist Williams delivered his second sermon on prayer Wednesday evening at the tabernacle to an audience of over 750.
Taking for his subject the text from James 5:16, "The fervent, effectual prayer of a righteous man availeth much," Dr. Williams made the following remarks: "True prayer is the reflection of God's thoughts back upon himself. True eloquence consists in the power of an orator to condense the thought which the audience breathes upon him in vapor. Thus eloquence demands two factors, the speaker and the audience. The audience makes the pulpit many times. Many preachers are dragged down by a cold church, and many mediocre preachers get in a warm, wide-awake congregation and make strong men. The preacher will either lift his congregation to his level or they will take him to theirs. The fervent prayer is the earnest one; the effectual prayer produces, hence this combination of earnestness and production, always availeth much."
The evangelist gave the first of his Bible addresses Wednesday afternoon, taking for his subject "Faith." Many new and helpful thoughts were given and all were led to see faith in a different light. He said: "Faith is not feeling or sight, but rather these come by faith. Religious feeling is faith in action. We should not pray for God can't give faith since he is omniscient. Faith is for partial knowledge and God has all knowledge, hence cannot impart what he does not possess. Man has but partial knowledge, hence must have and exercise faith. Faith is the spiritual eye through which we see God, spirit, the heavenly hosts, angels, etc. God gives in two ways - creation and impartation. What we are by creation may be strengthened by keeping what God may impart to us later, such as knowledge, wisdom, truth, love, justice, etc. But faith depends on ourselves. We may ask for knowledge to increase faith but not for faith itself since he has none and has no use for it."
Following the sermon on prayer a number of cottage prayer meetings were held over the city Thursday morning. The local people plan to hold 20 meetings of this kind. The meetings are now held at 10 and 10:30 o'clock.
The choir work is proceeding with good results and Mr. Bray announced that the new hymn books which regularly sold for 45 cents will be given out for 25 cents. Dr. Williams has suggested that a nursery be established near the tabernacle for the mothers who wish to attend the meetings.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, October 14, 1915]

[NOTE: See several succeeding issues of the Rochester Sentinel for lengthy articles concerning use of the new Tabernacle]

Results of Meetings:
Converts, 216
Meeting began Oct 8th; ended Nov. 7th.
Cost of building and incidentals, $880.
Offering to Evangelist (estimated) $500.

The supporters of the tabernacle meetings in Rochester were deeply gratified Sunday evening when nearly 2,000 people gathered to hear Dr. M. B. Williams deliver an adress which marked the end of a series of services lasting four weeks. About 50 people responded, at the close of the sermon, to the invitation to come forward.
An announcement of interest to local people was made when one of the ministers said that Pat Emmons, a former well known Rochester man, now of South Bend, would speak at the tabernacle Monday night. Mr. Emmons, since his conversion several years ago, has been conducting services in this part of the state and is heard nearly every Sunday night in his home town. He was present here at the meeting Sunday evening. Last winter, Mr. Emmons delivered a sermon here to a large audience at the Presbyterian church.
A large number of men were present Sunday afterrnoon at the tabernacle when Dr. Williams talked upon the subject, "The Steps in the Life of a Fast Young Man." It was the opinion of many that the discourse should have been heard by every man in Rochester. Large audiences were present at the meetings Saturday night and Sunday morning.
Although Rochester failed to raise as large an offering for Dr. Williams as is usually given at the close of revival meetings, the people responded quickly Sunday, when the ministers started to take up the collection. Seven or eight people gave $10 apiece while over 30 each gave five dollars. A large number gave from one to five dollars. It is estimated that Dr. Williams received nearly $500.
Dr. Williams will hold his next meeting in Salem, Ill., where he will deliver his first sermon next Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Bray left for that city Monday. He will have charge of the erection of the building.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, November 8, 1915]

TABERNACLE - 1922 [Lake Manitou]
[Also See LAKE MANITOU, LAKE MANITOU'S EARLY HISTORY - Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, March 11, 1922]

The old tabernacle in the Colonial Hotel grounds - a landmark in the vicinity since its erection by the late Colonel Wood in 1892, is to be razed. The scene of Wood's popular menagerie, where seals were a great attraction, and of many public gatherings and entertainments which brought to the community such celebrated personages as Hobson, Albert Beveridge, James Watson and Harry S. New, will be no more.
The building which long since lost its fine appearance, being used as a stable and later as a garage, will have to make way for parking space for automobiles, is the edict. Fred Davis of Jeffersonville, chief owner of the Colonial hotel and grounds, will donate the lumber to the fair association to be used in repairing sheds torn down by the cyclone of last March.
To care for his large patronage, Manager Ray Newell will supervise the construction of a new road north of the present one leading into his grounds and will open the old road which bordered the lake. The present road will be the road of ingress to the grounds, while the two roads will provide outlets. The arrangement will provide nearly treble the present parking space.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, June 22, 1925]

See: Talbert's Inn
See: Hotels - Talbert Hotel

TALBERT, HARRY [Lake Manitou]
See: Talbert's Inn
See: Hotels - Talbert Hotel

TALBERT'S INN [Lake Manitou]
See: Hotels - Talbert Hotel
By publishing a notice of application for liquor license in the Fulton Leader, Charley Talbert, the Columbia Park landlord avoided a protest against a Lake saloon and has been licensed to run a saloon on the Kepler land adjoining the Akron road, on the north shore of Lake Manitau.
The law requires that an applicant for saloon license show that he is a fit person to conduct a saloon, and that he is not under conviction for violating the liquor laws. Cal Hoover and A. B. Chamberlain testified to Talbert's good character and the license was granted.
The last grand jury returned two indictments against Talbert for selling liquor without a license.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, May 7, 1907]

[Adv] To the Basket Ball Boys: - - - Big Fish and Chicken Dinners are Awaiting YOU!. TALBERT'S INN, Lake Manitou.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 12, 1924]

Charles and Goldie Talbert, who were arrested here on August 27 by a squad of federal dry agents from South Bend working under the direction of Major Howard Long, federal prohibition administrator for the Northern Indiana District, appeared before Judge Slick in the United States Court at South Bend this afternoon at 3 o'clock for sentence as each had pleaded guilty Monday to liquor law violation charges filed against them.
Charles Talbert was given a fine of $200 and costs and three years in the federal prison at Fort Levenworth, Kans., while his wife, Goldie Talbert, was given a fine of $50 and costs, and a four months sentence in the St. Joseph county jail at South Bend. The sentence in both cases against the Talberts was suspended during good behavior.
The case against Walter V. Sipe, who was arrested at the same time as the Talberts had not been called at 4 o'clock this afternoon and it is hardly probable judgment will be passed before Wednesday. Mrs. Sipe pleaded not guilty when arraigned Monday and will stand trial before a jury in the federal court at South Bend, later in the month of October.
Each of the defandants had been charged with the sale of liquor in two counts, possession of liquor and with maintaining a public nuisance, in indictments which had been returned against them by the federal grand jury which functioned in South Bend in September.
Mr. and Mrs. Talbert are the owners of the Talbert Inn one and half miles east of this city on the Barrett cement road while Mr. and Mrs. Sipe are the operators of the Walts Chili Parlor which is located one-half mile east of the Talbert Hotel on the Barrett road.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, October 7, 1930]

TALLY, REUBEN [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Hotels - Fairview
See: Rochester, Indiana [Historical Review]

TALLY & MARTIN [Rochester, Indiana]
. . . Planing machine to be run by steam power being installed in new building located near the steam grist mill, by R. Tally and D. R. Martin. . . .
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 17, 1863]
Planing Mill. Messrs. Tally & Martin are doing good business with their new Planing Mill. On Tuesday last, they run 4,000 feet of lumber through the machine, much of which was oak and white ash flooring. Any mechanic who will dress hard-wood flooring by hand, when he can get it done by machinery, deserves to suffer with the backache.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, February 12, 1863]

TALLY & PHELPS [Rochester, Indiana]
We hope none of our friends will forget that Messrs Tally & Phelps are manufacturing excellent flour, at their mill, which they have christened as the "Union Mills" .
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, February 13, 1862]

Tally & Phelps would respectfully inform the public that they have rented the Wallace's Steam Mill . . . Rochester.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, April 10, 1862]

TALLY'S LANDING [Lake Manitou]
[See LAKE MANITOU, LAKE MANITOU'S EARLY HISTORY - Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, March 11, 1922]

TALMA, INDIANA [Newcastle Township]
Located on SR-25, Section 12, at approximately 500E and 675N.
Formerly called Bloomingsburg.
Established June 13, 1851.
Name changed to Talma in 1895, and name became official Jan. 25, 1896.
Electrified 8:00 p.m., Oct. 1, 1935.
First building, one room dirt floor cabin, about 100 yards S of the present bridge, built by Asa Coplen.
The telephone company established in 1902, and bought by Rochester Telephone Co. in 1928.

There is only one town named Talma in the whole United States according to Rand McNally, publisher of atlases.
Talma originally was known as Bloomingsburg. William Roundtree Kubley, having found the name Talma in a word puzzle in a farm magazine, petitioned successfully to have the town's long name changed to Talma. [see Charles Beehler Family, William Amell Sausaman, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]
The dictionary defines Talma as a large cape or short full cloak of the 19th century, named after the 18th century French actor, Francois Joseph Talma.
Although some disgruntled citizens petitioned the P. O. Department against the change of name, it became official and permanent January 25, 1896.
Asa Coplen began selling lots in Bloomingsburg as early as 1854. He built a one-room dirt-floor cabin about 100 yards south of the present Talma bridge. In 1858 he got gold fever and started with his family for California. His wife died at Fort Riley, Kansas. Before she died, she made Asa promise to return to Indiana with the children, which he did, and became the founder of Bloomingsburg.
Asa Coplen platted the town of Bloomingsburg January 7, 1862. It had 40 lots and six streets: River, Race, Main (now SR-25), County (now 650N), North and South. The lots sold for $10 to $150 each.
When asked why he named it Bloomingsburg, Coplen would reply, "It's the bloomingiest town I ever saw."
The 1883 Historical Atlas of Fulton County describes Bloomingsburg as having two general stores, one drug store, a meat market, hotel, two doctors, wagonmaker, shoemaker, blacksmith, harness maker, saw mill, grist mill, I.O.O.F. lodge, Grange hall, and a church with 80 members.
Talma reached its greatest prosperity in the early 1900's according to Ralph Hatfield, lifelong resident and proprietor of Hatfield's store. When Ralph was a boy, there was Hatfield's general store, Simon Grove's grocery, Pete Kesler's barbershop, Charles Stansbury's blacksmith shop, Omar Montgomery's restaurant, bakery, and butcher shop. Montgomery's ice cream parlor was a loafing place for the younger generation and was known as "Hell's Half Acre."
Other businesses included William Henry Baugher's blacksmith shop, a wool-buying shop, and Earl Chapman's hardware. Baugher bought the old brick schoolhouse in 1903 and used the bottom floor to sell carriages and wagons, while the second floor was used by various organizations as a meeting place.
A new school was built in 1903 but it burned down in 1915. The new Newcastle Township school was completed in 1917 and a gymnasium was added in 1940. This building was destroyed by tornado April 3, 1974, and the site is now being made ready for the construction of the Newcastle Township Community Center this year (1976).
A telephone company was started by Simon and Lou Grove in 1902. The Rochester Telephone Company bought the Talma telephone system with nearly 200 subscribers in 1928.
A three-story grist mill was still in operation until heavy winds blew off the top in 1908. The present ditch north of El-Ro-Vert campgrounds is the old mill race but there is no evidence now of the dam which was in the river almost due north of the mill.
There was a town pump and watering trough on the south side of Main street near the corner of Race street.
Talma's post office, established June 13, 1851, was discontinued January 2, 1907, the last postmaster being Loring W. Hatfield, and the area became Rural Route 5, Rochester.
The present SR-25 east out of Rochester was known as the Warsaw road.
[Talma The Blooming Burg, Shirley Willard, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

In a game of base ball at Bloomingsburg [Talma] last Friday, between the Maple Leaf club of Argos, and the Clumsies of Bloomingsburg, the score stood 30 to 20 in favor of the Bloomingsburg club. It was an easy victory for the Clumsies and they are considerably elated over the manner in which they "done" the brag nine from Argos.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, August 25, 1886]
Grove & Imler have dissolved their partnership. Imler will take the dry goods and grocery departments and Grove will take the hardware.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, January 28, 1904]

Omer Montgomery put in a stock of groceries along with his restaurant and meat market last week.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, March 10, 1904]

Mentone Gazette.
Omer Montgomery has sold his bakery and restaurant at Waukarusa and will locate again at Talma.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, August 3, 1906]

Samuel Friend has traded his home and lots on West Fourth street, near the mausoleum, for the McFadden general store at Talma and will move there soon, having already taken possession of the store. Mr. Friend formerly operated the grocery now owned by the Frye brothers and prior to that managed a business in the southwest room at the corner of Main and Seventh streets.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Friday, December 18, 1925]

The celebration and jubilee which was held at Talma Tuesday night over the electrification of that town was attended by between 500 and 600 persons. Ceremonies fitting to the occasion were held.
The Northern Indiana Power Company by furnishing electric power to the residents of Talma has fulfilled the ambition of the residents of that city who have wanted the service for a great many years.
During the past year the extension was made by the company and now some thirty residents of Talma who formerly had privately owned electric lighting plants are now taking power from the company.
Lights On
The lights were turned on at eight o'clock last night and when they first started to flicker a great shout went up from all present. Officials of the power company were present and gave addresses.
Other members on the program were selections by the Rochester American Legion band, vocal and string duet, Blanche Yeazel and Velma Kessler; solo, Leonard O'Dell, and a short talk by John Haimbaugh, trustee of Newcastle township.
The members of the committee in charge of the celebration Loren Kramer, Ralph Hatfield and John Haimbaugh were disappointed when a representative of the Indiana State Department of Conservation failed to make his appearance.
Lower Power Dam
The speaker was to have told about Talma being selected as the site for a low power dam in the Tippecanoe river and also as the prospective site for a park along Indiana's most scenic river.
Following the celebration hot dog sandwiches and coffee was furnished free to all those present.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, October 2, 1935]

The Newcastle Township Institute committee is holding a special called public meeting at the Talma High school building Wednesday eveningt, Feb. 21, at 7:30 o'clock, for the purpose of sounding out the commnity on the possibility of building a community building after the war.
The need for a more spacious building is accentuated every year at institute time as well as throughout the school season with present space inadequate for basketball and other school and general community activities.
The Newcastle Farmers Indtitute is and has been one of the outstanding rural events not only in Fulton county but also in northern Indiana for a number of years and more spacious and modern "housing" facilities for the community's programs are imperative.
Charles Jones, Sr., who was born and reared in Newcastle township, will discuss the plans and all township residents as well as others who are interested in the proposed building project are requested to attend the meeting.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, February 20, 1945]

TALMA COLTS [Talma, Indiana]
The Talma Colts met the strong Crystal Lake team Sunday, on the Talma grounds, in fast game, the score standing 5 to 5 at the end of the 9th inning. It was not finished on account of the boys catching a train. The Colts will meet the Argos Grays Saturday and the Etna Green Tigers Sunday on the Talma grounds.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, October 1, 1908]

TALMA POST OFFICE [Talma, Indiana]
Located approximately 550E and 675N.

The Talma postoffice has been ordered closed taking effect January 1. The mail will be served to the patrons on route 5 from Rochester.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, January 7, 1907]

Simon Y. Grove, Jan 25, 1896. Loring W. Hatfield, M.O. June 4, 1897.
Loring W. Hatfield, June 4, 1897. Dis. Mail to Rochester Nov 23, 1906. Effective Jan 2, 1907.

TALMA RUBE BAND [Talma, Indiana]
When Talma High school's basketball team drubbed the Tippecanoe team Friday night for a second time this season, this time on Tippecanoe's floor, by a score of 45 to 11, the players were supported by the Taoma Rube band of seven pieces, a new trick musical organization formed at the Talma school.
Four boys and three girls compose the band, which includes cornet, bugle, bass horn, trombone, saxaphone, Frisco whistle and drum. The musicians are Helen Rathfon, Bedelia Byrers, Miles Pash, Joe Thrall, Dorothy Deamer, John Surguy and Robert Rahfeldt. The band will follow the basketball team to Argos next Friday night. In time, it is expected, the band will be increased in membership.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Monday, December 8, 1924]

TALMA TELEPHONE CO. [Talma, Indiana]
Started by Simon Grove and Lou Grove in 1902.
Sold to Rochester Telephone Company in 1928. It had nearly 200 subscribers.

Argos Reflector.
The Talma telephone system will be extended one and one-half miles west and one mile south of Center.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, July 14, 1905]

The Talma Telephone Co., has re-arranged its business so that all business for the Whippoorwill, Tiosa and Talma exchanges is now operated at Talma. Some fine, new apparatus has been installed, an expert electrician has overhauled the switch boards and put everything in first class condition and the service will be greatly improved.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, September 14, 1905]

Mrs. Lee Jamison, formerly of Tiosa, now of Claypool, is now sole owner of the Whippoorwill Telephone Co., having acquired the half interest held by the Talma Telephone Company.
The Whippoorwill exchange, which has 145 patrons, is said to be valued at $4,000, and is a good paying business, but its distance from Talma made it hard to handle. Mrs. Jamison will continue William Wynn, it is believed, as manager. S. Y. Grove is president of the Talma company, which is also in a flourishing condition.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 3, 1915]

See Threshing Rings

TALMA WHITE SOX [Talma, Indiana]
Baseball team.

TAMARACK CORNER [Henry Township]

TAMARACK HOTEL [Leiters Ford, Indiana]
William Jefferson LEITER, pioneer resident of Fulton county, who came here with his parents in a covered wagon in 1854, died at his home on West Eighth street Saturday evening following a long illness, which had confined him to his home for a number of weeks. Death was caused by old age and complications. He was 83 years of age.
Mr. Leiter was born in Seneca county, Ohio, April 17, 1840. Five years later his parents, Mr. and Mrs. John LEITER, Jr., started westward and took up a homestead on the south bank of the Tippecanoe river near where Leiters now stands. The ford at the river here was given its name by Mr. Leiter's parents who built a rude shanty there shortly after arriving. They simply placed four posts in the ground and nailed the boards on them.
Later they constructed a second and more permanent home, building it of Tamarack logs. For many years it was known as the Tamarack Hotel and here Mr. Leiter as a young man worked on the farm helping to clear the land and make it tillable. He attended the district school and later went to Valparaiso College and upon returning spent several years teaching school in this vicinity. He was married on December 27, 1805, to Ellen A. HICKMAN, who was born in 1841 in Fulton county.
On January 21, 1877, along with Clark HICKMAN he took over the Potawatomie Mills in Rochester, which stood where the Erie Elevator is now located. Water power from the old canal was used and the mill soon became one of the best and largest in Northern Indiana. Frederick PETERSON later on bought out Mr. Hickman and the mill then went under the firm name of LEITER and PETERSON. In 1896 the building burned to the ground and for some time afterwards Mr. Leiter was interested in the bank which grew into the U. S. Bank and Trust Co. In 1898 he erected another elevator on the site of the old one and since that time has been active in charge until a few months previous to his death. Altogether he was in the grain business 46 years. . . . . . .
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, May 21, 1923]

TASTY MAID COFFEE SHOP [Rochester, Indiana
[Adv] Sunday Dinner - Tomato Soup, Roast Veal with Dressing / Roast Chicken with Oyster Dressing, Mashed Potatoes, Bread Sweet Potatoes, Escalloped Corn, Asparagus Tips on Toast, Pimento Slaw, Ice Cream and Cake, Coffee/Tea/Milk. Price 65 Cents. Not the cheapest place in town, but the best. Tassy Maid Coffee Shop.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 25, 1922]

The Tasty Maid Coffee shop has been designated as the local depot for the Hiner Red Ball Line. Miss Etta Emmons is the agent, who will be glad to furnish information to travelers as to connections made with other bus lines by the Hines company.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Tuesday, March 3, 1925]

TATE, JACOB [Perry Township, Miami County]
Prof. Jacob Tate, teacher in the public schools at Gilead, a native of Rush County, Indiana, born January 16, 1848, is the eldest in a family of nine children born to William and Leanna (Mincks) Tate, who were natives of Bedford and Green Counties, Pennsylvania, respectively. Their parents emigrated to Indiana in a very early day. Subject's father settled in Miami County about 1853, of which he continued a resident until his death, which occurred March 7, 1871. He was a blacksmith by trade, served his country gallantly during the entire war, enlisting in 1861 in Company A, 39th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, which subsequently became the 8th Cavalry. He was with Sherman on his March to the Sea, and participated in all the engagements incident to that campaign. Our immediate subject always made his home with his parents, and, upon the death of his father, became the support of his widowed mother. He received a common school education. He has always made teaching his occupation, in which profession he has been eminently successful, ranking as one of the best instructors of Miami County. Is a member of the M. E. Church. In politics an ardent Republican.
[History of Miami County, Indiana, 1887, Brant & Fuller. pp. 735-736]

TATHAM, JOHN [Rochester, Indiana]
John Tatham is of English stock, born in Halifax, Eng., September 26, 1827, and when a mere boy he learned the art of manufacturing all kinds of woolen and cotton fabrics, so common in that country. He received the rudiments of a common school education in his native country. This education was however more practical than of a literary character, being chiefly the music of the loom or the hum of the machinery. He was married in November 1849, to Miss Ellen Taylor, born in 1827. These parents came to America in 1851, landing at New York, where they resided for ten years. They then moved to Seymour, Ind., and from thence settled in Rochester in March, 1881. He purchased the woolen mill where he is now engaged in his chosen occupation. He has refitted and remodeled the mills, putting in new and valuable machinery. He has a carder, a spinner and a number of improved looms, all propelled by a new and powerful engine. He is prepared to manufacture all kinds of woolen goods, including flannels, cassimeres, jeans and blankets, and from his long experience is warranted in guaranteeing satisfaction to all who may favor him with their patronage. His factory furnishes employment to from twelve to seventy hands, and he proposes to enlarge the facilities as soon as possible. His family are Henry, born in New York, May 22, 1854; Clara, born November 20, 1861; Mattie, born November 21, 1863; William, born September 15, 1865; John, born August 4,1867, and Sarah, born February 4, 1869. Mr. Tatham is a genial gentleman, and has since his residence here made many friends.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 27]

TATHAM'S WOOLEN MILLS [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] (Recently the Jessen Flouring Mill) Are now ready to do all kind of work commonly done at establishments of this kind, such as Carding, Spinning, Dyeing and Weaving. I also manufacture a good variety of the best woolen goods which are in every way superior to Eastern stock, being made honestly and without attempts to deceive buyers as to their actual quality, for Cash or Goods. I propose to furnish a reliable home market for Wools, and thus greatly stimulate sheep breeding in this county. Farmers who know their own interests will at least give me a call before selling their wool to shippers. JOHN TATHAM.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, May 28, 1881]

TATMAN, CHARLES [Akron, Indiana]
Akron, Ind., June 9 - Charles Tatman announced Thursday that he has sold his cement industry, located in the north part of Akron, to Fred Walgamuth of Fort Wayne. It is understood that the deal took place several weeks ago. Mr. Walgamuth is said to be a man who well understands an industry of this sort, having had considerable experience in that line. The factory produces a line of vaults, cement blocks, etc.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, Juna 9, 1928]

TAVERN LOT [Rochester, Indiana]
Located on north side of East Third Street, between Main and Madison Streets.

TAXI BUSINESSES [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Bus Lines
See: See, Russell

Announcement has been made of the opening of taxicab service by the Service Motor Livery Company. William Maglecic, painter, is the local owner and manager. The new company has a large enclosed car and several open ones and will answer calls day or night. Their headquartrs for the present will be the Arlington hotel.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, May 27, 1921]

A new taxi line has been started in the city by William Wines, former night police chief who will give 24-hour service.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, February 17, 1922]

[Adv] NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC . I have taken over the local service heretofore operated from the Dawson & Coplen Drug Store and will continue the same, making every effort to please the public. GUY BRYANT, Proprietor.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, May 15, 1922]

As the result of considerable competition on the part of bus men taxi rates went suddenly downward in the city Sunday and it was possible for lake passengers to get out to Manitou for ten cents, while the charge to Long Beach was reduced from a quarter to fifteen cents.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, June 20, 1922]

TAYLOR, CECIL [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Cecil Taylor)

TAYLOR, CHARLES [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Don't Eat Tough Meat, When you can buy a fine juicy and tender steak, roast or boil at THE OLD RELIABLE. We handle only the best and always have plenty of it. Our line of fancy smoked and salted meats can't be beat by anyone. We deliver meat to your house free of cost and send you just the piece you want. Try us. CHAS. TAYLOR.
[Rochester Stneinel, Wednesday, August 28, 1901

A deal was made Wednesday, whereby Chas. F. Taylor became owner of L. C. Kistler's brick store room and flat building on the corner of Main and Pearl streets. Taylor will be given possession April 1st, and will move his meat market from the Arlington block to that room.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, February 22, 1906]
Ike Emmons will open a short order restaurant in the room formerly occupied by the American restaurant and the C. F. Taylor meat market. The restaurant will be on the ala a carte plan and Mr. Emmons says it is going to be the real thing and that the people will be able to get anything to eat that they desire.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, April 5, 1906]

[Adv] Christmas Dinner - - - - - TAYLOR'S MARKET, Chas. F. Taylor, 900 Main St.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, December 23, 1908]

The many friends of Charles Taylor of this city will be somewhat surprised to learn that he is to re-engage in the meat market business in Rochester. Some time ago he sold his business at the corner of Main and Ninth streets to L. C. Kistler and went on the road as a traveling salesman for a Chicago meat packing firm. However, after a few weeks he found that the work did not agree with him and he resigned. Now he has purchased the Jacob Karn meat shop in the north end and will move the fixtures to the room south of the court house which was formerly occupied by the "Bud" Ware wholesale liquor house. Mr. Taylor is well known in the local business world in the meat business and will, no doubt, prove as successful this time as he has heretofore.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, November 13, 1912]

A deal was completed today whereby Charles Taylor again takes possession of the meat market, now operated by L. C. Kistler. Mr. Taylor formerly owned the meat market on the corner of Main and Ninth streets and sold to Mr. Kistler about a year ago, to take a position as traveling salesman. Mr. Kistler is undecided as to what he will do in the future.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, February 17, 1913]

Charles Taylor, who recently moved to this city from Kansas, has leased the site of the old Rochester College and will go into the chicken raising business on a large scale. During the past week he has built three large chicken houses with runs. Mr. Taylor has ordered 2,500 baby chicks. The poultry raiser intends to market his produce to Lake Manitou summer visitors.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, March 15, 1926]

TAYLOR, EVERETT [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Everett Taylor)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Second Letter From Everett Taylor)

TAYLOR, HARLEY W., MD. [Rochester, Indiana]
Harley W. Taylor, M.D., was born in Fulton county, Indiana, August 24, 1877, the son of William and Delilah (Dumbauld) Taylor, the former a native of Indiana and the latter being the daughter of Peter and Susan (Stockberger) Dumbauld, pioneer settlers of Fulton county. William Taylor was born in Pulaski county, Indiana. He removed to Fulton county and worked in a store for a time, and then he went to Marshall county and began a real estate business. For the last six years, he and his wife have been living in South Bend, Indiana. They have four children, all of whom are living, the subject of this review being the oldest. William Taylor is a member of the Knights of Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Harley W. Taylor was reared on a farm in Marshall county and attended the graded and high schools of his home community. After completing his elementary studies, he taught school for a time and then attended Rochester Normal College. Deciding to take up the profession of medicine, he matriculated in the Medical College of Indianapolis and was graduated from that institution in 1905. Since that time he has been in active practice in Rochester, Indiana, with the exception of four months spent in the Medical Corps of the United States Army during the World war. Before his entrance into the service, he was examining physician on the draft exemption board. On October 7, 1905, he married Hazel A. Taylor, of Thorntown, Indiana, and they have one daughter, Marietta Louise. Dr. Taylor holds membership in American Medical Association and the State, the Thirteenth District, and the Fulton County Medical Associations. In fraternal circles, he is a member of the Knights of Pythias, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and he is a Thirty-second Degree Mason. He takes a deep interest in all movements for the civic welfare. He served for two years as the secretary of the school board, and in 1922, he was made president of that board. He and his wife are devout members of the Baptist church.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 283-284 Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

TAYLOR, JOHN [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Louderback Garage

John Taylor has purchased the John Becker blacksmith shop on West Seventh street, and will take possession at once. Mr. Taylor has had ample experience and will, no doubt, enjoy a good patronage. Mr. Taylor, who has been residing in Kokomo, will remove to this city.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, August 31, 1910]

TAYLOR, JOHN S. [Rochester Township]
John S. Taylor, dairyman and farmer, is a native of Center county, Pa., born Nov. 11, 1831. He is a son of William and Susannah (Roop) Taylor, both natives of Pennsylvania, where the father died at fifty-two years of age and the mother now at eighty-one years of age, resides in Westmoreland county of her native state. By occupation the father of Mr. Taylor was a miller and carried on the milling business for quite a number of years in Pennsylvania. John S. Taylor received a common school education and then learned the tanner's trade, at which he worked for seven years near Ligonier, Pa. In 1854 he came to Indiana and settled in Miami county, near Peru and there carried on farming for ten years, or until 1864, when he came to Fulton county and for two years lived in Rochester and then removed to his present place of residence one-half mile north of Rochester. In 1868 Mr. Taylor began the dairy business and with the slight omission of one year has continued this industry ever since. His dairy is one of the best in northern Indiana. In connection with this interest he has for many years given considerable attention to stock interests, and now has on his farm of 107 acres some of the best blooded stock to be found in he county. The marriage of Mr. Taylor took place in December, 1852, to Miss Susan Ambrose, who was born in Westmoreland county, Pa., Dec. 17, 1833. She is a daughter of Killian and Elizabeth Ambrose, who came to Fulton county about the same time that the Taylor family came. To the union of Mr. and Mrs. Taylor are these two children: Madge and Charles F. In politics Mr. Taylor is an ardent republican and is a K. of H. He is a man of honest motive and he and family are highly respected.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, p. 135]

TAYLOR, ORBRA [Rochester, Indiana]
The Hub Shoe store, pioneer in its line in this community, today was sold to Orbra Taylor. Guy Alspach, former proprietor, who is an uncle of Mr. Taylor, stated today he would continue his residency in this city and engage in a manufacturing business.
The new proprietor of The Hub has been associated with the store for over 27 years and is thoroughly experienced in the shoe business.
Mr. Alspach started The Hub shoe store over 37 years ago with Robert Marsh, former resident of this city, as his partner. Later Mr. Marsh retired from business and moved to New York state. A short time afterward Sylvester Alspach, father of Guy, became a partner and assisted in the operation of the store until his death, a number of years ago.
The new proprietor will in the near future announce his plans on the management and operation of the store.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, February 12, 1937]

TAYLOR, SUE BELLE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Mitchell, Carol

TAYLOR, W. H. [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] DO YOU WANT A FARM in Fulton, Marsahll and adjoining counties? - - - I also represent the best Life Insurance in the world. - - - W. H. TAYLOR, Office in Arlington Building. P.S. - Also agent for the famous Caxton School Supplies.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, June 20, 1901]
What is a present mystery to his family and friends is the whereabouts of W. H. Taylor, the well known real estate agent, who left Rochester Monday for parts unknown. He told members of his family that he was going away to look after a trade but from remarks that he has made in the past they are of the opinion that he intends to remain.
Mr. Taylor has been in the real estate business in Rochester for many years and is well known to Fulton county citizens. For two terms he was town councilman and in his official capacity gave excellent satisfaction. It is much to be regretted if Mr. Taylor has left the city indefinitely and if he has encountered financial difficulties, it is hoped that he will be able to meet them and come back.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, May 1, 1913]
TAYLOR, WILKS [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Downs Sawmill

A. E. Taylor, C. A. Mitchell. We would most respectfully inform the public that we have opened a Saddle & Harness Shop in the building occupied by A. E. Taylor as a Store . . . Taylor & Mitchell. Rochester, Feb 16th, 1861.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 16, 1861]

Notice. The firm of Taylor & Mitchell in the Saddle and Harness business, is this day dissolved by mutual agreement. C. A. Mitchell continuing the business at the old stand. . . those indebted will please call and settle with either party at A E. Taylor's Store. A. E. Taylor, C. A. Mitchell. Roch., Aug 19th, 1861.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, August 24, 1861]

TAYLOR & REEDER [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] TAYLOR & REEDER, Real Estate Brtokers, Arlington Block. - - - - - -
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, April 28, 1903]

The building occupied by Taylor & Reeder's feed store, and owned by A. Thalman, caught fire, about 10 o'clock, Tuesday night, in some unknown manner. The department was called out and soon extinguished. [sic !!!!]
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 5, 1904]

TAYLOR DAIRY [Rochester Township]
Located one-half mile N of Erie Railroad on W side old US-31.
Founded by John S. Taylor in 1868 and was still in business in 1896.

TAYLOR'S DRY GOODS STORE [Rochester, Indiana]
A. E. Taylor would respectfully inform the Citizens of Fulton County that he has purchased the interest of Milo R. Smith in the Dry Goods Trade. Rochester, Jan. 26, 1860.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 28, 1860]

Allen E. Taylor, Esq., one of our most estimable citizens, is about to move from this city to Fulton County in the north part of the State. -- Terre Haute Evening Journal.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 4, 1860]

All kinds of Family Groceries . . . Charles Becker's . . . two doors north of Taylor's Dry Goods store, formerly Smith and Bro., on Main street.
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, March 1, 1860]

A. E. Taylor. Dealer in Fancy and Staple Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Hats, Caps, Ready-Made Clothing, Boots, Shoes, &c. Store formerly occupied by Milo R. Smith, Rochester, Ind.
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, March 8, 1860]
Mr. R. Gould respectfully announces to the citizens of Rochester and vicinity that he has again opened rooms at the Old Stand, over the store of A. E. Taylor, and is now prepared to execute in the Highest Style of Photographic Art . . . Rochester, March 22, 1860.
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday March 29, 1860]

Mr. Taylor is now receiving his mammoth Stock of Dry Goods, Hardware Boots and Shoes, Groceries, etc., etc., to which he would respectfully invite the public and the rest of man and women kind to call and see. These goods were bought at the lowest prices possible, -- Mr. Cash being the buyer,-- and we take it he buys as low as the lowest. Consequently look for bargains.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, March 31, 1860]

Picture Gallery!! Over A. E. Taylor's Store. Photographs of every variety of style . . . Robert Gould. Rochester, June 6, 1861.
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, June 20, 1861]

Notice! Having purchased the entire stock of goods & merchandise of Mr. A. E. Taylor, I take this method of informing the citizens of Fulton and adjoining counties that I shall continue the establishment much after the old style of Mr. Taylor . . . Mr. Taylor will act as my agent for the present, assisted by Mr. C. A. Mitchell, in transacting the business . . . . . W. W. Tuley.
[Rochester Mercuty, Thursday, December 5, 1861]
See Taylor & Mitchell Saddle & Harness Shop.

TAYLOR LODGE [Rochester, Indiana]
See Lodges, I.O.G.T

TAYLOR, McMAHAN, EWING AND WARD [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] HO FOR NORTH WEST TEXAS. Next Excursion April 17th, May 1st, May 15th, June 19th, 1907. We have the Best Lands in the Panhandle Country. SEE US BEFORE YOU GO. Parties going from Rochester will have to start one day before their dates. Agents at Rochester, Indiana TAYLOR, McMAHAN, EWING and WARD.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, May 23, 1907]

TAYLOR MEAT MARKET [Rochester, Indiana]
Few, if any, meat dealers in this section have attained a prominence equal to that of this Modern Meat Market. Maintaining an up-to-date meat market, they have an enviable record for cleanliness and sanitation. Insisting that everything about their place be in accordance with the most scientific ideas regarding sanitation, they have thus assured the public that meats coming from their establishment are pure and wholesome. Nor have they seen fit to take advantage of the general tendency to maintain high prices needlessly, but on the other hand have been most moderate in their selling.

By reason of their fair dealing with the public their patronage has increased until today their Market is not only popular in the home city, but in all the surrounding territory. Whenever in need of anything in their line our readers could do no better than visit this popular establishment and be convinced and see meats which they offer in abundance at prices that are extremely reasonable.
We wish to compliment the management of this well known concern for the policies adopted and to predict for Taylor Meat Market a continued era of prosperity.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, August 17, 1922]

TAYLOR POULTRY, CHARLES [Rochester, Indiana]
Charles Taylor, who recently moved to this city from Kansas, has leased the site of the old Rochester College and will go into the chicken raising business on a large scale. During the past week he has built three large chicken houses with runs. Mr. Taylor has ordered 2500 baby chicks. The poultry raiser intends to market his produce to Lake Manitou summer visitors.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Monday, March 15, 1926]

A. E. Taylor, Saddle & Harness shop (also groceries, hides and peltries) opposite M.E. Church, Rochester, C. A. Mitchell, Clerk.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, July 4, 1863]

New Firm. A. J. Davidson & A. Milizer, have purchased A. E. Taylor's Harness Shop.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, July 31, 1863]

Notice. Sold out, left the country, debtors notified to pay Enoch Sturgeon, Justice of the Peace. A. E. Taylor.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, April 2, 1864]

TEEL & SON [Rochester, Indiana]
Theodore Teel and son will open a meat market in the room on North Main street in which Fry Brothers operated a grocery store instead of a grocery as was announced in the News-Sentinel Monday evening. The new market which will specialize in home killed meats will be opened the latter part of this week. An ad annnouncing the opening will be carried in this paper.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, March 24, 1927]

[Adv] Meat Specials For This Week - - - - - TEEL & SON, White Front Market, 608 Main St., Phone 68. We Deliver.
{The News-Sentinel, Monday, August 22, 1927]

TEETER, MAX E. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Max E. Teeter)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Second Letter From Max E. Teeter)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Third Letter From Max E. Teeter)

TELEGRAPHY SCHOOL [Rochester, Indiana]
The school for telegraphers, inaugurated by John Slaybaugh, local Western Union manager, started Thursday night, with an enrollment of 17, 10 of whom are girls.
Instruction will be given on Tuesday and Thursday evenings to start, lessons lasting about two hours. R.R. and commercial telegraphy will be taught and later a radio instrument will be installed for the use of the boys who may contemplate entering the signal service of the United States.
Following are those who plan to take this work: Miss Florence White, Miss Marie White, Miss Alma Roseburg, Kenneth Roberts, Miss Ella Emmons, Miss Doris Slaybaugh, Gerald Horner, Robert Murphy, Miss Cleo Fugate, Miss Alma Fugate, Florent Sharkey, Robert Moore, Robert Dawe, Claud Chamberlain, Harry Richmond, Miss Lucile Sheward and Miss Madge Wallace.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, July 12, 1918]

Fully 40 students have enrolled with John Slaybaugh, Western Union manager, for his instruction in telegraphy, the second session of the class to be held at 8:00 this evening in the basement under the Western Union office. Several long tables have been erected and instruments were being installed today.
A member of the city council has been asked to visit the school this evening and will probably address the students, many of whom are girls. It is entirely possible that the school may grow into one of importance.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, July 16, 1918]

Rev. A. E. Babcock will lecture on the subject of Temperance at the M.E. Church on Tuesday evening next December 6, 1859.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 3, 1859]

The Temperance Picnic held last Saturday at the Fair Ground, according to previous announcement passed off pleasantly. Of the speeches we were unable to speak not having heard them. The Mexico and Rochester Brass Bands enlivened the intervals with soul stirring strains, and the Glee Club, under the direction of Prof. Montgomery, added greatly to the occasion. We do not know that there was any more than the usual number of quiet strolls through the shady grove, or any more tender speeches made than on similar occasions, but all seemed happy.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, June 16, 1860]

Special Notice. The Ministers of Fulton County are requested to preach a Sermon on the subject of Temperance at their earliest convenience by a resolution passed by the I.O. of G.T. in this place. R. P. Smith, W. Sec.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January , 1861]

Temperance Pic-Nic. There will be a Temperance Pic-nic at Akron, Fulton County, Indiana, on Saturday, the 22nd day of June, 1861 The best Speakers of the County are expected.
All are invited to attend, bring your basket of "grub,' and we will have a good time. Akron, June 7, 1861.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, June 8, 1861]

The good people of Akron contemplate holding a two days Temperance Meeting, to commence on Tuesday, the 18th inst. . . .
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, February 13, 1862]

Notice. Rev. J. B. DeMotte to preach on temperance at I.O.G.T., February 8, Rochester.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 7, 1863]

Temperance Picnic. There will be a Temperance Picnic at Akron on Friday the 15th of June. A number of good Speakers will be present . . . The Hoover family consisting of four Blind Brothers will give one of their highly interesting and entertaining vocal and instrumental concerts.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, June 14, 1866]

There will be a temperance meeting held at the Mud Creek school house, Friday evening, for the purpose of organizing a lodge. All are invited to attend. . .
[Rochester Union-Spy, Friday, October 1, 1875]

TEMPLE HALL [Rochester, Indiana]
In 1891 a society of Progressive Thinkers was organized in Lyceum Hall, the principal promoters being Dr. S. S. Terry, Hon. Milo R. Smith, Editor Major Bitters, John M. Davis, Robert H. Henkle and a large number of ladies. The first minister was Prof. Charles W. Peters of Plymouth, England. In the fall of 1892 Temple Hall was constructed for the special use of the society on the second floor of the Long building, over what is now the Book Store and Walle's Jewelry store.

TERRY, JAMES A. [Rochester, Indiana]
JAMES A. TERRY (Biography)
James A. TERRY, a native of Tennessee, came to LaPorte with his parents when a small boy. At the age of 13 he commenced a printer's apprenticeship with C. G. POWELL and finished it six years afterward at Chicago. Then he went to the Dakotas and worked at his trade for some time but came back to Indiana, taking the formanship of the Sentinel early in 1882. Since that time, with the exception of one year in Peru, he has stood at the head of the mechanical department of the Sentinel, and patrons of the office will all verify the statement that he has no superiors as a caterer to the wants of customers. In additon to his services as foreman he is the advertising manager of the paper, having an able assistant in Harold VanTRUMP, the tasty young job printer, now largely in charge of the job department. Mr. Terry married Miss Lolo VanDIEN, six years ago and they own a pretty home on south Main street, and are the parents of three children.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 20, 1895]

TERRY, LYON [Rochester, Indiana]
I was born in Rochester in 1892, grew up there and graduated from Rochester high school with the class of 1911.
Our neighbor, Jonathan Dawson, the veteran village druggist, had one of the first horseless carriages [about 1902]. It was a Pope-Toledo, as I recall, and we kids followed it on bicycles.
Hugh's father, the Hon. Henry A. Barnhart, was the Congressman from our district and owned a Studebaker E.M.F. Hugh drove some of us boys to Culver one day just before election and he cussed those horse and buggy drivers for whom he had to slow down, saying he hoped his Dad would soon get the election over with so he wouldn't have to stop for "those voters."
During vacations I kept busy at various jobs. I picked strawberries at Meyer's farm, west of the Fairgrounds, and worked at the canning factory. I did a little telephone line work with my schoolmate Roscoe Pontius, who later became president and manger of the Rochester Telephone Company. I also woorked a couple of summers at the carpentry trade with Oscar Badwin, an excellent house builder and an admirable citizen.
One summer I worked for Gresham Bearss on his farm five miles southwest of town. I took the day off on the 4th of July to go to Fulton with other boys but got back by bicycle early the next morning and plowed corn. The heat was terrific and after lunch I told Gresham that my horse was too hot to work; but possibly thinking that I was the one who was hot and tired, he said go ahead.
After two rows the horse keeled over. Gresham saw this from the barn and came out with a bucket of water which he doused on the animal's head. It gasped and expired, and we instantly learned that that wasn't the way to treat heat stroke.
In 1915 I graduated [from University of Michigan] with the degree of bachelor of civil engineering and soon left for the Oklahoma oil fields.
I took time out for the first World War, became a second lieutenant in the 85th Field Artillery and was stationed at Camp Sheridan, Ala., when the war ended.
I went on to Texas [his car and possessions all had been stolen in Tulsa], minus the auto and engineering equipment, and soon went broke in Gorman, Texas. It was then that my old carpentry apprenticeship in Rochester proved to be a lifesaver. I was able to earn enough as a carpenter in a booming oil camp to pay my way to Washington, D.C., where I became an oil and gas valuation engineer for Uncle Sam.
In Washington I renewed an Indiana friendship with Miss Edna Brubaker from Peru, and we were married in 1920.
We moved to New York City in 1921, where I becme associated with consulting engineers and later with the Satandard Oil company (N.J.). In 1927 I joined the oil and gas engineering firm of Ralph E. Davis Engineers, of Pittsburgh and New York.
The consulting engineering business can get pretty rough in hard times. In 1932 during the Depression there were few jobs and Mr. Davis had to let most of the staff go. But we were retained by the City of Chicago to represent the city before the Illinois Commerce Commission regarding the project to bring natural gas from Texas to Chicago.
The city was about broke and we didn't get paid until years later. I worked on the case daytimes. But Mr. Davis, an excellent bridge player, earned our running expenses by playing bridge in the evenings in a money game at one of those ritzy hotels on the north shore.
My most interesting job, perhaps, was building a natural gas pipeline to the City of Vienna, Austria, in 1933-34.
In 1936 I became engineer for the newly-formed Petroleum Dept. of The Chase National Bank of New York, now The Chase Manhattan Bank, the largest commercial bank outside of California.
Over the years we built up a sizeable business of financing and serving the oil and gas industry throughout the country and the foreign operations of domestic companies. I ultimately became vice president of the bank. Among other activities I served on the Board of Directors of the Southern Production Company, Ft. Worth, Texas.
I was retired by The Chase Manhattan Bank in 1957 and became associated with Lehan Brothers, an old line firm of investment bankers, as a consultant in their petroleum department.
In 1963 I was awarded the Anthony F. Lucas Medal by the American Institute of Mining Engineers "for distinguished achievement in the Petroleum Industry."
I retired in 1966 from Lehman Brothers. -Lyon F. Terry.
[Terry & Lyon Families, Sara Terry Shirk, Fulton Co. Folks, Vol. 1, Willard]
[NOTE: much interesting material had to be omitted. -WCT]

A former Rochester young man, Lyon F. Terry, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Terry of this city, is named as the supervisor of an important engineering feat in an article in the July issue of the Scientific American. The article is entitled, "Underground Arteries for Oil and Gas," and tells at some length of accomplishments in the way of piping gas from one city to another. That part dealing with Mr. Terry's work reads as follows:
"An interesting feat of engineering was accomplished in constructing the Mississippi river crossing when the natural gas pipeline from Monroe, Louisiana to Memphis, Tennessee, was built. Lyon F. Terry of the Ralph E. Davis engineering organization supervised the construction of the line, including the river crossing. Massive concrete headers were built just back of both levees, where the 18-inch trunk line was subdivided into four 10 inch pipes about 12,000 feet long.
"From the levee, the line had to traverse two thickets, two small lakes, a swamp, an 800 foot mud flat, and the 3,000 foot main channel of the river, which was about 80 feet deep at that point. Ten-ton concrete anchors were placed at intervals across the main channel, and the pipe was joined together and lowered from barges and pontoons, held in place by the anchors and two big boats. The joints were screwed together, fitted with collar leak clamps, coated with bitumastic enamel, and weighted with 1800-pound river clamps. The four-parallel line lie in a neat up-stream bow, designed to withstand the periodic rampages of "Old man river."
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, July 5, 1929]

Lyon Terry, son of Frank Terry, 902 Jefferson St., sailed on the Acquitania Wednesday night from New York his destination being Vienna, Austria. Terry, who is an engineer, will go to Europe for the European Gas & Electrical Company, to supervise some construction work there. He is vice president of Ralph E. Davis, Inc., of New York City, an engineering firm.
Terry will spend a few days in London following his arrival there May 16th and then will proceed to Hamburg, Germany, and thence on to Vienna. He expected to be abroad until August. His wife and children will remain at their home in New York.
Lyon graduated from Rochester High School in the class of 1911 and then majored in engineering at the University of Michigan graduating in 1915. Since then he has been in engineering work and has supervised some large projects in various places over the country. One of these which received much notice was the laying of large oil pipe lines across the Mississippi River.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, May 11, 1933]

TERRY, SAMUEL P., DR. [Rochester, Indiana]
Dr. S. P. Terry, Physician and Surgeon. Office with Dr. Rhodes, south side Public square. Residence two blocks west of Dawson's Drug store, Rochester, Ind.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, January 1, 1897]

Samuel P. Terry, M.D., a native of this county, born May 15, 1861, son of Dr. Samuel S. and Sarah (McCloud) Terry. The former was born in Tompkins county, N.Y., in 1824, and died in Rochester in 1893. He was a son of Samuel and Laura Terry, natives of New York and of English descent. The late Dr. Terry obtained a good primary education. In 1840 he began the study of medicine and in 1844 graduated from the medical department of Willoughby university. In 1846 he came to Fulton county and located at Akron, but two years later removed to Rochester, where he resided until his death. He represented this and Miami county in the Indiana general assembly from 1864 to 1868. During the war he was first assistant surgeon of the seventy-third Indiana regiment. He was a men of pronounced ability and unquestioned character. The mother of Dr. Samuel P. Terry was born in Ohio and died in Rochester in 1883 and is yet remembered for her grace of character and womanly purity. The subject of this review attended the Rochester schools until September, 1878, when he entered Notre Dame university and there continued for nearly four years. In 1882 he entered the law office of Judge J. S. Slick as a law student. Here he continued until 1884, when he was admitted to practice at the Fulton county bar. He continued the pracrtice of law for some time and in 1894 began the study of medicine at the medical college of Ohio. March 23, 1896, he graduated from the college of physicians and surgeons at Indianapolis and is now engaged in the practice of his profession at Rochester. Dr. Terry was united in marriage Oct. 12, 1887, to Miss Mary E. Walker, of Rochester. To this union are these children, viz.: Lillian, Samuel W., and Frederick P. Politically Dr. Terry is a republican and a member of Rapier commandery, No. 1 at Indianapolis, and he is the only thirty-second degree Mason in Fulton county. He gave the name to Fredonia lodge, No. 122, K. of P., of which he was a charter member and its first chancellor commander.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 135-136]

TERRY, SAMUEL S., DR. [Rochester, Indiana]
The parents of this gentleman, Samuel and Laura Terry, were of English descent and natives of New York, where they were married. They left their native State and settled in Norh Fairfield, Ohio, in 1836. He was a miller and engineer and followed his trade in connection with his interests in agricultural affairs. He deceased in 1859, but his companion survived him until the year 1880. The Doctor is a native of Tompkins County, N.Y., where he was born November 10, 1824. He spent his early years in attending the common district and high schools, where he received a more than ordinary education. He also assisted his father in his work, when not otherwise engaged. At the age of seventeen years, he chose medicine as a profession, and commenced reading in 1840 under Dr. Campbell, of North Fairfield. He continued reading there for three years, then attended lectures at the Medical Department of the Willoughby University, where he graduated in 1844 with the degree of M.D. He immediately commenced practicing in Huron County, Ohio, but in 1846 immigrated West and located at Akron, Fulton Co., Ind. Here he soon established a lucrative practice, which he sustained, with a very slight interruption, for twenty-five years. It is with the medical profession like all other matters of science, that new discoveries are constantly being made, and the man who succeeds best must keep pace with progress in his profession. So in 1848, finding that a great change was being effected in the development of his profession, he, in company with Dr. Charles Brackett, of Rochester, attended a special course of lectures for one year at the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia. He returned and continued his practice with renewed energy and increased success till the year 1871, when his failing health compelled him to abandon the practice. He then began dealing in lumber on an extensive scale and with good success; but a few years of active work was sufficient to prove to him that his energy was greater than his physical powers. So he abandoned this business and became a resident of Rochester, and is now interested in railrod affairs, being one of he directors of the Chicago & Atlantic extension of the Great Erie system of roads. His wealth enables him to be of much assistance in the various enterprises for the public good. In August, 1849, he was united in marriage to Miss Sarah McCloud, a native of Ohio, then a resident of Fulton County with her parents, George and Polly McCloud. Two sons were born to these parents--Franklin H., a promising young attorney, just admitted to practice at the Fulton County bar; and Samual P., a very persistent disciple of Blacksone. On February 8, 1883, Mrs. Terry departed this life, leaving many sorrowing friends and a name of all the womanly virtues ever given to human being. The Doctor served as State Senator from Fulton and Miami counties, from 1864 to 1868, with distinction to himself and credit to his constituency. He also served on the medical staff as First Assistant Surgeon of the Seventy-third Regiment of Indiana Volunteers during the war.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 27]

TERRY DRUG STORE [Rochester, Indiana]
A business deal was transacted late Monday whereby Frank Terry became the owner of the drug store at the [NW] corner of Main and Seventh Sts., and Marshal Cotton, of South Bend, most recent proprietor of the stock, became the owner of a small farm southeast of Rochester. Mr. Terry stated Tuesday that he did not know what he would do with the store, but that for the present A. J. FARAR, who has been managing the place, will continue.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, October 22, 1918]

The drug store at the [NW] corner of Main and 7th Sts., again changed hands Friday when it was sold by Frank Terry to L. B. Farrar and Foster Hazlett. Mr. Farrar, who has been clerking in the store for some time, will have charge. He told a SENTINEL representative that it would be completely restocked.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 14, 1918]

[Adv] OPENING Sat., Jan. 12, '29. TEXACO SERVICE STATION, 417-423 Main St. One gallon of gas or one quart of oil free with a purchase of 5 gallons of gas. CARL BIDDINGER, Mgr., WM. BUSSERT, Asst.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, January 10, 1929]

THACKER, CARL [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Music Machine Agency

THACKER, CARL, MRS. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rochester Bands

See: Mitchell, Carol

THACKER FUNERAL HOME [Rochester, Indiana]
The Barnhart residence, one of the well-known homes of the city, situated 1118 South Main street, today was sold to Milton Thacker of this city by the heirs of the Henry A. Barnhart estate.
Mr. Thacker, who is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Carl Thacker of this city, plans to make the residence into modern equipped funeral home and will open the mortuary in May of 1946.
Milton, who is a graduate of the Rochester High School is now enrolled in the Indiana College of Mortuary Science, Indianapolis, will complete his training well in advance of the opening date of the services and received a medical discharge in March of 1944. [sic]
Mr. and Mrs. Hugh A. Barnhart, who have resided at the Barnhart home for the past several years will continue their residency there until the coming spring it was stated.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, October 18, 1945]

THACKER MUSIC SERVICE [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] NOTICE. We will open our record shop at 115 W. 8th (formerly Maiben's Laundry) Sat. July 31st. New and Used Records and Supplies. THACKER MUSIC SERVICE. We need your scrap records in order to get new ones!
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, July 29, 1943]

Carl Thacker, owner and operator of the Thacker Music Co., of this city, on Friday announced the purchase of the Logansport Automatic Music Co., owned by Ernie Powell of that city. Possession is given the local concern today. Thacker will continue operation of the Cass county routes and Mr. Powell has been retained to manage that part of the business until next Sept. 1.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, March 31, 1945]

Carl Thacker, of the Thacker Music Co., today announced that he had purchased the two-story brick building on the northwest corner of Madison and Eighth street from Claude "Toy" Chamberlain.
Mr. Thacker will open a retail record and Majestic radio store in this property within the next few weeks, he stated. The building formerly was occupied by the Gordon H. Miller plumbing and heating shop. Mr. Miller recently completed a large one-story building at the rear of 930 Jefferson street which will house his plumbing and heating business.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, September 10, 1945]

Carl Thacker, owner of the Thacker Radio and Appliance Store today announces he has employed Lee Sharpe, of this city, to take over the temporary management of the store.
Mr. Sharpe, who was formerly associated with Val Zimmerman in the furniture and undertaking business, has been a resident of this city for 13 years.
The new radio and appliance store which will be located in the Thacker building on the corner of Eighth and Madison streets will be opened to the public in about three weeks. Mrs. Dorothy Hagan will be the bookkeeper in this new store. The upstairs rooms of the two story brick building will be used for radio and appliance repair work.
In the spring, it was disclosed that Mr. Sharpe will become a partner of Milton Thacker in the mortury business which will be established in this city.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, November 13, 1945]

THALMANN, ANTON [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] GREAT SLAUGHTER! The entire Stock of Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, will be closed out within the next 90 days regardless of cost as I desire to make a change. "This is business." - - - Remember the place, Fromm's old stand, North Main St., corner room. ANTON THALMANN.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 10, 1885]

[Adv] GREETING! Having purchased the entire stock of Clothing and Gent's Furnishings of Fred Bosenberg, I am pleased to announce to my friends and customers that I HAVE REMOVED the same to my store room and will give buyers all the advantages I secure in saving rents, clerk hire, etc. COMPLETE STOCK.
My stock of General Merchandise is not equaled in Rochester, and my expenses are so low that customers will save money every time by buying of me. ANTON THALMANN, North End.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, April 1, 1891]

Having sold my entire stock of general merchandise to M. Colgan & Co., I desire to express my sincere thanks to my many customers who have patronized me for the twenty years I have been in business, and I desire to say that I have opened a feed, sale and livery business at north Main street and would be glad to share a part of the public patronage to my new line of business. - - - A. THALMANN.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, October 26, 1901]

Burglars gained entrance to the railroad saloon owned by A. Thalmann, last night, and made away with about $75 worth of goods. The thieves chiseled a hole through the back door and then it was an easy matter to gain access to the building.
The cash register was relieved of about $18.00 and a gold watch. The owl slot machine was also touched for about eight or ten dollars. The wine and whiskey case was not overlooked as could be readily told by the empty shelves, which the night before, contained some fine liquors. It is estimated that about twenty-five dollars worth of the liquors were taken.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, March 17, 1905]

THALMANN, HARRY [Rochester, Indiana]
Harry Thalmann, for years a successful grocer in the north end will open a new grocery in the Mercer Building Saturday morning. The policy of the store will be to sell every thing at cut rates and the proprietor hopes to attract trade from a wide surrounding territory.
The new store is clean and fresh and the stock is entirely new. While it seems that Rochester is plentifully supplied with groceries there is always room for one more, and Mr. Thalmann proposes to be a large advertiser and will doubtless secure a liberal share of the trade.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, May 14, 1909]

[Adv] Saturday Specials at the NEW CUT RATE GROCERY. - - - Cash Only. HARRY THALMANN'S CUT PRICE GROCERY.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, May 14, 1909]

[Adv] CUT PRICE GROCERY, 830 Main St., Harry Thalmann. For your Thanksgiving Dinner - - - - .
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, November 25, 1909]

THATCHMASTER [Rochester, Indiana]
Patent issued in 1973 to Dean O. Neff of Rochester. The machine, Thatchmaster, to be manufactured and sold by Brinley-Hardy Company in Louisville, Ky.

THEATORIUM [Rochester, Indiana]
John Fieser will move his stock of buggies back into the room occupied by the Theatorium.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, July 15, 1907

THEATRE [Rochester, Indiana]
Dramatical. We are informed that the Dramatic Company organized in this place last winter, have about concluded their arrangements and will give their first ent ertainment in a week or two. . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, April 4, 1867]

Rochester Dramatic Troupe. This Troupe are taking great pains in fitting themselves for theatrical entertainments . . . The Glick Brothers of this place have executd a very fine painting to be used as the curtain. . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, April 11, 1867]

Remember. The Theater to-night. The Renowned Dramatic Troupe make their grand de-but at the Court House this evening.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, May 2, 1867]

Theatrical. We learn that the Rochester Dramatic Troupe are preparing for the Theatrical season again.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, August 15, 1867]

By "Pioneer"
Wilber Mitchell opened Rochester's first moving picture show in the New Miller building, 624 Main street.
The program, all for five cents, consisted of two short reel picture stories and a colored illustrated song. The singer making the song sweet and remembered was May Brockman Touhy.
Next in local motion picture industry came Earle Miller, who opened the "Moving Picture Palace" of its day in the room now occupied by Howard's Variety store, 830 Main street. In his neat little theater Earle Miller introduced America's first "talking motion picture" during the winter season of 1913. While the effort was crude, the star artist being Black Patti, it was the beginning of present-day effect and completeness and we counted it marvelous and good
In later years the Bassett Brothers opened the "My Show" in the north Heilbrun room, later followed by changed name to "Paramount," which in late years unoccupied, has been a heavy eye sore of decay and neglect. Then came Mr. and Mrs. LeRoy Shanks with motion pictures and a song, which was followed by Carl Jessen who through advertising and a contest named his picture show the K.G. Following Jessen's venture came James Masterson and Son, opening a moving picture show in the old Academy of Music which was of short duration, due to the fact that "folks" were unwilling to climb stairs. But the venture of all ventures was made by James L. Kimmel in opening a picture show and vaudeville north of the public square. It was the "Biggest show and the most for your money." Two reels of pictures and five vaudeville acts changing three times weekly, cost Kimmel 200 acres of the very best farm land in Miami county.
Up to now Krieghbaum Brothers occupy and hold "the center" for the very best to be shown in pictures. One theater is flashing "The Char-Bell," while in bright lights is announced "The Rex," the latest addition to a long list in theatrical and motion picture Rochester history.
To Earle Miller goes the "Laurel of Entertainment Achievement" of past or present Rochester history. His Mid-Winter Chautauqua of 1914 held at the old Academy of Music brought to Rochester Elbert Hubbard, the beloved sage of the Roycrofters Dr. Frederick A. Cook, the man claiming the discovery of the North Pole, Louise Dunbar and John A. Preston and a supporting company of professional artists in "The Light Eternal," Judge Ben Linsey, famous Juvenile Court Judge, Opie Reed, renowned American novelist and writer and the great Kilty Band.
An early advocate of the "VERY BEST' in entertainment and enlightenment, regardless of the fact that high aim proved a heavy financial loss to him and his associates, Earle Miller carried the banner of true optimism and vital idealism. He he remained and carried on, both fortune and national reputation would have been his reward.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, May 3, 1935]

Rochester people dressed to attend social functions at the Knights of Pythias Hall, also lost to this community by fire several years ago after the organization almost ceased to function.
Older citizens will remember such attractions as John Preston in "The Light Eternal," Otis Skinner in "His Lady Friends," John Haggerty in "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," our own Graham Earl, Ralph Ravencroft, Harry Holden and a host of local professional actors residing here, before the days of motion pictures.
Then too Rochester applauded its talented local amateurs as every theatre season brought them before the footlights.
Outside cultural talent brought to Rochester included the then famous Opie Read, Dr. Frederick Cook of North Pole fame, Judge Ronald Baggot, Fra Elbert Hubbard and names of the great too numerous to mention. Rochester really was the center of cultural entertainers, breaking their jump between Chicago and New York. The best of the legitimate stage played the old Academy of Music.
Very few teenagers have seen the old favorite plays like "Uncle Tom's Cabin," East Lynn," "Sid Plunkard," "The Denver Express," and countless others in the repertoire of the one-night stand troupes which visited this city.
The Redpath Chautauqua was a regular summer visitor and set up tent on a lot at 415 West Eighth street where the residence built by Postmaster Dean Neff now stands. The winter months brought the best of lecture course talent year in and year out. Rochester was really a mecca for high class entertaining.
The first of the outdoor motion picture theatres was established by the late Roy Shanks at about the same time as Mose Kimmel operated a vaudeville theatre (The Manitou) north of the public square. This writer nightly packed crowed into the Earle Theatre, present location of the Kroger market (Knapp Building), and J. Carl Jessen provided poenty of opposition with his Kai-Gee movie house where now stands the Arthur Shore building (716 Main).
[Earle A. Miller, The News-Sentinel, Monday, August 25, 1958]

Gentry's Dog and Pony Show under canvas was also a frequent Rochester attraction when plenty of vacant lots were available upon which to set up business. At home here, the Graham Earle Theatrical Company was a permanent resident on the east shore of Lake Manitou and was followed in later years by the Holdens. As far as we know, John Ravencroft is the only living direct descendant of the Holden Companies still active in the entertainment world. John is a member of the King's Jesters of radio fame.
[Earle A. Miller, The News-Sentinel, Tuesday May 12, 1959]

Earle A. Miller listed the following amateur footlight artists in 1905: Omar B. Smith, Frank E. Bryant, Senator Rome Stephenson, Harry Shields, Dr. W. S. Shafer, Nobby True, Henry A. Barnhart, Hugh Elliott, Attorney Enoch Myers, Will Hoffman, Viv Essick, Peter Stingley, William Rannells, W. H. Guthrie, Dr. Perry Heath, Samuel Essick, Henry Bibler, Clyde Entsminger, Ray Fretz, Tom McMahan, Dee Reiter, Carl Jessen, Earle Miller and Justice of Peace John Troutman.
THEATRE LUNCH [Rochester, Indiana]
The Willard Battery and Radio Shop owned by Owen and Harold Davisson will on October 27 be moved from the rear of the Charles Kepler service station to the city building on Main street occupied by the Theatre Lunch which closes its doors Saturday night. The Davissons plan to remodel their new quarters and build an addition to the east end of the building to house machines while battery, wiring troubles are being adjusted. A radio salesroom will be operated in the front part of the building. The chevrolet firm will occupy the room vacated by the Willard shop.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, October 20, 1924]

THEMIS, ALEXANDER [Rochester, Indiana]
See Rainbow Cafe

THIRD REGIMENT BAND [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rannells, William W.
See: Rochester Bands

This band evolved from the Knights of Pythias Band, and was formed in 1889, with George Van Scoik, director. It was Rochester's first military band.
Members: H. A. (Ad) Reiter, Viv Essick, Alfred (Pipey) Goodrich, Stilla Bailey, Joe Ault, Bill Dewitt, Fred Stephenson, Walter Stephenson, Val Zimmerman, Paul Emrick, Frank Crim, Jacob Crim, Henry Meyer, L. B. Walters, Ed Zook Charles Meyers, and Billy True. Drum majors were Edgar Wallace and Meade Kingery.
They played at Indianapolis, Evansville, South Bend, lodge encampments, political gatherings, fairs, and numerous events throughout the state, until the outbreak of the Spanish-American War.

[Adv] Bananas, oranges, potatoes, apples, Cold Meats and Groceries. Open Sunday. THIRD STREET CASH GROCERY. We Deliver. Phone 214.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, September 15, 1934]

In a deal closed last week, W. J. Russell sold the Third Street grocery to Harold Reese. Fred Reese, father of Harold, is managing the store. Mr. Reese was formerly employed at the Bashore Feed store. No changes are planned for the store.
Mr. Russell is retiring from the grocery business due to ill health. He had owned and operated the grocery for five months.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, September 11, 1944]

A business transfer involving the Third street grocery has been announced, with Mrs. Bessie DeLand having acquired the stock of groceries and meats from Fred Reese. The new proprietor has taken possession and plans several improvements in the business.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, January 22, 1945]
The Third Street Grocery located at 221 West Third street is now under the ownership and management of Mr. and Mrs. Harold Abbott. They purchased the store and stock from Mr. and Mrs. Harley Thompson. The new owners intend to carry on the personal service policy but plan to expand their business and service in the coming months.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, October 31, 1945]

THIRTY-ONE CAFE [Rochester, Indiana]
Albert Groves and Jack Jefferies who came to this city from Winamac and opened the 31 Cafe at 604 North Main street on December 14, 1930, today announced that they had leased the room in the Barrett Hotel building at 707 Main street of Abner J. Barrett. Groves and Jefferies will move their cafe to the new location and plan to have the same in operation on May 22. In their new location Groves and Jefferies plan to specialize on regular meals.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, May 5, 1931]

THOMAS, H. L. [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] CLOSING OUT SALE. Beginning at once I will close out my entire stock of furniture, stoves, tools and cash register at a great saving to you. H. L. THOMAS, 512 Main St., Rochester, Ind.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, March 26, 1943]

THOMAS, RICHARD M. [Grass Creek, Indiana]
Richard M. Thomas was born in Pulaski county, Indiana, March 21, 1868, educated in the common schools and began work for himself at the age of twenty. Until 1902 he farmed, then became manager and owner of a hardwar store in Grass Creek. He married Miss Minnie Murray and had four children: Lelah, Robert, Floyd and Alice. Richard Thomas is the son of J. W. and Martha J. (Anders) Thomas, who had nine children, of whom four are now living. J. W. Thomas was a farmer and served in the Civil war. He is still living. His wife, the mother of Richard Thomas, died in 1920, and was buried in Victor Chapel cemetery. As an evidence of pioneer days, Mrs. Richard Thomas has a woolen blanket which her mother carded, spun and wove by hand out of the wool from a sheep which she raised herself.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 284-285 Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

To give Topps Garment Company needed space for expansion of their plant facilities, a committee of local business men, working in cooperation with Fred Moore, effected a lease of two more rooms in the Moose building, opposite the Topps plant, on a five year basis effective July 1.
With the Topps Garment Company entering into the lease, they will gain space now occupied by Thomas Second Hand Store and King Oil Burner Company, to be converted into a cutting room, thus enabling them to place more sewing machinery in the factory room formerly used for cutting operations. They will be able to add at least 25 to their payroll and will be in a position to bid on larger government contracts than they have heretofore been able to handle.
Carlton Haskett has been appointed trustee by the business men to sell merchandise in the Thomas Second Hand Store following purchase of the stock by the business men.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, June 23, 1941]

Charles S. Overmyer, Rochester, has purchased the Holmes Thomas New and Used Furniture Store at 500 North Main street from Carlton H. Haskett, appointed trustee of a group of local business men. Mr. Overmyer stated today that he would close the stockout in order to make room for the Topps Manufacturing Company, who will occupy that building and the adjoining one soon.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, June 25, 1941

Located S side of street just W of the railroad.
In January of 1903, Richard Melvin Thomas and his brother Frank Thomas bought the hardware store in Grass Creek and it was known as the Thomas Brothers Hardware. They bought the store from Asa Murray (Mother's brother) and Frank Kumler (brother to Roy Kumler) who had previously bought the store from Dan Rans who had built the hardware building about the year of 1890.
Rock-a-by and crank type washing machines, DeLaval cream separators, John Deere walking plows, and several Studebaker buggies and wagons as well as other hardware items were sold during those early years.
Mathew Thomas, a third brother, had a section of the store where he had a jewelry shop and also did watch repairing for several years. William Thomas, a fourth brother, with Frank Thomas operated a stockyard just south of the present elevator. Frank Thomas taught the Dewey school near Marshtown, and then was elected Wayne Township trustee in 1905.
When R. M. Thomas and family moved to Grass Creek, they bought a house and barn right across the road from the hardware store. The barn had been used as a livery stable so the Thomases continued to use it as a livery stable. This was very handy as all travel was by horse and buggy or wagon, and many would feed their horses while in town. Sometimes we would take salesmen to the next town with closed buggy, or sleigh, if snow was on the ground.
Thomas Hardware Store had the first telephone in Grass Creek, number 1, which we kept until the dial system was installed in about 1947.
We just got started selling John Deere equipment when the depression hit in the early 1930's. In 1938 conditions were starting to improve, and the farmers needed a lot of farm machinery and tractors. That year we sold 75 new tractors and 75 used tractors, as the farmers' products had increased in value.
In 1963 we incorporated as the Thomas Hardware, Inc., with me president, Eugene Thomas vice president, Helen Huffman, who has been working for us since World War II, as secretary-treasurer. Eugene is the third generation, and with four sons we may have the fourth generation in the Thomas Hardware.
On March 15, 1972, the post office was moved into Thomas Hardware, Inc. With the help of the community, the post office sales went from less than $1,000 to over $5,000 sales in the first year and Grass Creek got two mail deliveries per day.
In 1973, we added a new display building where the John W. Harrison home and photography shop once stood.
[Thomas Family, Robert D. Thomas, Fulton County Folks, Vol. 1, Willard]
See Whence Grass Creek?, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard.

THOMPSON, ABNER [Henry Township]
Mr. Abner Thompson, youngest son of William and Ruth Thompson, was born in Wayne County, Ind., April 6, 1824. His father was a native of Ireland and his mother of South Carolina. When young Abner was but a small boy, his father went to South Carolina with a herd of horses, and after disposing of them started on his return, burt was never afterward heard from And when he was but ten years old his mother was taken away, leaving him doubly an orphan; however, a brother-in-law gave him the protection of his friendly roof, where he remained performing the duties of a farm hand until he was twenty-one years old. At this time he rmoved to Henry County and purchased a piece of land, which he at once set about improving for a home. On the 26th of November, 1846, he was united in marriage to Miss Mary Adamson, with whom he lived until death removed her from his side on the 15th of March, 1863. The fruits of this union were six children--Isaac, William, Margaret, Sarah, Abner M. and Mary E.; of these, Abner died in his nineteenth year; the others are all married and settled for themselves in life. Mr. T. remained on his little farm in Henry County until the autumn of 1863, when he removed to Fulton County, locating in Henry Township, where he purchased 308 acres of land, on which some improvements had been made, and to which he has steadily added. Mr. Thompson had no capital and but little education to start with, but with a large share of courage, energy and business tact, to which he added "success," as a motto, he has been able to surround himself with beautiful fields and many modern conveniences. He has recently purchased another tract of 42 acres of land near the old place, to which he has removed his family. Mr. Thompson was married a second time, June 7, 1864; this time to Miss Susan Swihart. Of this union were born three sons--Charles C., John and Frank; of these, John lived but two months; the other two are yet at home. Though not connected with any church, Mr. T. is a man of strict integrity and enjoys the esteem of his acquaintances.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 41]

See Akron Feed & Grain

THOMPSON, EARL D. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Earl D. Thompson)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Second Letter From Earl D. Thompson)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Third Letter From Earl D. Thompson)

THOMPSON, ELWOOD [Rochester, Indiana]
Elwood Thompson is putting in a stock of groceries on North Fulton ave. Mr. Thompson's long connections with this business will enable him to please all customers and it is expected that he will be quite successful.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, April 2, 1908]

We are now located on College avenue with a new stock of groceries. We also keep on hand a supply of Grand Union goods, with which we are giving nice premiums. Phone 245. ELWOOD THOMPSON.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, January 4, 1911]

THOMPSON, GENE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Gene Thompson)

THOMPSON, H. B., DR. [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Scientific Optician. Office with Dr. S. P. Terry. - - - Can be consulted at Dr. Terry's office, in the Long building, on Wednesday and Thursday of each week. - - - -
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, April 30, 1897]

[Adv] OPTICIAN: Dr. H. B. THOMPSON, over Blue Drug Store, examines your eyes free. Eight years experience. Satisfaction guaranteed. Office days, Thursday, Friday and Saturday.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, May 11, 1900]

[Adv] Have moved my office to Fieser block over Fair store, where I have pleasant offices easy of access. Consult me about your eyes. Satisfaction guaranteed -- Dr. H. B. THOMPSON.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, November 21, 1900]

THOMPSON, JESSE H. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Jesse Thompson)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Jesse Thompson)

THOMPSON, STANT [Akron, Indiana]
Akron News.
Stant THOMPSON surprised himself the other day, as well as the rest of us by selling his restaurant stock and fixtures to Bud WARE, of Rochester. The purchaser took possession Thursday morning and Stant has no job. He retains his business room and his residence, but has nothing in view for future business activity, but is alert to any opening that may fall his way. The new owner has some acquaintance here, but is practically a stranger.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, May 31, 1913]

Fenie's Cafe, formerly owned by S. C. Fenimore and Son, has been sold to Stanton Thompson, a former resident of this city and who has been operating a restaurant in Akron, Ind., for several years. Mr. Thompson took possession of the cafe this morning.
Mr. Fenimore and son Lonnie opened Fenie's Cafe June 17th and ever since have had a first class patronage. They have not fully decided as to their future work.
Mr. Thompson has had five years experience in the restaurant business. For three years he was an employe of R. P. True, of this city. Until June of last summer, he conducted a restaurant in Akron. Mr. Thompson has the reputation of being a first class restaurant man and will undoubtedly make a success of his new venture.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 15, 1913]

THOMPSON, U. D. [Rochester, Indiana]
U. D. Thompson wishes to announce to the citizens of Fulton and adjoining counties that he has started a first-class restaurant in the building formerly kept by A. J. Corbet, and will also keep week and day boarders. Meals 20 cents; board by the week $3.00.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 21, 1882]

THOMPSON, WILLIAM C. [Rochester, Indiana]
Lt. William C. Thompson, 22, will report for spring training with the Pittsburgh Pirates of the National league, at Hornell, N.Y., next April, provided, of course, that he is discharged from the Army Air Force before that time.
This fact became known Sunday when a talent scout for the Pirates looked Thompson over in a game in which Jimtown took the low end of a 2-3 score, and immediately offered the local youth his contract to crash the big time.
Thompson, home on a rest furlough after 18 months confinement in a Nazi prison camp, is the son of Mr. and Mrs. William Mac Thompson, owners of the Sunshine Dairy, this city.
He is a graduate of Hammond high school, and attended Ball State college before enlisting in the air corps. He was on his 26th mission over Austria when his ship was shot down with the loss of half the crew. With five other American airmen, he was chosen to supervise sports activities within the prison camp, including baseball, football, softball and soccer, with the use of athletic equipment provided by the Red Cross. He was liberated last May 2 and evacuated, arriving home on a 60-day furlough June 23. He has since been granted a 30-day extension, and will be seen in the local linep next Sunday, when the Indians meet the Chicago Giants, one of th fastest semi-pro teams in the middle west.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, August 20, 1945]

THOMPSON, WILLIAM MAC [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Sanitary Milk Co.
See: Sunshine Dairy

THOMPSON & SON [Rochester, Indiana]
Drs. W. J. Thompson & Son would respectfully inform the citizens of Fulton county, that they have commenced the practice of the medical profession . . . Office two doors South of Holmes & Miller's new building.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, August 18, 1864]

THOMPSON GARAGE [Akron, Indiana]
The Buick garage in Akron which was built last year by Stanton R. Thompson of that place has been sold to R. R. Hattery and Dan Secor of the same place. Mr. Hattery took possession of the business at once. He will abandon the repair shop which he has been running in Akron for the past several years. Everett Showalter and Russell Meredith will remain in the employ of the new firm.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, May 15, 1920]

City Livery and Sale Stables. Mr. James Rannells . . . has purchased the stable formerly owned by Dr. Thompson, and has moved into the large and spacious stable at the Continental Couse. . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, February 20, 1868]

George Thompson, a former resident of this city and for the last ten years a resident of Mishawaka, intends to open a shoe repairing shop here next week in the room back of the American Dry Goods store. Mr. Thompson has brought with him $900 worth of machinery.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 19, 1914]

THOMSON'S TAVERN [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] ANOTHER TEST for those who eat - 30 Plate Lunch - - - - THOMSON'S TAVERN, 513 Main, phone 160.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, October 24, 1933]

THORNBURG, HAROLD [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Harold Thornburg)

THORSTENSON, PETER O. [Rochester Township]
Peter O. Thorstenson, a progressive farmer of Rochester township, was born in Sweden, March 10, 1865, the son of Ole and Hannah (Person) Thorstenson, both of whom lived and died in Sweden. They had nine children two of whom died in infancy and they are: Elna, Peter O., Nels, Charstie, Thomas, Olaf, and Bertha, the two who died being born between Elna and Peter. Peter O. Thorstenson received his education in the public schools of his native country and then served ninety days in the Swedish army as did his father and grandfather in accordance with the Swedish law. He came to the United States in 1888 and located at Paxton, Ford county, Illinois, where he worked on several farms. In 1902 or 1903 he bought the farm in Rochester township, Fulton county, Indiana, on which he now resides, but returned to Illinois to work for two years. At the expiration of that time, in the spring of 1905, he moved to his farm, which is a large one of two hundred acres. He has tiled and improved the property which is one of the best farms in the township. Although he does general farming in the main, he devotes considerable attention to stock raising. In 1920, he purchased fifteen acres at the edge of the city of Rochester. There were excellent buildings on the tract, yet he further improved them and made the place his home for nearly three years. On February 15, 1899, he was married to Leda Youngren, the daughter of Gust Youngren, of Paxton, Illinois, and to this union were born four children all of whom are living: Mildred, who married Earl Townsend, of Liberty township, and who has one child, Irene; Julius, who married Seleda McCarter and lives on his father's fifteen acre farm at the edge of Rochester; Albert; and Carl. He is a member of the Lutheran church and is highly esteemed in the township which is his home.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, p. 285, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

THREE BROTHER'S GROCERY [Rochester, Indiana]
Also See Four Brothers Grocery

Three of the sons of John B. McMahan -- Otto, Tom and Will -- all teachers, have completed arrangements to open a new grocery in the Mercer corner room of the Odd Fellows building, southwest of the public square. They have all had some experience as store keepers, all are bright and reliable young men and they are going to make a success of the business. They will have a splendid location and will equip the fine, large room with new fixtures and a complete new stock of goods.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, March 8, 1904]

[Adv] Clean New Grocery - - - will be opened Saturday, March 14th at the Mercer Corner. We will sell for Cash ONLY. - - - THREE BROTHER'S GROCERY, Ott, Tom and Bill McMahan. On the Mercer Corner.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, March 17, 1904]

The McMahan brothers bought the Arnold Burch meat market and will move it and the Newman market in the rear end of their grocery. Mr. Burch will do the fancy cutting.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, June 16, 1904]

[Adv] The Fair is Next Week. But Ott, Tom and Bill are not Going! Instead, they will remain at their grocery store and give all their customers fair and courteous treatment. They would like to have you come in and tell them about the Big Pumpkins and Fat Hogs. - - - 3 BROTHERS GROCERY.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, August 30, 1904]

[Adv] Try 3 BROS Grocery and Meat Market. Not in the Combine. Their motto is quick service small profit. Ott, Tom and Bill McMAHAN. Mercer corner.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, January 18, 1905]

If we should make an error
On your yellow grocery bill,
Don't go tell your neighbor,
But tell Ott, Tom and Bill.
We are pleased to get your order
And we fill them with a will
We do our best, our very best
Say Ott, Tom and Bill.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, June 30, 1905]

When your cupboards are very empty
And groceries you haven't got
We would like to fill your order,
Say Tom, Bill and Ott.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, July 1, 1905]

[Adv] Aut-Tom-o-Bile. They sell Groceries and Meats.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, August 21, 1905]

The McMahan Bros., Ott, Tom & Bill, who have conducted their grocery under the title 3 Brothers for the past couple of years, made a trade yesterday with Otto Caple, for the former Hoffman farm which is located near the fair ground, and gave Mr. Caple possession of their store this morning. The boys have been very successful business men and made many friends while in the grocery business, but are desirous of educating themselves for professional careers and intend going to school at Ann Arbor, in the near future. They thank their many friends for their kindly interest and patronage and trust that the people will extend the same courtesy to the present proprietor, Mr. Caple.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, November 7, 1905]

The sale of 3 Bros. Grocery to Mr. Lon Lough & Son transfers the business into hands as reliable and painstaking to please the trade as were the popular McMahans. The Messrs Lough are widely known as square dealing obliging gentlemen and the many former patrons of the store will find the new management worthy of all favors. Mr. Otto McMahan will remain with the new firm for some time and he invites all of his old customers to come and get acquainted with the new proprietors and give them a trial.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, November 29, 1905]

Two business changes were effected in Rochester today, whereby two groceries changed hands the Messrs Ott, Hugh, Tom and Bill McMahan buying the business recently owned by the Three Brothers, and Robert S. Lowry buying the Shannon Mackey stock and business. For the past few months it has been reported that the McMahan brothers would again engage in business here and it was at one time their intention to open another store here, but Mr. Lou Lough, who bought the store founded by the McMahan Brothers, of Otto Caple was not pleased with that line of business and decided to return to his farm near Leiters, and for that reason sold the store. The Three Brothers will add another member to the firm -- their brother Hugh -- and it will be known in the future as the Four Brothers.
The intention of the new firm is to at first give a sale to reduce the stock of groceries, and dispose with the entire stock of meats on hand, and will then add lines of dry goods, notions, and shoes, which they have bought. The McMahan boys were very successful in their first business venture and built up a very large trade. Mr. Lowry who purchased the Mackey grocery will turn it over to his son, Robert who will manage it in the future. Mr. Mackey had a very good business and his trade was the largest in that section of Rochester. Mr. Lowry will take possession Wednesday morning. Mr. Mackey will retire from business.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, February 27, 1906]
THREE-FIFTY STORE [Rochester, Indiana]
Guy Alspach of this city, owner of several shoe stores in northern Indiana, will soon open another store in Rochester to be known as the "Three-fifty Store." The stock will consist of an all-leather line of men's and women's shoes only, to sell for but one price, $3.50. No definite date has been set for the opening, but it is thought that it will be in the near future. The new store will occupy the room on E. 8th street recently vacated by H. F. Pierce, and will be under the competent management of Mr. Mohler Bell who is now connected with Mr. Alspach's store in Logansport.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, August 12, 1924]

The members of the Prairie Grove Threshing Co., gathered at the home of Geo. E. Finney, Sunday and partook of a big dinner given in honor of W. E. Gaskill and wife. Mr. Gaskill who has done the Company's threshing for two years, is now going to move to Douglas county, Wash.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, March 7, 1903]

From the Herald
The Snyder threshing ring inWayne township finished its work last week, having been engaged six days on threshing oats and six on wheat. Thirteen land owners belonged to the ring, of which John Costello is president and Chris Lambert, secretary. - - -
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, August 22, 1903]

The Leader Threshing Co. are building new sheds for some of their machinery at the home of Felix Tobey.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, April 20, 1904]

Kewanna Herald.
The Bruce Lake Station Threshing Company has a membership of 17. They began threshing at Geo. Garmon's on July 11th and finished at Lee Ramsey's on July 21st, having threshed 6,151 bushels of wheat off of 270 acres in 51 hours and 50 minutes actual working time. This made an average of 118 bushels per hour and a crop average of 23 bushels per acre.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, August 3, 1906]

Macy Monitor.
The Shafer machine threshed for Zartman brothers living one-half mile north of Macy, 110 bushels of wheat from pieces of ground containing just a little less than two and one-half acres.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, August 3, 1906]

The Pleasant Valley threshing club threshed 10,000 bushels of grain in seven days and then the members and their families, in the number of 75 people, met at Clarence Eshelman's and indulged in eight gallons of ice cream, nine cakes, and a box of cigars. There are fourteen members of the club.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, August 17, 1906]

The Big Foot Threshing Ring threshed 3,303 bushels of wheat, 8,711 bushels of oats in 55 hours. The difference in time among members amounted to $28.45 in favor of the men with the small jobs.
On the evening of the 20 of August the members of the Ring and their families to the number of 88 met on W. Horn's lawn and consumed 10 gallons of ice cream and 14 cakes.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, August 31, 1906]

The Haimbaugh-Mercer threshing company have secured a new husking and shredding machine that is guaranteed to handle one thousand bushels of corn a day.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, October 22, 1906]

Kewanna Herald.
The Bruce lake threshing ring met at the lake school house Saturday night and perfected arrangements for the Season's work. Jerome Harris will furnish the outfit and work begins next Monday at Harry Moon's. There are 20 farmers in the ring this season.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, July 27, 1907]

The Antioch threshing ring held its last meeting at Antioch school house last evening. Reports of the work done were read adopted after which the crowd consumed nearly ten gallons of cream and a sufficient number of cakes. "In fact," John Hagen said, "they ate so much that they nearly froze up. " All the work is now done except the clover and hulling. The members of the ring are as follows: John Hagen, Wm. Tetzlaff, Mel Hay, S. E. Gordon, P. Thorstenson, O. Martindale, D. Martindale, N. Mason, H. Rans, Louis Felder, Richard Hill and Mart Warner.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, August 21, 1908]

We the threshermen of the State of Indiana, believing in the necessity of an association for our mutual good, to protect our mutual interests, and to promote harmony among ourselves; to secure just and equitable laws for the protection of ourselves, our lives and our property, do hereby unite in an association to be known as the Fulton County Threshermens' association.
The above paragraph is the preamble adopted by the threshermen of Fulton county, at their meeting at the court house in this city, Saturday afternoon.
In the past seasons of harvest time the threshermen of the county were all independent of each other and necessarily there has always been more or less of a jangle as the result of a cut in prices and other matters that continually arise in the business. Accordingly, to do away with this state of affairs, the threshermen decided to get together and form an assocation that there might be unity among themselves. The table of prices adopted by the association will readily convince the farmers that it is not the purpose of the union to work any hardship upon them. Following is the lists of prices: - - - -
As seen by the comparison all sorts of prices were charged heretofore, while now one farmer will pay the same as another and the threshermen will get the same.
Charter members of the association are, J. H. Baird and sons, Oliver Geier, Lee Montgomery, Charles R. Coplen, Melvin Jones, J. P. O'Connell, D. A. Wagoner, Adam Blinn, C. F. Good, T. E. Shelton, Charles Fry and T. J. DuBois.
The officers elected Saturday are: President, T. J. DuBois; vice-president, Oliver Geier; secretary and treasurer, Lee Montgomery; directors, Charles Coplen, J. P. O'Connell and Eugene Shelton.
The next meeting of the association will be held at the court house Saturday, April 30.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, April 18, 1910]

Mount Nebo's threshing ring closed their program with an outing at Adam's camp Thursday afternoon, with ice cream for refreshments.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, September 1, 1910]

The threshing ring of this neighborhood had an ice cream supper at Ed Camerer's Tuesday evening. All enjoyed a good time.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, August 10, 1911]

The threshing ring at Mt. Olive had an ice cream supper Saturday evening and all had a fine time.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, August 23, 1911]

Ten farmers of the Talma neighborhood, who recently formed a threshing ring, have taken out articles of incorporation for $5,000 for their organization under the name of the Talma Threshing Company. They have elected oficers for their first year and have purchased a complete threshing outfit including a steam engine, separator, clover huller, corn shredder and also a buzz saw. Their purpose in incorporating was to bind the members of the ring more closely together as a going concern and also to make the company liable in case of any trouble in place of any one man on whom the blame for a loss might be attached. They intend to do work for anyone who hires them both inside and outside the ring. The officers are Charles T. Jones, president; Lloyd Kessler, Sect and treas; Willard Dick, Frank B. Ward and Charles Holloway, directors.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, November 11, 1919]

By Shirley Willard
Fulton County, like all counties in Indiana. had several threshing rings. These were groups of farmers who organized to harvest their grain by hiring a threshing machine. Each farmer did his own binding by pulling a reaper behind his horses. The reaper cut the standing grain and tied it into bundles. The bundles were gathered and stacked standing up in clumps called shocks, each shock having seven to nine bundles, and two or three bundles were spread across the top to help shed the rain. You can still see this on Amish farms.
When the threshing machine came, all the farmers in the ring came to each farm and worked together to do the threshing. There might have been as many as 100 threshing rings in Fulton County. Some owners of threshing machines were Gene Nafe of western Rochester Township, Isaac Edgington of Delong, Claude Brubaker and Dan Fry of Richland Center, Delbert Wright of Tiosa, Dave Van Meter and Ike Rans of Marshtown, Lawrence Rouch of Grass Creek, Emanuel Slaybaugh of Akron, Dean Neff, Sid Bixler, Ellis and Frank Greer
of Kewanna,
Bill Baldwin recalled a threshing ring West of Rochester in the following story he wrote for a creative writing class in Florida last winter. The Baldwins lived on a farm at Germany Station. (the name was changed Loyal in 1918 and later changed again to Pershing)
"When I wag a teenager, my father and some other farmers owned threshing equipment consisting of a grain separator (the actual threshing machine) and an Avery steam engine. Bill Mathias was the separator man and Mr. Dickerson ran the steam engine. Bill Anderson, John Eash, Ira Butts, and my father William L. Baldwin were farmers in the ring.
"The separator had knives that cut the string, grain and stalks into pieces, then the separator shook the grain loose from the husk, and the grain came out a spout and was put into sacks or a wagon. A blower blew the straw out of a pipe unto a straw stack. Tractors were used to operate machinery in the barnyard but not allowed to go through the fields because farmers thought it would ruin their land by compacting the soil so nothing would ever grow again.
"The steam engine was fired with coal and a number of 55 gallon barrels were filled with water to make the steam. A large tank mounted on a wagon with a large pump mounted on its top with a long handle to operate the pump was used to keep these barrels full of water.
"It was my job to drive this tank wagon to the nearest creek, drop a large hose in the water and pump the tank full of water. You would seldom get a tank full of water until you would hear two blasts on the steam whistle which indicated they were getting low on water. I would then rush back and fill the barrels, then back to the creek to fill the tank again.
"At noon all the ladies in the neighborhood assembled to prepare the threshers' dinner which was unbelievable and out of this world.
"These hard-working sweaty men would wash up in the yard around a wash tub full of water to remove some of the dirt and sweat of the mornings work.
"After that sumptuous meal there was no time for a siesta as everyone went right back to work.
"After several years of faithful service, the Avery steam engine gave up and sat in our barnyard for a couple of years before it was cut up for scrap.
"The separator was still used for a couple of years, powered by the more modern oil-pull tractor run by Ira Butts. The tractor vibrated so much that they had to bury a 'dead man' which was a five-foot log with cables tied to the wheels. This buried log kept the tractor from moving around."
To research threshing, I borrowed a book through interlibrary loan: Threshing in the Midwest 1820-1940 by J. Sanford Pikoon, Indiana University Press. It had in the appendix a copy of the bylaws of Prairie Grove Threshing Company, Charles E. Finney, Fulton County Indiana, c. 1920-1945. Finney was the step-father of Helen Barkman, and she believes that he was the secretary of the ring. Howard Mutchler had a threshing machine and then beginning in 1927 Murl Zellers, who threshed for Prairie Grove and Mt. Olive. Murl's son, Fred Zellers, recalled the Prairie Grove farmers: Art Showley, John Denton, Sam and Jess Charters, Sam Lamb, Bill Perkins, Joe Clark, John Bigler, Tyke Elsenman, 'Biggie' Grube, and Bill Wharton.
Harley Denton, grandson of Charles Finney, remembers working in 1942 for Murl Zeller's threshing ring. A man got $5 a day for himself, team and wagon. His brother, Charles Denton, San Bernadino, California, has pictures of Zellers' threshing machine and sent copies to the museum.
In 1950 I (Shirley Ogle) carried water on my pony for what was probably the last threshing ring in the county. I had a black Shetland pony named Sugar and I rode her to carry a glass fruit jar of ice water and paper cups to the workers several times a day. My parents lived on a 100 acre farm west of Mt. Zion. Other farmers on the threshing ring were Earl Gibson, Fred See, Harley Beck, Joe Baker, Merl Richter, Denny Smith, Ed Fishback, and Walter Townsend. Earl Gibson was the last farmer to use horses in our neighborhood. One time one of his horses reached over and took a big bite out of the seat of my father's truck.
Walter Townsend was quite a joker. Among his many tricks, he put chewed tobacco on a tractor seat so someone would sit on it and it would look as if they had dirtied their pants. If I remember right, his daughter Norma (Vedder) sat on it once and got the dirty pants. She and Helen Beck were farmers' daughters who drove tractors that year.
Russell Sroufe owned the threshing machine, which was powered by a tractor, not a steam engine. All the farmers who had wheat or oats traded work to get the harvest in. About a month after the threshing was done, we had an ice cream supper at one of the farm houses and the men settled up, that is, divided the expenses.
If anyone has memories or photos of threshing rings in Fulton County, please share them by writing me or calling 223-2352. We would like to compile a list of all the threshing rings.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, August 11, 1997]

By Shirley Willard
After my article appeared in the Sentinel, several people responded with fond memories of threshing rings in Fulton County. We made copies of all their photos to preserve in the museum. Thank you for helping to preserve this interesting history.
Sharon and Ben Overmyer in Richland Township had a threshing machine. John Sheetz, Rochester, recalled running the blower in the 1930s to make a straw shed. During threshing, the grain is separated from the straw, and a common use for the straw was to make a shed for cattle shelter. First a frame was made of wood posts and wire. Then when the threshing machine came, a man was assigned to handle the pipe that blew the straw. This pipe was moved to spread the straw out to form the roof of the straw shed.
My father, Charlie Ogle, made a straw shed in about 1950 and it lasted many years. Unlike the house made of straw in the Three Little Pigs story, these straw sheds were very sturdy and had a life time of 10 to 20 years.
Paul Weller recalled that his uncle Jess Weller drove a steam engine to Kewanna to run the creamery in about 1943 or 44. Paul's father, Claude Weller, managed the creamery. The boiler had broken down , so they used Ira Overmyer's steam engine to provide steam for the Kewanna Cooperative Creamery for about three months. Dick Baldwin operated the steam engine. Overmyer used the steam engine for his sawmill at the Big Woods on the Aubbee-Union township line straight north of Lake Bruce.
Charles Beard, Fulton, had a threshing machine near the Reed schoolhouse. Members of the ring included Oth and Ralph Eytcheson, Sherman Reed, Clyde Champ, Guy Nellans, Sam Dague, Leonard and Sam Kirk.
Dewitt Stafford, Akron, recalled that Wayne Drudge had a threshing machine in the 1930s. He had a steam engine, thresher seed huller and corn shredder. Farmers he threshed were Nyle Merley, Fred and Ollie Deardorff, Carl Floor, Odin Sausaman, Kenneth Luckenbill, Ralph Miller, Harley Rogers, Harvey Long, Verle Ramsey, and Russell Bacon.
Maxine Nickels Geier St. Clair's picture of the threshing machine owned by her father, Oliver Geier, Grass Creek, was published In Fulton County Folks Vol. 2. He operated it from 1904 to 1920, when they moved to South Bend. Farmers in his threshing ring were Jack Waddups, William Diveley, A. D. and Joe Hizer, Fred Harsh, Ora Rans, Andrew and Ed Geier, Roy Geier, Carl Bailey, Jim and Decon Bailey, and Bert Conn. Maxine's aunt Maude Geier's father, William Brower, had a threshing machine c. 1900.
Lucille Moore's grandfather, Eugene Nafe, had a threshing machine on the Olson Road near Germany Bridge. Lucille has photos, the note to purchase the machine in 1891 for $1,175 from Huber Manufacturing Company, Marion, Ohio; receipts showing payments in November 1898, 1901 and 1902; and notes to purchase wind blower ($125) and Plover Huller ($350) in August 1898. A booklet of bills for use by threshermen records work billed to Lest Campbell, Case Hudkins, Elza Parker, Tom Shafer, G.M. Fisher, J. S. Gilbert, S. Cook, C. R. Frell, William Pickens, Luther Cough, James Fall, H. A. Moon, Eli Henderson, James Hott, Jake and W. T. Henderson, B. and J. Bruce, Jasper and Esra Hudkins, Bob Smith, Charley Kilmer, G. O. Leming, A. D. McBride, Tom Graffis, George Kuhn, Frank and W. O. Enyart, A. C. Denis, John Rude, L. Johnson, and R. Zellers.
Richard Kistler, North Webster, wrote about threshing remembered from his boyhood days, "My father, Cecil Kistler, lived two and half miles south of Fulton and just west of the present Caston School. While we lived there from 1928 to 1944, he participated in a threshing ring which extended east across state road 25 south into Cass County.
"People included Marion Studebaker who lived on road 25 just north of Caston, Ernest Studebaker who lived just south of Caston, Ivan Minthorn, Ermal Riemenschneider, Ed Buchanan, and Charley Rans. The membership of our ring would change depending on who had wheat, rye, or oats to thresh.
"Our thresher man was George Johnson, who lived two or three miles east of road 25. George had two threshing machines one each of which were powered by Rumely Oil Pull tractors. One machine had a 28 inch throat and the other one was 32 inches wide and could accommodate more feeding in of bundles.
"Since George Johnson had two machines he threshed quite a number of rings, some up to Fulton, and extending on east of town. George himself, plus a hired man, operated one machine, and Verdell Overmyer operated the other.
'In addition, George was a stock hauler and owned two large trucks for hauling farmers' hogs and cattle to market. Again one truck was larger than the other and could haul more livestock. These trucks were used to haul fuel, grease. tools, etc threshing machines each day.
On the years the big 32 inch machine and the big truck did the threshing of our ring, it always sent a thrill through my young adolescent body! . .

"After a short hitch in the Army, I felt called to the Christian ministry and in the fall of 1947, 1 enrolled and attended Indiana Central College at Indianapolis. During my freshman year, I took Freshman Composition and was required to write about ten themes. One theme I called a 'Strange Humming,' in which I tried to recapture the sound of the humming of the threshing machine and the sound of the Oil Pull with its two cylinder 'pum, pum, pum" sound. I'm afraid that I was not able to convey to paper the strange humming or singing which I felt within me, as I tried to recapture the thrill and excitement a boy felt when the machine and tractor were doing their work. At least my grade was only a C as I recall, and I also doubt whether my Comp. teacher had ever fed bundles or hauled grain during threshing.
"We did not have a steam engine in our area, although I can just barely remember a steam engine with a corn shredder coming up our old dirt road and getting stuck in a mud hole in the road. My dad took his team of horses with double trees and log chains and snaked the steam engine and shredder out.
"A few years later, my older brother lived on our old farm and he participated in a smaller ring which used Cliff Vanator and his outfit. Cliff had an F-30 Farmall tractor to power the machine, and the F-30 did not have nearly the power of the Oil Pulls. His machine was no longer than 28 inches maybe even smaller.
"I wanted to tell you that I appreciated your article and it brought back memories for me. My next younger brother and I, in our earlier days, had a place behind our old farm house and did we ever farm that dirt!! We would plant our wheat, cut it and pile little piles of dirt as shocks, and haul it to thresh it, all within one day's time, all with our little toys some of which were boughten toys and some of which we made and improvised. Such memories!"
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, October 9, 1997]

THRUSH, RUFUS [Rochester, Indiana]
Roy Hill, Monday purchased the Wall Street Barber Shop, locatedin the 30 block of East Ninth street, from Rufus Thrush. Mr. Hill has taken possession of the shop and will continue to operate the same. Mr. Hill has been a b arber for the past four years and has been employed in tonsorial parlors in Logansport, Fulton and Rochester. Mr. Thrush, whlhas operated the shop for mahy years, is retiring because of ill health.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, April 8, 1941]

THRUSH'S NORTH END MARKET [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Go to Thrush's North End Market for choice cuts of corn-fed and pork Roasts, Steaks and Boils. . . .
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, March 6, 1919]

TICE'S MARKET [Rochester, Indiana]
See Fruit and Produce Stands

TIMBERS, ARCH [Rochester, Indiana]
A deal was consumated Monday, whereby W. P. Watson becomes the sole owner of the dry cleaning and pressing establishment on west Ninth street, formerly owned by Watson and Timbers, Mr. Watson buying Arch Timbers interest. Mr. Timbers decided that the work was too confining and desired more work in the open. Mr. Watson the present owner, has had many years of experience in this line of work and is quite prepared to take charge of a large business.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, November 12, 1913]
Arch Timbers, a substantial merchant of Rochester, was born in Fulton county, Indiana, September 11, 1888, the son of Oliver and Margaret M. (Anderson) Timbers, reliable farmers of this county. He received his elementary education in the graded and high school of his home community and then attended the Rochester Normal College. His education completed, he began work on the farm, but finding it unsuited to his tastes, he became a clerk in a store. He followed this occupation for a time, only to abandon his position to become the manager of a restaurant. He again changed his line of work, becoming a salesman for the South Bend Malleable Iron Company. When the war with Germany broke out, he enlisted in the service of his country as musician in Coast Artillery, serving from March, 1918, until the signing of the armistice released him from service. Upon his discharge, which occurred at Chillicothe, Ohio, he returned to his home in Rochester, Indiana, and established a dry-cleaning business. His success was almost instantaneous, and he has enlarged his business to include the sale of mens and boys' clothing. He is known in Rochester as one of its most successful business men despite the fact that his enterprise is scarcely past the embryonic stage. His part in the World war made him eligible to membership in the American Legion, and during the year of 1921, he was the vice-commander of the Leroy C. Shelton Post No. 36, of that organization in Rochester. In fraternal circles, he is a popular member of the Knights of Pythias. In politics he supports the Democratic party, and in 1921 he was the chairman of the city central committee, doing much to increase the strength of his party in Fulton county.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, p. 286, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

TIMBERS, JOHN [Rochester/Akron, Indiana]
John Timbers is moving his restaurant fixtures to Akron today. Dick Lowman has the contract and is moving the outfit on wagons. John expects to put in a nice place at Akron and as he is a good fellow and understands his business he ought to secure a good trade there.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, June 27, 1902]

[Adv. full page] For Men - - - -Doors open for business Saturday, May 27 - - - ARCH TIMBERS CASH CLOTHING AND FURNISHING STORE. 707 Main Street, Arlington Block.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, May 26, 1922]

[Adv] - - - - ARCH TIMBERS' GIGANTIC UNLOADING SALE - - - - ARCH TIMBERS, "I'll Get You Yet". Arlington Block, Rochester, Ind.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, January 9, 1924]

Arch Timbers, owner of the clothing store bearing his name at 707 Main street announced Friday morning that he would retire from business and has announced that he will hold a monster closing-out sale of the $10,000 stock carried. . . . Mr. Timbers will go into the jobbing business with headquarters in this city.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Friday, September 10, 1926]

[Adv] Big Clothing and Furnishing Auction at the Arch Timbers Store in the Arlington Block - - - beginning Saturday, Dec. 18, 1926 - - -until the entire stock is closed out.

Morris & Border, operators of several chain stores throughout Indiana and Ohio, with main offices at Mishawaka, Ind., were in this city Tuesday where they closed a long-term lease with A. J. Barrett on the store room formerly occupied by Arch Timbers clothing store.
The branch store of the M. & B. chain will carry a complete stock of Ladies Ready-to-Wear garments and Men's Furnishings. Mr. Borden when interrogated concerning the opening of the new business stated he believed they would be ready by Saturday, Sept. 17th.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, September 7, 1927]

TIME [Rochester, Indiana]
The Kaders will soon have United States Observatory time at eleven o'clock each day.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, March 11, 1915]

TIMES THEATRE [Rochester, Indiana]
Located 616-622 Main.
Formerly Char-Bell Theatre.
Building constructed of bricks from the Rochester Normal University which was torn down in 1923. It was first used as a garage.
See: Char-Bell Theatre
See: Moving Picture Theaters

A new word was added to the everyday vocabulary of Rochester and Fulton county residents today with the official announcement by Lisle Krieghbaum, manager, that the Char-Bell theatre will from now on be known as the Times theatre.
Citizens got a pre-view of the change in name yesterday when workmen rushed to complete installation of the large, ultra-modern new marquee on the theatre, showing the name "Times" in large, Neon-lighted letters above the marquee proper.
The local movie house has been known as Char-Bell since its establishment in February, 1924. The change in name is in line with a current extensive modernization program.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, March 24, 1942]

TINGLE'S BODY SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Announcement to Auto Owners. I have purchased the B. & B. Body Shop and will from now on operate it under the name of TINGLE'S BODY SHOP. Body and fender repairing and auto painting efficiently done. All work guaranteed. S. O. TINGLE, Prop. Phone 212. 409 No. Main St., rear of Studebaker Agency.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, May 1, 1929]

TIOSA, INDIANA [Richland Township]
Located on 200E at approximately 675N.
Officially recorded by the county surveyor July 3, 1869.
Streets: Railroad, Walnut, Main, West, First, Second, Third and Fourth.
An additional 37 lots were added on the south in 1888.

The Business Portion of the Town in Ashes
Early Monday morning the report reached here that Tiosa was burning up and early risers state that the light was so bright that a pin could be picked up on Main street. A SENTINEL reporter soon procured a conveyance and drove to the scene of devastation where the worst reports were verified, the entire business portion of the town having been burned to the ground, and stocks of goods were scattered about on every corner.
It is the general belief that the fire was communicated from a pile of sawdust near the Tiosa Lumber Co's. mill, which had been burning for several days and the high winds of Sunday night made it impossible to check the flames when once started.
The populace were soon on the ground and fought fire like heroes until it was found there was no hope of saving the business portion of the town when they directed their efforts to removing the stocks of goods and preventing the spread of the conflagration to the residence portion. Everything in the path of the fire was burned to the ground and the sight presented was one of desolation. The losses are as follows:
Tiosa Lumber Co's. saw-mills, lumber yards, $40,000, no insurance.
Geo. Perschbacher's elevator, $3,000. Insured $2,500.
Contents of elevator, $600, insurance not known.
Geo. Perschbacher, two store rooms, $1,000, insurance $500.
A. B. Surguy's drug store, $1,200, no insurance.
Shobe & Richard's wagon, carriage and blacksmith shop, $500. Insurance $300.
Machlan's carpenter shop, $400, no insurance.
Palmer's meat market, $350, no insurance.
John Shetterly's harness shop, $350, no insurance.
C. E. Kepler's meat market, $350, no insurance.
Geo. Perschbacher residence, $500, no insurance.
John Shetterly's residence, $300, no insurance.
D. M. Swinehart's building used for depot and postoffice purposes, $150, no insurance.
Total loss, $48,700. Total insurance, $3,500.
The above figures do not include damage to goods and losses of same incident to sudden removal on such occasions, which, in this case will amount to considerable.
Mr. Geo. Perschbacher says it is his intention to rebuild the elevator and store room at once. Dr. A. B. Surguy, C. D. Shobe and Chas. Kepler have also expressed their intentions strongly in favor of rebuilding. The depot and postoffice are located in the hotel until suitable quarters are proviced.
The L. E. & W. officials bestow great praise upon station agent Swinehart for the prompt and efficiant manner in which the movable railroad property was removed from danger, and upon Mr. Alvah McNeely, who connected an instrument to the wire and telegraphed the news to Rochester, Peru and other points.
The loss is a serious one to Tiosa as it will entirely close business there until suitable buildings can be erected. However, it will not be long until a new town will arise from the ashes.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 27, 1895]

True Bros have purchased LeRoy Smith's restaurant stock at Tiosa and are making improvements on their Enterprise restaurant here. They will do a lunch counter business almost exclusively.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 16, 1901]

Will Kestner has purchased the barber shop of Frank Fisher and moved same in the room formerly occupied by Chas. Wright. Mr. Wright moved in the room over the post office.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, March 22, 1906]

H. W. Wynn is putting a new gasoline engine in the elevator at this place.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, November 18, 1909]

Eddie Kissman, the 10-year-old son of Lake Erie Engineer Willard Kissman, was killed Sunday at Tiosa, while attending a ball game. A foul batted ball struck him in the chest and he died before medical aid could relieve him.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, June 14, 1910]

Special to the Sentinel.
The Tiosa Dramatic Club will give "Little Buckshot" at the hall above Timbaugh's store Saturday evening, February 1st. The club is composed of all home talent who respectfully solicit the patronage of the entire community.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 1, 1913]

A business deal is being closed this week whereby John R. Starr of Winamac, trades the former J. R. Conner farm of 240 acres northeast of Winamac for an elevator and mercantile business at Tiosa. H. W. Winn becomes the owner of the farm and expects to move onto it from Tiosa.
The elevator business at Tiosa will be under the management of William Hoch, of Winamac, who was long associated with Mr. Starr.
Dana Starr, son of the new owner, will be in charge of the general store. Besides shelf merchandise, the stock includes coal, tile, cement and numerous similar lines. The Tiosa postoffice is also located in the store. J. P. Gilsinger of Pulaski has been engaged to assist in invoicing the stock.
Mr. and Mrs. Hoch expect to move to Tiosa within a couple of weeks, occupying another house there before they get possession of the one included in the trade.
Mr. Winn, who becomes owner of the farm, built the elevator which was erected at Lake Bruce some years ago on a site which was known as Winn Station for a time. He later located at Tiosa, which is on that branch of the Nickel Plate railway running from Indianapolis to Michigan City.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, September 18, 1925]

[Adv] Fair Prices - Courteous Service. Your Patronage solicited. OVERMYER'S STORE, TIOSA, IND. 2 Above Market in Trade for Eggs. - - - -
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, September 18, 1931]

Joe Bidwell, former Akron grocer and a member of the Fulton County War Price & Rationing Board, has purchased the Tiosa elevator of Greshem Lough, it was announced today.
Clarence "Pat" Overmyer, who recently returned from the service will manage the business for Mr. Bidwell who will take possession Dec. 10, and plans to remodel the property and to add several new lines of merchandise and supplies to the present stock.
Overmyer, a past trustee of Richland townip, is well-known in the territory served by the elevator. The deal was made through the Fred Moore agency of this city.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, December 7, 1945]

Town was destroyed by fire September 23, 1895, from fire started in the sawdust pile at the Tiosa Lumber Company mill.
Tiosa had the first high school in Richland Township. Only two classes graduated, 1902 and 1903.
It was moved to the County Line School for the next two years, and called Richland Center High School.

The biggest town in Richland township is Tiosa, named for a Potawatomi Indian chief who had a reservation there prior to 1838.
The land on which the town was built was owned by Jacob Miller, who apparently founded the town just after the completion of the Indianapolis, Peru and Chicago railroad (now Norfold & Western).
Jacob Miller had a general store, a sawmill and a grain elevator by the railroad tracks. The post office was located in the depot. John Perschbacher operated a hotel, and there was a blacksmith and harness shop and a resident physician, Dr. C. J. Loring.
Destroyed in the fire of September 23, 1895 were: the lumber company, grain elevator, store, meat market, saloon, depot, wagon and blacksmith shop, Surguy's drug store and home, Wile's dry goods store, carpenter shop and George Perschbacher's home.
Not many of these buildings were covered by insurance and the town never recovered its former prosperity.
The morning after the fire Hank Thompson and Delbert Wright bought a sawmill at Bigfoot and set it up on the south side of Tiosa to provide lumber to rebuild the town. Delbert's brother, William Wright, was in the sawmill and carpenter business with Delbert, helping rebuild Tiosa. He also had a general store with a partner named Emanuel Reed. His daughter, Rena Wright, former RHS teacher, said that the townsfolk called it "Reed and Wright and Rithmetic."
After the fire the Christian Church, which had been on the NW corner of 200E and 700N at the north edge of Tiosa, was moved into the burned area of town west of the elevator. It did not grow and was eventually torn down and the lumber made into a barn and a shed.
The Tiosa grain elevator was rebuilt, still stands, but has not been used since 1970.
There was a pickle factory north of the elevator on the railroad tracks around 1914.
Today Tiosa has a Brethren church (built in 1884), Strong's store, Fred Oden's repair, Jim Lewis's mechanical & Welding shop, and several houses.
[Tiosa and Richland Center, Shirley Willard, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]
George Leroy Wolford was a blacksmith at Tiosa.

TIOSA BAND [Tiosa, Indiana]
See: Rochester Bands

Destroyed by fire September 23, 1895.

[Adv] BUILDING MATERIAL, Pine and Hard Wood Lumber, Shingles, Lath, Doors, Windowos, Nails, &c. New Planing Mill just started and a large stock of dry lumber on hand. Call or write for prices. TIOSA LUMBER CO., Tiosa, Indiana.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, February 25, 1891]

TIOSA POST OFFICE [Tiosa, Indiana]
Located approximately 675N on the Lake Erie & Western Railroad.
[F.C.H.S. Files]

In keeping with Uncle Sam's policy to trim operating expenses of the U. S. Postal service to a minimum, the Tiosa postoffice and its one rural route will be taken into the Rochester postoffice department beginning Tuesday a.m., August 16th, and become known as Rural Route 8.
George Wright, former driver of the Tiosa route will be retained as driver on the new route which serves a total of 140 box holders and with the new change in the system, all of the patrons will receive their mail at least two hours earlier, inasmuch as the Tiosa carrier was compelled to wait until 9 o'clock each morning for the arrival of the star route carrier which brought the mail to the Tiosa postoffice.
The Tiosa postoffice which was under the supervision of Ruth E. Williams will be eliminated entirely and the saving thus effected, is estimated to be close to $800 per year.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, August 15, 1932]

Jacob Miller, June 12, 1872. Augustine Hisey, Sep 18, 1885.
Banj F. Machlan. M.O. Par 29, 1892. Apr 12, 1889. Milton A. Felts, Apr 7, 1890.
Daniel M. Swinehart.
Neri Swihart, May 6, 1898. Samuel McNeely, Jan 20, 1899.
Samuel McNeely, Jan 30, 1899. ---- 1903, N.B. Aug 16, 1905. Earl W. Wynn, July 13, 1916.
Ruth E. Williams, confirmed Dec. 10, 1926. Remarks 4th Ck.
[Discontd. Oct 14th eff Aug 15, 1932. Mail to Rochester]
[F.C.H.S. Files]
TIOSA TOWN BAND [Tiosa, Indiana]
Directed by Harry C. Clymer, who also played a cornet.

TIPPECANOE, INDIANA [Marshall County, Indiana]
Mentone Gazette.
H. E. Graham, from Tippecanoe, has purchased the Getty & Jones livery stock at Silver Lake.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, June 14, 1907]

The little town of Tippecanoe, located about six miles west of Mentone, was visited by a very bad fire at about 5:30 o'clock on Sunday morning. The fire started in a small building owned by Walter Armantrout and occupied by a shoeshop conducted by Isaac Rhodes and a dry cleaning plant operated by Mr. Dill. This building was burned to the ground, as was also the residence of Quincy Cram, which was next to it. The Cram livery barn, which was located just back of the Cram home, was saved with difficulty. The loss is estimated at several thousand dollars.
As soon as the fire was discovered a call for help was sent out and volunteer firemen hurried to the scene from Mentone, Argos and Bourbon. The Mentone firemen did the most effective work and were responsible for checking the spread of the fire. The origin of the fire is unknown.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, November 11, 1913]

Electricity was turned through the transmission line to Tippecanoe Saturday morning for the first time and was found to work splendidly. Work on the project has been very slow on account of the inclement weather.
Tonight the residents of Tippecanoe will hold a big celebration when the town is illuminated for the first time by electricity. They have planned to hold an ice cream supper and a band concert and want the people of this city to help them celebrate. A large number of persons have planned to go.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, August 7, 1915]

The whole town of Tippecanoe was threatened by fire which completely destroyed the business block owned by Earl Sparks at an early hour Thursday morning, according to word received in Rochester.
In the building which was completely destroyed by the flames were the Sparks' general store, where dry goods, groceries, meats and other articles are dispersed, the postoffice and the office of Dr. T. F. RINGLE, who occupied the upper floor.
The buulding which was burned, was next door to the Tippecanoe State bank, and the volunteer firemen and the fire departments from Mentone and Bremen, which were summoned to the scene, it was said, were hard put to save the bank building.
Practically everything in the Sparks store was destroyed by the flames with the exception of two pianos, which were moved out before the fire had gained considerable headway. All of the office, fixtures and other appurtenances in Dr.Ringle's office were also destroyed, but the workers had time to remove practically everything of value from the postoffice.
The fire, which got under way at about eight o'clock, is believed to have started on the roof from an overheated or defective chimney flue. At 10 o'clock the blaze was practically under control and at that hour it was stated that there was no danger of further damage. It was impossible to estimate the exact loss, which will probably run well into the thousands of dollars. Sparks, who owned both the building and the general store carried but little insurance.
The Northern Indiana Power Company was called from Tippecanoe as the transmission line was burned thru and danger from the high voltage wire was feared.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, December 14, 1922]

J. C. Harmer, general store merchant of Tippecanoe, is very busy these days building a new two-story business block for his business. The building will be the first of its kind in the town. The cost will be over $12,000. The business will occupy the basement and first floor and on the second floor will be arranged two apartments for living. The front of the building will be finished in brick and the sides in cement blocks. The site is on one of the four best corners in the town and will make a very fine place for the conduct of the business.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, April 14, 1925]

An exploding oil heater early Saturday caused damage estimated at between $4,000 and $5,000 to the building and department store of Mrs. Rolla Rhodes at Tippecanoe. The building which was insured for $2,500 is owned by Orval Smith of Tippecanoe, while Mrs. Rhodes had her loss coverd by insurance.
The building is a two-story structure with the Rhodes store on the ground floor and three apartments above. Mrs. Rhodes and Mrs. Ida Warsham shared one apartment, Miss Mildred Stuckey, Culver and Miss Joyce Caldwell, Bourbon, school teachers in the Tippecanoe schools another, and Milo Cormican, an employee of Mrs. Rhodes the third. The school teachers, luckily, left yesterday for their Christmas vacation.
The fire started in the apartment of Mr. Cormican shortly after midnight when an oil stove in his room exploded when he attempted to light it. Cormican attempted to smother the flames with a rug and when he could not control the flames threw the stove down the stairs. Cormican received bad burns on his face and hands.
The store had been kept open late last night to accommodate Christmas shoppers. Mrs. Rhodes and Mrs. Worsham who had not retired were able to flee from the building in safety. Fire departments from Bourbon, Mentone and Etna Green assisted the Tippecanoe department in battling the fire and kept the flames from spreading to nearby buildings.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, December 23, 1939]

Mr. and Mrs. Emerson Downs, former local residents, but more recently of the Tippecanoe community, today announced the purchase of the Moriarty grocery store at Tippecanoe. They took possession of the store as of April 1.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, April 2, 1945]

TIPPECANOE DAIRY [Rochester, Indiana]
C. F. Briles of southeast of Rochester, purchased the Tippecanoe dairy of Mrs. F. H. Cornelius today. Mr. Briles has rented the Cornelius farm and will continue to serve the dairy's old customers in first class style.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 1, 1911]

There will be a meeting of Stockholders of the Tippecanoe Oil company at the office of Attorney F. H. Terry, Thursday evening, at 7:30. CHAS. W. CAFFYN.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, October 17, 1899]

The Tippecanoe Oil Co., of this city, is out of business. The stockholders met last night and ratified the sale of the three Peru wells and the last dividend was declared.
The Tippecanoe Oil Co., was one of the very few which got out whole in the Peru field. The company owned three wells which paid out and left the stockholders a little profit. Those in the company were W. H. Deniston, Chas.W. Caffyn, C. C. Wolf, H. A. Barnhart, Capt. H. C. Long, Milo R. Smith, Jos. A. Myers, Frank H. Terry, Chas. Jackson, Chas. Brouck, Mrs. Sarah Lyon and A. C. Mitchell.
The three wells and all machinery were recently sold for $1500. During the two years the wells were operated the company sold oil to the amount of $8,000. But oil well drilling and pumping costs lots of money and the Tippecanoe Company has decided to let well enough alone and quit the business.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, October 20, 1899]

Located second floor, approximately 111 to 115 East 9th St, across from Court House.

The Tippecanoe Petticoat Company, the members of which are Messrs. Cline of Logansport, Tillman of Burr Oak, Mich., and M. M. Bitters of this city, will be ready for business about September 1.
The John Smith building south of the public square will be utilized for factory purposes and work on the remodeling will begin at once.
The firm will manufacture silk petticoats for the most part, but will make some cheaper grades. About five or six women will be employed at the start and it is expected many more will be taken on after the industry is well under way.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, August 11, 1910]

Wabash Plain Dealer.
The officers of the Tippecanoe Petticoat Company, a flourishing industry of Rochester, are considering a change of location.
Business men of North Manchester are after the plant to take the place of the Strauss skirt factory which recently went out of business.
As an inducement for their removal from Rochester, citizens of North Manchester offer them a cash bonus, free rent, and moving expenses. North Manchester has no factory which will employ women and several expert skirt makers from that place are now employed in Rochester at the factory.
The proposition of citizens of North Manchester will be given careful consideration by officers of the company and their decision will be announced within thirty or sixty days.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, March 20, 1911]

The Tippecanoe Petticoat Company, which has built up a fine business in manufacturing petticoats, has added a new line to its business and is now turning out a fine line of dress skirts. The dress skirt business has just been started but gives promise of developing into a very popular side line and has already necessitated the employment of additional help in the factory. The company first embarked in the skirt business quite by accident, having been commissioned by a large retail merchant to make up a lot of dress skirts from piece goods which did not move well. The skirts were made up in the latest style and the unsalable merchandise was readily turned into a handsome profit by the shrewd merchant. Since that time many similar orders have been executed and the making of dress skirts has become a regular feature of the business.
The Tippecanoe Petticoat Company is a Rochester industry, which is rapidly forging to the front. The business was started in a small way, but is rapidly growing into a thriving business under the careful management of M. M. Bitters and Otto Cline.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, August 26, 1911]

In mentioning the Tippecanoe Petticoat Company Saturday The Sentinel erred in referring to Otto Cline as one of the proprietors of the business. Ira F. Tillman purchased Mr. Cline's interest in the company some time ago and is associated with M. M.Bitters in the management of the plant.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, August 28, 1911]

The machinery of the old Petticoat factory was moved out, this morning, and shipped to Auburn, where it will be used in the Auburn Garment Company's factory.
Rochester Sentinel, Monday, June 2, 1913]

Word has been received from St. Petersburg, Fla., by Rochester friends of the death of Otto L. CLINE, formerly of this city, who died at his home there Saturday evening at 11 o'clock aged 60 years. Mr. Cline, it will be remembered, was one of the organizers and directors of the Tippecanoe Petticoat factory, which was run in this city ten or twelve years ago.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Tuesday, May 25, 1926]

See: Fulton County Rabbit Club

Rabbit breeders of this vicinity are invited to attend the meeting of the Tippecanoe Rabbit club, to be held Thursday evening, May 11, at 8:00 o'clock, at the home of E. B. Smith, northeast of Rochester. This club was recently organized to promote the interests of rabbit breeders and fanciers of this district. Mr. Smith's home is 5 miles north and 1 mile east of Rochester.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, May 10, 1944]

Sant Painter, who has spent considerable of his spare moments hunting pearls in the Tippecanoe river, found a beauty Sunday. The pearl is of uniform shape and will be mounted in a ring for his daughter, Mrs. Heber Dunlap.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, August 10, 1908]

On April 26, 1906, Walter Smith and Lyman Brackett, Jr., placed pieces of paper bearing their names and addresses in bottles and after sealing threw them into the Tippecanoe river at the Michigan road bridge. Monday Walter received a letter signed S. S. Abbott which stated that the sender had picked up the bottle with the message contained in the Wabash river, fourteen miles south of Vincennes, while fishing. The bottle had traveled hundreds of miles and had probably lodged at various places for many days while enroute.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, November 24, 1908]

"On The Banks Of The Tippecanoe," is the title of a most pleasing popular ballad now being published by two former residents of Warsaw now living in Chicago. Fred Brower and Mrs. Zella Williams are co-authors of the ballad. The song depicts the Tippecanoe River, youth, home, mother and memories.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, January 30, 1929]

A new song, "On the Banks of the Tippecanoe" has recently appeared, it being written by Zella Williams of Chicago and published by Reub Williams and Sons of Warsaw. It is a ballad full of melody and swing and gives promise of becoming a very popular air.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, May 29, 1929]

TIPPECANOE SHORES [Aubbeenaubbee Township]
A housing and mobile home development west of Delong on the Tippecanoe River.

Paul A. Hockett, Indianapolis, has purchased the independent telephone system at Tippecanoe and will take charge of the plant on June 15, it was announced today by Charles Cooper, who has been the manager of the company for the past eight years. The deal was really consommated April 1.
The Tippecanoe telephone system was founded and operated for 32 years by William and Sherman Gaskill. It has 90 telephones and the rates are from $1.35 to $1.75 per month. Sherman Gaskill has been dead for several years and Mr. Cooper was his son-in-law.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, May 27, 1938]
On March 8, 1842, the name of Tippecanoe Township was changed to Aubbeenaubbee.

Teddy L. and Mary Ann Whittenberger Cox owned and operated the Tippecanoe Valley Egg Co. in Akron several years.
[Jacob Whittenberger Family, Velma Bright, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

TIPPY EDMOND BERL [Talma, Indiana]
E. B. Tippy, whose residence in Fulton county dates from 1875, is accounted one of the practical and progressive agriculturists, and belongs to that class of citizens who have gained for Indiana marked prestige among the agricultural states of the Union. He was born in Franklin county, Ohio, Jan. 20, 1845. The family is of Scotch origin, and the father of our subject, Levi Tippy, was born near Johnstown, Ohio. He married Louie A. Denune, daugher of John Denune, who was born in Paris, France, and came to America with Gen. LaFayette, serving as a drummer boy with the French troops in the colonial army. He married a Miss Barrel, a relative of Gen. Grant's family. Levi Tippy died of cholera in Louisville, Ky., in 1852, at the age of thirty-five. His children were as follows: George, who is living near Columbus, Ohio; E. B.; and Lewis, deceased. Our subject was left an orphan at the age of six years, and was reared by a Mr. Brown in Delaware county, Ohio, until nineteen years of age. He then bought his time, and removed to Livingston county, Mo., but returned after eight months and learned the carpenter's trade in Delaware county, under S. Gorsuch. He afterward married and then removed to Boone county, Mo., but in a short time again returned to Delaware county, where he lived for four years. At the expiration of that period he began farming, which he continued in Ohio until coming to Indiana, in 1875. His first land was purchased with money that he had earned at school teaching. He here bought forty acres of land just east of Bloomingsburg, which he operated for four years, when he sold and purchased a farm adjoining the village, comprising 115 acres. He is progressive in his methods and at the same time extremely practical in his work, so that he has won a comfortable competence. Mr. Tippy was married Jan. 20, 1867, to Emma Fix, daughter of David Fix, and their home was blessed with six children--Della, wife of Jesse Emmons; Frank, a popular young man who possesses much mechanical genius; Levi, who married Ella Ross and resides in Newcastle township; Ida, a teacher; Eva and Linnie. Mr. Tippy is one of the leaders of the democracy in his township, and is now serving as trustee, having entered upon the duties of the office on Aug. 5, 1895. His genuine worth has won him the high esteem of all, and he well deserves rcognition in this volume.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 136-137]

By "Pioneer"
January 20, 1935, Mr. Edmond B. Tippy, a resident of Newcastle township for the past 50 years, reached "Pier No. 90."
By "Pier No. 90" we mean that Mr. Tippy is 90 years - YOUNG - not that many years "OLD" - which fact he can easily prove for he drives and takes pleasure in his automobile, reads and writes without aid of glasses, and with nimbleness equal to any star on the Talma basketball team, he can kick higher than his head.
A party of Rochesterites attending the Newcastle Towship Farmer's institute on last Friday enjoyed a rare visit with this grand and wonderful man. For a man to have NINETY YEARS checked against him, be as light a-foot, mentally more keen and active than the average person of forty years - plus - not an ache or pain, surely all this cannot be a gift - it must be KNOWING HOW TO LIVE.
If there were any oversight whatever in arranging the program of the Newcastle Township Farmer's Institute for 1935, an annual event for many years regarded as one of the outstanding institutes in the state of Indiana, it was the omission of a lecture by Mr. Tippy, subject: "HOW TO BE YOUNG AT NINETY."
If one should read to Mr. Tippy that portion of the 90th Psalm which admonishes: "The days of our years are three score years and ten, and if by reason of strength they be four score years, yet there is strength, labor and sorrow; for it is soon cut off and we fly away," we feel more than sure Mr. Tippy would jokingly remark, "YOU ARE NOT TALKING TO ME."
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, February 19, 1935]

Edmond Berl TIPPY, aged 93, for many years a resident of Talma, died at 8:30 o'clock Saturday morning in the Woodlawn Hospital after an illness of six months due to infirmities of age.
The deceased was born in Franklin county, Ohio, January 20, 1845 and moved to Newcastle township to reside 62 years ago from Columbus, Ohio. His parents were Levi and Willie Ann (DeNUNE) TIPPY.
Mr. Tippy early in life was a carpenter and then purchased a farm in Newcastle township. He has been a resident of Talma since 1913 at which time he retired. He was a staunch Democrat and served as trustee of Newcastle township from 1895 to 1901.
Survivors are three daughters, Mrs. Della EMMONS, Talma; Mrs. Eva FORE, Rochester, and Mrs. Ida SCOTT, Lebanon, Mo.; two sons, Frank TIPPY, Rochester and Lee TIPPY, Talma; 8 grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren. Mrs. Tippy died April 10, 1925 and a daughter, Mrs. Linnie TIPPY died March 31, 1933.
The funeral services will be held from the Christian Church in Talma, at 2 p.m. Monday with Rev. Charles MILLES, pastor of the Rochester Christian Church, officiating. Burial will be made in the cemetery at Talma.
The body will lie in state in the Foster Funeral Home until the time of the funeral where the friends may pay their respects.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, February 5, 1938]

TIPPY, FRANK [Rochester, Indiana]
Frank Tippy today purchased the auto laundry building located across from the City Hall on East Seventh street from Mrs. Frank Ross, of this city. Mr. Tippy already has taken possession of the building and will operate a radio sales and repair shop in this location.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, October 24, 1941]

TIPPY, GENE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Louderback Garage

TIPPY, RAYMOND [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Louderback Garage

A new garage will open in this city on next Wednesday morning in the building at the rear of the Black and Bailey hardware store. The proprietors Bert Bryant and Raymond Tippy are thoroly experienced mechanics, the former having been in charge of the repair department of the Louderback garage for a period of nine years, while Mr. Tippy has had years of experience in automobile repair work in this city.
The new garage which will be known as the "Mid-Way" will be equipped with the most modern machinery and a complete assortment of parts and accessories for all makes of cars will be carried in stock.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, December 28, 1931]

TIPTON, GEORGE [Newcastle Township]
George Tipton. - This worthy citizen is a native of Belmont County, Ohio, born June 10, 1810. He was married June 15, 1837, to Susanna Holmes, a native of Southern Ohio, born April 22, 1815. His father, Thomas Tipton, was born in Virginia in 1785, and married Hannah Horn, a native of Germany, born March 11 of the same year. They settled in Ohio at an early date, where he died in 1850. But she followed her children to this State, where she deceased about the year 1860. Mrs. Tipton's father, Samuel Holmes, was born in Maryland in October, 1790. He married Mary McNabb, and settled in Ohio, where they died. Mr. Tipton, was one of the earliest settlers of this township, noted for his integrity and hospitality. He has no children.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 51]

TIPTON, HOLMES [Rochester, Indiana]
County Recorder Holmes TIPTON is a native of Fulton county. Born in Newcastle township in 1854, he grew up on a farm there, and received his education in the country schools. He adopted farming as his vocation and followed it until elected Recorder in 1890. His term of office will expire next December, after which he expects to engage permanently in the livestock business at which he has been very successful. He married Etta ASHTON, of this city, and they have four daughters -- Echo, Lula, Celia and Bessie [TIPTON].
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 20, 1895]

Holmes L. Tipton, ex-recorder of Fulton county, and a representative of one of the old families of the county, was born on his father's farm in Newcastle township, Nov. 5, 1854. He is the son of Joshua Tipton, a native of Coshocton county, Ohio, born March 6, 1813. His mother, who bore the maiden name of Elizabeth Fuller, was born Oct. 2, 1816. They were married in 1835, and in 1838 removed to Kosciusko county, Ind., whence in 1839 they came to Newcastle township, Fulton county, where the father successfully carried on farming until his death. He died Aug. 18, 1893, leaving a valuable estate. The children of the family are: Daniel, of Kosciusko county; Thomas, of Butler county, Kans.; John, of Marion county, Iowa; James, of Rochester,; Hannah, wife of Obadiah Hopper; Margaret, deceased wife of Amos Hider; Florence, wife of Perry Hamlet, of Barron county, Wis., and Alpheus, wife of Charles Baxter. Mr. Tipton, of this review, spent his childhood as a farmer lad, assisting in the labors of the field and receiving about the usual training in the district schools. On attaining his majority he began farming on his own accout, at first renting a tract of land and afterward purchasing. His youth experience in this line now proved to him of value and he successfully carried on agricultural pursuits until November, 1891, when he was elected to the office of county rcorder on the democratic ticket. His personal popularity and the confidence reposed in him by those who know him is shown by the fact that he received all but seven votes of his own party and at least one hundred of the republican party. His prompt and efficient discharge of the duties of the office fully showed that the trust reposed in him was not misplaced. On his retirement from public office he resumed grain farming and stock dealing, and his operations along these lines have proved to him a profitable source of income. He owns some valuable real estate in Newcastle township and also in Rochester, where he now resides. On Dec. 1, 1876, Mr. Tipton married Nancy Ashton, who was born in Mansfield, Ohio, thirty-nine years ago, a daughter of Charles Ashton. She was left an orphan at a very early age and was reared by a relative. She has a sister, Annie, now the wife of John Gano, of Chicago, and two brothers, C. Ashton, of Fostoria, Ohio, and George, of the state of Washington. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Tipton are Echo, aged nineteen, who was educated in the Rochester schools, and was her father's able assistant in the recorders's office; Lula born in 1880; Celia, in 1883; and Bessie, in 1890. Mr. Tipton is one of the best known men in Fulton county. Possessed of excellent business and executive ability, he has won success in his undertakings, and his genial, social manner has made him a popular citizen and gained him many warm friends.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 137-138]

TIPTON, JAMES C. [Rochester, Indiana]
James C. Tipton, farmer, Rochester, son of Joshua and Elizabeth Tipton; they were born, reared and married near Mount Vernon, Ohio; married about 1835, and emigrated to Kosciusko County about 1838, where they remained about one year, when they settled at their present residence in Newcastle Township, this county. Father was born March 6, 1813, and mother October 12,1816; she was the daughter of Daniel Fuller. James C. was born in Newcastle Township February 15, 1857. At the age of nineteen, James C., in company with his brother Holmes L., made a trip with covered wagon to Knoxville, Marion County, Iowa, where James C. remained about one year with two brothers of that place. From there he went to Judsonia, White County, Ark.; in the fall of 1876, attended the Baptist College at that place, about four months of the six that he remained at that place, uniting with the Baptist Church of that village. In the spring of 1877, he returned to this county, and April 13, 1880, married Sarah Mabel McQuern. They resided a few months at Big Foot, where Mr. Tipton was keeping store; sold out the store in September 1880, and soon after settled at their present residence on Mrs. McQuern's farm. Mrs.Tipton is the daughter of James H. and Martha A. McQuern, born in this township October 7, 1857. She is a member of the Mt. Zion Presbyterian Church; Mr. Tipton of the Yellow Creek Baptist Church, of Newcastle Township. In politics, he is a Democrat.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 31]

[Adv] PIANOS AND ORGANS of any style or make desired, on reasonable terms and at low prices can be bought of J. C. TIPTON, Successor to CRIM & TIPTON. - - - Salesroom at Wolf's. Piano and Organ repairing a specialty.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 23, 1889]

JAMES C. TIPTON (Biography)
A well known face among Rochester's galaxy of successful business men is that of James C. TIPTON, who has been in the musical merchandise business since 1886, and has built up a successful business by courteous treatment and fair dealing. His specialty is pianos and organs, and he sells them on small margins and easy payments, and has sold more instruments than any other one man in this part of the country, and has always given satisfaction. He was born in Fulton county in 1857, and was married in 1880 to Miss Mabel McQUERN, and they have four children -- one girl and three boys.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 20, 1895]

[Adv] MOVED to the I.O.O.F. building, west of the court house, where you can find the wonderful and peerless A. B. CHASE PIANOS - - - The Esty Organ - - - J. C. TIPTON.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, December 12, 1901]

TIPTON BARBER SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
Located basement 112 E 8th.
Later became Westwood Barber Shop, operated by Fred Westwood and his son, Randy Westwood.
See Rochester High School Basketball.

TIPTON TAXI [Rochester, Indiana]
Raymond Tipton has joined the ranks of the local taxi-cabbists, with a closed Ford.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, April 8, 1919]

TIPTONVILLE, INDIANA [Rochester Township]
Earliest settlement of Rochester, located at the dam at the outlet of Lake Manitou.
Named in honor of John Tipton, the Indian agent.

The water-powered mill and two or three other buildings were built in the summer of 1827 immediately south of the present dam location on Lake Manitou. The mill was a two-story frame building with one run of stones, adapted exclusively to grinding corn, that being the only kind of grain raised by the Indians
The government also built a blacksmith shop and homes for the miller and blacksmith. A privately-owned trading post was established on the site, which was the first known settlement within Fulton County.
The name of this settlement was Tiptonville, so named by its builder, Samuel Milroy, in honor of John Tipton, the Indian agent.
Milroy was paid $1,450 for building the mill. About 22 men were employed to help in the construction work.

The first miller was James Wyman who married an Indian woman and died in 1831. Nathan Rose then became the miller. The trading post was operated by a Frenchman named DeClaire. The blacksmith was John Lindsey whose wife, Elizabeth, was the first white woman to die in Fulton County.
As none of these men were deeded land, they are not considered the first settlers of Fulton County.
Lindsey brought his wife and family in a covered wagon in 1830 or 1831. He had helped build the mill and log buildings at Tiptonville, having come without his family in 1827.
At that time there was an Indian trail between the future sites of Akron and Rochester. This trail crossed Mill Creek at a point a few rods from the place Elizabeth Lindsey was buried. There was no dam at Lake Manitou hence Mill Creek was something like a river and quite deep, with a ford near Mrs. Lindsey's grave.
The village of Tiptonville disappeared when the Indians left Fulton County in 1838 because government support was withdrawn
[Potawatomi Treaty of 1826, Shirley Willard, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

TIRE, WORLD'S LARGEST [Rochester, Indiana]
The largest tire in the world is on its way to Rochester and will be on exhibition about 3:30 p.m., Nov. 7, at J. W. Brubaker's garage. That intense interest will be aroused is a foregone conclusion, as this gigantic tire, an outstanding curiosity, has been an awe-inspiring spectacle wherever it has been shown.
"This massive tire, which has traveled thousands of miles visiting various sections of the United States and Canada, is an object of wonderment. It measures 12 feet high and four feet wide; total weight 3,900 lbs., including tire and yolk - just a fraction under two tons," said Mr. Friedlander of the Goodyear company. The tire was built by the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company, of Akron, Ohio. Three months time was required to construct the rubber giant, which is, except for size, an exact replica of the regular Goodyear All-Weather Supertwist cord tire, the measurements being in exact ratio to measurements and manufacture of the regular size tire. This rubber curiosity is valued at $5,000.
A prominent aeronautical authority recently prophesied that tires of that size may be necessary for equipment of the aeroplanes of tomorrow.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, November 6, 1930]

TIVOLI HALL [Rochester, Indiana]
The business men at the north end have employed a nigh watchman. His beat is from the Tivoli Hall to Farrington's stand.
. . . such harmonious, delightful sounds were made by a Mr. Lipman, of Cincinnati, and Mr. Williamson of this place. These two musical gentlemen with their charming instruments entertained and enthused a large attentive crowd at the Tivoli Hall Thursday night . . . [Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 9, 1876]

TOBEY'S ANTIQUES [Rochester, Indiana]
Located W side of street at 612 Main.

TOILETS, OUTDOOR [Fulton County]
[NOTE: Outdoor toilets were nicknamed "Chic Sale" after a then currently popular talk given on many occasions by its author, Charles (Chic) Sale, "America's great rural character actor," and later published by Specialist Publishing Company, Wainwright Building, St. Louis, Mo., copyright 1929.
The story is told by one Lem Putt who took unusual pride in every detail of his chosen profession - specializing in designing and building outhouses. Its humor rested in the portrayal of "generally-known-but-seldom-mentioned incidents of every day life," spoken by Lem Putt, a super-serious individual, upon whose shoulders rested the gigantic task of designing and constructing outhouses of which he was most proud.
Mr. Sale said that Lem Putt, "that wasn't his real name," the feature character of the story, "was just as sincere in his work as a great painter whose heart is in his canvas; and in this little sketch I have simply tried to bring to you recollections of a man I once knew, who was so rich in odd and likable traits of character as to make a most lasting impression on my memory."
There must have been at least ninety percent of the population of the United States who knew Chic Sale as the author of "The Specialist" during the late Twenties and early Thirties. Mr. Sale also appeared in at least one short motion picture depicting him as "The Specialist." -- WCT]

* * * * Photo * * * *
Through the co-operation of the United States health service, the Indiana state division of public health, and the federal emergency relief administration, a project of major importance has been initiated in approximately all of Indiana. It is the community sanitation project, designed primarily to eradicate unwholesome conditions created by insanitary outdoor toilets approved by both state and federal health authorities.
The project is being inaugurated in Fulton county under the direction of C. Roy Wilson, county supervisor, and is being sponsored by the local health authorities and WPA officials. Ten men so far are working in this county.
The sanitation project is one of the few WPA projects under which relief labor may be used on private property. The arrangements is for the property owner to furnish all material necessary for the sanitating of his privy, and the WPA to furnish all labor and supervision for the work required. It has been proven that this method of sanitating homes not served by sewers is a remarkably inexpensive and satisfactory one for property owners, as the cost of materials is very reasonable, and the trouble and worry of securing labor and supervision is avoided altogether.
Old lumber may be used in reconstructing buildings to conform to the specifications designated by the state health department, but a complete new concrete sanitary unit is constructed in each privy built under the sanitation project. The finished privy for a completely fly-tight and rodent-proof unit set over a five-foot pit, free from surface drainage. Concrete floor and riser, with tight fitting seat and self-closing lid, properly adjusted metal vent pipe that is screened at the top, and proper ventilation for the building are some of the outstanding sanitary features of the approved sanitary privy. These features make it uninviting to the common house fly that is regularly visiting the old germ-breeding privy on so many properties, and then carrying its filth to thousands of persons by way of food upon which he wipes his feet.
The death rates in Indiana for typhoid fever and diarrhoea are disgracefully high, and can be materially lowered by concerted efforts in the part of the citizens in eliminating at this time the source of many cases of these dreaded diseases.
If the people here will co-operate with the officials directing the work, Fulton county can derive great benefits from the project, not only in the way of putting men back to work, but also in the matter of bettering the public health of the whole community.
Furthermore, the individual property owner who sanitates his premises now will profit by the inexpensive arrangement under which the sanitation project is operating. It is to be sincerely hoped that Fulton County will manifest community pride and public health interest at this time, and help to make this important WPA and public health program a seccessful one.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, September 18, 1935]

See: Erie & Michigan Canal

Plans are now being made by the government for the opening of a gigantic canal which will connect Toledo and Chicago. Frank Leverett, of Ann Arbor and Mrank B. Taylor both members of the United States geological survey, are preparing a joint monograph for the government, the former dealing with the glacial period in northern Indiana and the southern peninsula of Michigan and the latter giving a glacial history of the great lakes. Both of these gentlemen are fully prepared to give accurate information concerning the soil characteristics and altitudes of the proposed canal route.
Mr. Taylor and Mr. Leverett agree on the following route:
From Toledo to Ft. Wayne using the Maumee. Fort Wayne is 177 feet higher than Toledo. Several locks would be required in the river.
From Ft. Wayne, passing through Huntington, to Rochester, on a perfect level. This stretch would be the "summit level" of the canal. Four rivers would empty into this "summit level," the St. Mary's, the St. Joseph, the Tippecanoe and Eel rivers.
From Rochestr to Bass lake, with a thirty foot drop in the lock at Rochester.
From Bass lake to Deep river, south of Hobart. Here two locks would be required, one of forty feet and another of sixty feet.
From Deep river to Calumet river, which empties into the lake at Chicago, with this great improvement, boat traffic would begin much earlier than it can commence now -- that is, that portion which must pass by way of the straits of Mackinaw -- and it would continue much later in the fall. This route would cut off about 450 miles on the water trip between Toledo and Chicago. It is about 700 miles by water between the cities now. The canal would be about 250 miles in length.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, November 21, 1907]

The following letter from the officers of the Toledo, Ft. Wayne and Chicago Waterway Association addressed to Beyer Bros. of this city explains itself and it is worthy the attention of business men:
Fort Wayne, Ind., Jan 27, '08.
Beyer Bros Co., Rochester, Ind.
Gentlemen: There is a movement on foot to build a ship canal from Toledo to Chicago or perhaps to Michigan City. The gentlemen who have undertaken to locate the line of the canal have followed the summit level at Ft. Wayne, the lowest summit level between Toledo and Chicago, and this leads us to Rochester as the west end of this level.
We feel that the proposition we have in hand is feasible and is practicable. We have water enough for a ship canal 24 feet deep. This canal will cut off 450 miles between Chicago and Lake Erie. It will be an open waterway practically the year round. We are at Ft. Wayne 175 feet above Lake Erie and 170 feet above Lake Michigan.
I want to know who of your citizens would be interested in this undertaking. We want to hold a meeting at Ft. Wayne within the next few weeks when we can have delagates from Toledo, Napoleon and Defiance, Ohio, and from Huntington, Wabash and Rochester, Ind., and Chicago. I will thank you to take this matter up with some of your enterprising citizens, call a meeting and appoint delegates to attend our meeting. This will mean much to Rochester and we think her citizens ought to be wide awake to her possibilities.
Please address our secretary or me so that we may know if there is any interest there. Thanking you for your action, I am yours,
T. J. Logan, Sec'y.
P. A. Randall, Chairman
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, January 29, 1908]

In answer to letters received by several of our citizens, from W. P. Hart, superintendent of the Huntington schools to attend a meeting last night at that place of representative citizens along the line of the proposed ship canal from Toledo to Chicago by way of Ft. Wayne, Huntington and Rochester, Enoch Myers, Arthur Metzler and J. E. Troutman responded. The meeting was an enthusiastic one, and the gentlemen came home very much enthused over the matter.
Hon. Perry A. Randall, of Ft. Wayne, acting president of the Indiana Branch of the National Harbor Congress was present and made a very instructive speech in which he said in part, that President Roosevelt in his speech at Memphis, Tennessee referred to the importance of our country looking after the construction of more inland waterways to keep in line with the march of progress of other countries, England, France, and many other countries which have profitably spent vast sums of money in canalizing their streams or building canals and thereby cheapening transportation so much that we could not compete with them.
Mr. Randall said that Mr. Frank Taylor of Huntington, a practical civil engineer and secretary of the Harbors congress, had made careful measurements of the ground between Toledo and Chicago and the only feasible route for the canal would be up the Maumee river to Ft. Wayne, thence to Huntington and down the line of the old Wabash canal to near Roann and on down the natural waterway by way of Gilead and Rochester, to a point on the Tippecanoe river south of Lake Maxinkuckee and thence to Indiana Harbor or south Chicago and there meet canals already constructed. Mr. Taylor says that this route would require but three locks and the summit level would be one hundred and ten miles long.
Mr. Taylor is now preparing a pamphle for general circulation to educate the people on the whole matter. Ft. Wayne has a branch organization of over six hundred and Huntington has just perfected a branch organization; and Rochester is urged to do likewise. The object of these organizations is to educate the people to the importance of such an enterprise and bring pressure to bear on our congressmen and candidates for congress to have them use every effort to get the bill passed now pending in Congress to make the survey of this waterway; and if there is a goverment survey made and reported favorably, the entire East and Northwest will join us in seeking a part of the appropriations for such purposes.
The State of New York has recently made an appropriation of one hundred million dollars to deepen and improve the old Erie canal and has asked the Government to make an additional appropriation to make it a ship canal to the lakes, and it will take the canal now under consideration to complete an easy watrway to Chicago and the great Northwest.
While the whole matter looks gigantic and seems almost an impossibility yet the Rochester delegation who heard the speeches last night are ready to say it is no "pipe dream," but a reality that may be realized in the near future.
Think of Rochester being a sea-port town and you think of possibilities innumerable.
There will be meetings in the near future here and an attempt made to effect an organization to act in conjunction with our sister cities in pushing the good cause. Along the public is urged to lend a helping hand.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, February 5, 1908]

The Chicago Tribune has a ship canal story from Fort Wayne which says: "The Toledo, Fort Wayne and Chicago Deep Waterway association has a grand scheme for a canal connecting Lake Michigan and Lake Erie. This canal will save 800 miles of journey up and down the lakes.
"There have been many such schemes before and, of course, each and every promoter has declared that his own particular scheme has them all beat, but according to the Toledo, Fort Wayne and Chicago Deep Waterway association 'this is the only truly feasible one.'
"The reasons given in a pamphlet published by this association sound plausible. An engineer who has examined this route as well as the others previously proposed says that the Fort Wayne route will have a lower summit level than any other that has been planned in the past or that can be discovered in the future. The highest point on this route will be but 177 feet above the level of Lake Erie and this summit level will extend for a distance of 100 miles, thus allowing the boats to shoot along for a 100 mile stretch without being hindered by locks.
'The route worked out by this engineer has a greater supply of water on this summit level than any other previously proposed canal. This is important, for if the canal proves a success it will be traveled by a large number of boats every day, and thus will keep the lock working overtime. Each time the lock is opened to allow a ship to pass through a certain amount of water will be needed, and unless this can be supplied by feeders on the highest level of the canal it would have to be pumped in, thus increasing the cost of operating.
"It is declared by the promoters of this scheme that this particular route will require fewer locks, owing to the lower summit level. Thus the original cost of building will be decreased, for the construction of locks is one of the most important items in the cost of a canal. Besides this point in its favor the absence of locks will allow boats to make faster time and will decrease the cost of operating, as each lock adds to the cost of operating the whole canal.
"The country through which this proposed canal will pass presents few difficulties for the builder. Lyman E. Cooley, the well known engineer of the Chicago drainage canal, thinks this is the best route which has been planned. He says that the Maumee river could be used all the way from Toledo to Fort Wayne and about twenty miles of the Tippecanoe river can be used below Rochester.
"Rock cutting would be necessary in only two or possibly three places, but there would be no deep rock cutting. There are only two places where deep cuts would have to be made and both of these cuts would be made through clay drifts with no rock cutting.
"If a canal were built along this route there could be connected with it many other lesser canals. The Miami and Erie canal, which connects Cincinnati with Lake Erie at Toledo, by way of Defiance, O., already is in use and needs only moderate enlargement to do excellent service as a large route to and from the middle section of the Ohio river.
"At Wabash the old canal, which has fallen into decay, could be revived and thus another connection with the Ohio river would be made."
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, April 1, 1908]

That a preliminary survey of the proposed barge CANAL from Toledo to Chicago via Fort Wayne, will be ordered by the war department, at a not far distant date and that the survey will disclose the practicability of such an inland waterway, was the opinion expressed to a Fort Wayne Journal Gazette representative by General Bixby, chief of army engineers, to whom the matter will be finally referred before the secretary of war is asked to authorize the survey, according to an article published by the Ft. Wayne paper.
The announcement is of great local interest since it is probable that the Fort Wayne route will put Rochester on the big canal.
Money Appropriated
The special board which several months ago completed the project has submitted its information to the river and harbor board and this body recommended the survey. Already $25,000 has been appropriated for the survey and an exhastive examination of the existant conditions in the country through which the canal will pass will be made. The river and harbor act of 1912 recommends a survey of the proposed route and the condition of detailed estimates of cost.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, August 9, 1913]

A detailed survey of the proposed barge canal from Toledo to Lake Michigan by way of the Maumee river and Fort Wane has just been ordered by the board of army engineers, and the sum of $25,000 has been set aside for the purpose. The survey is ordered to begin immediately, and will include Rochester.
The detailed survey comes as a result of the report submitted some time ago by a special board of engineers including Colonel Mills, Major Zinn and Major Brumwell. These men went over the route of the proposed canal and their statistical report pertaining to the plans and estimates has been approved.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 8, 1913]

Two government engineers, T. M. Churchill and R. W. Sutherland, who have been going over the two proposed routes of the canal from Lake Erie to Lake Michigan arrived in Rochester Sunday for the first time and were busy today at the court house searching the records for data that would help them in their work. They will leave Rochester Tuesday, but will this evening address a meeting of the Commercial club at eight o'clock.
The route of the canal, if the project is found feasible, will be determined by the report that Messrs. Churchill and Southerland give the government. They are simply ordered by the board of army engineers to go over the two proposed routes and have specific instructions not to give out any information as to the progress of their work and the facts developed. They have been working on the canal project for about two months.
The chance of the canal following the lower route by the way of Rochester is good; although the distance is longer the grade is not as high and fewer locks would have to be built. South Bend, Elkhart and other cities on the northern route are bending every effort to secure the canal as it means cheaper raw materials and more factories.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, February 16, 1914]

Frank Scholes and Leonard G. Thomas, two government surveyors, have been busy for the past few days looking over that part of the proposed southern route of the Erie-Michigan canal, which lies near Akron.
Mr. Scholes, who has been over part of the northern route, believes that it is too high to be feasible, and thinks that if the canal is built, it will follow the southern route, which includes Rochester. The men will return to Ft. Wayne as soon as they have finished taking desired levels along Sugar creek near Akron.
The organization of canal boosters perfected at their meeting, in Fort Wayne, will be known as the Erie-Michigan Waterways Association. Officers were elected as follows: President, Perry A. Randall, Fort Wayne; Vice president for Indiana, J. W. Caswell, Huntington, and Richard Elbell, South Bend; secretary and treasurer, T. J. Logan, Fort Wayne. The association voted to call a meeting soon in Toledo or Chicago to promote interest in the proposed Toledo, Fort Wayne & Chicago canal.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, March 2, 1914]

Fort Wayne, April 30. (Special) -- Actual work on the two surveys for the Toledo, Fort Wayne and Chicago barge canal began today. United States Junior Engineer Malcomb R. Sutherland is in charge of the work here during the absence of Engineer P. M. Churchill.
Several additional engineers have received their appointments. One party will start at Michigan City and work east. Two other parties will start from Fort Wayne, one on the southern, or Huntington-Rochester route, and the other on the northern or Warsaw-South Bend route.
Three separate crews will begin work on the survey of the southern route from Fort Wayne to Huntington and Rochester. One crew will be known as the transit party, another as the level party and the third as the plane table crew.
Engineer Frank Scholes will advance the party and pick out the route connections. Scholes and Leonard G. Thomas have gone to Dixon, O., and will establish connecting level lines for Fort Wayne in order to start surveying work to Fort Wayne. H. B. Sacknus and L. B. Glasgow are in Waterville, O., to establish gauging stations.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, April 30, 1914]

It is now quite definitely understood that the reports of the army engineers engaged in making the surveys of proposed lake-to-lake routes will be favorable to the southern route which would bring the deep waterway a few miles north of Rochester.
General interest in the project has not been aroused in this city as yet although many individuals are evincing a deep interest in the progress of the movement, the consumation of which will rebound to the great advantage of city and county.
One of the latest proofs that the United States government is in earnest in its efforts to promote the project for the construction of the ship canal is the fact that Capt. Watkins, of Washington, D. C., another engineer, has been detailed to assist in the work of making the preliminary surveys for the great waterway. He will be located in the office at the Fort Wayne postoffice building where Engineers Churchill and Sutherland, well known here, are located.
Col. W. V. Hudson, of Chicago, one of the army officers who is directing the work, was in Fort Wayne Thursday, conferring with the local men in charge of the work. Col. Judson [sic] is reported as having expressed the opinion that the Erie & Michigan canal will most surely be constructed.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, July 18, 1914]

Alan W. Greene and R. D. Lose of the United States Engineering department arrived in the city Wednesday evening to work on that part of the proposed southern route of the lake-to-lake canal, which passes north of Rochester.
The two men have been taking levels near Akron and have covered half the distance between here and there. The projected route comes down the Chippewanuck creek, after passing just south of Akron, to the Tippecanoe river, which it follows until the river bends to the south, the canal then boing off in a general direction toward Knox.
The men will take levels along this route, making Rochester their headquarters for several days, land will then move on further west. It was the original intention to have the canal enter Lake Michigan near Gary, but Chicago is making such a strong bid for it that Greene believes the proposed Calumet river route will be taken into the city. Greene is a former deputy surveyor of Marshall county and has acquaintances here. He also brought word that Churchill and Sutherland, U. S. engineers in charge, have been superseded by another army engineer.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, August 20, 1914]

All survey work on the proposed Toledo, Fort Wayne and Chicago barge canal, which if built, may pass through Rochester, will be completed. When the present allotment of $25,000 has been exhausted the United States government will provide more funds. No other routes except the northern and southern will be surveyed. The survey of the southern route has been practically completed. It passes through this city.
The above is in a condensed form the information given out by Col. John Mills, senior member of the board of army engineers which went to Ft. Wayne several days ago to look over the records and reports of the local engineers. Col. Mills said:
"I cannot say, you know, which route will be selected. In fact I do not know. We will determine that after all the surveys have been completed. I have talked with the northern Indiana representatives in congress and they seem to favor the canal. Public sentiment will help a great deal and I understand that some people up this way are doing all they can to have the canal built."
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, September 17, 1914]

If the board of army engineers approves of the report now being prepared by Captain Watkins and his subordinates on the Toledo, Fort Wayne and Chicago barge canal, it will require 105 bridges from Toledo to Chicago on the northern route. These bridges will cost approximately from $35,000 to $200,000 each.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, April 1, 1915]

Huntington will take the initiative in getting the towns and cities, among them Rochester, on the southern route of the Erie-Michigan barge canal, to work together in presenting evidence to the board of army engineers in proof of the contention that it is a better route than the north one. This was decided following receipt of news that the army board has reported that the northern route is the better one because of fewer engineering difficulties.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, April 18, 1916]

Located about one mile east of Akron.
Dorothy, daughter of Kenneth and Lena Gearhart Fellers, married Thomas Harger, son of O. R. and Ethel Bolley Harger, on May 29, 1953. They own and operate Tom and Dot's Drive-In Restaurant. They purchased the drive-in in 1966, added the dining room in April 1971 and have operated it ever since.
[Dr. Joseph Sippy Family, Velma Bright, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

TOM THUMB [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Tonight is "Date Night" Take your best girl to see Jack Benny in "It's In The Air" Everybody is going. - - - After the show bring your girl to TOM THUMB, for Sandwiches - Beer.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, November 13, 1935]

[Adv] I have bought the TOM THUMB SANDWICH SHOP and will be open for business this week and after making some repairs. CHARLES FLAGG, Mgr.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, December 6, 1939]

[Adv] TOM THUMB RESTAURANT. Sandwiches, Lunches, Short Orders. Draft, Bottle Beer. Chicken Dinners Every Thursday.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, February 5, 1942]

Charles Flagg today announced he has secured a manager for the Tom Thumb cafe in order that he may enter the Veterans' hospital at Indianapolis for treatment.
Charles Martin, an experienced restaurant operator of South Bend, will take over active management of the cafe on Monday, Oct. 16. Mrs. Martin will assist her husband and their permanent residence will be established in this city as soon as suitable living quarters are found.
Mr. Flagg, formerly a cook in the U. S. Navy, was injured in action during the invasion of Salerno, some time ago.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, October 13, 1944]

Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Martin today announced the sale of the Tom Thumb cafe to Mr. and Mrs. Wm. F. Lightfoot of this city. The Martins came here from South Bend several months ago, having purchased the local cafe and tavern from Chas. Flagg. They have returned to South Bend where they will reside. Lightfoot plans several improvements in the place. He has already taken possession.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, January 16, 1945]

A deal was reported today whereby Mr. and Mrs. Jack Kofron have purchased from William Lightfoot the stock, fixtures and good will of the Tom Thumb cafe, at 716 Main street. Mrs. Kofron, who is experienced in restaurant business, will manage the cafe, it is stated.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday May 29, 1945]

The Manitou Hotel at the Long Beach Amusement Park which was puchased several weeks ago from A. J. Barrett by Richard Edwards, of Indianapolis, will be opened to the public on July Fourth. During the past five weeks Mr. Edwards has refurnished and re-decorated the hotel. New beds have been installed in each of the rooms. Meals will be served and a specialty of Italian dinners will be made. A Tom Thumb golf course has been erected by Mr. Edwards near the hotel for the amusement of the guests and also the general public. The course is lighted by a number of large flood lights so that the sport may be enjoyed at night as well as by day. Tom Thumb golf courses have proved popular everywhere they have been installed. Mr. Edwards has changed the name of the hotel to the "Edico."
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, June 30, 1930]

Akron will soon have a miniature golf course as D. A. Pike is now building one on his property on East Rochester street. The course will be 18 holes and will contain numerous hazards. It is being built by an expert and it is expected to be as fine as any in this section of the state when completed. The course will be opened the first of next week.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Saturday, August 16, 1930]

TOM'S AUTO EXCHANGE [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Tom's Welcome to the few Auto Owners who have not as yet called at my store to Save Money on All Auto Accessories, Tires a Specialty - - - Used Fords on Hands at All Times. TOM'S AUTO EXCHANGE, South of the Court House.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, September 5, 1918]

Thomas McMahan Saturday sold his automobile shop, south of the court house to L. B. Walters, of Onward, Ind. The new proprietor took immediate possession. He intends to put in a complete line of automobiles and accessories, in addition to a vulcanizing equipment. Mr. McMahan will continue to sell used cars.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, December 16, 1918]

Cambridge, Mass., March 13 - (UP) - Discovery of a new planet beyond the orbit of Neptune was reported to have been discovered - - - - [not readable] - - - - day.
The Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Ariz., made the discovery, observatory officials announced and said it was the outstanding event in recent astronomical history.
Although the name of the discoverer has not been announced it was believed Professor Percival Lowell was entitled to most of the credit. It was recalled that several years ago he attributed certain eccentricities in Neptune's orbit to the possible existence of a remote planet hitherto unknown.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, March 13, 1930]

Lake Geneva, Wis., March 18. - The new trans-Neptunian planet was sighted and photographed by University of Chicago astronomers at Yerkes observatory last night.
The photographs were forwarded to the university today at the direction of Prof. George Van Blesbroeck, acting director.
"How this planet escaped detection all these years is easily apparent," the Professor said. "It is so extremely faint that under the closest observation its movement is scarcely discernible and hence it has every appearance of a fixed star."
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, March 18, 1930]

TOMBAUGH, GARNET [CARVEY] [Akron/Culver/Rochester Indiana]
Macy Monitor.
The following Macy high school students have been transferred to the Rochester college to complete their high school eduation: Blaine and Judd Hurst, Marvin Briggs, Merrill and Albert Belt, Garnet Snowberger, Ruth Dubois, Garnet Carvey, Dessa Nicodemus and Rosa Sowers.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 21, 1908]

Mrs. Karl Gast and Mrs. J. L. Tombaugh, representing the mothers' club of Akron, Monday evening came before a special meeting of the town board of Akron, when they asked the board to pass an ordinance compelling all men who sell milk in Akron to have their cows tested for tuberculosis. The board did not take action on the request, but it is said that several of the milk dealers who supply the greatest amount of milk to Akron people, are willing to have their cows tested without any action by the board.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, March 25, 1922]

TOMBAUGH, HEZEKIAH [Perry Township, Miami County]
Hezekiah Tombaugh, native of Perry Township, was born June 16, 1853, being the elder of two children born to George and Elizabeth (Thomas) (Swihart) Tombaugh. George Tombaugh, father of our subject, was born in Pennsylvania, October 28, 1796. He grew to manhood in his native State, and was reared on a farm. He married there Susanna Myers, by whom he was the father of ten [sic] children, as follows: Lucinda, born November 22, 1820; Elizabeth, born April 9, 1822; Isaiah, born May 11, 1824; Levi, born July 7, 1826; Aaron, born November 14, 1828; Mary Ann, born April 3, 1831; Susanna M., born February 9, 1834; George W., born December 24, 1837; Jacob M., born May 7, 1840. He, with his family, moved to Ohio in 1831; one year later he removed to Indiana and Miami County, first settling near Mexico, living there one year, when he moved to Perry Township, of which he continued a resident until his death, which occurred in 1880. His first wife died October 14, 1850. He was subsequently (March 6, 1851) married to Elizabeth (Thomas) Swihart, widow of Jonathan Swihart. To this marriage two children were born, Hezekiah, our subject, and Rebecca, February 18, 1856. Mr. Tombaugh always followed farming, in which he was successful. He was a member of the Dunkard Church, and always lived a true Christian. He united with that church in 1831. Our immediate subject has always lived at the old homestead. He received a good common school education. September 12, 1875, his marriage with Catherine M. Heddleson was solemnized, and to their union two children were born, both deceased. April 18, 1879, he suffered the bereavement of losing his beloved wife. February 21, 1883, his nuptials with Hannah Speck were celebrated, to whom have been born two children, George E. and Jesse L. He has always made farming his occupation, and he has been very successful. He now owns 124 acres of well-improved land. He and wife are members of the Brethren Church. In politics he is a Republican, and he always manifests a good, live interest in the political affairs of his community, where he was honored, in 1886, by an election to the office of Township Trustee.
[History of Miami County, Indiana, 1887, Brant & Fuller. p. 736]

TOMBAUGH, JESSE L. [Akron/Culver/Rochester, Indiana]
See: Carvey & Tombaugh

Commencement week of the Rochester College will be ushered in next Sunday at the Baptist church when Rev. O. P. Miles will preach the baccalaureate sermon to the class of thirty-five, who have completed the course prescribed by the institution. On Monday evening Aug 5, Prof. Sims' music class will give a music recital at the Chapel Hall. Prof Sims has already demonstrated his ability along musical lines, therefore something very good may be expected. On the day following the entire class will picnic at the lake and on Wednesday evening the Alumni and Rochester banquet will be held at the College. This will no doubt be a pleasant occasion as the Rochester College numbers among its graduates many of the cities' most promising young people.
The graduating exercises will be held Thursday evening, Aug 8, at the Chapel Hall at the College. The address of the evening will be made by Hon. Wm. H. Sanders of Marion. Mr. Sanders is one of the most fluent and deepest thinking orators of the state and will ably discuss his chosen topic, "A Phase or two of the Mind Life." This will conclude the exercises incident to the graduation.
The class is of the average size, perhaps larger than usual, considering the fact that there are no music graduates this year. However there will be next summer. Those who have finished the commercial and shorthand departments are: Ferne Ault, Ethel Lackey, Ruth Davis, Lenora Rush, Fred Foglesong, Nellie Hamlett, Vera Krieg, Geo. Aughinbaugh, Raymon Waller, Ua Lewis, Walter Coplen, Cathren King, Nora King, Elva Heeter, Earnest Hart, Earl Harter, Retha Ross, Grace Rowie, Edmund Osborne.
The graduates of the high school and teachers' departments are as follows: Hal P. Bybee, Jesse L. Tombaugh, GoldieTombaugh, Fredrick K. Deardorff, Erret Carvey, Charles Maple, Ralph Newcomer, Guy Thayer, Glen Louderback, Coma Sommer, Russell H. Smith, Opha Pletcher, Harley Davis, Henry Robinson, F. J. Ginther, Nana McGraw.
The young people who have finished the course hail from this city and numerous other surrounding towns. Indeed northern Indiana is well represented.
Mr. Hal P. Bybee is President of the class, Edmund Osborne, Secretary and Miss Jessie [sic] Tombaugh, Treasurer. The motto is "Laurels to Those Who Win," the class flower, the carnation, and the colors, maroon and white. The class, as a whole, is composed of intellectual and industrious young people, and their instructors entertain the highest hopes for a successful future for them.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, August 1, 1907]

J. L. Tombaugh, superintendent of schools at Akron, who is a member of the contracting firm of Tombaugh and Carvey, building a road in Aubbeenaubbee township, suffered severe injuries several days ago when he fell into a gravel screen, but is now able to be back at work, according to word from Akron.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, July 25, 1922]
[NOTE: Dad had built a large box which was hung on the side of a gravel freight car. The gravel car had come from Million Brothers at Lake Cicot. When no truck was there, the unloaders could go ahead and shovel gravel into the box. When a truck arrived to load, the chute was opened, the truck loaded quickly, and neither the truck nor the men were detained. Dad had cautioned the men about the danger. He climbed onto the truck to open the chute, and the box being well-filled, broke loose and pinned him against the side of the Model T Ford truck bed.
This occurred on a railroad siding at Bruce Lake Station. About every day I was with my Dad, and this time I was playing at Harrison Crabill's general store at Bruce Lake Station with their grandson, Chauncy Summers. One of the men came rushing into the store and used the telephone. I was not listening to the conversation, but Chauncy said, "Let's go. Your Dad is hurt!" We ran to the scene where they had just released Dad and had him on a board on which he was carried to the Crabill store. Dad saw me and said, "Be a good boy, Wendell." Mr. and Mrs. Crabill had living quarters in the rear rooms of the store, which they offered as a place for Dad to stay. Mother and I stayed there with him for a few days, until he was able to be moved to the rented house at Leiters Ford (owned by Della Steinhiser of near Leiters Ford).
The doctor told Dad that if the injury had occurred only an inch or two in any other direction it would have been fatal.
The above I recall this 27th day of October, 1997. I am 82 years old. - Wendell C. Tombaugh.]

Jesse Tombaugh, of Akron, son-in-law of John W. Carvey, of Macy, narrowly escaped serious injury while procuring gravel for a road near Bruce Lake. The gravel is shipped in from Lake Cicot and as the gravel was being unloaded from the chute to the truck, where he was, the chute broke, letting four loads of gravel fall upon him. - - - MACY ITEMS.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, July 26, 1922]

J. L. Tombaugh and George Secrist have purchased six cylinder touring cars, Harvey Overmyer, four cylinder touring Mrs. M. O. Enyart, six cylinder sedan, and Henry Zellers a sport touring car of the Rochester Buick Company. - - - SHORT NEWS ITEMS.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 30, 1922]

Jesse L. Tombaugh, A.B., superintendent of Akron High School, is one of the leading exponents of his profession in northern Indiana, and one whose work in behalf of the public schools is of a most constructive nature. He was born in [Perry township] Miami county, Indiana, August 1, 1886, son of Hezekiah and Hannah (Speck) Tombaugh, the former born in [Perry township] Miami county, Indiana, and his parents were natives of Pennsylvania and Switzerland, respectively. A farmer, he owns and operates one hundred and twenty-five acres of excellent land in Miami county where he and his wife are still living. A Republican, he is active in his party and he is serving as a township trustee. Both he and his wife are the products of the common schools. They had three children: George E., who took two years at high school, is a motorman for the Winona Interurban Railway; Superintendent Tombaugh, who was the second child; and Goldie, who was graduated from the Rochester High School in 1907, is taking a secretarial course in the Fort Wayne, Indiana, Business College. Superintendent Tombaugh, after completing four terms at the Rochester High School, had a year at the Rochester College, and then in 1907, received his teacher's diploma. In 1908 he entered upon his professional career, but since then has been a constant student, and has done post-graduate work in mathematics at Indiana University, and with Professor Emory, whom he regards as one of the most capable educators in the country. In [1915] he took his degree of [Bachelor] of Arts. In 1916 he was principal of schools at Union City, Indiana, and during the subsequent year took up some more post-graduate work at the University of Chicago, completing which in 1917 he accepted the principalship of the high school at Akron, but in 1918 left it to become superintendent of the Chester township high school at North Manchester, Indiana, and remained there a year. Offered the superintendency of the high school of Akron in 1919, he accepted the offer, returned to Akron, and has since remained in this city to the satisfaction of his pupils, their parents, the teachers under him, and the public generally. He exercises the right of franchise in support of the man rather than to uphold party organization. A Mason, he belongs to the Blue Lodge of Akron, the chapter at Rochester, and the Commandery at Warsaw, and he is also a member of the college fraternity of Phi Beta Kappa. He married April 20, 1912, Miss Garnet Carvey, and they have one son, Wendell C., who is attending the grade school. Mrs. Tombaugh was born in Miami county, Indiana, September 2, 1888, daughter of John W. and Harriet L. (McGinnis) Carvey. She went through the grade and high school of her native county, and took three years at Macy Institute, and one year at Rochester College. Her father was born in [Allen township] Miami county, is a contractor and agriculturalist, and owns a fine farm of two hundred and eighty acres in [Allen township] Miami county. He is independent in politics, his fraternal connections are Masonic and he and his wife are members of the Church of Christ, to which denomination Mrs. Tombaugh also belongs. The latter is one of seven children born to her parents, four sons and three daughters, of whom five survive, and all are residents of Miami county, with the exception of Mrs. Tombaugh. Her sister, Pauline, is a teacher in the Miami county public schools. Superintendent Tombaugh is a man whose interests are centered in his work, and he rejoices in the fact that it is his privilege to train the plastic minds of the rising generation and fit those under his supervision for the duties of life. Both he and his wife are very popular, and are leaders in the cultural life of Fulton county.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 286-288, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

Jesse L. Tombaugh, four years superintendent of the Akron schools, next fall will take up new work as Culver school superintendent, it has been learned.
From the numerous applicants for the position made vacant by the election of Culver Superintendent, Deane Waller, as county superintendent, Mr. Tombaugh was elected superintendent of the Culver schools for the coming year.
Mr. Tombaugh has a splendid record for scholarship, having received an A. B. degree from Indiana University some years ago and last year received his A. M. degree from Columbia University. In addition he has completed the major portion of his Ph. D. degree in Chicago University. In each of the two latter institutions he has been elected to the Phi Delta Kappa franternity in reception of superior scholarship.
Besides having had teaching experience in lesser positions, he served as township principal of Chester township, Wabash county, one year, principal of Union City schools one year, also principal one year and superintendent four years of the Akron schools
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Thursday, June 18, 1925]

TOMBAUGH FAMILY [Rochester, Indiana]

Wendell C. Tombaugh Jean C. Tombaugh John B. Tombaugh

July 24, 1998


1. The Fulton County Public Library
2. City of Rochester, Indiana
3. Fulton County, Indiana
4. State of Indiana
5. United States of America

Writing this letter is the most awesome task which we ever tackled, for it concerns something which undoubtedly will be of great historical and economic importance to our Local, State and National governments.
It is addressed to you - people whom we never will meet, many who will not be born for hundreds of years.
May we shake your hands across the table of time. We are Wendell C. Tombaugh, husband; Jean C. Tombaugh, wife; and John B. Tombaugh, son.
Each of us now owns a revocable trust, all three of which are handled by our Trustee, Norwest Bank Indiana, N.A., (soon to be renamed Wells Fargo), Mr. H. Phil Tomson, Vice President and Trust Officer. Upon the death of the last of us, the assets from our three trusts will merge into another trust, called TOMBAUGH FAMILY TRUST, and the three present trusts will no longer exist.
Without quoting the details of the trust, basically it provides that distribution be made as follows:
1. Fulton County Public Library, first 50 years of the Trust, 90% of the net earnings per year.
2. City of Rochester, Indiana, next 50 years of the Trust, 90% of the net earnings per year.
3. Fulton County, Indiana, next 100 years of the Trust, 90% of the net earnings per year.
4. State of Indiana, next 200 years of the Trust, 90% of the net earnings per year.
5. United States of America, thereafter, 100% of the net earnings per year.
Unallocated net earnings are retained in the Trust corpus for growth.

It is our desire that income from the Tombaugh Family Trust go to benefit the most people over the longest possible period of time, and that it be used wisely.
It is our further desire that the purpose of the money which you receive, should be to reduce taxes - permanently.
The money is of little value, and may be harmful, if it is not used wisely. We may be unintentionally feeding the government's Gargantuan appetite, encouraging its further growth and intrusiveness on freedom. Our intentions are good. How the money is used is your responsibility. It is also your opportunity.
It will be so tempting to spend the money as it comes. Easy come, easy go. To spend the money as it arrives would only get the community living a life style which it cannot afford when the money stops.
We suggest that you create a fund into which you deposit all which you receive from the Tombaugh Family Trust, and at the end of the first year you may spend 90 percent of the net earnings of your fund, leaving ten per cent for further growth, and repeating this yearly thereafter. The projected estimate of your fund's growth can be demonstrated by glancing at the projected growth of trust corpus and net income of the Tombaugh Family Trust, prepared July 22, 1998 by H. Phil Tomson, Vice President and Trust Officer, Norwest Bank, Indiana, N.A.:

Page 2
July 24, 1998

We hope to leave 2.5 million dollars net, after our deaths.
Estimated growth of the trust corpus over the first fifty years is from 2.5 million to 61.8 million with estimated net annual income from $49,500 to 1.15 million.
Estimated growth of the trust corpus over the next fifty years is from 61.8 million to 1.5 billion with estimated net annual income from 1.15 million to 28.4 million.
Estimated growth of the trust corpus over the next one hundred years is from 1.5 billion to 880 billion, with estimated net annual income from 28.4 million to 16.3 billion.
These estimates cover only the first two hundred years of the trust, after which the rate of growth is higher.

It is our wish that the Trustee furnish an annual news release, showing the name, TOMBAUGH FAMILY TRUST, the name of the current recipient, total amount of payment made for the year, total payments to date, the number of years payments have been made, and the number of years remaining to be paid to the current recipient, together with such other information as the Trustee deems advisable.

This community and our Government have been good to us. We now wish to pay some rent.
We honestly believe that this is the reason why we were put on this Earth.
Our job is done.
May God Bless America!

__________________ __________________ __________________
Wendell C. Tombaugh Jean C. Tombaugh John B. Tombaugh

Tombaugh family dedicates fortune
to future permanent tax reduction
By Jack K. Overmyer
Because they wish "to pay some rent" for the good fortune they have received from their community and their governments, retired Judge Wendell C. Tombaugh, his wife Jean C. and son John B. have created a financial trust that is unprecedented in purpose and in length. When implemented some years hence, it will provide enormous public fundings and reductions in taxes, for centuries to come.
Each of the Tombaughs presently owns a revocable trust that, upon the death of the last of them, will merge into another named the Tombaugh Family Trust. At the time of the last death, the Family Trust is expected to be worth a net $2.5 million.
Beneficiaries of 90 percent of the annual net income from the Trust will be in order:
* The Fulton County, Indiana, Public Library, for the first 50 years.
* The City of Rochester, Indiana, for the next 50 years.
* Fulton County, Indiana, for the next 100 years.
* The State of Indiana, for the next 200 years.
* The United States of America, thereafter, will retain 100 percent of the annual net earnings of the Trust, all unallocated earnings having been retained heretofore for Trust growth.
Amounts of money staggering in their size will be developed over the years for the governmental units. This is revealed by the following projections provided by the Trustee of the Tombaugh Family Trust, Norwest Bank of Indiana, represented by H. Philip Tomson of Peru, vice president and trust officer:
* For the first 50 years the Fulton County Library's estimated annual net income from the Trust will grow during the period from $49,500 to $1.15 million. The Trust itself will grow from $2.5 million to $61.8 million.
* For the next 50 years the City of Rochester's estimated annual net income from the Tust will grow during the period from $1.16 million to $28.4 million. The Trust itself will grow from $61.8 million to $1.5 billion.
* For the next 100 years Fulton County's estimated annual net income from the Trust will grow during the period from $28.4 million to $16.3 billion. The trust itself will grow from $1.5 billion to $880 billion.
Through the following centuries, The Trust grows even more rapidly for the benefit of the State of Indiana, for 200 years, thereafter for the United States of America. Trust income and balance amounts reach the trillions by year 300.
Judge Tombaugh, in a letter that each governmental beneficiary will receive when the Fanily Trust is created by the last family death, expresses his family's desire that income from the Trust "benefit the most people over the longest period of time" and that its purpose "should be to reduce taxes - permanently."
The Trust will be of little value and may be harmful if not used wisely, he warns. "We may unintentionally be feeding the government's Gargantuan appetite, encouraging its further growth and intrusiveness on freedom. Our intentions are good. How the money is used is your responsibility. It also is your opportunity."
Judge Tombaugh also suggests in his letter that each governmental agency create a separate fund for money it receives from the Tombaugh Family Trust and, as the Trust itself does, retain 10 percent yearly for growth. If begun, this could set a pattern for succeeding agencies to follow.
By retaining 10 percent of each year's earnings for growth, the judge writes, each agency will eliminate the temptation to spend all the money as it comes.
To do so "would only get the community living a lifestyle which it cannot afford when the money stops."
The Trustee, Norwest Bank, should issue an annual statement to the media, states Judge Tombaugh, detailing how much money has been paid from the Tombaugh Family Trust the preceding year, total payments to date, number of years payments have been made and the number of years remaining to be paid to the current recipient.
Addressing the reaon for creating the Trust, Judge Tombaugh writes: "This community and our government have been good to us. We now wish to pay some rent. We honestly believe this is the reaon why we were put on this Earth. Our job is done. May God Bless America!"
Judge Tombaugh, 83, was judge of the Fulton Circuit Court from 1967-78. He has resided in Fulton County almost 70 years, is a graduate of Rochester High School and Indiana University School of Law. He was an FBI agent, is a U.S. Navy veteran and was a retailer before assuming the bench. His wife, Jean, 82, was involved for 30 years in local genealogical research, joined by her husband after his retirement. They continue to research local genealogical and historical material which they issue from their own publishing house. Son John, 56, is compiling books that will describe the origins and daily history of World War II; he also is associated with his parents in their genealogical endeavors.

Tombaugh gifts
many at library
By Christina M. Seiler
Staff Writer, The Sentinel
The Indiana Room at the Fulton County Public Library has almost too many Tombaugh-family published books to count.
"We're very, very grateful," library business manager Grace Miller said of the hardbound gifts given by Wendell and Jean Tombaugh and their family genealogical publishing business.
She could not comment, she said, on the monetary gift the Tombaugh Family has given to the library.
"They have a great love for keeping the Fulton County history," Miller said. "He's always had a great love for the library."
Among the books at the county library that the Tombaughs have researched, written and published; "School Enumerations, starting at 1896; the index to Fulton County; an Index to Fulton County Folks; Marshall County Cemetery inscriptions; Briefs of Indiana Wills 1836 to 1974; Indiana Court Records for the October term 1836 through an unknown date; Fulton County Cemetery Inscriptions (with included genealogical notes); The Fulton County, 1880 Census; FultonCounty Births, 1882-1920; Indiana marriages 1836-1983; Miami County Allen and Perry Township Cemetery Inscriptions; Fulton County Obituaries from The Rochester Sentinel; Fulton County Death Records, 1882-1920.
"They are certainly friends of the library," former library board member and banker Don Groenleer said today.
The Tombaugh gift will mean a lot to the library, he said. Groenleer is a member of the board of directors of the Northern Indiana Community Foundation. "Many other libraries have endowments," he said. "We have a small one, but nothing of this size."
"Of course, the library board is thrilled to death with this, said Lalla Heyde, a member. "We have been made aware that trust is coming, but we have not discussed it yet."
The Tombaugh Family's hope is that the governmental entities which receive their money use it to lower taxes.
The library's current budget - including the Fulton and Leiters Ford branches is $779,360, Miller said. The current tax rate is 35 cents per each $100 of assessed valuation.
Fulton County Library director Dave Ewick was out of town today with a sick child and could not be reached for comment.

'I think we'd have
a new fire station
By Dave Blower, Jr.
Staff Writer, The Sentinel
Rochester Mayor Phil Thompson and Clerk-Treasurer Freda Miller see a city in proper working order if income from a trust is used wisely.
The city is one of five governmental beneficiaries of the Tombaugh Family Trust, established by former Fulton Circuit Court Judge Wendell C. Tombaugh, his wife Jean C. and son John B. The trust is expected to be worth $2.5 million at the last one's death.
For the City of Rocheter, the estimated annual net income from the trust will grow during its 50 years from $1.15 million to $28.4 million. TheTrust itself will grow from $61.8 million to $1.5 billion.
Miller said that money could go a long way towards many ongoing city projects.
"I think we could have a new storm sewer system; I think we'd have a new fire station; I think we'd have curbs on every street," Miller said. "Can't you just see all of that?"
Thompson said he was impressed with Tombaugh's generosity.
"It's just a very generous gift," Thompson said. "I'm glad to see a citizen give back to a community that has really supported him all of his life."
Tombaugh said that the interest income from the trust should be used for permanent tax reduction. Thompson and Miller agreed that the Trust should accomplish that if it is used wisely.
"I'd hope that whoever is in the administration of the city at that time would adhere to Tombaugh's wishes," Thompson said.
This year, Miller said the city's total budget is approximately $3 million. Thompson said it is difficult to estimate the Trust's impact many years down the road.
"Things change so rapidly," Thompson said. "Things have changed since my first term in office."

County officials:
Gift remarkable
By Dave Blower, Jr.
Staff Writer, The Sentinel
Fulton County givernment officials are praising a "remarkable" gift from the Tombaugh Family Trust this morning.
Retired Fulton Circuit Court Judge Wendell C. Tombaugh, his wife Jean C. and son John B. have created a financial trust to generate hundreds of thousands of dollars for the Fulton County Public Library, the City of Rochester, Fulton County, the State of Indiana, and the U.S.A.
It is estimated that Trust income and balance amounts reach the trillions by the end of 300 years.
For the county, the estimated annual net income from the Trust will grow over 100 years from $28.4 million to $16.3 billion. The Trust itself will grow from $1.5 billion to $880 billion.
"It's a remarkable gift," said Fulton County Council President, Gary Sriver. "It just goes to show what happens when you compound your interest."
Tombaugh said the money should be used for permanent tax reduction. Fulton County Commissioner President Steve Hartzler said future generations must spend the money wisely.
"No matter the size of the gift, it's not beneficial if it's not spent wisely," Hartzler said. "I'm not going to be around to see it, but the future generations of Fulton County have an opportunity to reduce taxes and spend the money wisely. I guess (Tombaugh is) offering a challenge to future generations."
Sriver agreed that the Trust could be a tremendous asset in the centuries to come.
"I think it's a long-range plan," Sriver said. "This is something, really, that the people of Fulton County should be grateful for."
In 1998, the county's general budget is $3,662,860. Hartzler said it is difficult to estimate future expenses, but that the Trust should have a significant impact.
"It sounds like an awful lot of money," Hartzler said. "It's going to generate a lot of money over a long period of time. Until I have it all explained to me, I'm not sure how much of an impact it will have."
Sriver said it is uncommon for anyone to leave money to government.
"I think (Judge Tombaugh) is truly a man who has a considerable amount of respect for government," Sriver said. "It's amazing that a couple would choose to make this gift to government. It shows a lot of faith in government."
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, July 28, 1998.

TONER, A. D. [Kewanna, Indiana]

A. D. Toner, one of the most successful citizens of Fulton county, was born in Fayette county, Ind., June 20, 1834. His parents were Samuel and Anna (Shaffer) Toner. Unto them were born eleven children, of which the subject of this mention is the youngest. He was about eight years of age when his parents came to Fulton county and settled in Wayne township. Mr. Toner grew to manhood on the farm and gained a fair common school education. He remained on the farm till about 1859, when he became a resident of Kewanna and about that time began dealing in live stock, in which business he continued until about 1880. This, his first business venture, proved successful. In 1880 he became the prime factor in a movement for the construction of a railroad from Logansport through Kewanna to South Bend, and was instrumental in the organization of a company of Kewanna citizens for the construction of the railroad. The movement resulted in inducing the Vandalia railroad company to propose building a railroad from Logansport to lake Maxinkuckee, in consideration of the right of way and $20,000. Mr. Toner, P. S. Troutman, John F. Wilson and Hickman Phillips assumed the responsibility of securing the right of way and the $20,000, becoming responsible to the Vandalia railroad company for the named consideration. They were aided in making this subsidy good by the public, who voted taxation and gave donations. Mr. Toner built thirteen miles of the road as a contractor and, as soon as the road was completed he erected a small elevator at Kewanna. Four years later additions were made to the elevator, and machinery for making flour was placed in it. Since then this mill and elevator has been owned and operated by the firm of A. D. Toner and Brunk. Mr. Toner was one of the parties who built the Masonic temple of Kewanna. In 1886 he erected what is now the Toner house, which hotel building he owns. Mr. Toner has done much toward the upbuilding of Kewanna. He has erected several fine brick business houses, as well several residences, and now owns considerable property in the town. He is progressive and ever ready to contribute to the improvement of the town. It was mainly due to him that the H. J. Heinz company was induced to establish a pickle salting house at Kewanna in 1894. July 25, 1893, Mr. Toner established the Kewanna bank, of which he is sole proprietor, and H. D. Howell cashier. He has always been interested in farming a now owns in Wayne and Union townships nearly 1,000 acres of highly cultivated land. He built the second frame barn erected in Union township. He began his business career without a dollar, but by means of his superior business ability, energy and enterprise he amassed considerable wealth. In politics he has always been a democrat. He served as representative of Fulton and Pulaski counties in the general assembly of Indiana session of 1884-85.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 138-139]

A. D. Toner, of Kewanna who secured the contract for all the grading for the C. R. & M. Ry. from North Judson to a point about two miles east of Kewanna, began work at Judson this morning, with seventy teams. The distance he has to grade is about twenty-five miles.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, July 1, 1901]

The grading on the C. R. & M. from where A. D. Toner's contract ends two miles east of Kewanna to Peru is to be done by a Mr. McKinley. A car load of mules was to arrive in Kewanna last night, and the contractor, with a large force of men, will begin the work immediately.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, July 11, 1901]

J. D. [sic] Toner, who had the contract for grading on the C. R. & M. railroad from North Judson to two miles east of Kewanna, completed his work, with the exception of that within the corporation of Kewanna, Tuesday evening. All the right of way has not [?] been secured to Kewanna.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, October 10, 1901]

From the Herald
A. D. Toner received the contract Monday of grading between 30 and 40 miles of the C. R. & M. north from North Judson. With the 26 miles he graded from North Judson to Kewanna he will have pretty close to grading the entire north end.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, February 28, 1902]

TONER, A. D. [Kewanna, Indiana]
Once owned much business property in Kewanna.
He had a plaque put on the front of one building instead of a monument on his grave

The subject of our sketch is the youngest son of Samuel and Annie Toner, and was born June 30, 1834, in Ohio.
His father and family came to this county in 1842, and settled in Union Township, where he resided until the time of his death. Mr. Toner has ten brothers and sisters, of whom only John, Edward and Andrew are living.
Mr. A. D. Toner commenced business for himself when he was nineteen years old, by taking charge of his father's farm of eighty acres, providing for his parents while they lived. In a few years he commenced dealing in stock, and after some severe reverses of fortune he commenced to rapidly climb the fortune's ladder, and is now the possessor of some fourteen hundred acres of land, which he has brought up to a high degree of cultivation, also considerable town property in Kewanna and in Marmont [Culver], Marshall County. He is a man of much public spirit, and is doing a great deal for public improvements in the way of ditching, and putting up buildings, straightening roads, etc. It was mainly through his representations that the Vandalia Company was induced to extend its line northward through this part of the county, and for a year has done everything in his power to assist in the rapid construction of the road. He is preparing to build the finest hotel in the county, said hotel to be in Kewanna.
Mr. Toner's transactions in live stock have reached, some years, nearly $100,000. He is unmarried, preferring to live a single life. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, Kewanna Lodge, No. 546.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 59]

TONER, AL. D., Jr. [Kewanna, Indiana]
AL. D. TONER, Jr. (Biography)
Attorney Al. D. TONER, Jr., of Kewanna, is a native of Union township, having been born on a farm there 35 years ago. He received his education in the Kewanna schools and at Valparaiso Normal. He read law for about six years and opened an office in Kewanna in February '91. From the beginning Mr. Toner has had a nice law and collection business and he is considered one of the safest counselors in the state. He married Miss Jesse PHILLIPS, of Marion, Ohio, and they have a baby boy, Worth [TONER].
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 20, 1895]

TONER, ANDREW J. [Union Township]
Andrew J. Toner, a worthy citizen of Union Township, was born in Shelby County, Ind., October 18, 1828. His parents were natives of Northumberland County, Penn. In 1832, Mr. Toner, Sr., moved to Delaware County, Ohio, where they remained ten years, when they returned to Indiana and settled in Union Township, this county. Mr. A. J. Toner was married to Mary A. Cavander July 26, 1849. She was born March 20, 1828; her parents were natives of Delawre. Mr. Toner is the father of eight children, viz.: James, Isaac S., John, Nancy A., Harriet J., Albert D., William E. and Jerry A. Mr. Toner is a farmer, owning the farm on which he lives; he occasionally deals in stock also. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 59]

TONER, JOHN [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Hotels - Arlington

TONER, JOHN HENDERSON [Kewanna, Indiana]
John Henderson Toner is of one of the oldest and best known families in Fulton county. He was born in Shelby county, Ind., Jan 7, 1826. His parents were Samuel and Annie (Shafer) Toner. His father was of Irish descent and his mother of German. They were born and married in Northumberland county, Pa., came to Indiana in 1832, and first settled in Shelby county. In the fall of 1843 they settled in Wayne township, Fulton county, where they resided till death. They had eleven children. The subject of this biographical sketch gained a fair common school education and very early in life began farming on his own account. For many years he continued farming and, though he began as a renter, success followed his efforts and at present he owns a fine farm of 381 acres. In 1889 Mr. Toner removed from his farm into Kewanna, where he has since lived, and in 1891 he and his son-in-law, D. W. Sibert, established the Exchange bank of Kewanna, which they have since operated. Mr. Toner has been twice married. In 1848, he wedded Elizabeth Updegraff, who died leaving no children, and in 1857 he married Hester A. Graham. Unto the second marriage was born a daughter, Lulah by name, now the wife of D. W. Sibert. In church faith Mr. and Mrs. Toner are Methodists. He has been a member of the I.O.O.F. since 1857. Mr. Toner enjoys the esteem and confidence of his fellow-citizens, and has always been identified as a representative citizen of the county. In politics he was formerly a democrat, but is now a prohibitionist. He has never sought political preferment.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, p. 139]

TONER ELEVATOR [Fulton, Indiana]
L. G. Holz, of Rochester, Saturday bought the elevator plant, lumber yard and coal business of A. D. Toner at Fulton, valued at $20,000. Possession was given Monday and J. E. Snepp, formerly of Kewanna, will remain as manager.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, August 8, 1913]

TONER ELEVATOR [Kewanna, Indiana]
Owned by A. D. Toner, who also owned elevators and Fulton and Lucerne.

Kewanna Herald.
The biggest thing in this section is the new Toner elevator now in process of construction just east of the Vandalia depot. The grain cleaner will handle 1,600 bushels per hour, and the car loader 60 bushels per minute. The elevator stands 77 feet high at the highest point and everything about it is as substantial and neat as it is big.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 2, 1905]

TONER OPERA HOUSE [Kewanna, Indiana]
The democratic meeting, Tuesday evening at Toner's Opera House, was a complete success in every particular. More people could not have gotten in the hall. Prof Hering delivered one of those stirring addresses for which he is noted. The people are more than ever convinced that Hering should go to Congress instead of Brick.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, October 21, 1904]

TOPPS GARMENT MFG. CO. [Rochester, Indiana]
See Elin Manufacturing Co.

NEW NAME company president Alan Dorrell announced a new name for Edmonton Manufacturing Company Wednesday. It is now Topps Safety Apparel Inc. The business, started in Rochester in 1938 by Jack and Seymour Elin, remained in their family until last-January, when it was purchased by the British Faithful Group. Faithful, a European leader in the manufacture of work uniforms and protective apparel, has operations in England and Holland in addition to the U.S. Edmonton's corporate headquarters, warehouse and distribution center are at 501-503 Main St., Rochester, and production plants in Edmonton and Greensburg, Ky.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, December 26, 1997]

TORNADO OF 1974 [Fulton County]
Occurred on Wednesday, April 3, 1974.
See Talma, Indiana
Also See Cyclone, March 10, 1925
See Indiana Metal Products

TOURIST CAMP [Rochester, Indiana]
See Rochester Tourist Camp

TOWN LAKE [Henry Township]
Located approximately 1125E and 175S.

TOWNE, CLYDE E. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Clyde E. Towne)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Second Letter From Clyde E. Towne)

TOWNSEND, JOEL R. [Liberty Township]
Joel R. Townsend, of Liberty township, is a son of the late Joel Townsend, who was a settler in this township as early as 1834. His log cabin was of the rudest sort. His bed was supported by pins in the wall and chest or trunk served as his table. His means were very limited, so much so that at one time he was forced to dispose of a copper kettle brought from Ohio to get money to pay his taxes. But he was frugal and industrious and before his death, May 31, 1879, fortune had put him in possession of over 1,000 acres of land and much personal property. He was born in England in 1808; came to the United States in 1820, and was reared near Cleveland. He married Vesta Collins, who shared all his privations and enjoyed with him the years of his prosperity. Their living children are: Ansel B., Joel R., Lucy A., Harrison, living in Tabor, Iowa, and John N. Joel R. Townsend was born in Liberty township, Fulton county, May 12, 1848. He was educated at the Oliver school house and was engaged in farming till twenty-eight years old, when he engaged in merchandising in Macy. In three years he retired from this business and went on the road as traveling salesman for Isaac Stern & Co., of Kokomo, dealers in cigars. He remained in this business four years and next engaged with the Alden vinegar company, of St. Louis, and was with these people four years. His next employers were Huffman & Co., Indianapolis, with whom he remained till Dec. 6, 1895. Since that time he has resided on his farm of 180 acres, keeping up the odds and ends about a well conducted farm. Mr. Townsend was first married Nov. 26, 1869, to Elizabeth Stibbs, who died in March, 1875, leaving one child,viz.: Mary, wife of Robert Miller, Macy, Ind. Nov. 25, 1875, Mr. Townsend married Clarissa, daughter of George Carter. Mr. Townsend is a republican and is quite active in party politics in the county.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 139-140]

TOWNSEND, JOHN N. [Liberty Township]
John N. Townsend is the son of Joel and Vesta Townsend, and was born November 16, 1854. His father, a native of England, died May 31, 1879, at the age of sixty-six. His mother, a native of New York, is still living in Miami County. Mr. and Mrs. Townsend, Sr., came to this county about 1834, and settled where Nohn N. now lives. Their first work was to build a log cabin sixteen feet square, in which they spent their first year's experience in the wilds of Fulton County. They had ten children, of whom but four--Ansel B., Joel B., Lucy A. and Nohn N., are now living. Mr. T., Sr., a farmer, commenced in the woods and carved out a handsome and pleasant home for himself and family, having at one time over a thousand acres of land, and at his death $6,000 in personal property. He and his wife were members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. J. N. Townsend remained at home until his marriage to Miss Eva Martin, May 4, 1880, when he established himself in the home place. Mrs. T. was raised in this county, and is a daughter of Alfred and Hannah Martin, who are both deceased. Mr. and Mrs. T are the parents of two children--Carrie May and Sallie Dell. He has received a liberal education and is a genial gentleman and has proved himself an efficient teacher of penmanship. Two of his relatives were in the armies of the rebellion, one of whom died and the other rose to the rank of Lieutenant, and was mustered out under general orders.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 44]

TOWNSEND, SAMUEL [Henry Township]
Samuel Townsend was born in Knox County, Ind., April 8, 1817. He is the eldest son of William and Sarah Townsend, natives of North Carolina and Virginia respectively, and of English ancestry. At the age of seven years, he removed with his parents to Wayne County, where he received an ordinary education in the common school. At the age of twenty-one, he began laboring for the neighboring farmers, at which he continued for four years. March 4, 1841, he was married to Miss Anna Eliason, a native of Wayne County, born March 16, 1823. He afterward removed to Tipton County, thence to Henry, and finally to this county, in October, 1864, and purchased the farm on which he now resides, and which consisted of seventy-one acres, partly improved. Mr. Townsend has since added a new dwelling and other improvements. He and lady are members of the Christian Church, and honored and respected citizens. They are the parents of eight children--Martha E., Sarah J., Mary E., Lucinda M., Merinda A., Thomas D., Willard H. and Lawson Elsworth--a part of whom are married; the others are yet under the parental roof.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 41]

Townsend-Martin Overland Co.
The Townsend-Martin Overland Co., has opened its salesroom at 606 Main St., two doors south of the Hoover furniture store. Aside from the cars, they will handle accessories and maintain a service station. C. C. Townsend and Harry Martin are the proprietors.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, February 12, 1919]

C. C. Townsend of the Townsend Martin Overland Col, Saturday purchased from H. M. Martin his interest in the firm. Townsend has taken over all the stock and will continue here as agent for the Overland cars. Mr. Martin has made no plans as to what he will do.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, July 5, 1919]

[Adv] With Three-Point Cantilever Springs New Overland 4 seems to "Sail Over the Roads" - - - - Townsend Overland Company, 116 East 7th, Phone 28.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, January 22, 1920]

WAYNE: William N. Vanmeter, Thomas Deckard and Erastus C. Andrews, Justices of the Peace; George H. Potts, Andrew E. Dukes and James W. Torrence, Constables; Jacob Showly, Trustee.
UNION: Thomas W. Barnett, James Ritchey and Benneville Stamm, Justices of the Peace; Rufus B. Lampman, Henry P. Bennett and George Lebo, Constables; Isaiah Slick, Trustee.
AUBBEENAUBBEE: John Leiter and James Hay (elect), Justices of the Peace; Andrew Barger, Constable; John Henderson, Trustee.
LIBERTY: Job W. Johnson, Norman L. Stearns and John Aydelotte, Justices of the Peace; Samuel W. Sellers, Constable; Robert Aitken, Trustee.
ROCHESTER: Thomas H. Howes, Thomas F. Rannells, George W. Truslow and James F. Wagoner, Justices of the Peace; Ralph R. Smith, Edward B. Chinn, Constables; William Mackey, Trustee.
RICHLAND: Isaac Hiatt, John Crum, Tolbert C. Shore, Justices of the Peace; Samuel Wright, John Bonewitz, Constables; Benjamin C. Wilson, Trustee.
HENRY: Robert M. Shields, Levi Burtch, A. L. Bailey, Justices of the Peace; Aaron Ball, Augustus McIntire, John S. Rannells, Constables; James Dawson, Trustee.
NEWCASTLE: John C. Dille, Reuben Redman, Kennedy Whitman, Justices of the Peace; Nicholas King, John Grove, Ellis Strosnider, Constables; Peter C. Dumbauld, Trustee.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, June 4, 1859]

TOWNSHIPS [Fulton County]
See: Fulton County Townships

TRACY, ROBERT [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Robert Tracy)

TRADING POST, THE [Bruce Lake, Indiana]
Store and restaurant operated for many years by a huge man named John Dellinger. After his death in 1960, Al Speece ran the business but it was closed in the 1960's.

TRADING POST, THE [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Announcing the Reopening of THE TRADING POST, Saturday, July 31asst. We have remodeled and redecorated the store throughout - - - We have held nothing over from the fire - - - [Max Blumenthal]
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, July 29, 1943]

TRAIL OF COURAGE [Fulton County]
See: Trail of Death

Annual event sponsored by Fulton County Historical Society since 1976.
Held on Fulton County Historical Society grounds W side US-31 just N of Tippecanoe River. to commenorate the taking of the Pottawatomie Indians from this area to Missouri around 1845.

TRAIL OF DEATH [Fulton County]
Also see Pottawatomie Indian Monument

B. F. Stuart, former Loansport resident, now living in Carroll county, has delved into the Indian history of this locality and submits the following account of the deportation of the Menominee Indians, under Gen. John Tipton.
"The last treaty in the United States, made with the Pottowattomie Indians was a very important one and was made in 1836.
"This treaty gave to our government a clear title to all lands held by them except twenty-two sections at Twin Lakes, Marshall county, reserved in the treaty of 1832 by Menominee and his bands.
"Some of these lands were very valuable and were coveted by the whites. Chief Menominee would not sell or move and the government would not depart from a fixed policy to buy their lands and a written consent for possession. It wanted a good title.
"But Governor Wallace assumed the power and responsibility of taking these lands by force and removing the Indians to Osage county, Kansas. He authorized Gen. John Tipton to raise an army and proceed to the lakes to preserve the peace which in reality meant their final removal. Tipton at once made all necessary arrangements, hastened to the reservation and made known to Menominee the purpose of his mission. He disarmed them and when rounded up had on roll 859.
"On September 4, 1838, the procession which was about three miles long, began its march. It consisted of Indians on ponies and afoot; armed guards, sixty governent wagons drawn by ox teams. On the wagons were loaded the women, children, sick, aged and feeble. The weather was hot, the roads dry and dusty. It proved in reality a funeral procession with an average daily death rate of five and every camping ground a burial ground. They reached the Old Michigan road and moved down thru Rochester to Logansport, camping on Honey Creek September 7.
"From here the procession moved to the north bank of the Eel river and then down on the north bank of the Wabash river to the line between Cass and Carroll counties. From here they followed the bank of the river one-half mile, and then at the foot of the bluff to Rattle Snake creek except about one mile which is east of Lockport, where the road was on the bluff. They followed the above named creek about 80 rods -- forded it -- and went up the hill through the woods and then southwest through Conners Reserve, crossed Pleasant Run creek near the residence of Abner Robison, then up the hill and nearly south to Pittsburg.
"The Delphi Oracle of September 15, 1838, says they passed there on the west side of the river. That means they followed the old Delphi and Battle Ground road, fording the Tippecanoe at Mays Point, reaching Battle Ground September 11, where they camped. It was here that Tipton gave out $3,000 worth of presents to allay the great discontent among the Indians.
"This is as far as the writer is able to trace the route, except that it went through Perrysville. They reached Danville, Ill., Sept. 17, 1838.
"One very remarkable feature is that nearly all the route to Battle Ground is today a public highway. There are events that take place in the history of a country that the farther away in time the more important they become. Such is the case with the various treaties with the Miami and Pottowattomie Indians and this last removal."
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, April 20, 1921]

The "Trail of Death" removal of the Potawatomies from northern Indiana was the only case in the entire U.S. history of Indian affairs where force was used to move the Indians. It is regrettable that the Indiana governor, David Wallace (father of Lew Wallace, Civil War general who wrote "Ben Hur") deemed it necessary to send soldiers with guns and bayonets to remove the Indians from Fulton, Marshall and surrounding counties. So many Indians died on the forced march to Kansas that it is called the "Trail of Death."
In nine treaties negotiated by Abel C. Pepper, Indian agent, on the banks of the Tippecanoe River north of Rochester in 1836, the Potawatomies ceded their land for 50 cents to $1 an acre and agreed to move west in two years. These treaties were signed by many different Indians with an X mark, including Chief Kewanna, Aubbeenaubbee and his son Pau-koo-shuck. Sometimes even squaws were allowed to sign, perhaps because they couldn't get the men to sign.
The two years were up August 5, 1838, but there were many bands of Indians remaining, the largest of which was Chief Menominee's at Twin Lakes, south of Plymouth. Anticipating their removal, squatters had already moved onto the reserve and built cabins.
One of them, a Mr. Watters, made a practice of burning brush next to the Indians' cornfields that dry summer of 1838 and firing his rifle over the heads of Indians on the trail near his cabin. The Indians broke down Watters' door and threatened his life, which was followed by the burning of 12 Indian cabins.
Claiming an uprising, Watters and the other white settlers petitioned the governor for help. Wallace asked for 100 volunteers and put Gen. John Tipton in charge of removing the Potawatomies forcibly.
Not all the white men wanted the Indians removed. Menominee did not sign the treaty selling his land, and lawyers advised him to stay and fight it in the courts. Meniminee claimed that whiskey was used to induce the Indians to sign the treaties and that none of the signers were representatives of Potawatomi property rights.
The traders did not want the Indians to leave until their debts were paid, and would like for them to stay because the trade with them was so profitable. Some office seekers were sticking up for the Indians, hoping thereby to get elected. Many of the white men were genuinely sympathetic with peaceable red men and urged them to plant corn and become respectable farmers. But the greedy homesteaders won out and filed claims for 160 acres of free government land.
Gen Tipton sent word that there would be a meeting of all Indians at the Catholic mission chapel at Twin Lakes. As the Indians arrived, they were disarmed and many were shackled. On Tuesday, September 4, 1838, Menominee and nearly 1,000 Indians were lined up and marched away at gunpoint. Their villages were burned so they would know they had nothing to come back to.
The first night the Indians and soldiers camped at the Tippecanoe River bridge north of Rochester, near where a DAR historical marker has been erected. That night 20 escaped and took two horses. The next morning 51 persons were unable to continue, and so were left to catch up later, most of them sick and the remainder to care for them.
The second day, September 5, they marched single-file through Rochester, stretching from one end of town to the other. They traveled only nine miles that day, stopping at noon to camp at Mud Creek, north of Fulton, in order to have water. The first death occurred at this camp. An Indian child died in the evening and was buried under the present SR-25 on the morning of September 7. A child also was born at this camp, and three Indians joined the emigrating party.
The next day the march continued and they camped at Logansport for three nights, awaiting more wagons and supplies. From there they headed west.
The order of march was as follows: First the U.S. flag carried by a dragoon (regular soldier), then one of the principal officers, next the staff baggage carts, then the carriage for the Indian chiefs, then one or two chiefs on horseback led a line of 250 to 300 men, women and children in single file. On the flanks of this line at equal distance from each other were the dragoons and volunteers hastening the stragglers, often with severe gestures and bitter words.
After this cavalry, came a file of 40 wagons filled with baggage and Indians. The sick were lying in them, rudely, jolted under a canvas which far from protecting them from dust and heat, only deprived them of air and several died. On every page of the journals kept by Gen. Tipton and Jesse Douglas, the enrolling agent, are recorded the deaths. The trail is marked by about 150 graves of infants and the elderly and weak.
The weather was hot and dry and water was scarce. White people were also dying in the villages they passed through. Eye-witnesses recalled that the Indians cried "Bish, bish" (water) as they went by. Their food consisted of beef and flour cooked in the evening camps. The procession was as sad as a funeral march, and many Indians slipped away. They arrived in Illinois with only 859 Indians.
At Danville Ill., the priest Benjamin Petit caught up and was able to uplift the spirits of the Indians. Gen. Tipton and his militia withdrew, leaving William Polke and Father Petit in charge. Menominee and two other recalcitrant chiefs were kept in caged wagon, a jail on wheels, until Father Petit gained their release in Danville. Petit had baptized Menominee and many others into the Christian faith.
The trip took 61 days, arriving at the Osage River in Kansas the first week of November. On the way back to Indiana, Father Petit died in St. Louis from malaria and fatigue.
The Indians that slipped back to Indiana were conducted west in later emigrations under Alexis Coquillard, the last one in 1851. But no deaths or desertions were reported, only trouble with liquor.
[The Trail of Death, Shirley Willard, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

"It was a sad and mournful sight to see these children of the forest slowly leaving the home of their childhood, that contained not only the graves of their revered ancestors, but also many endearing scenes which their memories would ever recall as sunny spots along their pathway through the wilderness. . . .
"As they looked mournfully back toward these loved scenes that were rapidly fading in the distance, tears fell from the cheeks of the downcast warrior, old men trembled, women wept, the swarthy maiden's cheek turned pale, and sighs of half-suppressed sobs escaped from the groups as they passed along, some on foot, some on horseback and others in wagons. Sad as a funeral procession. . . .
"At times one of the party would start out into the brush and break back to their encampments on Eel River or on the Tippecanoe, declaring they would rather die than be driven from their country. Thus, scores of discontented Indians returned from different points on their journey; and it was several years before they could be induced to join their tribes west of the Mississippi."
[Moore Family, Reba Moore Shore, Fulton County Folks, Vol. 1, by Shirley Willard.]

TRAMPS [Rochester, Indiana]
Considered Comment
Jack K. Overmyer
The 8 1/2 by 14 inch ledger is in remarkably good condition, considering it is 128 years old. Even more remarkable is its existence, for it was snatched from incineration 35 or so years ago, when county officials cleaned out the Courthouse attic by quietly burning three truckfuls of old records.
Legally, such an act could not be repeated today without first advising persons and organizations which preserve irreplaceable historical documents. Saved from that conflagation was this ledger, which contains a register of county jail prisoners It was kept by six Fulton County sheriffs from 1869, through 1892, after which, a larger jail was occupied at Eighth and Madison Streets. Its entries recall for us late 20th century descendants some less savory aspects of 19th century life in a small rural town, but are no less engaging for all that.
The jail register was lent to me for study by a former sheriff, Laurence Norris. It was given to him after being pulled from the bonfire by Don Karns, then a deputy to Sheriff Willard Clark. Norris was Clark's predecessor, having served a record 12 years after his election in 1946 at age 32 as the county's youngest-ever sheriff. Clark, by the way, was the third youngest at 34 after Andrew A. Gast, 33, who was sheriff in 1892 when the register's last entries were made.
The county hoosegow which was the setting for these long-ago arrests was a small place of only 34 by 30 feet built in 1851 and located in the public square, east of the 1847 brick courthouse. A dwelling occupied the second floor.
Although not pretentious, the jail was solid with brick walls 18 inches thick. The inside walls were covered with a double coating of two-inch oak plank secured by rows of heavy nails. In the center of the room were small cells that were surrounded by a corridor into which prisoners were allowed daytime access.
Such a secure lockup would seem impervious to escape and, indeed, during the 23 years covered by the register only two prisoners managed it, both during 1876. William Cornett, in for grand larceny, took flight July 26, perhaps having learned how from Abraham White, who had broken out April 22. Sheriff Sidney Moon lost little sleep over either departure, simply signing out each prisoner as 'discharged.' He considered it good riddance, evidently having better things to do than ride his horse off on wild goose chases.
Escapee White was fleeing a charge rarely seen now on a court docket: fornication. In those days, in fact, people were incarcerated for other reasons not encountered today,: insanity, bastardy. desertion, debt, betting, breaking of Sabbath, insubordination, blackmail. The Victorian society's strict code of behavior was in full sway.
Also jailed, however, were the expected horse and chicken thieves, an arsonist or two, an abortionist, bigamist, embezzler, burglars, four for rape and one for incest, besides others charged with animal cruelty and quite a few with assault and battery. One who showed up regularly for county hospitality was William (sometimes listed as U.S. or Uriah) Weirick. He was a Mexican War veteran with great affection for the bottle. Others appear regularly, too, some with colorful names: Irish Johnny, Happy Jack, Shorty, John Goldenhorse and Injin Charley.
Showing up most frequently were arrests for drunkenness and vagrancy, by which aspects of local public life a century ago are revealed.
Public intoxication was constant and common. Sheriffs and marshals kept busy seeing that the drunks did not bother proper folks. During 1882, as an example, 184 men were jailed to sober up, each for 1-3 days; mahy were back again soon. Saloons were numerous, many of their customers idled by widespread unemployment that had become a scourge on society.
Economic hard times had helped spawn the vagrants, or tramps. After the 1873 Panic hit the nation, thousands of these homeless men wandered the country begging, stealing, vandalizing and worse. They became a national phenomenon and as their presence continued into the 1890s Americans had begun to loath them as hateful outcasts.
Their "filthy, impudent" visits here were a daily occurrence, according to a Sentinel account in 1885 that called them "barnacles of creation who purposely appear at homes when husbands are at work to frighten and annoy women." Authorities were beseeched to "abolish them altogether."
Hence many of the ledger's 73 pages are filled with their arrests, most commonly during winter and spring seasons. Each year it got worse. In 1887-88, Sheriff Robert Wallace jailed 101 vagrants, but Sheriff Gast locked up 113 in 1888-89 and 136 in 1889-90. Each was kept overnight and fined from 60 to 80 cents.
Not everyone hereabout was jailed for mundane offenses in those ancient days. Charges of murder cried out for my further investigation.
Details of what turned out to be some surprisingly lurid cases now will be forthcomtng.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, June 24, 1997]

[Adv] TRANSBARGER & KARN ICE CREAM CO. Use only high test ingredients in the manufacture of their products. The factory is strictly sanitary. A visit will satisfy you of this assertion. They will deliver orders to any part of the city or lake. PHONE, Factory 196-02, House, 66. 425 N. Main St.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, May 15, 1913]

Considered Comment
Jack K. Overmyer
Why don't we take an auto trip, said Carrie to her sister Oretta. We could visit relatives in Illinois and Iowa, see the sights and maybe even venture into the woods of Minnesota. Brother Charley's willing to go along and drive, he has a new Chevie, it's summertime and the weather is perfect.
Oretta (called Etta) agreed, and the three of them set out from Mishawaka June 28 on a month-long journey of 1,900 miles. Charlie was free to go, having separated from his wife. Carrie was recently widowed and needed a cheering change; Etta's husband Robert stayed home.
Their auto tour may seem commonplace but what makes it interesting is that the trip was made in 1924. Furthermore, Carrie and Etta each kept daily journals that evoke some of what it was like to travel the interior of these United States 75 years ago, before Interstate Highways and Holiday Inns.
Carrie's grandson is Ben Severns of Athens, a friend since my RHS days, who kindly allowed me to copy his transcription of the women's journals. The three travelers - Charley McMillen, Carrie Oliver and Oretta Wylie - were the children of Henry McMillen, who with a government grant had established a farm east of Green Oak when he returned from the Civil War.
The trip was made in Charley's 1924 Chevrolet, a four-door touring model with cloth top and open sides that could be closed from weather with curtains. It listed at $495. The cost could be as much as $640 if one added such options as disc wheels. bumpers, running boards with step plates. nickled radiator shell, headlamps and a Boyce Moto-Meter, which was a thermometer cap for the radiator. It was powered by a 22 horsepower motor and ran on hard tires. The softer balloon tires did not appear until the next year.
By 1924 the automobile fast was becoming the necessity in American life that it is today. More than 20 million of them existed in a nation of 25 million families. National traveling was not quite the adventure it had been 10 years before, yet all roads still were two lanes with long stretches of unpaved dirt. Only the main highways around cities were being improved to concrete. Many that remained in gravel had been widened, though, and made less likely to turn into gluey mud with bad weather.
Speeds averaged 35-40 mph over a day's travel and one rarely tried to drive more than 200 miles in a day. Numbering of highways did not begin until 1926 and so major roads had names. That made it difficult at times to understand their identities and directions in the forest of signs encountered at intersections. The Lincoln Highway, Ram Bow Trail, Jefferson Highway, A.Y.C. Trail and Glacier Trail all were recorded by Carrie during her travels.
Motors still tended to be unreliable, although easier to repair than today's. Blowouts of the hard tires came with resounding explosions. There were few roadside rooms to let overnight and finding a good meal was not always easy.
We know nothing from brother Charlie, the driver, concerning any of the breakdowns and frustrations he encountered. His sisters mention just four mechanical difficulties. One day there were two blowouts and a tire puncture that kept the trio out until 1 a.m. Another day a "garageman" was called to repair a faulty starter. The other two pauses were unexplained, the sisters evidently considering they were Charley's problems to worry about, not theirs.
Two other impediments were encountered, though, both on the return trip. A pig got in the way and was run over, its probable death unconfirmed by the journals. On another occasion the three of them looked back to find that a 10-car caravan of Ku Klux Klan members had caught up with them. It followed closely for 20 miles into Rochester, Minnesota; "guess they thought we were part of it," wrote Etta. That night, 45 miles further east at Winona, the Klan burned a cross on the hills overlooking the Mississippi that could be seen by the three Hoosiers from their hotel. The mid-20s were the peak of KKK activity in the Midwest.
This trip was planned around visits to relatives living at appropriate stops along the way. When that advantage was not available, overnight stays were in hotels; the motel was unknown. Hotels were cheap enough, less than $2 a night, but so was everything else compared to-today.
Breakfast cost 30 cents, noon dinner 55 cents, evening supper 60 cents. Gas was about 25 cents a gallon and the 22-hp motor didn't, eat it up as quickly as do today's engines.
The Mishawakans' route took them past Gary to Paw Paw in north central Illinois, across the Mississippi to Independence, Iowa, and then to the north central vfllage of Thornton. For two weeks a bevy of relatives entertained them in the Mason City, Clear Lake and Fort Dodge.area.
None of Charley's daily drives were of more than 200 miles except for a 265-mile leap into Minnesota's dense woodlands, taken with no apparent concern after the Iowa visit. The trio spent a week in a relative's log cabin at Mitten Lake, located near huge Leech Lake in far north central Minnesota. There they loafed, swam, boated, caught many fish including an 18-incher by Etta and endured rain leaking onto their beds one night in a storm. All in all, it was a great place, but "give me the farmland," concluded Carrie, "It's not so monotonous."
The journals of Carrie and Etta contain few complaints about their motoring adventure. Surely, the Chevie must have been an uncomfortable ride on its hard tires and the bumpy gravel roads from which dust constantly drifted through the open sides during long days at 35-40 mph. No matter. With pluck and enthusiasm, they played the hand that was dealt them 75 years ago and had a grand time doing it. Carrie and Etta's diary entries prove it to be so and I choose to believe that Charlie enjoyed himself as well. If for nothing else, their experience is worthwhile recalling to reinforce our appreciation of how easy we today have it on the road.
The threesome did live long enough to experience better traveling conditions themselves. Carrie lived to age 95, dying in 1973. The other two expired at age 79, Charley in 1948 and Etta in 1955.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, June 8, 1999]

Treasure Island, located W of the Elks Lodge and E of Wolf's Point Drive.

TRI-COUNTY GAZETTE [Mentone, Indiana]
Bernard Clayton, owner and publisher of the Akron News, completed a deal Thursday, whereby he became owner of the Tri-County Gazette, at Mentone. Mr. Clayton will take charge immediately and will continue to publish the paper along the policy carried out in the past. C. N. Smith has owned and published the Tri-County Gazette a score of years, and has always put out an up to date weekly. It is not known whether he intends to retire or not.
Mr. Clayton will continue to live at Akron and publish the News while he maintains supervison over his other paper. He has not decided who will edit the Gazette. The plant has long been considered one of the best equipped printing offices for its size in this district.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 19, 1919]

TRI KAPPAS [Rochester, Indiana]
See Orphans, Children of France

The Tri-Kappa Sorority at their meeting Tuesday night voted to furnish milk for 45 students of the Rochester Public Schools who were found to be underweight in a recent survey by the school nurse. The children selected by the sorority are ones whose parents cannot afford to buy them milk. Many other children were found to be underweight in the examination conducted by the school nurse. Their parents have been notified of the finding of the school nurse and many have taken steps to see that their children are more properly fed.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, January 18, 1928]

TRIMBLE MILLINER SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
New Milliner Shop. The Ladies of Rochester and vicinity will be pleased to learn that Miss Mattie Trimble has just returned from Chicago with a complete stock of Millinery and Ladies Dress Trimmings . . . Store at her residence one square west of the Court House.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, October 25, 1866]

Millinery! Miss Mattie Trimble, having renewed her Millinery Stock at her former place of business on Jefferson Street, would invite her customers and all others to call. . . Rochester, Oct. 30, 1867.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, October 31, 1867]

See Maurice Shelton.

TROSTER BAKERY [Rochester, Indiana]
Frederick Troster, late of Logansport, has established a bakery in the north room of the Mammoth Building.
[Rochester Union-Spy, Thursday, July 23 1868]

The happiest man in the national republican convention at Chicago yesterday was John E. Troutman of Rochester, Indiana, who disposes justice for profit and original poetry for pleasure. He was happy because he had a seat on the stage where he could look down on United States senators, millionaires and such and in the same row of seats with Alice Roosevelt Longworth and her husband Nick. It happened like this: Two years ago Ed Fitzpatrick of Portland was a candidat for clerk of the supreme court and sent out letters to republican voters. Troutman received one and answered it with a dutch poem in which it was set forth that His Honor didn't like the name Fitz -- it being so Irish like. Fitzpatrick considered the dutch reply to his letter a gem and the two at once became friends.
At the big republican convention Troutman was without a ticket. But he happened to see Fitz and the latter now being a state officer, he had a stand in with National Chairman Harry New and got Troutman a ticket. And imagine his surprise and rare pleasure when he went to the convention and was ushered to a seat on the stage within a few feet of the speaker's stand and in the same row of seats with Alice and Nick. And more than this it is said that when he mounted the stage some one said: "here's a poet," and there was great clapping of hands. His Honor had not shaved for several days, his hair was slightly Chicagoed befrizzle, and the crowd mistook him for Joaquin Miller, the "Poet of the Sierras."
Local rumor has it that the affair was smoothly planned to put Troutman under imaginary obligations to the republican party to try to stop him from wearing a democratic badge the balance of the campaign.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, June 17, 1908]

This is to certify to the public that I have formed a partnership with Wallace & Son in the insurance business and moved in with them, over Marsh'a grocery, where we are ready to give you the best possible insurances at all times, at the lowest possible rate. Come and see us. Respectfully, J. E. TROUTMAN.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, January 12, 1910]

By John E. Troutman
Ye editor has requested me to write something of the pioneer days of Fulton county. I close my eyes and look at the past, as memory spreads it out before me. As I turn the pages of time back, one by one, year by year, decade by decade, score by score, how quickly the scene changes from the present beautiful, well improved country, dotted with white farm dwellings and red barns, gravel roads, railroads, telegraph lines, telephone lines, flourishing cities and towns, to the primeval forests and prairies, with a cultivated patch here and there on the dry places, in the midst of which stood the rude log cabin, thatched with clapboards, built up against a huge chimney, daubed inside and out with red clay, and log stables covered with prairie hay, dirt roads, winding around the edge of prairies and ponds, crossing streams where it was shallow enough to ford.
But there is one thing I can see in this picture of half century ago that looks good to me, that I can't see in the panorama of the present, and that is the wild game. There was plenty of it here then. Deer in abundance everywhere; wild turkeys in droves, in the woods; all the big prairie west of Rochester, to Pleasant Grove (now Kewanna), was alive with wild ducks, wild geese, sandhil crane, prairie chickens, and quail. Not a patch of wood but you could hear all kinds of squirrels--red, black and gray, fox barking and pheasants drumming. Every fall of the year, at mast time, the air was fairly black with wild pigeons. There was a pigeon-roost in the great willow patch southwest of Rochester, where now is the beautiful Lovatt farm, where we used to go with lanterns, clubs and meal-sacks. The willows were breaking with pigeons roosting there, and we could knock down and kill all we could carry in a little while. Oh, I liked to hunt pigeons; it was so easy. All you had to do in the morning or evening, was to stand and shoot into the flocks as they flew past, bringing down a bunch at every shot, or slip around in the woods on a wet day and find the top of some tall dead tree black with them, crawl up under it, point your gun up that way, shut your eyes and pull trigger, then pick up a dozen or more. Oh, it was fun and such easy fun.
All the streams and lakes were alive with the best varieties of edible fish. So plenty were they in Lake Manitou, that oftimes the water wheel of the old gristmill at the outlet would get clogged with them. I remember, when a boy of eleven years, of seeing a seining party finish up a series of hauls in Tippecanoe river near the John Leiter farm, where now is the town of Leiters Ford, and they hauled and carried away eleven two-bushel sacks full of pike, bass and redhorse. The smaller varieties they threw back into the river. I am willing to make affidavit in Judge Ewing's court that I have helped haul a thirty-foot seiner in Mud creek, fifty times or more, and the average haul would not be less than a bushel of as fine pike, suckers and goggle-eyes as ever graced a frying pan. Now let Mel Gibbons, Willis Peters and Nels Kirkendall take the stand if they can beat it. There was no lynx-eyed game law then, and farmers did not flock to the Sentinel office to buy "No Hunting on These Premises" signs.
You didn't have to have a license with your photogrph pinned to your hunting-shirt. The game was free and you could hunt it wherever you pleased and find plenty of it anywhere. And this natural and bountiful suppy of game and fish was a Godsend to the pioneer settlers of this country. The wolf of hunger would have crossed the threshold of many a cabin door had it not been for this.
Well, I never was much of a hunter and I don't want to be the hero in any of the stories of this article. And besides, the foundation of all the big hunting yarns date back to a time when I was too young to do more than remember. But I have an excellent memory, and s stil better imagination. I did though, once kill a deer. I had been to Bumbarger's orchard to see if the ramboes were ripe, and on the way home, going through a thicket of hazel brush, I saw one. I could only see the tips of its ears and long hair on its neck. I ran home and told mother, and said I wantd to shoot it. She helped me load the old musket with powder and buck-shot and I went back, crawled through the brush to the spot I had marked by leaving my cap and sure enough, there it was. I was trembling like a leaf. I believe Mr. Dawson called it "buck fever". I cocked the musket and steadied it in the fork of a bush, got a bead, shut both eyes and pulled the trigger. As soon as I recovered from the shock, I got up and heard a racket where the deer had been and knew something had happened. I went to the spot and found it was dead as a herring, half of its head was shot away. Well, as I stood in the presence of grim death, I didn't feel as good as I thought I would. In fact, I was ashamed of the deed I had committed. And I made up my mind to just let it lay and tell no one anything about it, not even my mother. She asked me about the deer when I returned, and I said it was gone. She asked me what I was shooting at and I repied "a rabbit." The next day our Dutch neighbor, John Fishely, was making a great howl about some one shooting his little yelow calf, but I never mentioned any names.
I killed a wild turkey once, too, but the owner caught me at it. My mother had to pay for it, and I had to take my meals standing up for a week. Such experiences were not calculated to encourage one of my age in the pursuit of wild game.
Late in the fall of 1861, Uncle Jimmy Burton, for whom the school house and neighborhood thereabout was named, came to our house one afernoon and said to my stepfather, Willim Mossman, "Say Bill, me and Richard was up to the ridge for a load of hay, this morning, and the little ridge was covered with deer tracks. They're feedin' on the acorns." "The D----l you say," said Pap, as I called him. Uncle Jimmy and Pap soon had arrangements made to go to the little ridge that night and watch for deer. The ridge referred to was the sandhill just west of Mud creek, where is now the farm of Mel Slick. There was a pole shanty there, where the Milliser boys camped part of the time, to trap and hunt and feed cattle in the winter time, or make wild hay in the summer. There was always something there to eat and drink; especially drink. The little ridge was about a quarter of a mile west of it. I was only ten years old, but I wanted to go along. Pap was an awful fellow to swear. He could swear by note in all the meters and ragtime, and he said: "No! What the h--l would a little snot-nose like you do watchin' for deer?" But Uncle Jimmy said, "Oh, let the lad go long, he can stay in the shanty and keep fire. We may get cold towards morning, and want some place to warm." So I went. We reached the shanty before sundown, and went to the ridge to review the deer signs. Pap and Uncle Jimmy picked out the trees they would roost in to watch for the deer and shoot them by moonlight. I heard Pap say: "They'll come about three o'clock in the morning, just about the time the moon gets up good, and then we'll give'm h--l. They wont run away when we shoot, unless they see us, and they won't be apt to look up a tree for us."
We went back to the shanty, started a fire in the old stove, made some coffee and fried some bacon. Pap removed some straw from one corner of the snanty and lifted up a board that covered a hole in the ground. He ran his arm in the hole, then looked up, smiled and said: "She's here all right, Jim!" then he pulled a black gallon jug out of the hole. No, I dont know what was in it. They didn't ask me to taste it; I think though, it was something to keep folks warm, for I heard Pap say to Uncle Jimmy, just before they started: "Better take a purty good snort of it, Jim, we'll get pretty d---d cold before mornin'." After we had fed and watered and Uncle Jimmy had told his usual batch of witch and ghost stories, they left me in the shanty and went to the watch, and a lonely time I had of it. I heard all kinds of noises in the night, and wished a hundred times that I had not been so anxious to come along.
The hoot-owls hooted and the screech-owls screeched, and now and then a wolf would howl a sound that I was perfectly acquainted with. Under ordinary circumstances it had no terrors, but being alone, in a lonely place, and thinking of the ghost stories I had recently heard, it had all the tendency to keep my hair standing up straight.
I barricaded the door with all the furniture I could pile against it and went to bed in the bunk of straw, covering with the robes and blankets. I went to sleep and did not waken until I heard pounding on the shanty door and recognized my stepfather demanding admittance. The first thing he said to me was: "We got 'em Jawny--three of 'em," and I said "bully." Pap and Uncle Jimmy started me home at once for the old horse. Uncle Jimmy insisted that I better get his team, but Pap said he thought we could tie them together and swing them across old Charley and he'd take them home all right. I think I made the three miles in about thirty minutes. Just as the sun was coming up, I ate a bite of johnny-cake spread with sorghum molasses, drank a cup of milk and straddled old Charley and gallopped away, my Uncle Jesse Blandin following as fast as he could. He was a boy some four years my senior.
I got to the shanty by the time Pap and Uncle Jimmy had their breakfast and got the jug put away, and we all went to the little ridge for the deer. And there they were-- three in a row. Old Charley acted like he smelt something and when he got sight of them he at once went through a complete transformation, from the gentle old fmily horse that he was to a bucking broncho.
Uncle Jimmy shook his head and said: "He won't carry 'em, Bill." But Pap said he'd fix him, and took off his wamus and put it over the old horse's head, completely blindfolding him. That seemed to make him easier and they tied the legs of two of the deer together and swung them gently across his back, then laid the other one on top and tied it fast with prairie hay. They hoisted me on top of it a, gave me the rein, took the bandage from his eyes and told me to go. I started him, and the holy Saint Peter, when the deer heads began to dangle on his flanks, he reared, pitched and bucked, knocked over Uncle Jesse, who was trying to hold him down, and threw me about twenty feet into a briar patch, kicked the deer gally west and made a bee line for home and there we were. My stepfather didn't simply swear; he raved, and cussed, and swore he'd shoot old Charley, soon as he got home--but he didn't. Uncle Jimmy talked him out of it. Well, there was nothing to do but carry them home. We got two poles and Pap and Uncle Jimmy took the two smallest and swung them across the pole, and Uncle Jesse and I took the other, and I being smallest, Uncle Jesse said I might take the short end of the pole. We had to rest every quarter of a mile, but we got home along toward noon. Mother said old Charley had been there for three hours or more.
My stepfather, being a noted deer hunter, venison was as common an article of food on his table, as liver is on mine now. Charles Brackett, who will be remembered by many old citizens, was a prominent physicain of this county at that time, and was also a genial good fellow. Being quite fond of venison and an occasional chase, he would often call at our primitive cabin and join my stepfather in a deer hunt, or carry home with him on his buckboard, a saddle of fat doe-hams for which he would make a liberal credit on his ledger in payment for pills, quinine and other "Physick." One morning, just few days before Christmas, 1859, I awoke from my slumbers in the cabin loft and found the floor as well as the feather-bed I slept under, covered with snow, a thing not infrequent, as the roof of the cabin was covered with clapboards, through which there were many cracks and the cracks between the logs, from the loft up, not being very well chinked and not daubed at all, every time it snowed, the flakes would sift or blow through the crevices or cracks between the logs and cover the whole loft. But we children did not mind it much, and I presume were the healthier for the fresh air we enjoyed. We slept under heavy duck-feather ticks and a skift of snow on top made it all the warmer, and the snow was always swept down the hatch hole and out of doors before it melted.
One particular morning when I climbed down the ladder from the loft, about the time the first beams of old Sol were peeping over the tree tops, I discovered a visitor already there, in no less a personage than Doctor Charles Brackett. And I heard him saying to my stepfather: "Say Bill, where's your dimmijohn?" And then talked about the fine snow, and it being a good day for them, and easy to track, etc., and that kind of talk continued while Mother fried the bacon and baked a jonny cake and made the coffee, and then they sat down to breakfast. I was just a bit bashful in those days, and didn't often go to the table to eat when we had company. That morning, while they were eating, I went out to the road to take a look at the Doctor's horse and buck board, and try a wade in the fresh snow. Just west of the cabin was a cleared patch of ground and then a dense patch or thicket of white oak grubs. And there at the edge of the thicket, where some corn rows stood not yet shucked, I saw three deer. I immediately ran into the house and said: "Pap, there's a hull drove of deers in the clearin'," indicating which clearing with a gesture. My stefather jumped from the table and said: "Come on, Doc." He took his rifle and shot-pouch from the rack, and struck out, and the Doctor said to my mother: "Mandy, where's my hat?" He put it on and ran to his buck board for his gun and powder horn and they were off. My stepfather got a shot at the deer and crippled one. I went out to the place and saw blood on the snow, but no deer and no hunters. I went back to the house and my mother said: "Jonny, we'd better find some place or Doc's horse, for if they've crippled a deer they won't come back till they git it." We unhitched the horse and put him in the smokehouse, that being the nearest approach to a stable there was on the premises.
Then I heard Mother say, half to herself, "That doctor hain't got a bit of sense." and I said, "Why ain't he Maam?" for I had always regarded the doctor as a man of unlimited knowledge. "Why," said she, "he hain't got no boots on at all, nuthin' but low slippers, and he'll freeze his feet and catch his death of cold wadin' in this snow that way."
I don't remember what o'clock it was, but it was nearly dark when the hunters returned, but they had the deer, a fine big fat doe, and were dragging it between them with a couple of hooked sticks. I remember hearing them tell Mother how many miles they had run it, across the Tippecanoe river and back again, and how the Doctor broke through the ice and came near going under, and afterward lost one of his slipers in the snow and had to dig around in the snow a long time before he found it.
They were tired, wet and cold but happy, contented and cheerful. The Doctor took off his slippers nd roasted the reddest pair of feet before the fireplace I ever saw. After they were warm and dry, they skinned the deer and selected some nice broiling steak from the loins. Just before I received notice from my mother to climb the ladder to my bed in the loft, I remember seeing my stefather and the doctor sitting flat down on the hearth bvefore the old fireplace, each broiling venison on a "spit" and I am not sure but the famous "dimmijohn" was near by, for my stepfather could not keep house without it, anyhow I heard the doctor say: "Say Bill, this is what I call livin'."
And as I crawled under my duck-feather bed and the arms of Morheus wrapped about me and shut out the conscious world, the prayer I breathed to my maker was: "Oh Lord, when I get big let me be a doctor or a deer hunter, or both, I don't care which."
[Marguerite L. Miller, Home Folks, Vol. I, 1910, pp. 14-20]

The poems written by John Troutman, famous local poet, are going to be published for the benefit of his relatives and friends. His son, Earl Troutman, is at present making a collection of all of his father's poems which he has written during his lifetime and will have them printed in book form.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, February 29, 1924]

TROUTMAN, JOHN EMORY [Rochester, Indiana]
JOHN E. TROUTMAN (Biography)
A native of Fulton county, John E. TROUTMAN, was born in 1851 and left an orphan at the age of six months. His youthful life was one of many hardships and he earned his own living since 10 years old. He secured a good common school education and began teaching at the age of 20 and has continued in the profession for 24 years. He moved from his farm to Rochester in 1887 and has since resided here. For 10 years he has held the farm agency for the Home Insurance Co., and is now Justice of the Peace. He takes great pride in the prompt settlement of his insurance losses, and writes deeds, mortgages, etc., makes loans and collections and guarantees satisfaction in all of his work. He married Miss Malina NEFF and they have two children, a son and a daughter. Mr. Troutman's office is over Dawson's Drug Store.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 20, 1895]

John E. Troutman, born in Fulton county, Ind., April 17, 1851, is a son of John and Amanda (Blandin) Troutman. The father was born in 1828 in Kentucky. He died in Fulton county, Ind., in 1851. He was a son of Ambrose Troutman, also a native of Kentucky, and a son of Michael Troutman, who was born in Germany and emigrated to America and settled in Pennsylvania, where he died. The mother of the subject of this sketch was born in 1830, in New york and died in Fulton county, Ind., in 1875. She was a daughter of Jesse and Maria Blandin, who were of German lineage. Her parents removed from New York to Ohio, thence to Indiana, settling in Fulton county, near Leiters Ford, in 1840. Ambrose Troutman, the paternal grandfather of J. E. Troutman, removed from Kentucky to Attica, Ind., in 1828. In 1839 he settled in Fulton county, near Kewanna. The marriage of John Troutman and Amanda Blandin occurred in Fulton county. The subject of this mention is their only child. His father died in the same year the son was born. His mother remained on the farm and the management of the farm was assumed by John E., when he was but eleven years of age. His mother's second husband was William Mossman, who served in the civil war for four years. During his absence, while in the service, John E. took charge of the farm. Hard work and perseverance, therefore, he shared very early in life. He had but little time for going to school, but attended the country schools a little and while at home by the fireside he applied himself to his books, and at the age of twenty years he became a teacher in the district schools. For twenty-three years he taught in the schools of Fulton county. He has always had farm interests and lived on the farm till 1886, when he became a resident of Rochester. He was elected justice of the peace in 1884, but on removing to Rochester he resigned the office. In 1894 he was elected justice of the peace again and is the present incumbent of that office. He is a republican in politics, is a member of the Evangelical church of Rochester, member of the order of Red Men and of the I.O.O.F. In 1884 Mr. Troutman married Malina Neff, of Fulton county. She was born in Pennsylvania in 1854. Mr. and Mrs. Troutman have two children: Chloe and Earl.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, p. 140]

The poems written by John Troutman, famous local poet, are going to be published for the benefit of his relatives and friends. His son Earl Troutman is at present making a collection of all of his father's poems which he has written during his lifetime and will have them printed in book form.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, February 29, 1924]

TROUTMAN, PETER S. [Union Township]
Capt. P. S. Troutman. - Peter S. Troutman was born January 4, 1833, in Bartholomew County, Ind. His father, Greenup Troutman, was born in Kentucky in 1811, and removed with his parents to Bartholomew County, Ind., at the age of ten years. He was reared in that county, and was married there, in February, 1832, to Miss Mahala Shoemaker. In 1833, he removed to Clinton County, Ind., and was engaged in agricultural pursuits there for about six years. In 1839, he came to Fulton County, and located on the farm now occupied by his son, the subject of this sketch. He was one of the earliest pioneers of Union Township, and during his life was one of its most energetic citizens. He died on the 9th of May, 1847. His wife survived until 1859, having, in the meantime, married Joseph Robinson and returned to Bartholomew County, Ind., where she resided until death.
Peter, the subject of this sketch, came with his father's family to Fulton County when six years of age. His early life was passed amid pioneer surroundings, and at an early age he began to contribute his services in the labor of clearing and improving the home farm. At intervals in the winter he attended the district schools, and by diligent study acquired a good common school education. When twenty-three years of age, he made his first venture in the commercial world, by shipping a carload of sheep to the Chicago market. This was the first load of stock ever shipped from this township, but he did not continue in this line, although his first venture proved very successful. At the age of twenty-five years, he began teaching school, and continued in this occupation, during the winter seasons, until the close of the winter term of 1862. In July of that year he enlisted as a private soldier in Company E of the Eighty-seventh Indiana Regiment, and here began a life that had never been taken into account in his youthful calculations. For two years and eleven months he followed the fortunes of war, and although often in the thickest of the fray, he was never injured, though on two different occasions his clothing was pierced by bullets. Upon the organization of his regiment, he was chosen First Lieutenant of his company, and went to the field in that capacity. At South Tunnel, Tenn., on the 19th of December, 1862, he was advanced to the office of Captain of his company, vice Capt. A. T. Jackson, resigned. The regiment was sent to the defense of Louisville, which was under a threatened attack by Bragg. Their first active work was in a skirmish with Bragg's rear guard, on the 6th of October, 1862, and on the 8th of the same month they participated in the battle of Perryville, Ky. From that time until the close of the war, Capt. Troutman was constantly with his company, taking part in all the battles in which his regiment was engaged, except the battle of Missionary Ridge, which was fought while he was sick. These included all the battles of the Atlanta campaign, and, indeed, from Ringgold to Jonesboro, it was almost a continuous battle-field. On the "march to the sea," the army was compelled to subsist upon the country they passed through, and a foraging brigade was organized by selecting men from each company of the several regiments, who were placed under the command of a Major. Capt. Troutman was chosen to fill the office of commander of this party, and on one occasion encountered a large force of the enemy, who greatly outnumbered his own men. A fight ensued, in which several of his men were captured, yet they inflicted such heavy loss upon the enemy that he was glad to quit the field. Once before, on the 4th of August, 1864, Capt. Troutman, aided by his First Lieutenant, averted a stampede of the regiment by his coolness and prompt action. On this occasion, they were marching through a dense thicket, and were surprised by the reserve forces of the enemy's picket, who opened fire upon them from ambush. The suddenness of the attack demoralized the Union boys, who began to flee to the rear, but the Captain stepped from his place, and, intercepting their flight, rallied and re-formed the soldiers, without the co-operation of the superior officers. During the South Carolina campaign, the Colonel was absent, and the duty of commanding the regiment devolved upon the Major. Thereupon Capt. Troutman was appointed to act as Major, and served in that capacity during all of that campaign. He received a hearty recommendation from his General to Gov. Morton, for a commission as Colonel, and but for the termination of the war shortly afterward, would undoubtedly have been promoted to this office, as new regiments were being organized and the services of experienced officers were in demand. He served his country well, and only laid down his sword when there was no further use for it in the field. He was mustered out with his regiment on the 10th of June, 1865, and returned to his home. For a few months after his return, he was engaged in mercantile pursuits at Kewanna, but finding this prejudicial to his health, he sold his stock and retired to his farm, where he has ever since been engaged in agricultural pursuits, in connection with the live-stock trade.
In politics he has always been identified with the Republican party, and while a zealous partisan, he has seldom sought the honors of office. But in 1872 he was nominated by his party friends as joint Representative from the counties of Fulton and Kosciusko, and was elected by a flattering majority, serving in the special session of 1872 and the regular session of 1873. He gave his adhesion warmly to the temperance legislation of that period, and was one of the zealous supporters of the Baxter liquor bill. His identity with the temperance cause proved prejudicial to his own interests, and was probably the secret of his defeat for re-nomination. But he discharged his duty as his conscience dictated, and retired with the approbation of a large proortion of his constituency. He has always been a radical temperance man, and has been prominently identified with various temperance organizations, including the Sons of Temperance and the Good Templars. He organized a lodge of the latter order in the Eighty-seventh Regiment, which produced a marked effect for good upon the morals of the regiment. He is an active and enthusiastic Mason, having been identified with Kewana Lodge, No. 546, from its inception. He united with the Masonic order at Rochester, but withdrew from that lodge to become a charter member of Kewanna Lodge.
He has always been an enterprising and industrious man, and by a life of energy has accumulated a comfortable store of worldy wealth, while, by his integrity and fair dealing with all men, he has won the esteem and good will of all who know him. He has done as much, perhaps, as any indivdual citizen to encourage the public improvements of the county, and has been particularly the friend of railroad enterprises. He was one of the leading spirits in planning for a railroad through Kewanna, and has labored zealously for the success of this plan, which is now soon to be realized.
On the 5th of January, 1854, Mr. Troutman was united in marriage with Miss Martha J. Harvey, daughter of Philip and Elizabeth Harvey, who came to Union Township in 1848, and were among its best citizens while they lived. Mrs. Troutman is an excellent lady, a devoted wife and mother, and possesses the affectionate regard of a large circle of friends. Both herself and husband are consistent members of the Disciples Church at Kewanna. Their wedded life has been blessed by ten children, seven of whom died in infancy. Those who still survive are Mahala E., wife of Enoch Myers, Clauda G. and George B.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, pp. 59-60]

By 1850 John Troutman and Joel Davis had built a sawmill to provide lumber for frame houses.

TROY POST OFFICE [Henry Township]
See: Sidconger
See: Sugar Grove School, Henry Township.

TRUE, BILLY [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rochester Bands

TRUE, FRED [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Patents and Inventions

TRUE, MELVIN [Rochester, Indiana]
Editor News-Sentinel:
This is to remind you that on Sept. 11, 1862 John Robinson Show was in Rochester. They had 19 wagons and one elephant, that being the largest show. Well so Dick and I came to town the same day. I liked Rochester, so I quit the show business and have been here ever since. I was born on Main street where Louderback's garage is now. It was 74 years ago. I have lived to see Rochester grow from a small village of 2 stores to a beautiful city. When I was a small barefoot boy there were no sidewalks, no brick buildings, no automobiles, no flying machines, no electric lights, no railroads, no paved roads. There were plenty of ox teams and Huch pin wagons but no buggys. Plenty of Indians. Lots of wild game. I well remember the first railroad train that came to Rochester. People came for 25 miles around. Some came on foot, horse back, ox teams. Little dinky engines, wood burners. They would stop in the country and wood up. My first school days were the old log school house with slabs for seats. How times have changed, as well as the people, but the same old world.
Your Everlasting friend,
Melvin True
544 E. Eighth St.
Old Timer
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, September 11, 1936]

TRUE, NOBBY, MRS. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Downs Sawmill

TRUE, RENALDO P. "NOBBY" [Rochester, Indiana]
See Rochester Baking Company

Another successful product of Fulton County is Renaldo P. "Nobby" TRUE, who was born 36 years ago. He acquired a good education in the common schools and adopted teaching as his profession, following it for fifteen years. He also learned the trade of painting and decorating but abandoned his school and paint brush avenues a year ago when he purchased the Eagle bakery. Since that time he has had a splendid business in the bakery, lunch and confection line and his place is one of the neatest in the city. He married Miss Estella MITCHELL and they have two children, a son and a daughter.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 20, 1895]

[Adv] NOW JUST LOOK HERE. Come over to Nobby's place and buy your Cakes, Pies, Cookies, Rolls and Bread, and stop inviting a spell of sickness by stewing over a hot oven during these sweltering days.
He will treat you fairly and give you your money's worth. NOBBY TRUE.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, August 1, 1899]

Nobby True decided to close his bake shop for an indefinite period and accordingly the last bake was made yesterday. Mr. True has thought of doing this for some time on account of the unprofitableness of the business. And now with flour so high his thoughts were placed in action at once. Jos. Seigfred, who has done the baking for Mr. True since his buying the business about sixteen years ago, has not decided what he will do but he will probably be engaged in baking elsewhere.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, August 6, 1909]

H. H. Haggerty, of Bunker Hill, has accepted a position as baker at Nobby True's restaurant.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, August 18, 1909]

Rinaldo P. True was born in Fulton county, Indiana, February 18, 1859, the son of Pulaski and Elizabeth (McClary) True, the latter of whom was a native of Virginia and came to Fulton county in 1854 with her parents, Ephraim and Catherine McClary, who were pioneers of this county and died here. Elizabeth McClary True was born February 14, 1834, and is still living. Pulaski True came to Fulton county with his parents, Samuel and Arathusa (Stone) True, pioneer settlers of the county who are buried in Mt. Zion cemetery. He died in October, 1859, at the age of twenty-five years when Rinaldo P. True was seven months old. The mother of our subject married a second time, taking for her husband David Hoover, and to this union, five children were born, four of whom died in childhood, only one, Sidney Hoover, of Bristol, Tennessee, now living. Rinaldo P. True was educated in the public and high schools of his home community and then attended the normal school for a time. At the age of seventeen years, he took up school teaching as a profession, which he followed until he was thirty-five years of age. At that time he decided to engage in the more lucrative business of conducting a restaurant, and in conjunction with this, he has managed a highly successful baking busines known as the Rochester Bakery, of which he is the sole proprietor, and his business has been an exceedingly successful venture. In 1887, he married Estelle Mitchell, born in 1861, the daughter of Charles and Isabel (Collins) Mitchell. Charles Mitchell was born in Carroll county, Indiana, in 1834, and came to Fulton county with his parents when he was still a small boy, and his wife was a native of New York. To Mr. and Mrs. True have been born three children: Max M., Lucy, and Grace. Lucy True was educated in the graded and high schools of Rochester and in DePauw University, from which she graduated, having majored in music and English. She then studied art in Indianapolis and is now a teacher of art and music in Ft. Wayne, Indiana, having previously taught those subjects in Albion, Montpelier, and Hartford City, Indiana. Grace True was educated in the graded and high schools of Rochester. She took an extra year in high school studying typewriting and shorthand. She was then employed in the office of the Rochester Sentinel until her marriage to John A. Barrett, which occurred in 1922. In fraternal circles, Mr. True is a valued member of the Masons, the Knights of Pythias, and the Modern Woodmen of America. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 288-289, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

Charles Stewart, owner and operator of a bakery at Bremen, has purchased the Nobby True bakery in this city, according to an announcement by the new owner.
The new proprietor has already taken over management of the bakery. Modern equipment is now being installed and will be ready for operation Saturday.
Mr. True has been engaged in the restaurant and bakery business in Rochester for over 30 years. The True bakery is one of the best equipped and most complete baking units in Northern Indiana.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, June 9 1936]

TRUE & TRUE [Rochester, Indiana]
The firm of True & True, who have been conducting a restaurant on North Main street, are closing out and will quit business. Walter True and wife will go to Indianapolis, while William True has fitted up a suite of rooms in the Commercial block and will lead a retired life.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, September 21, 1910]

TRUE & WHITTENBERGER [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Easter is Near and so is True & Whittenberger's Grand Millinery Opening, Thursday, Friday and Saturday, April 7th, 8th and 9th, '02. - - - TRUE & WHITTENBERGER.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, April 6, 1892]

[Adv] Bazaar Ribbon Sale. Being overstocked with ribbons of all numbers, shades and qualities, we have inaugurated a cut price sale to continue 30 days. Half Price for all goods on this counter. TRUE & WHITTENBERGER, Successors to Mrs. Miller.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, March 3, 1893]
TRUE & WIGMORE GROCERY [Rochester, Indiana]
Located 822 Main.
[Adv] ANNOUNCEMENT! The People's Grocery Sells Nothing But Fresh Clean Goods and Pays the Highest Market Prices for Good Produce. TRUE & WIGMORE, Successors to Carter Bros., opposite Court House.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, April 7, 1893]

TRUE & WIGMORE (Biography)
TRUE & WIGMORE enjoy an individuality which places them at the head of leading grocers of Rochester.
Loyd TRUE was born in this county near Mt. Zion in November, 1860. Raised a farmer boy and attending the common schools and the schools of Rochester, he early laid the foundation for the practical education, experience and rugged health that he today so well enjoys.
George WIGMORE, the junior member of the firm, was born at Monticello, White county, Ind. Quitting school at an early age on account of ill health he engaged as clerk in the grocery store of Bennett Bros., of Monticello, with whom he remained for four years when he came to Rochester with Mr. P. D. BENNETT, in whose employ he remained until March, 1893. When forming a partnership with Mr. True, they purchased the Carter Bros. stock and christened the new venture the "People's Grocery." Without exception they have made the store everything its name implies. Mr. True's six years of teaching gives him a wide acquaintance throughout the county which together with Mr. Wigmore's lifelong experience in the business and his holding the office of City Clerk at once places this firm of enterprising young men at the head and front of the grocery business of Rochester.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 20, 1895]

The People's Grocery, owned by True & Wigmore, was closed, Tuesday, for the benefit of creditors. Claims amounting to about one thousand dollars embarrassed the firm and they decided to close up and try to collect enough of their accounts, which amount to nearly as much as their indebtedness, to enable them to settle their obligations and go ahead with their business. The firm is a popular one and it is the universal hope in Rochester that it may be able to square up and continue business.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, January 29, 1897]

Next, to the north [of the Stanton & Sterner Book Store] Holman & Onstott sold dry goods and beyond this True & Wigmore conducted a grocery business, later the operation of Frank Marsh.
[Earle A. Miller, The News-Sentinel, Monday, July 14, 1958]
Lloyd TRUE, 62, former resident of Rochester, but for the last seventeen years of Washington, D.C., died there Saturday morning. This news came in the form of a telegram to relatives here. No further particulars were given as to the cause of his death and could not be learned. It was known that he had been ill for a long time and his condition had been serious for some months.
Mr. True at one time was a well known business man here conducting a grocery with his partner under the name of True and Wigmore. He was always an active worker in the Republican party and received an appointment through Senator Beveridge as a guard in the capital building at Washington. He moved his family at that time and has resided there since. Later he accepted a position with a gas company in Washington which he was holding at the time of his death.
[- - - - --]

TRUE BROS. RESTAURANT [Rochester, Indiana]
See Enterprise Restaurant.

TRUE PLANING MILL [Rochester, Indiana]
Following closely on the heels of two fires of Monday came an alarm at 1:45 o'clock Tuesday morning, when the Mel True planing mill at the east end of Sixth street was discovered on fire. Before the flames could be subdued the building was almost a total wreck and damge together with the contents is estimated at more than $5,000.
The fire was discovered by Nightwatchman George CLAYTON, who saw the flames from Main street and turned in the alarm. When the firemen reached the scene the whole interior of the building was a mass of flames and when the streams of water finally conquered the blaze little was left of the contents or the structure itself.
On the north half of the building, where the fire evidently originated was the planing mill operated by Mr. True, and there all the valuable machinery probably worth in the neighborhood of $1,500, together with his hand tools and about $200 worth of lumber stock were burned and rendered useless. On the south side, which was used as an automobile storage and a garage, the latter operated by Harry Martin and Lloyd Wissinger, the flames seriously damaged 15 of the 21 cars stored there. Most of the machines at least suffered burned tops, while most of them also had tires, upholstery and ignition systems destroyed. The damage to the storage cars is estimated at close to $1,500. Nine of the cars belonged to the Finneren Motor Sales Co., they estimating their damage at $400, which is covered by insurance. The B. & H. Auto Sales Co., formerly of this city, but now of Monticello, had six cars there, but all were gotten out without being burned. A. D. Robbins had a Chalmers five passenger car almost ruined, the top, upholstery and ignition system being burned.
Another to lose heavily through the fire was A. J. Palmer, of Ashland, this state, who had a full set of wagon makers tools stored there. The outfit which is valued at $1,500 is a total loss. Mr. Martin, who had a Buick five passenger stored there also suffered loss through a burned top, upholstery and tires. The garage also had a loss through the destruction of tools and work that was under way.
Just what started the fire is a hard matter to tell as the blaze started in the north part of the building and there had been no fire in there since Monday noon.
The building, which is valued at about $1,500, is owned by a man named Sarber, in Ohio. Mr. True's loss is partly covered by $1,000 insurance.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, December 16, 1919]

A. E. Serewicz has announced that workmen will begin Wednesday tearing down the old True Planing mill for the purpose of making way for the new building to be erected which will house the auto body company, which will start here as soon as possible. Mr. Serewica has received full instructions from the Chicago capitalists behind the movement to go ahead as rapidly as possible and work on the new building should begin within a short time.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, May 3, 1921]

See American Fork & Hoe Co.; See C.K.R. Corporation.

TRUE'S MILL [Rochester Township]
Located at Mount Zion, approximately 500E and 250S.

TRUE'S RESTAURANT, NOBBY [Rochester, Indiana]
Located W side of street at 804 or 806 Main.
Also See True, Renaldo P. "Nobby"

"Nobby's Restaurant," 31 years the property of R. P. "Nobby" True and the oldest established restaurant in the city, has been sold to John Hoover of east Rochester, who will continue its operation with the present employees and who will add Sunday service. Because of his age, Mr. True decided to sell the popular restaurant, known widely in northern Indiana, in order to devote his entire time to the conduct of his baking business on East Ninth street, the Rochester Baking company.
Mr. Hoover, the new proprietor, is an experienced restaurant man, having been in Mr. True's employ for several years. He went to a farm seven years ago. He will close at 8 p.m. except in summer.
The deal was closed at noon Thursday, and the change in management was made effective immediately.
In 1894, Mr. True purchased the restaurant from Mrs. Bertha Coplen and developed the business to its present peak.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, October 2, 1925]

In the north half of the 800 block on Main street beginning from the intersecting alley, B. Levi operated a dry goods store. Next door Charley Mitchell conducted a card room with, I believe, a billiard table or so. The room later became "My Show," a popular movie house and now occupied by Adler's Dress Shop. Then Joe Levi Clothing Store and Charles Plank operated a shoestore. Ditmire's was next in line to Nobby True's Restaurant. A. C. Copeland's bank and on the corner occupied by People's Drugs (now Lord's) was Jonathan Dawson, one of Rochester's earliest dispenser of quinine, Brickle's linament, Dr. King's New Discovery and prescription and patent medicines long ago forgotten in this day of sulfa drugs, etc.
[Earle A. Miller, The News-Sentinel, Monday, July 14, 1958]

Wonder what Harry Capp, who operated a restaurant on the south side of the public square back in the gay nineties, would think of today's restaurant take? And then there was R. P. (Nobby) True who served a good farm meal for less than a half-dollar. Who remembers when Marion Fultz held forth where the Courthouse View Restaurant is now the Kiwanis headquarters? In the Fultz restaurant a ham sandwich cost a nickle and that was before the day of hamburgers.
[Earle A. Miller, The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, October 6, 1959]

Photo of American Railway Express Agency office, includes Nobby's Restaurant.
[Earle Miller, Shirley Willard, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 1, Willard]

By and by John Hoover took over the Nobby True place and a good plate of flap jacks could be had for 15 cents, but church suppers held forth for years at 25 to 35 cents a plate for all you could eat.
[Earle A. Miller, The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, October 6, 1959]

TRUSLOW & CO., G. W. [Rochester, Indiana]
G. W. Truslow & Co. have opened a large Store on Main Street, where they keep the best quality of Gents Furnishing Goods . . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, September 28, 1865]
Old Line Clothing House, opposite Jesse Shields' New Brick, Corner Main and South Streets. G. W. Truslow & Co, Merchant Tailors . . . Oct. 28, 1868.
[Rochester Union-Spy, Thursday, October 29, 1868]

Carpenter Shop. Willard & Stahl have erected a new carpenter shop on the lot opposite Truslow's Clothing store which they intend to occupy themselves, and where they expect to continue to work for their customers.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, December 12, 1867]

TRUSLOW TAILOR SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
George W. Truslow, Tailor . . . South Room of the Bozarth Building opposite the Mansion House, Rochester, June 3, 1858.
[Rochester Gazette, Thursday, December 9, 1858]

G. W. Truslow, Tailor. Shop in the Bozarth Building, south room. Rochester, Ind.
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, April 26, 1860]
G. W. Truslow, Tailor, Rochester, Indiana. Shop up stairs in the Mammoth Building. Cutting done at all times.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, April 10, 1862]

The building now occupied by Mr. Truslow as a merchant tailor's store, is soon to be moved to the opposite side of South street, to make room for materials which will be used in the construction of two or three brick store rooms, next summer. The building contemplated will be occupied in the third story by the Masonic fraternity.
[Rochester Union-Spy, Thursday, October 8, 1868]

TUCKER, ALBERT [Union Township
Albert Tucker. - The subject of this sketch was born in New York May 1, 1831, and is a son of Seth and Hannah Tucker, natives of New England. Mr. Tucker has one brother--Edward--living, who resides in Michigan; also one sister--Emily. Mr. A. Tucker was married to Marcella Nash May 19, 1859. Mrs. Tucker was born August 5, 1839, her parents being natives of Massachusetts and Connecticut respectively. Mrs. Tucker's father died in August, 1851, and her mother died in 1878, aged seventy-three years. Mr. Tucker is the father of five children, whose names are Seth, Kate M., Ellen, Amos R. and Randall. Mr. Tucker, with his parents, emigrated from New York to LaGrange County, this State, in 1836. After his marriage, his father gave him eighty acres of land near the old homestead, on which they resided one year, when they sold out and went to Michigan, and after residing there awhile, he removed to this county in 1865, where they have since resided, most of the time upon the place owned formerly by Mr. A. Akens. He now owns 173 acres of land two miles west of where they live, in Pulaski County, on which he has built a fine house and which he intends to occupy in the near future. By energy and industry he has acquired a comfortable home. He is honored by his neighbors for his integrity and sterling worth as a citizen.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 60]

TUCKER, MERL [Akron, Indiana]
Merl Tucker, proprietor of one of the best-equipped garages of Fulton county, is accepted as one of the most representative young business men of Akron, who has risen through his own efforts to a position of affluence and respect. He was born in Kosciusko county, Indiana, May 15, 1888, and is the fifth child in a family of six, five sons and one daughter, born to Hollis and Nettie (Alexander) Tucker. All six of these children survive; two of them are living in Kosciusko county; Merl Tucker and his sister are residents of Fulton county; another is in Allen county, and the sixth is in Saint Joseph county. The father was born in Kosciusko county, and was educated in its common schools. For years a farmer, he became the owner of 503 acres of valuable land, and for the last few years of his activity, he was a breeder of Norman horses, but is now living in retirement at Akron. In political faith he is a Republican. The Tucker family is of English origin, but has long been established in the United States. The mother was born in a house that is still standing in Richland county, Ohio, but she was brought to Indiana by her parents when she was still a child, and she was reard, educated and married in the latter state. Growing up on his father's farm Merl Tucker attended the local schools and learned to be a farmer. After following that vocation for some years, in 1921 he went to Chicago and took a course at an auto school of that city. In 1922 he put to practical use the instruction he had received, and opened his present garage with Howard H. Ball as the junior member of the firm, at Akron. This is one of the most complete in Northern Indiana, the building being 192x61 feet, and is equipped with the best of heating and lighting accommodations. Everything about it is strictly modern, and the firm carries a full line of accessorites. The service compares very favorably with that offered in the large cities. Both partners are courteous and obliging, and have built up a successful business. April 23, 1910, Mr. Tucker was married to Miss Elma, daughter of Horace G. and Phiana (Petry) Thomas. Mrs. Tucker was born in Kosciusko county, Indiana, February 15, 1896, and the public furnished her educational training. Mr. and Mrs. Tucker have three children: Thomas Edgar, Ferrie Josephine, and Annie Marie, and the two older ones are attending the Akron graded schools. A Republican, Mr. Tucker cast his first vote for Theodore Roosevelt for president, and he has since continued firm in his support of the principles the great American advocated. The people of his home county have proved their confidence in him upon several occasions by sending him as their delegate to the conventions of his party within the county confines. In addition to his business interests he owns forty-five acres of excellent farming land near Burket, Kosciusko county. Both he and his wife are very popular among the younger married set of their home city.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 290-291, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

TUGENDRICH, JACOB [Kewanna, Indiana]
I. W. Holeman, Rochester and Jacob Tugendrich, Kewanna sell patent medicine.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 4, 1862]

TULEY DRY GOODS STORE [Rochester, Indiana]
Notice! Having purchased the entire stock of goods & merchandise of Mr. A. E. Taylor, I take this method of informing the citizens of Fulton and adjoining counties that I shall continue the establishment much after the old style of Mr. Taylor . . . Mr. Taylor will act as my agent for the present, assisted by Mr. C. A. Mitchell, in transacting the business . . . . . W. W. Tuley.
[Rochester Mercuty, Thursday, December 5, 1861]

TURNAM, HARRY [Rochester, Indiana]
Harry Turnam, who has been employed at the Swiss Dry Cleaning works for the past several months, has purchased the H. M. Grubbs dry cleaning establishment on West Ninth street and has already taken possession. The new owner is an experienced dry cleaner and tailor and will no doubt prove quite successful in the venture. Mr. Grubbs has not decided on his future business policy.
The vacancy at the Swiss Dry Cleaning works made vacant by the leaving of Mr. Turnam has been filled by Charles Corbett of Chicago, who has had a number of years' experience in one of that city's large dye houses.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, May 3, 1912]

H. H. Turnam, who conducted the dry cleaning establishment on West Ninth street, this city, for several months, left Rochestr Monday evening and so far as anyone knows he did not impart a word as to his probable destination. His young wife stated this morning that she was at a loss as to how to account for her husband's actions and that she had not the slightest idea as to where he has gone. It is an unfortunate state of circumstances that Mr. Turnam left a number of unpaid bills behind and creditors have been trying to get a line on his whereabouts so thay they take some sort of action.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, July 2, 1912]

Ed Hill of this city has launched in business by a deal which was closed several days ago, when he purchased the Turnam dry cleaning establishment on Ninth street. Mr. Hill took possession at once and will try and build the business up to a high standard of efficiency. The business has been allowed to drag by the former owner and it will be a sort of uphill climb for the new proprietor. Mr. Hill has been connected with the tailoring business for a good many years and his wide experience will do much toward making his venture a success.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, July 2, 1912]

TURNER, F. H. [Tiosa, Indiana]
[Adv] NEW HARNESS SHOP at Tiosa, Ind. F. H. TURNER. This well known harness maker has again opened a shop at Tiosa, and solicits the patronage of all citizens. He offers to do the nicest and best work for the least money. Give him a call.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 31, 1886]

[Adv] WE LEAD, WHO CAN, MAY FOLLOW. The PLANO BINDER another step in advance. The only Binder made that pulls easily with two hordses. The only Binder having a fly wheel attachment, which causes the Plano Binder to run one horse lighter than any other Binder. The Plano Binder remains in motion while turning a corner, cuts and binds grain while making a right hand turn. We build the light running JONES MOWER. You get tired backing your team every time you start into the grass - not so with the Jones Mower. For sale by F. H. TURNER, Prop., Central House, Rochester, Indiana. - - - -
[ - - - -]

[Adv] I have my stock of fruit trees, vines, etc., ready for sale just north of the Arlington hotel. Prices about half what agents ask you. F. H. TURNER.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, April 20, 1899]

TURNER, J. D. [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] FURNITURE TO EXCHANGE. I have new furniture to exchange for old. I want to buy all kinds of household goods, such as stoves, furniture, carpets, etc. Also watches, harness and anything of value. - - - You can also get cash for anything you have to sell at the PEOPLE'S NEW AND SECOND-HAND STORE, three doors south of Academy of Music. J. D. TURNER, Prop.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, January 9, 1900]

J. D. Turner has sold a half interest in his furniture and second hand business to Bert Braman. The firm will be known as TURNER & BRAMAN, and are ready to pay the highest cash price for second hand goods or trade new goods for old.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 3, 1900]

J. E. Braman and son Bert have bought out J. D. Turner's second hand store. The exchange was made Saturday. Mr. Turner has been proprietor of the store for three years, and has received a very liberal patronage. The junior partner of the present owners, Braman & Son, has been with Mr. Turner for some time and is acquainted with the work. After a week's visit with relatives at Mentone, Mr.Turner and family will move to Frankfort.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, January 21, 1901]

TURNER & BRAMAN [Rochester, Indiana]
J. D. Turner has sold a half interest in his furniture and second hand business to Bert Braman. The firm will be known as TURNER & BRAMAN, and are ready to pay the highest cash price for second hand goods or trade new goods for old.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 3, 1900]

TURNER MILLINERY SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
Millinery Goods, Hats and Caps. . . My Store may be found in the South Room of the Rannells Hotel. Mrs. S. C. Turner. Rochester Ind., Dec. 5, 1866.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, December 6, 1866]

Mr. B. F. (Frank) Brown has purchased the Millinery and Furnishing Establishment, one door South of the Central Hotel, of Mrs. S. C. Turner and will continue the business at the same place. . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, February 21, 1867]

[Adv] THE NEW MILLINERY. We are ready for the women whose demands are the most exacting in the matter of Millinery, and we are displaying this season the most attractive hats we have every shown.
Be your preference for flower, bird or velvet trimmed, or the particularly smart black and white effects, our lines are complete enough to furnish you with the hat you want. TURNER SISTERS.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 23, 1901]

[Adv] Fall and Winter Millinery - - - - TURNER SISTERS, With Holman & Marsh.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, September 24, 1903]

There are two business changes in Rochester, one the selling out of E. B. Collins to Isom R. New and Lee Miller, and the other, Ike Onstott, buying a half interest in the J. D. Holman stock of shoes.
Invoicing will begin at the E. B. Collins store the latter part of the week, and the new proprietors will take charge as soon as that is completed. Messrs New and Miller were formerly associated in business, having conducted a large hardware store at Macy for several years. Mr. Miller has had twelve years experience in the business and had recently been employed at the Stoner & Black hardware store.
The J. D. Holman shoe store is at the present time being invoiced and upon the completion of this work Mr. Onstott will become a partner. The new member of the firm needs no introduction to Rochester people, he having been employed in different stores for the past eighteen years. The Holman & Onstott stock will be enlarged and the Turner Sisters will move their millinery store to the Baker room, two doors south of their present location, in order to make more room for the shoe store.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, February 13, 1906]

The room in the Arlington block, formerly occupied by Feder & Silberberg, is being fitted up for the Turner Sisters who will move their millinery store there about the first of March.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, February 23, 1906]

[Adv] Millinery Opening, Wednesday, March 18 (one day only) . . . . We shall be pleased to have you as a visitor on our opening day. TURNER SISTERS, Arlington Block.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, March 13, 1914]

The News-Sentinel was reliably informed Wednesday afternoon of several changes in business houses which will move in this city within the next six weeks which will include the discontunuance of a store, the opening of another establishment and the changing of the location of two others.
The store which will be closed is the Styles Furnishing Store in the J. F. Dysert building operated for five years by Oren Karn and sold by him to M. Wile and Sons three weeks ago. Mr. Karn, who is the owner of the Coffee Shop and also the Dysert building, will move his popular cafe into the room vacated by the Styles Store.
The room which will be vacated in the Fredonia block by the Coffee Shop will be occupied by the Turner Sisters Millinery store which will be moved from their present location one door north of the room which they will occupy.
The room vacated by the Turner Sisters and the one which foromerly housed the postoffice will be the home of a new mercantile establishment which will feature popular priced ladies ready to wear, men's clothing, shoes, dry goods, and ladies and gents furnishings.
The owners of the new store the News-Sentinel is not at this time permitted to make public. This establishment will be opened about September 1 or just as soon as the store can be equipped and openings made between the two rooms.
Mr. Karn will move the Coffee Shop to its new location sometime within the next four weeks or just as soon as the room in the Dysert building has been altered so that it will be ready for occcupancy by the restaurant.
Lyman Brackett, who is the owner of the Fredonia block will start on Friday morning to make the changes in the rooms wished by his tenants.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, July 21, 1926]

[Adv - Fall Showing . . . ladies' and misses' Millinery . . . . Turner Sisters, 713 Main
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Thursday, September 2, 1926]

Turner Sisters, one of the oldest and most popular millinery establishments, and a land mark business venture in the Brackett building at 713 Main street are moving today to a new location at 110 East Eighth street being vacated by Mary's Beauty 'shop.
The millinery firm, composed of the Misses Nona and Isabelle Turner, plan, it is understood, to carry on their bueiness at the new location where they will welcome their old friends and customers.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, December 29, 1945]

TUTTLE, F. B. [Kewanna, Indiana]
The Baske & Sinnott hardware store in Kewanna has been sold to F. B. Tuttle. The stock is being invoiced and as soon as the inventory is completed. [sic] Mr. Tuttle, who assumes charge of the store, was a former Kewanna business man but for the past two years has been in the West.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, September 20, 1910]

A L. Greist has purchased the general store at Twelve Mile known as the Brown store. He has taken possession.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, December 12, 1931]

A saw mill owned by Jack Steuber, located on the William Fernald farm three and one-half miles southwest of Twelve Mile, was burned to the ground at 4 o'clock Wednesday morning.
The fire was of undetermined origin and was discovered by a man living on a neighboring farm who notified the fire departments of Fulton, Twelve Mile and Mexico.
All three departments went to the mill but were unable to save the structure. The loss is estimated at $1,500.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, June 24, 1936]

Fire originating from a bolt of lightning Friday night completely razed the large grain elevator at Twelve Mile with an estimated loss of more than $15,000 after four fire departments fought in vain for a half hour to bring the blaze under control.
Lightning struck in the grinding room on the lower floor of the structure about 6 o'clock and quickly spread through the building, which was burned to the ground in almost 30 minutes.
The blaze also spread to the cement room and feed room of the elevator property and burned the roofs of both buildings but action by firemen kept the fire from completely destroying the structures.
The tin side covering of the elevator over the frame structure kept the blaze from breaking out from the building and several minutes after lightning struck, the blaze had made its way into the grain and feed storage rooms turning the entire structure into a blazing inferno. Firemen from Denver, Mexico and Fulton answered the call and aided the Twelve Mile department in keeping the fire under control. Hoses were strung to the scene from the cistern in the Twelve Mile department building across the tracks of the C. & O. railroad blocking traffic along the railroad. The signal system of the railroad also was reported damaged by the blaze and debris which fell onto the tracks.
The loss of the elevator and its contents is partially covered by insurance, it was reported Friday night. Hundreds of bushels of grain, mostly wheat and stocks of feed were lost in the blaze and attempts to save valuable records and scales from the office of the building were futile.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, October 3, 1942]
TWO BY FOUR SANDWICH SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
A new sandwich shop to be known as the "2 by 4 Sandwich Shop" will be opened Thursday in the room at 113 East Ninth Street by Mae and Sophia Sparks. The two women are the owners of the Rainbow Cafe on North Main Street. The food to be served at the new establishment will be prepared at the Rainbow Cafe and delivered to the new shop where it will be kept under the strictest sanitary conditions until served. Several specials will be featured which will include the famous "Tasty Sandwich", "Farmers Produced Buttermilk" and sweet milk from Guernsey cows.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, July 20, 1932]

TYRRELL, WILLIAM [Liberty Township]
William Tyrrell is a prosperous Indiana farmer of Irish descent. His father was James Tyrrell, who came from Ireland to America with his mother in 1862 and located at Rossville, Vermillion county, Illinois, where his mother eventually died. For some years the son followed farming in that state and married Maria Anderson who had also come from Ireland with her parents and settled in the same vicinity. In February, 1898, the family decided to move to Indiana which they did and chose as their home a tract of land five miles west of Rochester. In 1903 another move was made, this time to Liberty township where they still live. Two hundred and thirty-three acres give opportunity for general farming and stock raising. James Tyrrell has retired from active work but still lives on the home place. Their family consists of: William; May, now Mrs. Theodore White, of Grass Creek; Mike; Agnes, Mrs. Omer Richardson, of Liberty township; and John, a farmer of Rochester township. The eldest son, William, was educated partly in Illinois and partly in Fulton county, Indiana, has followed farming all his life, sometimes in one locality, and sometimes in another and has charge of the home estate where he now lives.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 291-292, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]




U. S. BANK & TRUST CO. [Rochester, Indiana]
Located at 729 Main.
Henry A. Barnhart was active in organizing the Rochester Trust and Savings Bank which was later merged with the U. S. Bank and Trust Company (729 Main) of which he was director.
Leonard Joshua Newcomb was a cashier at the time of his death, December 6, 1925.
See Farmers & Merchants Bank

This is one of our popular banking institutions in Rochester. Its management at once found a warm acceptance in the public mind of this locality. And from the first day's business and its unpretentious beginning it took a deep root and has made a steady, vigorous growth of its business life and each year outdoing its previous year until at the present moment it is recognized by the devoted patronage as one of the soundest banking institutions in this part of the state of Indiana.
Its capital stock is $75,000 and besides paying its stockholders a dividend each year it has also accumulated and laid away for the protection of its depositors a surplus of $25,000. This it did by strict integrity of its officers, closely watched and guarded by diligent, sturdy, honest, upright board of directors, by its courteous treatment over the counter and its confidential business methods with all patrons. It has won an enviable place in the hearts of all the pe0ple who daily seek its advice and counsel in their private matters as well as to trust their surplus hard earnings with this banking house.
The building is beautiful in appearance and pleasing to the eye of the transient man convenient in every point in its interior. This banking institution with faith pinned to the interest and prosperity of this locality, with fidelity to all, will push forward on the confidence of the people.
This bank bays 4 per cent interest on time certificates of deposit and savings.
Its officers are: F. E. Bryant, President; A. B. Green Vice President; H. L. Coplen, Cashier; J. F. Kumler, Assistant; Flo Delp, Assistant; E. C. Mercer, Secretary, and G. W. Holman, Chairman Board of Directors.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, August 17, 1922]
Several changes in the personnel of the United States Bank & Trust Company were made today. George Leonard, who has been assistant cashier for the past two years, tendered his resignation to accept a position in the National Bank of the Republic, of Chicago. Miss Lois Fields, stenographer also resigned to accept a similar position in a South Bend bank.
Howard Wertzberger, member of the '27 R. H. S. class, Misses Josephine Smith and Margaret Bryant have been employed to take up the duties of the former employees.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, June 1, 1927]

Indianapolis, July 17. (U.P.) - A one week extension of the time limit for completing re-organization of the U. S. Bank & Trust Company, Rochester was granted by the State department of financial institions here Monday evening.
Efforts are being made to organize a new bank and take over admissable assets of the U. S. Bank and Trust Co., which has been operating on a restricted basis since the National moratorium in March 1933.
Representatives of the proposed new bank asked for more time to complete subscription of stock, Herman Wells, assistant director of the state banking department explained.
Will Approve New Bank
He said that if the necessary stock is subscribed, his department will approve the plan formally.
Wells said he did not know what the new bank would be named, explaining that it could not be incorporated until the money is raised.
Admissable assets of the U. S. Bank & Trust Co. will amount to approximately 40 percent of its deposits Wells estimated.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, July 17, 1934]

Thomas Yater, Logansport, liquidating agent for the closed United States Bank and Trust Company, which ceased operation several years ago and in which the Indiana Department of Financial Institutions has to date recovered 64 per cent of deposits and asseets, announced yesterday the sale of the remaining assets of the bank for $7,775.
Carl Quick, local stock buyer, made the purchase taking all real estate, mortgages and judgments held as assets by the closed bank.
The sale made yesterday is the last move to close the liquidation. The transfer and payment is subject to the approval of Judge Robert Miller in the circuit court and the Indiana Department of Financial Institutions.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, February 4, 1939]

Approximately 2,000 depositors of the former United States Bank and Trust company, now the Farmers and Merchants Bank, received a Christmas present when Judge Robert Miller in the Fulton circuit court granted the prayer of Thomas Yater, of Logansport, receiver of the closed bank, to pay the final dividend to the depositors.
Mr. Yater's petition to the court shows that the final payment will be the equivalent of a dividend of .016 per cent of the amount each depositor had on deposit with the bank when it closed in 1933.
The depositors of the United States Bank and Trust company have, during the time of its liquidation, received six other dividends which totaled about 72 per cent.
Mr. Yater will announce later when and where the depositors of the closed Rochester bank may receive the final dividend payment, which was authorized to be paid.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, December 19, 1942]

U. S. TIRE SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
[see Sims' Tire Store]

ULERY & URSCHEL HARDWARE [Rochester, Indiana]
John Shoup has traded his hardware store here to A. L. Ulrey and A. I. Urschel, North Manchester bankers, for a 160 acre farm south of Roann, it has been announced.
Possession will be granted immediately following the completion of an invoice to be made this week.
Mr. Shoup, formerly of west of Laketon, acquired the stock of what had been the Shepherd hardware store from John McClung and his associates less than a year ago.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Wednesday, July 29, 1925]

James "Buck" Buchanan, experienced hardware man formerly employed here by Stehle and Shively, lately of Burnettsville, has purchased the Ulrey and Urschel hardware store at 721 Main street, and will continue its operation.
The store will be closed for invoice the first of the week.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, September 25, 1925]

UMBRELLA VILLAGE [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Lawn chairs, bridge chairs, beach umbrellas, - - - - baby rocker, awnings - - - - UMBRELLA VILLAGE, Tim Baker Lot on East Ninth Street. Fred Shobe, Proprietor. Free Horseshoe Courts in Rear.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, August 5, 1938]

See: Ball, ancil B.
See: Essick, Michael L.

Considered Comment
Jack K. Overmyer
A 140-y6ar-old farmhouse south of Rochester is to be demolished any day now and with it will go a bit of unusual national history.
The main, gabled portion of the house was in the 1850s a station on the famous Underground Railroad that secretly guided runaway slaves from Southern states to safety on the free soil of Canada.
In 1925 Henry Sherrard Sr. moved his family into the house that is located just north of the Green Oak intersection on Old U.S. 31. In homes beside it today live his daughter, Mrs. Lowell .(Betty) Thousand, and his son Weldon Sherrard.
Henry recorded the house's distinctive histoty in a 1971 memoir. The escaping slaves were brought under the cover of night and were rested and fed during the day in the basement. The next night they, were escorted by their Abolitionist guides to another stop on their way north. This particular trail continued through Plymouth or sometimes through Mentone.
The leg of their trip to Green Oak started from a daytime sanctuary in a brick house on the north side of Mexico, wrote Sherrard, quite likely the one that still is there today.
There was but one entrance to the basement of the Green Oak house and its door contained a peephole for security against unwanted callers. There also was a hole bored in the livirig room floor above the basement. It was covered by a rug during the day, uncovered when owners of the house wanted to communicate with the fugitives below.
The floorboard containing the hole and the peepholed door are being
retained as valued family artifacts by Henry Sherrard's granddaughter, Maryanna Thousand.
This Green stopover was one of two known Underground Railroad routes through
Fulton County in those years of sectional agitation over slavery.
The other path reached this area by way of Wabash and Gilead, traversing Fulton County through Akron. The Gilead station was operated by Samuel Essick, an avowed Abolitionist who secreted the runaways under straw at the stables of his tannery. About 11 o'clock at night, Michael Essick later reported, he and father Samuel led them by a trail in the woods to Akron where they were housed another day by Dr. Joseph Sippy, founder of that village.
Samuel and Michael Essick were great-grandfathers of Vivian Wagoner Overmyer of Rochester.
This manner by which slaves could escape their bondage was created by Abolitionists and Quakers after the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law was passed by Congress. That statute provided for the return of runaway slaves who moved from one state to another and imposed heavy penalties on anyone who aided in their escape or interfered with their recovery.
Abolitionists rejected the law out of hand and determined to oppose it by every means. Some Northern state legislatures even passed laws to penalize any state or local offitial who obeyed the fugitive slave decree.
Thus was the stage set for the informal, volunteer Underground Railroad system. Although estimates vary as to how many slaves reached Canada by this method, it likely was several thousand. Other major routes on the Railroad were through Pennsylvania and Ohio.. In those years before Civil War broke out in 1861, sentiment for runaway slave ran high in Northern states.
Recalling the history of this ancient Green Oak house reveals some of the character of the pioneer Fulton County citizens who preceded us. Harboring escaped slaves was both dangerous and illegal but they considered it a moral imperative and went ahead willingly and with verve. The nation was immeasurably magnified thereby.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, October 28, 1997]

The section of land (southwest corner of 400S and 500W) on which Tom and Jane Mogle lived was considered safe for hiding runaway slaves prior to and during the Civil War. There was so much wilderness and so many isolated sections. One of the main routes of the Underground Railroad crossed the southeastern part of this area. Tom and Jane Mogle kept many a slave hidden in their attick by day, fed them and started them on by night. When they reached the Michigan line they were safe. Calvin, Michigan, was the end of the line.
[Rev. Jesse Sparks, Mildred Sparks Tomlinson, Fulton County Folks, Vol. 1, Willard]

Dr. Joseph Sippy and John Ball, who lived northwest of Akron, both had stations in the Underground Railroad and helped Negroes escape north through Fulton County to Canada.
[Dr. Joseph Sippy Family, Velma Bright, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

Christopher Campbell was born in Baltimore, Md., in 1831 and came to Fulton County in 1853. He was known as a "Black Republican" because of his sympathy for the colored people and help with the underground railroad through Fulton County.
[Christopher Campbell Family, Mary Campbell Gynther, Fulton Co Folks, Vol 2, Willard]

Widner & Co. Proprietors of the Union Bakery & Eating Saloon, No. 1 Mammoth Building . . . Rochester, Oct. 7, 1868.
[Rochester Union-Spy, Thursday, October 22, 1868]

UNION BAND [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rannells, William W.

The Union Committee of Fulton County is requested to meet at the Chronicle Office, in Rochester, on Tuesday, Aug 12th, 1862, for the purpose of filling the vacancy in the Union Ticket occasioned by the declension of John McConnehey . . . John Elam, Chairman Pro Tem Union Com.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, August 7, 1862]

Our friends will notice that the Union Committee have placed the name of Jacob Smith, Esq., of Wayne Township, upon our ticket for the office of Commissioner . . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, August 28, 1862]

Union County Convention . . . met in mass convention, in this place, on Saturday last . . . called to order by Dr. S. S. Terry, and organized by choosing the following officers: President, Hon. K. G. Shryock. Vice Presidents, Paul Stockberger, I. Krider, James Palmer, E. M. Jewett, John McConnehey, Jas. Maxey, Wm. Spencer, Wm. Ream, Jas. Carter, Jacob Smith, D. Irving, Wm. Reid and John Crum. Secretaries, C. E. Fuller and P. M. Bozarth . . . resolutions committee, Dr. S. S. Terry, John S. Mow, David Pugh, H. McAfee, C. E. Fuller, O. P. Dillon, D. C. Buchanan and C. Campbell . . . Messrs Davis, Fuller and Wilson were appointed a Committee to apportion the relative vote of the several townships in the Convention . . .
-- The Union, County Convention, held at this place on Saturday last, was a decided success . . . Mr. Hoppe is entitled to credit for refusing to sell liquor on the occasion. We have heard of no fights, and drunken men were scarce.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, July 31, 1862]
Union Convention. Pursuant to the call of the Union Central Committee, a considerable number of the Union men of the County met, on the 8th inst., in this place; and organized by appointing Jacob Whittenberger Chairman and C. E. Fuller Secretary. After remarks as to the objects of the meeting, the following persons were elected delegates to the Union State Convention: S. S. Terry, Vernon Gould, C. E. Fuller, Isaiah Hoover, John Elam, Christopher Campbell, B. Lawhead, Young Ralstin, Dudley H. Wells, Isaac E. Andrus, James Palmer, Robert Aitken, David Mow and Jacob Whittenberger.
On motion, the following Central Committee was appointed for the present year: C. E. Fuller, B. Lawhead, K. G. Shryock, Christopher Campbell, I. W. Krider, lI. E. Andrus, D. H. Wells, J. S. Mow, D. Mow and S. S. Terry. . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, January 14, 1864]

Proceedings of the Union Convention, Fulton County.
The assembly was called to order at 11 o'clock a.m. by C. E. Fuller, Chairman of the Central Committee, and on motion, William Mackey was chosen President, and P. M. Bozarth, Sec'y.
. . . . a committee of one from each township was appoointed to apportion the vote in the Convention, which committee reported as follows: . . .
A committee on nominations was then appointed, consisting of three from each township, as follows: Rochester, D. W. Lyon, Wm. Hill, L. W. Shelton. Richland, Young Ralstin, David Mow, N. Loomis. New Castle, John Lisle, Wm. Peck, Jefferson Rhodes. Union, Jesse Sparks, Jas. A. Carter, Robert Allen. Aubbeenaubbee, S. J. Rarrick, Christopher Campbell, Solomon Miller. Wayne, Isaac Eggman, Almon Packard, Joseph S. Horn. Henry, S. S. Terry, R. M. Pollock, Jacob Whittenberger. Liberty, I. W. Krider, Salmon Collins, Richard Reid.
On motion of C. E. Fuller, Sidney Keith, P. G. Kelsey, James Keely and T. J. Holcomb were appointed a committee on Resolutions . . .
. . . the committee on nominations reported as follows: For Representative Robert M Pollock. For Sheriff, Capt. David Rader. For Treasurer, Isaiah W. Krider. For Commissioner, James Keely.
The report of the committee was accepted and concurred in by three rousing cheers . . . [Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, July 7, 1864]

Union Convention. The Union Convention of Fulton County met at Rochester, on the 10th day of February 1866. . . [names mentioned]: John Beeber Esq'r., M. L. Essick, Hon. Stephen Davidson, E. Calkins Esq'r., Hon Schuyler Colfax, K. G. Shryock, Pres't., M. L. Essick, Sec'y.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, February 15, 1866

UNION CORNET BAND [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rannells, William W.

The union delivery system, owned by J. S. Dunham and managed by his son, Floyd, was Monday sold to Ranson Dull of Monroe, Mich., who will arrive here this evening to take charge.
The Dunhams started the first successful delivery system in Rochester last January. Floyd Dunham, who has been in charge here, will leave soon for his former home in Birmingham, Mich. The new owner will be in charge here personally. He is a young unmarried man and has had two years experience in the business.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 20, 1915]

A deal was announced Wednesday whereby E. E. Clary, well known liveryman, next Monday becomes the owner of the Rochester Union Delivery system, having purchased the equipment of H. A. Dull, who has had it for some time. Mr. Dull came to the city from Michigan and has conducted the delivery in a most satisfactory manner, pleasing both grocers and patrons. He has stated that he will probably remain in Rochester, engaging in business here.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, May 31, 1916]

A number of Rochester business men -- Joe Ewing, Arlie Morris, Frank Marsh, E. V. Sheets, Val Poffenbarger, Cecil Snapp, Ed Smith -- met with Harvey Clary, owner of the Union Delivery service in this city, Monday evening to map out plans for the establishment of delivery services to the lake this summer. This has been a long felt need at the lake and the local men who attended the meeting, and who will probably be joined by others, plan to establish a regular delivery service not only for groceries and meats, but also general parcel service. The service would be similar to that now enjoyed by city residents and while it has not been definitely decided to go ahead with the project, it appears to have been tentatively assured.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, May 27, 1924]

UNION LEAGUE [Fulton County]
Pursuant to public notice, a large number of the citizens of Fulton county, met at the Court house in Rochester, on Saturday, May 2d, 1863, for the purpose of organizing a Union League. J. B. Van Dean was chosen Chairman, and Captain P. G. Kelsey and L. J. Brown, Secretaries.
On motion, C. E. Fuller, P. G. Kelsey and S. Keith were appointed a committee to report a pledge as a basis of such league . . .
The League then elected the following officers: J. B. Van Dean, President. B. Lawhead, C. Campbell, A. C. Hickman, Andy Strong, Fred Peterson, I. E. Andrus, J. S. Mow, Jas. A. Carter, Vice Presidents. C. E. Fuller, Secretary.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, May 7, 1863]

UNION MEETINGS [Fulton County]
The people in mass met at the Court House in Rochester on Monday evening last, to take into consideration the present condition of our country.
T. H. Howes was chosen President, Wilson Alexander and J. New Vice Presidents, and J. H. Stailey and J. W. Walker Secretaries (Mr. Walker was not present).
After the object of the meeting being stated by the Chair, Hon. K. G. Shryock offered the following, which was adopted without a dissenting voice: . . . That we are for the Union of these States, for the Constitution and the full and complete enforcement of the laws of the Congress of the United States, in every part of the Union, North as well as South.
Speeches were made by Shryock, Lawhead, Keith, Rev. Mock and Stailey, after which the meeting adjourned to meet on Thursday evening , 25th.
---Thursday Evening, April 25 . . . Speeches were made by Lawhead, Brackett, Mr. Foot, of New York, Rev. Stallard, Calloway, Yost and Stailey.
The following resolutions were adopted unanimously: . . . . That we will use our best endeavors to support the families of those who are enlisting to defend the Constitution and the flag of their country. After which three deafening cheers were given for the Stars and Stripes . . .
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, April 25, 1861]

Union Meetings at Akron . . . held in the school house at Akron on Wednesday evening May 1st. The object of the meeting being stated, Mr. G. McCloud was appointed Chairman, and P. F. G. Kelsey Sect. Mr. C. E. Fuller of Rochester then addressed the meeting with a strong Union speech -- after which C. Brackett also of Rochester, addressed the meeting on the subject of raising Volunteers.
Akron, May 4th. The people without regard to party, assembled at the Meeting House in Akron, from all parts of the surrounding vicinity. Dr. S. S. Terry addressed the meeting. . . The meeting was also addressed by Jacob Whittenberger, A. B. Ball and others. By request the Glee Club sang the Flag of our Union . . .
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, May 9, 1861]

The Union Men of Fulton County, irrespective of party, will meet in Mass Convention, at Rochester, on Saturday next (Aug 31st). Ex Gov. J. A. Wright, Col. Lew Wallace, Hon. R. J. Ryan, Hon A. L. Osborn, lHon. C. W. Cathcart, Hon. S. L. lMcFadin, Hon D. D. Pratt and Hon R. P. DeHart are expected to be present, and address the meeting.
All persons, who indorse the sentiment of the immortal Andrew Jackson, "The Union, it must be preserved," are invited to participate in the convention. [NOTE: around one hundred local names listed. WCT]
[Rochester Mercuty, Thursday, August 29, 1861]

Union Mass Meeting. Pursuant to the call published by us last week, a large and harmonious mass meeting was held in this village last Saturday.
On motion of James A. Carter, B. Lawhead, Esq., was called to the chair, and messrs James A. Carter, William Ream, W. F. Squires and John Crum chosen Vice Presidents, and C. E. Fuller and P. M. Bozarth, Secretaries.
On motion, Messrs S. Keith, N. C. Hall, Robert Aitken, T. W. Barnett, I. E. Andress, J. Stockberger, (-----) Spangler, A. C. Hickman and B. Stamm were appointed a Committee on Resolutions.
The meeting then listened to remarks from the Chairman and K. G. Shryock. . . .
[Rochester Mercuty, Thursday, August 29, 1861]

The "Union" Pow Wow of the 22d held on Thursday of last week, attended by about 200 wagons of "Lincoln faithful," well filled with women and children. The speakers of the day were: Hon. James Wilson and Hon. Schuyler Colfax.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 30, 1864]

UNION SALOON [Rochester, Indiana]
Union Saloon - Austin Bates, . . .under Wallace's Hall. . .
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 22, 1859]

UNION SPY [Rochester, Indiana]
See Rochester Union Spy; Rochester Sentinel.

UNION STOCK YARDS [Rochester, Indiana]
The Rochester Union Stockyards, located on the Lake Erie right of way off 11th street, has been condemned by the City Board of Health, according to a statement issued by Managers Pownall and Gray and will be abandoned. Lee M. Pownall and Ancil C. Gray, who opened the yards here some time ago, are at present negotiating with the Erie and Lake Erie for a location just outside the city limits.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, March 30, 1922]

UNION STEAM MILL [Rochester, Indiana]
See Wallace's Steam Mill.

UNION TICKET [Fulton County]
For Clerk, Robert Aitken; For Commissioner, 2d District, James Keeley; For Surveyor, Vernon Gould; For Coroner, William Townsend.
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, October 3, 1861]

For Representative, Banner Lawhead. Auditor, Dudley H. Wells. Treasurer, Jacob Whittenberger. Sheriff, John Rannells. Commissioner, John McConnehey.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, July 31, 1862]

Union Ticket: For Recorder, John M. Spencer. For Appraiser of Real Estate, Thomas W. Barnett. For Commissioner, James Wright. For Surveyor, Presley M. Bozarth. For Coroner, William Hill.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, August 13, 1863]

UNION TOWNSHIP [Fulton County]
Prior to the year 1837, the territory now constituting this township remained in possession of the Indians, and no white man had come to invade their hunting grounds, or sound with an ax or maul the keynote of an advancing army whose purpose was the improvement of the country, the cultivation of the soil, and the upbuilding of homes and farms in a region peopled by a race to whom industry and progress are unknown. That year, however, usherd in the dawn of civilization, and with it began the era that has borne its fruit in the intervening years, in fine farms and happy homes. John Troutman was the leader of the pioneer forces. He purchased a tract of Government land in Section 28, on the 25th of October, 1836, and on the 28th of September, 1837, came with his family to occupy his land and begin the labor of converting it into a farm. He was accompanied hither by his elder brother, Michael Troutman, and Thomas Barnett and Isaac Cannon. All located on land near each other, forming a little neighborhood, and bending their energies unanimously toward the accomlishment of the purpose that had lured them higther. Then there were others who came immediately afterward to join hands with them, or at least to unite with them in a common cause, though quite unaware, at the time, of the presence of those we have mentioned. These were Stephen Bruce, Sr., and his sons, Abraham Bruce and Stephen Bruce, Jr., with their families. From the confines of the "black swamp" in Northwestern Ohio, they started westward in the fall of 1837, reaching the shores of Kewanna Lake in the same season. Here, while building their cabins, they found shelter under the canvases that had covered their wagons in the journey from Ohio, having converted them into tents. They were long identified with the history and progress of the township, and were recognized always as good citizens.
In the meantime (later in 1837), another citizen took up his abode in the township. This was Frederick Mohler, who located upon a tract of land about a mile northeast of the present site of the town of Kewanna. He was ignorant of the fact that he had neighbors near at hand, and it is hard to guess how long he might have remained thus ignorant had not the crowing of a rooster arrested the attention of John Troutman, who detrmined to follow the sound, and by acting upon this impulse found a neighbor, who was gladly welcomed to the fratrnity of the pioneers. It is believed these were all who came in 1837, and of this number all are now deceased save Isaac Cannon, who at a recent date, was linving in the State of Delaware.
In March, 1839, William Troutman came to the township, and to his accurate memory we are largely indebted for our data relative to the early settlement. He now lives in the town of Kewanna, in a hale old age, enjoying the prosperity and progress for which he and his early associates prepared the way. He first located a mile and a half northwest of the present site of Kewanna, and at that time was accompanied by his brother Ambrose. Jesse Barnett came a little later in the same year, and was identified for a number of years with the history of the township, but latterly removed to Kansas, where he died. Joel H. Davis and Junia Lathrop came in 1839, and Greenup Troutman came later in the same year. William G. Lear, David Lough and Lewis Mitchell came in 1839. Mr. Lear enterd a tract of land in Section 12, and improved a farm upon which he resided until his decease. Mr. Lough still resides upon his farm, while Mr. Mitchell died in Ohio. Jacob Maxey entered a tract of land in Section 3 in 1838, and came to the township with his family in 1839. He was, like his neighbors, an industrious citizen, and cleared and improved a farm, upon which he resided until death. In the township records we find his name mentioned as one of the district school trustees for 1840.
Closely following the arrival of Mr. Maxey came Vincent McCoy, who was the first Justice of the Peace elected in the township. He entered a tract of land in Section 14, from which he developed a good farm, and remained in the township until death. Joseph Clayton, Jacob Curtner and John Shoup were among the settlers of 1839, and each served on the board of district school trustees in 1840. Lewis Bailey came in 1840, and located upon a trract of land which he had entered the preceding year, and James, Joshua and Isaiah Ball came early in the same year. Mark B. Moore came about the same time, and located in the northern part of the township, where he cleared and improved a farm, which is now owned and occupied by his son William. Choral G. Roberts came in 1840, and Hardy Cain came in the preceding year. Mr. Cain was a local preacher of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and was identified for many years with the history of Methodism in this township. Mr. Roberts located in Section 9, and cleared and improved a farm, upon which he resided until his decease. John Kelley came in 1841, and located near William Troutman. In later years, he removed to Winamac, Ind., where he still resides. Thomas Hogan came in the same year, remaining in the township until his decease. James Dempsey and family came in 1841, and resided here a number of years, but finally removed to Kansas. Michael Morrissy came in 1843, and located upon land that he had entered in 1837. He removed to another locality after a few years. James A. Carter came in 1841 with his family, and David Obermyre came in 1843, locating upon the farm where he still resides. James O'Neill, an unmarried man, came in the same year, and remained on his farm until death. John Wallace came in the same year, and cleared and improved a farm, upon which he resided until death, Eli Rodgers came in 1844, and William Ferguson came in the same year, locating upon land where he still resides. Thomas Hurst came in 1845, and purchased land in Section 29, upon which he resided until death. James Heddins came in 1846, but sold his property a short time afterward and moved away. Hiram Jackson came in 1846, and cleared and improved a farm, upon which he resided until death. William Bennett and Jacob Evans were also among the settlers of 1846, and John Young and Julius P. Collins came in 1847. George W. Horine entered a tract of land in Section 20, in 1840, but did not come to live in the township until several years later--perhaps 1845. Solomon Jackson came in 1846, and entered land in Section 22, upon which he still resides. William Williams and Isaiah Slick were among the settlers of 1848, and each entered land from which they developed good farms.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, pp. 53-54]

Mrs. Thomas Reed, Kewanna, township trustee, during the past few days has disposed of all the country school houses in Union township with the exception of the Bruce Lake Station building. The buildings are rapidly deteriorating and it was thought best to dispose of them at this time.
The building at Prairie Grove, which was a frame structure, was bought by Howard Mutchler for $66.
To Build Home
The Monger school, which was perhaps the best building in the township, being built of hard brick, was sold to Ray Lough for $85.00. Mr. Lough plans to remodel the structure and make a dwelling.
The Lake school was sold to Mrs. Mettie Ackerman for $50.00. Mrs. Ackerman has not fully decided what she will use the brick taken from the building for, but is considering at this time the rection of a cottage on the north side of Bruce lake.
The Jubilee building went to S. S. Collins for $10.00 and the Russell school on road 14 was sold to the Sam Smith heirs for $10.00.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, December 14, 1934]

UNION WAGON SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
H. S. Farrington . . . has purchased (Heffley's) Wagon and Carriage Shop. UNION WAGON SHOP . . . Wagons, Lumber wagons, Spring Carriages, Shovel Plows . . . Repairing. Rochester, April 9, 1863.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, April 9, 1863]

Wanted! Two wood Workers and one Blacksmith, at the Wagon & Carriage Factory of the subscriber. Steady work and good wages. None but good workmen need apply. H. S. Farrington, Rochester Aug 13, 1863.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, August 13, 1863]

UNIQUE BAKERY [Rochester, Indiana]
Vincent Mathia of Plymouth, who has announced that he will open a new bakery in the Robbins room of this city, today was moving a large amount of equipment into the room he has leased. Mr. Mathia last week opened a new bakery at Plymouth. This is said to be one of the most modern bakeries in this section of the state.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, February 23, 1933]

A new business will open in this city next Thursday, it being a modern up-to-date bakery, owned and operated by Ernest Mathia, an experienced baker of Plymouth. The new shop which will be known as the Unique Bakery will be located in the Robbins building in the 700 block of this city.
The new baker, who with his family have already taken up permanent residency in Rochester, stated that he would make all kinds of pastry and baked goods, freash daily and would also take orders for special parties, church affairs and fraternal festivities.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, March 17, 1933]

[Adv] OPENING, Saturday, March 25 of the Unique Bakery, 708 Main St.- - - - UNIQUE BAKERY, E. Mathia, Prop.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, March 24, 1933]

Ernest Mathia, proprietor of the Unique Bakery, this city, has opened an ice cream department in connection with his bakery. The ice cream service will be started Saturday morning and over 15 varieties of Fleming ice cream will be carried at all times. The cream will be served at the counter or also in cones. A large advertisement announcing the opening of this new and attractive ice cream parlor appears elsewhere in this issue of The News-Sentinel.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, April 27, 1934]

[Adv] GRAND OPENING Saturday, April 28th. Fleming's Ice Cream New Department of Unique Bakery, 708 Main Street. - - - - -.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, April 27, 1934]

See Rochester Electric Light, Heat & Power Co.

One of the last vestiges of the Rochester E.L.H. & P.Co., disappeared Thursday, when workmen painted out the huge sign at the power house preparatory to painting on the new name, United Public Service Co.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, January 4, 1917]

The Beyer-Brown Co. offices on East Ninth St., are being moved into new quarters in the creamery building on No. Madison St. To accommodate the large incoming office force in the creamery building, the present space is being enlarged to about double the former size.
The United Public Service Co. will move from their present location on Main St. to the building formerly occupied by Beyer Bros. on Ninth St. The Main St. building will probably be rented. It is likely that the firms will not be settled permanently in their new quarters for several weeks.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 21, 1917]

"If the city will agree to look after the interests of the minority stockholders, I will, without hesitation, sell my controlling interests in the United Public Service Co.," said J. E. Beyer Tuesday to a SENTINEL representative.
"The impression that I am married to this business is absolutely unfounded. A am satisfied that I could induce the stockholders to sell and no one would be more welcome to the property than the city of Rochester. In fact, I will sell my interest to the city $5,000 cheaper than to any other comany or person. I will also agree to assist the city in financing the proposition."
Speaking of the fuel situation, Mr. Beyer said, "It is a great problem for the entire community and everybody should aid in saving coal. Everybody, who can, should burn wood. The U. P. S. Co. has done everything possible to save fuel, but we are now entering upon that time of the year when we must use coal in large quantities. I will welcome any suggestions concerning the saving of coal."
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, December 6, 1917]

The United Public Service Co., of Rochester, has filed with the Public Service Commission of Indiana a petition for authority to issue $35,000 par value of first and refunding mortgage six per cent gold bonds of which $17,500 mature June 1, 1930 and $17,500 mature June 1, 1935, said bonds to be sold at 90 and accrued interest, and secured by a mortgage on the company's property.
These bonds are to be issued to reimburse the treasury in part for extensions and improvements to the company's property which have been made since March 31, 1916 amounting to $36,542.52, and to reimburse the treasury for a bond of the company which matured on May 1, 1917, $2,500 and to pay an equal amount of first mortgage six per cent bonds due May 1, 1918.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, January 22, 1918]

U. P. S. PLANT VALUE $383,062
E. E. Murphy, city attorney, has received a copy of the report just completed by the engineers employed by the Public Service Commission to appraise the property of the United Public Service Co., of Rochester in which it is stated that the present value of all of the company's property is $383,062.
The cost of reproducing the entire plant is placed at $453,773. The present worth of the Rochester plant is fixed at 337,847, the ice plant at $82,762, while the Bourbon plant value is $45,215. The commission will fix the local rates for light, heat and power upon the above values after the hearing in Indianapolis, March 12th.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, March 1, 1918]

After July 1st there will no longer be a United States Express company in Rochester and in its place will come the American Express company. The change will be made because the American Express company has a contract with all the divisions of the New York Central System, and the Lake Erie lately became a part of that system, so the United States Express company was ordered to move out.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, May 27, 1907]

That Rochester is soon to have a new industry has been made certain by the signing of agreements between the sales and manufacturing companies for the Safdicator, an automobile traffic safety device, and the Farmers and Merchants Assn., of Rochester.
Dr. J. B. Blair, inventor of the contrivance and head of the manufacturing company, J. W. Hawley, head of the sales company, and C. B. Conn, salesman, with their wives, are in Rochester and will secure permanent residences at once. As soon as a factory site is secured, the plant will be moved here from Decatur, Ill. Several locations are available.
The F. & M. Assn directors have written the following letter for the public:
"The Universal Safety Corporation, at present located in Decatur, Ill., has furnished this Association complete detailed information relative to its organization, financial condition, manufacturing plans and capital requirements, all of which have been carefully investigated by the directors of the Association, and have been found to be satisfactory in every way.
"The company in question purposes [sic] to locate its manufacturing plant in Rochester, and to that end, is offering a limited quantity of its capital stock for sale. The proceeds of this stock are to be used for the purchase of the manufacturing building, additional machinery, materials, payroll requirements and other expenses incident to the establishment of this factory in Rochester.
"This Association does not guarantee nor assume liability for any sum or sums invested in this or any other enterprise. It does, however, take pleasure in recommending the Universal Safety Corporation, as being in the opinion of the officers and directors of this Association, a responsible legitimate enterprise, organized and conducted along sound business lines, and recommends that the people of this vicinity extend their cooperation and support to the establishment of the factory of this company in Rochester.
Farmers & Merchants Assn
J. Gordon Martin, Pres
Jas. R. Moore, Secy
Approved and authorized by Board of Directors
Farmers & Merchants Assn."

Emanuel Joseph Urbin, farmer and citizen of Wayne township, was born in Fairfield county, Ohio, Dec. 8, 1854. His parents were John and ------ (Poff) Urbin. They were born in Germany, but married in Ohio. They came to Fulton county in the spring of 1864, and settled where the subject of this sketch now resides and owns sixty acres of land. They both died in the year 1876, when she was sixty-one years of age and he seventy-one. They were members of the German Reform church, and were highly respected. The subject of this sketch began life for himself at the age of eighteen, by working out as a farm hand. In 1876, when twenty-two years of age, he married Harriet J., daughter of A. J. Toner, Esq. Unto the marriage the following children have been born. Elsie Floyd, Mirtie Fay, Bessie May, deceased; Toner Lee, Ernest Guy and Victor Joseph. Mr. Urbin is a progressive and representative citizen; is prosperous and has a fine farm.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 140-141]

URBIN AUTO CO., GUY [Kewanna, Indiana]
Guy Urbin became a Chevrolet dealer in 1927 at Kewanna. His son, John Urbin, was associated in business with his father for many years. When we were married [Ruth Nellans and John Urbin] we moved into the apartment above the business which was then in an old building. The present business building was built in 1948.
John was associated with his father in the business until Oct. 5, 1957, when, after a lengthy illness, Guy Urbin passed away. At that time John became the dealer, lwhich he continues to be.
John William (Jack) Urbin graduated from Bethel College and taught social studies at Caston School for three years, 1973-76, and entered the business with his father, John Urbin.
[John Urbin passed away in 1995, and Jack is now operating Guy Urbin Auto Co.]
[Nellans & Urbin Families, Ruth Nellans Urbin, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

UTTER, CEDRIC D. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Cedric D. Utter)

UTTER, RUSSELL D., REV. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Churches - Methodist Church [Rochester, Indiana]





V. F. W. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Veterans of Foreign Wars

Know ye that John W. Delp has purchased and refurnished and refitted the Vampner restaurant and boarding house, and is prepared to furnish day or week boarders with the best edibles the market affords. Call on him and you will find the best of fare and the very lowest prices.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, May 2, 1885]

VAN DIEN, James [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From James Van Dien)

VAN DIEN BAKERY [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rochester, Indiana [Historical Review]

VAN DUYNE, JOE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Joe Van Duyne)

VAN DUYNE, ROBERT R. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Robert R. Van Duyne)

VAN DUYNE, VIRGIL R. (Rochester, Indiana)
See: Service Men,World War II, Letters (Letter From Virgil R. Van Duyne)

VAN DUYNE BLACKSMITH [Bruce Lake Station, Indiana]
Operated by Donald Van Duyne, a third generation blacksmith, in business for 60 years in Fulton County.
Leroy Joe Van Duyne was a co-founder, with Robert Ray Van Duyne, of the Van Duyne Block and Gravel Company, located at Mt. Zion, Rochester Township.
Robert Dean Macy, nephew of the above founders, now operates the plant.
At Mt. Zion, where the old church stood serene and stately on the hill, lwith the big oak trees in the foreground and beside the winding creek, where church congregations sometimes held baptismal services, we see and hear the hustle and bustle of present day activity and modern industry.The hill has been dug away by the Van Duyne Block and Gravel Company.
[Van Duyne - Shelton Families, Fred Van Duyne, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

VAN HOUGHTON, E. P. [Rochester, Indiana]
Although in a small way and, at present, employing only a few hands, the mattress factory recently located here has begun work and is located in the Langsdorf building north Main street. The factory is owned and operated by E. P. Van Houghton. Mr. Van Houghton has moved his family here from Chicago, and intends to make this city his home. He is a mattress maker by trade and has followed the business for a number of years.
The capacity of the plant at the present time is about two dozen mattresses a day, which retail from three to ten dollars each. The mattresses are shipped all over the state, having a market in Peru, Logansport, South Bend, and a great many other towns. Local dealers are also handling the mattress and all say they are a superior article.
It is the intention of Mr. Van Houghton to make his business grow and he hopes to be able to increase his enterprise into large factory proportions within a few years.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, February 14, 1907]

E. J. Van Houghton, formerly of this city, has returned to Rochester from Tampa, Fla., where he spent the winter with his family. The Van Houghtons have re-established their home in this city and Mr. Van Houghton has decided to re-enter the mattress factory business. When he was located in Rochester vbefore he operated a like industry and for some time made a success of the business. However, he removed from this city to locate elsewhere and then went to Florida. He has not decided on a room for his factory, but has several in view and probably will be at the business within the next couple of weeks.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, June 1, 1912]

VAN LUE, JERRY [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Jerry Van Lue)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Jerry Van Lue)

VAN METER, CHARLES [Kewanna, Indiana]
See Van Meter & Moore

The firm of Van Meter & Moore, farm implement dealers at Rochester and Kewanna, has been dissolved. Charles Van Meter will continue handling the International Harvester line in Kewanna and Lon Moore announced today he had contracted the agency for John Deere tractors, implements and repairs. Mr. Moore will keep his store in its present location at 828 Main street.
The Van Meter & Moore firm was recognized as one of the biggest implement dealers in the state in volumee of sales.
Mr. Moore announced today that Carl Harvey would be associatedwith the new firm as a salesman and D. S. (Ribbie) Rans will be in the repair department.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, January 3, 1939l]

VAN METER SAWMILL [Grass Creek, Indiana]
Operated by John Van Meter.

VAN METER & MOORE [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Announcing Partnership Formation by VAN METER & MOORE, Tractors, Farm Machinery and Motor Trucks. McCormick Deering Line; International Motor Trucks. Service and Repairs at Rochester and Kewanna. Rochester business located at 114 West 9th Street. Rochester Phone 47. Kewanna Phone 37.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, December 11, 1935]

Announcement has just been made of the opening by Van Meter & Moore of their new store at 828 Main Street. The new location will house one of the most complete stocks of farm machinery repair parts for McCormick-Deering machines - over 10,000 items - to be found in the state. The offices of the firm, and display floor for new machines have also been moved from the old 9th street location.
Commencing business in Rochester in the Winter of 1935, Van Meter & Moore has, in three years, gained recognition as one of the largest implement dealers in northern Indiana. Fulton County farmers are fortunate in having available such service and repairs facilities as are offered by this concern.
Discussing the move into the new Main Street location W. I. Moore said today, "In moving our repair department and new machine display into the new building, we are still maintaining our old 9th street location, in which building we will carry the used machines and operate our service station. Familiar to most farmers in this territory, I believe, are D. S. (Ribbie) Rans, in charge of our repairs stock; our service men, John Crowell and Ed Clay; and our field men, Carl Harvey, Chas. Jones and Otto Reed."
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, May 13, 1938]

The firm of Van Meter & Moore, farm implement dealers at Rochester and Kewanna, has been dissolved. Charles Van Meter will continue handling the International Harvester line in Kewanna and Lon Moore announced today he had contracted the agency for John Deere tractors, implements and repairs. Mr. Moore will keep his store in its present location at 828 Main street.
The Van Meter & Moore firm was recognized as one of the biggest implement dealers in the state in volumee of sales.
Mr. Moore announced today that Carl Harvey would be associatedwith the new firm as a salesman and D. S. (Ribbie) Rans will be in the repair department.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, January 3, 1939l]

VAN STUDDIFORD, GRACE [North Manchester, Wabash County]
Grace Van Studdiford, the opera singer whose home is in North Manchester, has filed a voluntary petition in bankruptcy, giving her liabilities as $20,901.10 with assets at $10, which amount is deposited with the Hudson Trust Company. This sad condition of the state of the star's financial affairs will come as more or less of a surprise to her many friends and admirers in this city.
She owes John W. Thompson of St. Louis, $16,000, secured by a mortgage on two acres of land, buildings and live stock, located in St. Louis county, worth $30,000, and ninety-eight shares of the common stock of the Grace Van Studdiford Amusement Company; Reginald de Koven, $250.25 balance of royalties due on "The Golden Butterfly," and Charles Bradley, of Wanatah, L. I., $420 salary as business manager.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 17, 1910]

Grace Van Studdiford, well known in this city, was interviewed in New York recently, as to the wont of theatrical celebrities, and passed out the following "knock" for her home town of North Manchester:
"I was born in North Manchester, and my father and mother still reside there."
"The Wabash runs right by the town," volunteered Miss Van Studdiford's maid.
"If you could see the town you wouldn't blame it," said the acress with a smile. "Everything else runs right by it, too. I ran right by it as soon as I was big enough."
"Not very enthusiastic about the sycamore scenery, eh?"
"Yes, I am, but it's such a sleepy little place. Honest, it's so still it sounds noisy. I spend a week or two there every summer. Along about May I begin to feel that there is no place like home, and the minute my season closes I take the first train for North Manchester. After I'm there a few days I begin to feel that there is no place like New York and back I come."
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, January 30, 1911]

VAN TRUMP, CALVIN [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Downs Sawmill

VAN TRUMP, HAROLD [Rochester, Indiana]
Announcement has been made in LaPorte that a new republican newspaper will be started there October 1st, with Harold Van Trump, former editor of the Daily News here at Rochester, as publisher. Associated with Mr. Van Trump, will be Stephen Chase and Bert Sheppard of LaPorte who have operated a job plant in that city for some years. Mr. Sheppard formerly lived here also. The company will do commercial printing in connection with their newspaper. The name of the newspaper has not as yet been decided upon. For the last year LaPorte has had only one newspaper, the Harald-Argus, which came as a result of the Herald buying the Argus. The new firm bought some of its equipment of The News-Sentinel.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, September 2, 1925]

Considered Comment
Jack K. Overmyer
When the Ku Klux Klan rose up in ulton County In the early 1920s, the aders of Rochester society reacted to it in rious ways. Some became active memers-, others joined but kept their distance, Some refused to join yet tolerated its existence; others opposed it and kept a susptcious eye on its progress. ,
Among them was Harold Van Trump, known as Herd, a newspaperman who quickly anointed himself as the Klan's worst enemy and became its constant gadfly. He instantly recognized the Klan for what it was, an abomination, and he fought its progress in the columns of his newspaper with relentless vigor and journalistic cunning.
The Van Trumps were an old-line Rochester family. Herd and his brother Pete had been in the publishing and printing business here since their youths. By the time the Klan appeared, Herd was editor of one of the city's two newspapers. The Daily News, a Republican organ that then occupied the same Eighth Street building as does The Sentinel today.
Through his newspaper, Herd pounced upon the Klan as soon as it began to spread through Indiana. He denounced its evil premises, warned that it was coming to Fulton County and published the first accounts of its local organizing efforts. In regular editorials, Van Trump revealed that the Klan was nothing more than an elaborate scheme to enrich its leaders in Georgia and Indianapolis, condemned its opposition to Catholics and Jews, many of whom have dwelt long and honorably among us, and scoffed as absurd and unconstitutional its plans to supply citizens with better law enforcement than that being provided by legally elected officers.
Thus attacked, the Klan struck back. At the stroke of midnight on Christmas Eve of' 1923, a band of 41 robed and hooded Clansmen marched from the Courthouse square onto Eighth Street. They formed a circle around an 18-foot cross in front of the Daily News building, set the cross afire, sang "America," and offered a loud prayer that the editor would see the error of his ways.
It bothered Herd not at all. He published a story about it at the top of page one, noting that "few Rochester Kluxers took part. . . .most came from the western (Kewanna) part of the coun-ty."
As the May 1924 primary elections approached, Van Trump advised his readers that the Klan was seeking to control both Republican and Democratic parties in the county. Men never before active in politics were filing for precinct committeemen and as state convention delegates, he announced.
Suddenly, a means to oppose this insidious plan fell into his hands: a copy of the Klan's secret local membership list.
It seems that an active member of the Klan, a man named Hiatt who recently had moved to Rochester, needed money. He offered the list of 583 members for sale at $1 per name. Herd raised the cash, bought the list and granted Hiatt his request for a three-hour head start out of town before the sale was made public. Hiatt, it was said, already had his household goods packed when he got the money. With this weapon at hand, Editor Van Trump resumed his battle against the Klan in earnest. He published the primary election ballot and placed a star beside every candidate he now knew was NOT a Klan member. An unstarred candidate who wished to gain a star beside his name in subsequent publications had only to make a public disavowal of the Klan to the editor. A few did just that and were granted the distinctive emblem
At this time also, a group calling' itself the Citizens' Horse Thief Detective Association suddenly appeared. Its officers requested that county commisstoners deputize 70 of its members, granting them police powers and the right to carry guns. Van Trump expressed his horror at the thought pf officially arming these men as a kind of vigilante force. He declared almost all them were Klansmen and published their names. Commissioners never responded to the request.
In the May primaries the Klan scored impressive victories throughout Indiana, but not in Fulton County. All Klan candidates for state delegates but one were defeated by decisive votes here; In every contest in which a Klan candidate sought to be a precinct committeeman, the anti-Klan candidate won.
For his strident opposition to - their attempt at a political takeover, Klansmen paid Van Trump a second nocturnal visit. Knights of the Invisible Empire appeared at 9 o'clock the night after election and burned another fiery cross, this time in a vacant lot across from his. residence at Pontiac and 13th streets, vanishing quickly afterward. Herd published an account of this event too, under the heading "Editor Signally Honored." Obviously, he was enjoying the attention.
Before the general election of November, 1924, Van Trump once more repeatedly published a copy of the ballot with antiKlan candidates starred. And, once again, Fulton County voters showed they were not swayed by KKK propaganda. Klan candidates for treasurer, sheriff and surveyor all lost. In the race for 6oroner, where both hopefuls were identified with the Klan, 553 voters refused to vote for either man.
Even though the Klan elected its candidate, Ed Jackson, as governor of Indiana, Jackson could not carry Fulton County, losing here by 63 votes. The Klan and its racist philosophy had been declared persona non grata at the local polls.
Afterward, Van Trump wrote that he was sorry he did not support the entire Republican ticket but he believed "the constitutional rights of the people were more important than party solidarity." He congratulated the people of Fulton County "on the intelligence and honesty which directed their votes.
Congratulation4 also were due Told Van Trump, along with some admiration. His was the only newspaper voice raised publicly against the Klan's threat to Fulton County life and to its government. The Sentinel in general had been content to cover Klan activities only as ongoing news events. While Herd's editorial voice sometimes reached fever pitch, it never lost its wisdom, persistence nor courage. The county's people were well served by his words and obviously agreed with their fact and logic.
The 1924 election was Herd's valedictory to Rochester. On December 1, 1924, The Daily News merged with The Sentinel to form The News-Sentinel. Not being a part of the onsolidation he moved on to newspapers in Marion, Wabash, LaPorte and Florida before returning to Rochester, where he died in 1932 at age 56.
When D. C. Stephenson, Grand Dragon of the Indiana Klan, entered prison in 1925 as a convicted murderer and when afterward some of the officials. he had elected were convicted of bribery and corruption, the Indiana Klan he had created was disgraced, and fell into gradual decline. It existed awhile as a novelty but its reach for acceptance and political power was ended.
By, the close of the 1920s this second incarnation of the Ku Klux Klan had disappeared almost everywhere in Indiana, remaining only as a bad memory most everyone would pr6fer to forget.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, December 14, 1999]

VAN TRUMP, JACOB [Rochester, Indiana]
A deal has been all but consummated by which Jacob Van Trump disposes of all of his property holdings in Rochester and becomes the owner of a fine new flouring mill at Mexico. The papers are being made out and as soon as the present owner of the mill can move his effects out of a tidy home near the mill site, and which is a part of the property, Mr. Van Trump will move with his family to his new home, and take personal control of the mill.
Mr. Van Trump is an old time miller and understands the business thoroughly and will make a success of the milling business at Mexico if it is possible for any one to do it. The many friends of Mr. Van Trump and his family will be sorry to lose them from local social and business circles but will bid them goodby with the hope that his new environments will be pleasing and profitable to them.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, April 7, 1903]

A letter from Jacob Van Trump, of Mexico, says the high waters have washed his mill dam out the third time and he has decided to not put another dollar in repairs.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, April 6, 1904]

Jacob Van Trump is here from Mexico today, arranging to move his family back to this place.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, July 6, 1905]

VAN TRUMP, REUBEN [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Downs Sawmill

If Rochester has any business men who hold the idea that prices on Job printing in this city are exhorbitant they will welcome the competition which will result from an over-supply of printing establishments. Carl Van Trump recently resigned his position with The Sentinel and will soon open an exclusive job shop over the Hub shoe store and I. C. Meyer is the latest to enter the printing field.
Mr. Meyer has a well established raffle card business and has decided to equip himself to do his own printing and take such other work as may come his way. Mr. Meyer will be located over the Wile dry goods store, and Mrs. Meyer, who at one time, was connected with The Sentinel, will have charge of the printing.
The Sentinel has reason to believe that the printing business is a very profitable line of work, and anticipates that four job printing establishments will find plenty of work at profitable prices.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, January 18, 1912]

[Adv] ANNOUNCEMENT. I herewith announce to the public that I am now fully prepared to promptly execute all kinds of up-to-date job printing. I have spared no little expense in equipping my shop with the latest improved machinery and also a fine assortment job type. If you admire neat and artistic printing, it will be to your benefit to place your order with the CARL VAN TRUMP COMPANY. Job Printing. Over the Hub Shoe Store.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 3, 1912]

A deal was closed today by which J. Carl Jessen disposes of his interest in the Kewanna Herald, the Van Trump Company, of this city, being the purchasers. Mr. Jessen has been in charge of the Kewanna Herald for the past three years and during that time has greatly improved the paper from both the news and business standpoints. His work attracted the attention of the Logansport Reporter management and he has accepted a position as business manager of that paper and will at once take up his residence in Logansport.
Fred A. Taylor will succeed Mr. Jessen as manager and editor of the Herald, and being a newspaper man of wide experience, will doubtless keep the paper at the high standard of excellence established by his predecessor.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, May 20, 1912]

On the first of January The Sentinel will pass from the hands of The Van Trump Company to Dean L. Barnhart, son of Congressman Henry A. Barnhart, who will become managing editor and sole owner of the business.
Dean Barnhart is a graduate of Indiana University, where he was a student of journalism, and for the past two years has been engaged in editorial work on South Bend newspapers, where he has demonstrated marked ability in his chosen work. He will undoubtedly improve The Sentinel from a journalistic point of view and the readers will lose nothing by the change. Associated with Mr. Barnhart will be a business manager of large experience and a force of experienced newspaper workers.
The Van Trump Company will continue in the printing business in Rochester, having established a profitable trade in job printing not only among the local business men but in distant cities. While special attention will be paid to the printing business from a manufacturing standpoint, an independent weekly newspaper will be established immediately after the first of the year. The new paper will not fight the battles of any political organization, but will be absolutely fair and fearless in the presentation of the news as it happens. The same policy which has governed The Sentinel during the four years it has been under the Van Trumps will be followed in the conduct of the new paper, except that a broader and more liberal editorial policy will be adopted. The Van Trump Company already own a fine printing plant equipment and to this will be added a standard linotype and other modern machinery making one of the best newspaper plants in this section of the state. A competent organization will be secured and the business will be launched promptly with the opening of the new year.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, November 18, 1912]

[Adv] Just a Newspaper - Not an "Organ" - an Independent Weekly -- THE FULTON COUNTY SUN. "Not afraid of it's Shadow" Out January 9th, 1913 - - - - THE VAN TRUMP COMPANY, Office after January 1st, Corner 8th and Madison Sts. Northern Corner Public Square.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, December 18, 1912]

Special to the Sentinel
Indianapolis, Ind., June 6 -- The Van Trump Co., of Rochester has increased its capital stock from $10,000 to $50,000.

The company recently purchased the defunct Wickizer-McClure plant at Argos at a price said to be about $7,500.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, June 6, 1917]

According to an anouncement made this Saturday, the Van Trump Co. will move their Argos printing plant to Rochester in the near future and install it in an addition which is now under course of erection at the rear of their present shop in the Moore Bros. building on East Eighth St.
The building, which is to be 40 by 60 and one story high, will be built of cement blocks by Marsh Hill. Al Myers has the contract for the wood work. The Argos plant consists of three Michle presses, a linotype, power cutter, power binder, power stitcher and other machinery and equipment. It has been used for the past 10 years to print the National Hardware Bulletin and has recently printed the Chester White Journal. The change will bring several families to this city. The high overhead incident to maintaining two plants is the chief reason for the move.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 23, 1918]

The Sun Publishing Company is moving into its new quarters in the garage building at the rear of the Clinton Hardware. The office will be retained in the Van Trump Company building.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, January 26, 1922]

Announcement was made Tuesday of the purchase by Fred Richie of Harold Van Trump's interest in the Van Trump printing establishment here. This corporation was organized some time ago by the Van Trump brothers. Harold Van Trump owned 50 per cent of the stock, which has been purchased by his son-in-law, Richie. Richie takes possession at once. Van Trump, who was out of the city when announcement of the change in ownership was made, it is said, plans to continue with the bueiness in a more or less active participation for the next six months, but his plans after that time are indefinite. He is withdrawing from the corporation on account of his eyes, which have given him considerable trouble recently.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, March 6, 1923]
VAN TRUMP SAWMILL [Rochester Township]
Located approximately SW corner of US-31 bypass and SR-25.
Owned by Reuben and Calvin Van Trump.
The mill was a Muley Mill, invented by a man named Muley and run by a steam engine. The saw stood upright and was a band or sash saw. In 1869 a new saw was needed. A circular one, called Wyandott Chief, made at Upper Sandusky, Ohio, was installed.
An employee, William Downs, later bought them out.
[Downs Family, Ruth Downs Richardson, Fulton Co. Folks, Vol. 1, Willard]

Jacob Shafer will preach at the School House near Van Trump's Saw Mill, next Sabbath (March 16th) at 11 o'clock a.m., and at the School House in town at 3 p.m.
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, March 13, 1862]
Public Sale. Daniel Van Trump will offer for sale on Friday the 31st day of March 1865, at the Van Trump saw-mill, one mile and a half south of Rochester Ind. thirty head of sheep,.. two milch cows, and also his kitchen and household furniture.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, March 23, 1865]

VANATA, DALE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Chance, Archie B.

VANATA, LOFTLEE B. [Kewanna/Rochester, Indiana]
See: Vernon's Grocery

Loftlee B. Vanata has moved his bargain store in Kewanna to Rochester and has leased the room at 512 North Main street for many years occupied by Ellis Reed who moved into the "loop" several weeks ago. Mr. Vanata deals in new and used furniture.
The News-Sentinel, Saturday, March 9, 1940]

VANBRIGGLE & BROTHER, IRA [Rochester, Indiana]
See Rochester Machine and Saw Works.

VANDEGRIFT, JOHN [Rochester, Indiana]
"LAD" - NO. 2818
This fine young horse, an imported Clydesdale, is a dark brown, weighs 1,650 pounds, 16-1/2 hands high, and every inch a grand draft horse - having won the Silver Medal at the Indiana State Fair.
"LAD" may be seen during the season of 1891, at R. G. Vandegrifts, 1 mile east of Green Oak, on Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays and at the Brick Livery Barn, in Rochester, on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays. Terms Ten and Twelve Dollars. JOHN VANDEGRIFT.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, April 1, 1891]

VANDERGRIFT, QUINCY A. [Rochester, Indiana]
Bud Ware, who has operated the Rochester pop factory so successfully, has disposed of half the business to Quincy Vandergrift of this city, and the new firm will at once begin enlarging their present large trade circle. Both the men will go to Chicago Sunday morning to inspect several gasoline auto trucks with the prospect of purchasing one for their pop delivery.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, April 29, 1911]

The Ware & Vandergrift auto truck has been equipped with a hack top and will be used each Sunday and other occasions as a hack.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, May 22, 1911]

The firm of Ware & Vandergrift was dissolved this morning, when Mr. Vandergrift assumed complete control of the pop business, having purchased his partner's interests. The new owner will continue in the manufacture of the high grade soft drinks, which made the firm popular.
Mr. Ware will now devote his entire time to the promotion of his wholesale beer business.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 4, 1911]

The Q. A. Vandergrift pop factory has been moved from its old location in the Robbins building back of the cyucle exchange to the Goss building on North Main street. The room is one of the best equipped pop factories in the state and preparations for a big increase in business have been made.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, September 1, 1914]

Q. A. Vandergrift, who for the past four years has conducted a soft drink manufacturing plant in Rochester, has sold the business to Calvin Spurlock of Germany, who will move to this city and take charge of the plant at once. Mr. Vandergrift did not state what he intended to do in the future, but it is said that he is thinking of going West. Spurlock is also an automobile agent .
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, August 27, 1915]

VANDERKARR, JOHN D. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Crime
See: Rannells, WilliamW.


MURDER IN ROCHESTER. Two Men Shot, at a House of Ill-Fame,
Kept by JOHN D. VANDERKARR and his wife SARAH.

Great Excitement.
The perpetrator of the Deed, and his Wife,
Arrested on the Charge of Murder in the First Degree.
The Woman Tried and Acquitted.
The People are Divided in their Opinions as to the Degree of Criminality in the Case.
The Testimony of the Witnesses.
JOHN D. VANDERKARR and his wife, SARAH VANDERKARR, for the past three years, have been keeping a house of ill-fame in the north-west part of Rochester, which has been the scene of much wickedness, fighting and shooting. On last Saturday night, between the hours of 10 and 11 o'clock, AMOS SELBY, a noted fighting character, JOHN WALLACE, son of ROBERT WALLACE, proprietor of the Wallace House, JAMES K. DEBOLT and KEN GREEN, drove around to the above named place, in a sleigh. So far as we can learn from reports and the following evidence, they presented themselves at the front door and demanded admittance. Vanderkarr from within told them that they could not come in, when they threatened to break the door in, which was done by one or more of the party, at which Vanderkarr became enraged and discharged one barrel of a double-barrelled shot gun at the group. Eight or nine buck shot entering the body of JOHN WALLACE, on the left side, near the region of the heart, and one buck shot penetrated the hip of Amos Selby. One rumorr says they were all in the sleigh when they were shot, but there is nothing certain about their exact position or location. The sleigh was driven to the Wallace House with all possible speed, but John Wallace drew his last breath just after he was carried into his home. Dr. ROBBINS was called in the mean time, but no earthly physician could have rendered him any aid. Selby was taken to his home where he is still confined.
Perhaps nothing ever occurred in the usually quiet town of Rochester that created so much excitement and consternation as this shooting affray and death of John Wallace. The word went from mouth to mouth during Saturday night and Sunday morning until half the people in the county became apprised of the affray, and a large number of country people came in to learn the particulars in the case.
Constable STILES, with his posse, proceeded to the scene of the murder, and arrested John D. Vanderkarr, his wife, Miss HESTER WILSON, and Miss CLARA FUNK (Alias KATE FOSTER), and brought them before Justice HERMAN, from whence they all were sent to jail to await the preliminary trial which was set for Monday at one o'clock at the court house. Threats of lynching were made, and for some time it was feared violence would be used, but through the care of the officers, all passed off peaceably.
The following is the verdict of the Coroner's Jury, held Sunday morning, E. R. HERMAN, acting Coroner:
We do find that the deceased came to his death by violence, and that said body has upon it the following marks and wounds: Eight gunshot wounds in his left side, and six in his left arm, inflicted by JOHN D. VANDERKARR. ISAAC GOOD, D. S. ROSS, JOHN Q. NEAL, J. F. COLLINS, A. A. LAWRENCE, B. J. CORY, F. RICHTER, BENJ. VAWTER, JACOB KING, A. L. GOODRICH, D. L. BECK, D. P. CARR.
The funeral of JOHN WALLACE took place at the M.E. church, on Monday last, at ten o'clock, and quite a large concourse of relatives and friends were in attendance. The deceased was born in Rochester, December 4, 1853, and was aged 21 years, 2 months and 16 days. He was large and portly for one of his age, generally affable and goodhumored; pretty well educated and considered by all who knew him to be a jolly good fellow, and usually conducted himself in a gentlemanly manner. Although he had many good qualities he was not every way an exemplary young man, but of the dead nothing should be said except that which is good.
Long before the time set for holding the preliminary trial, the court house was well filled by citizens of the town and county who were anxious to learn all they could about the terrible tragedy. At 2 o'clock, His Honor, E. R. HERMAN, justice of the peace, called the trial and the prisoners were brought in. ENOCH STURGEON and I. CONNER were engaged as prosecutors on behalf of the State, and H. B. JAMISON, E. CALKINS and J. S. SLICK on the defense. The attorneys for the defense put in a plea of not guilty on the part of John D. Vanderkarr and waived a preliminary examination. The Court remanded him to jail to await the sitting of the Fulton county Circuit court, which will commence the fourth Monday in March. Mrs. Sarah Vanderkarr was charged in the affidavit as being an accessory to the murder, and the court proceeded with the investigation of the case.
Testimony of the Witnesses
Miss KATE FOSTER. My name is KATE FOSTER. I reside part of the time at Kewanna, in this county. For the past three weeks I have been stopping with Mr. and Mrs. VANDERKARR. It was at their house Saturday night last in the forepart of the night. I have not been acquainted with Mrs. V. only for the past three weeks. I was at V's house when the shooting was done, in the bed room off the dining room, near the center of the house. The door of my room was closed. I was in the bed room when the shooting occurred. Did not hear any conversation in front room, nor in the sitting room. I did not hear Mrs. V. say anything; she was in bed part of the time, but got up before the shooting, and spoke to the gentlemen outside and said if they were gentlemen they would leave the yard. I was listening to what was going on. There were four persons in the house at the time, Mr. and Mrs. V., Miss WILSON and myself. This was about 10 o'clock. I heard a person outside swear he would let their heart's blood out if they were not permitted to come in. V. said they could not come in, the girls were all in bed. The door was kicked open; the shooting occurred in a second after. Mrs. V. said nothing at that time. I did not see the man when he kicked the door open. I did not talk to anyone about what I should testify.
Miss ESTHER WILSON. My name is ESTHER WILSON. I reside at Oxford, Indiana; have been at V's three weeks to-dav. I am single. Aged 20 years; was acquainted with V's two years before I came here to live; got acquainted elsewhere. I was at V's last night. No, after midnight I was in jaill (Laughter) I was at V's from sundown till after the shooting occurred. Mr. and Mrs. V., Miss Foster and myself were in the house at the time. There are six rooms in the house - dining room, bed room, parlor and kitchen. Three beds in the house; one lounge in the sitting room. One spare bed. I was in bed. All were in bed two hours before the shooting. I was not asleep. Miss Foster retired at the same time. Neither of us slept. V. occupied the front room in spare bed, and had retired. The room they occupied was adjoining the room where the door was broken down. I heard the first disturbance about 11 o'clock. V. was at the door when they knocked. V. spoke to them through the hole in the side of the door. The bar was across the door at the time. V. gave the men a dozen warnings to go away. Mrs. V. came to the door and said, "boys if you are gentlemen you will go away." They said, let us in or we will let your heart's blood out. After the door was broken V. snapped the gun, but it did not go off. The man outside said, shoot, you son of a b --- h. Mrs. V. was at the window. She could not see out, the window curtain was dropped. The window blind was not up. V. kept his gun hanging on the wall near the door. Mrs. V. had nothing in her hands when I saw her. The door was broken very badly. It was split and swing out at the top. Can't say if bar and irons were broken. The door was open so that a person could go out and in. Mrs. V. arose to her feet when the- door was broken, but said nothing to me or V. I had no acquaintance with John Wallace. I only heard Mr. and Mrs. V. speak of him. I knew none of the parties on the outside of the house. Mrs. V. was at the window when the shooting took place, about three yards from Mr. V. There were no words spoken only what I have mentioned. She did not in any way persuade him to shoot. Mrs. V. had not time to interpose, all was done in a moment. (JAMISON - "It was her business to get out of the way." Laughter) I do not know in what position V. held the gun. He took the gun down when they said they were coming in. He shot through the open door. I have had no conversation about this matter with any one.
Through the kindness of Sheriff MOON we were permitted to interview Mr. Vanderkarr through the grate of his cell.
JOHN D. VANDERKARR'S STORY. -At the time the sleigh drove up we were all in bed. I got up and looked out of the window and inquired "who is there?" JOHN WALLACE answered, himself. DEBOLT, GREEN and a traveling man; we want in. What for? To have a little fun! It is too late, we are all in bed. We are bound to come in. Get off my premises and go away. Not till we get ready; open up this door, for if vou don't it will be the worst thing for you. I can't do it. We will mash the door open and let the heart's blood out of you. They kicked the door in, and as it was about to fall I reached to my gun on the wall and pulled it on SELBY, but the first barrel was not discharged because the cap had dropped off, or was missing. I immediately set the other lock and fired. By this time they were all in the sleigh but Selby, who was in the act of getting in. I did not know the result of my shooting. They were directly opposite my gate when I fired. The bar sometimes put across the door was not in its place that evening. It is about fourteen feet from my door to the gate.
Tuesday we called on Mr. SELBY, at his residence, and found him in bed. He was not suffering any pain from his wound. The ball entered the fleshy part below the point of the hip, and striking the bone it glanced downward, and has not been extracted.
SELBY'S STORY. We were all in the sleigh taking a ride around the town. The boys proposed to go over to VAN'S; some objected, but we finally went. JOHN WALLACE got out of the sleigh and went to the port hole and talked a good bit with V. in a low tone through the port hole. Then GREEN went also and talked with V. I asked DEBOLT to go and ask V. for a match to light my pipe, but he didn't want to go, and I said to him you hold the horse and I will go. When I got within eight feet of the door V. opened it and stuck his head and shoulders out, but as I made a step or two more he threw the door wide open and stood in the door with his gun in his hands, holding it across his bosom. I saw him plainly and remembered what SHANNON MACKEY had told me about V. being well armed, and would kill me if I molested him, and I wheeled about and returned to the sleigh. I said to the boys that V. must want to shoot or scare somebody. John Wallace said the d ---- d old wh--- master, he wouldn't shoot nothing. I was opposite the sleigh, and as I got in, the horse started, and V. pointing the gun right at us, fired. I said, boys, I am shot; how are you all fixed? John Wallace said he was shot through and through. KEN GREEN said Wallace was dying, for God's sake, what shall we do? I said drive home to his folks as fast as God will let you go. I had drank but two glasses of liquor that day, and was not drunk. John Wallace was not drunk. Green and Debolt had been drinking and were somewhat under the influence. I did not touch the door, and was not within six feet of it.
[Rochester Union Spy, Friday, February 26, 1875]

Never in the history of Rochester were the citizens of this usually quiet and peaceful place thrown into such a fever of excitement and confusion as they were on last Saturday night, when the news, like an electric shock, spread all over the town that JOHNNY WALLACE had been killed. Such a tragedy as had occurred was an unusual affair for Rochester, and men ran hither and thither, conveying the intelligence and making inquiries as to the facts in the case.
It is a fact well known to nearly all the citizens of this county and many of the traveling public that Rochester has been cursed for several years with a low grade house of prostitution kept by JOHN D. VANDERKARR and his wife, SARAH VANDERKARR. In fact, so notorious is the name Vanderkarr that it is known far and wide among men who are termed "sports." This house, like all of its kind, invited within its wall all classes of persons, irrespective of age or other conditions of life, and, naturally enough, many were the scenes of strife and bloodletting among the motley crews that assembled there night after night.
On the night in question, at about the hour of 10 o'clock, JOHN J. WALLACE, AMOS SELBY, McKENDRY GREEN and JAMES DEBOLT repaired to that house, (which, by the way, is situated in the north-western portion of town, just within the corporate limits,) in a sleigh, to which was attached a single horse. Arriving there, they asked to be admitted, but were refused by the host. Vanderkarr remained within the house and communicated to those on the outside through a wicket or hole in the wall near the door his determination to keep them out. But the party of four had come for some purpose known best to themselves and did not feel disposed to return until they had seen the inside of the house. They at last grew desperate, and Vanderkarr says that one of them remarked that if he did not let them in that they would batter down the door and take his heart's blood. Nothing daunted, he still refused them admission, whereupon, it is said, the door was kicked from its fastening and swung in. When that had been done, and as they were hurriedly getting into the sleigh to depart, they were fired upon by Vanderkarr with a double-barrelled shot gun, both barrels heavily charged with powder and large buckshot. Fortunately, however, one barrel missed fire, the other taking effect in the bodies of Wallace and Selby. No cry of pain was heard as the horse bounded away with its load of wounded men. Wallace remarked that he was shot through and through and asked to be driven home, which was but a few blocks away. He was carried into his father's house and breathed his last in less than ten minutes after receiving his wound. Nearly the entire medical fraternity of the place was immediately summoned, and an examination of his injuries proved that six balls had nearly rended asunder his left arm just above the elbow, and that eight had entered his left side between his hip and ribs. Selby had received one ball in the hip, the other two persons who were in the sleigh with them miraculously escaping unharmed.
All this occurred in a remarkably short space of time, and it was but a few minutes thereafter until nearly the whole town was informed that a murder had been committed. When Sheriff MOON learned of the disaster, he, with Marshal MACKEY, lost no time in wending their way to the late scene of the disaster, where they found Vanderkarr unconscious of the crime he had committed. He was soon informed of it, likewise that he was a prisoner, as well as the other inmates, which consisted at that time of Mrs. VANDERKARR, KATE FOSTER and HESTER WILSON. By this time a large number had gathered there to assist in making the arrests, if necessary. A large crowd of warm and excited friends had gathered at the WALLACE HOUSE, where lay the dead and mutilated body of JOHN WALLACE. In going to the office of Esquire HERMAN, where a preliminary examination was to be held, the criminal and his women passed by the crowd at the Wallace House, and, as they were passing, fears were entertained that the prisoner would be taken from the hands of the officers and lynched, but wisdom characterized their actions, and no violence was offered. The Justice's office was literally packed with persons long before the prisoners arrived, all eager to gaze upon one who had taken the life of a fellowman. Vanderkarr was quite nervous and was anxious to be placed in a place of safety; accordingly he and the three women were lodged in the county jail until Monday at 1 o'clock, when they were to have a preliminary examination.
In the meantime a Coroner's jury was empaneled by Esquire HERMAN, acting Coroner, who returned a verdict in accordance with the facts. The following is the report of the same jury:
The undersigned jurors, empaneled on the 20th day of February to hold an inquisition on the body of JOHN J. WALLACE, found dead in the township of Rochester, Fulton County, in the State of Indiana, do report that the true name of said person is as above given, to-wit: JOHN J. WALLACE, that at the time of his death he was about 21 years old, that he had no valuables on his person as far as we have been able to ascertain.
Given under our hands this 21st day of February, 1875. ISAAC GOOD, D. S. ROSS, F. RICHTER, D. P. CARR, BENJ. VAWTER, D. L. BECK, B. F. CORY, A. L. GOODRICH, JOHN Q. NEAL, JACOB KRIEG, A. A. LAWRENCE, J. F. COLLINS.
By the time the prisoners had been stored away in their cells, the pulse of those whose feeling of indignation and excitement ran highest, began to beat less frequent as the early hours of the Sabbath morn drew on, and many retired to their homes to reflect upon the atrocity of the crime that had been committed.
On Sunday, all day long every street corner contained a group of men discussing the proceedings of the past night. It was the all absorbing theme of conversation and general interest. There was a perceptible falling off of church-going people, as the many empty pews of the various churches all testified. A cloud of gloom pervaded every circle, and caused a feeling of sadness in the hearts of all.
Preparations were made for the funeral of JOHN J. WALLACE, to take place on Monday at 10 o'clock a.m. Many people in the country had learned of the calamity, and at an early hour on that morning there was an unusual stir on the streets, all anxious to see and hear concerning the tragedy. Rev. Mr. SAGE, a Universalist minister from Logansport, had been engaged to preach the funeral sermon, and when the hour arrived, the funeral cortege, headed by the Brass Band, proceeded to the M.E. Church, which was soon filled to overflowing with a large circle of mourning relatives and sorrowing friends. The sermon was a masterly effort, full of tenderness and consolation for the broken and bleeding hearts of a father, mother, three sisters and other relatives, but their tears would not cease to flow and the anguish of their souls refused to be pent up. When they came to look for the last time upon the inanimate form of that son and brother their grief knew no bounds, and the scene beggars description. As the funeral procession proceeded to the Odd Fellows' Cemetery, the slow, measured notes from the band impressed the crowds that thronged the streets with the solemnity of the occasion.
The funeral rites had hardly been performed when the hour set for the Preliminary Trial of JOHN D. VAIMERKARR, charged with murder in the first degree, and his wife, KATE FOSTER and HESTER WILSON, as accessories, was called. The examination took place at the Court House and never was the temple of justice more densely packed with a living mass of humanity than at that time. The prisoners were conducted from the jail to the court room through the surging crowd, and took seats in a position so that the entire audience had a favorable opportunity of gazing upon them. The attorneys, consisting of I. CONNER, deputy Prosecutor, and E. STURGEON, for the State, J. S. SLICK, E. CALKINS and H. B. JAMISON for the defense, arranged themselves on either side of a long table. Esquire HERMAN occupied the Judge's chair, and the trial began. At this juncture ROBERT WALLACE, the father of the murdered young man, made his way to the side of his attorneys, and the withering look he gave the slayer of his son, who sat on the opposite side of the table, was more indicative of his feeling than though he had given audible expression to what he felt. VANDERKARR plead Not Guilty to the charge, waived an examination, and was remanded to jail. KATE FOSTER and HESTER WILSON were dismissed, while Mrs. VANDERKARR was held to answer as being an aid and abettor to her husband in the killing of Wallace. The only witnesses that were examined were the two girls, who had been dismissed. KATE FOSTER swore that her home was at Kewanna, in this county, and that she had been at VANDERKARR's but three weeks. HESTER WILSON swore that her home was at Oxford, Ind., and that she had only been at VANDERKARR's three weeks. The testimony of both were to the effect that they were present at the time the shooting took place, but were in bed at the time the four persons made application to be admitted to the house. According to their testimony there were no persons within the house at that time but those who properly belonged there. They heard VANDERKARR tell those without that they could not come in, and they heard the voice of one from without say that if he did not open the door he would kick the door down and take his heart's blood. They further testified that the door was kicked or broken from its fastenings by those without, and that immediately thereafter VANDERKARR fired upon them. No information could be elicited from them by which the wife could be implicated as an accessory to the murderous deed. She was present and a passive spectator to all that occurred, but did not counsel or advise the act, nor did she remonstrate against it.
After a brief argument by the counsel the Court decided that there had not been sufficient evidence adduced to warrant him to hold her in custody, and thereupon she was set at liberty.
The gun used by the defendant was exhibited in court, but there was nothing remarkable about it to distinguish it from other guns of its class, save that it was weather-beaten and rusty. Both barrels were well charged at the time, having been reloaded for further destruction if an occasion offered.
A brief sketch of the principal actors in this blood-curdling tragedy may not prove entirely uninteresting to our readers:
JOHN D. VANDERKARR was born on the Mohawk River, near Albany, New York, and will be 39 years old on the 3rd of next June. His parents died while he was a youth, and soon after he made his home at Kankakee, Ill., where he married his present wife in 1863. No children have been born unto them, which is truly a blessing. About six years ago they came to Rochester, and for a time laid some claim to respectability but after opening a house of prostitution he sunk to his proper level. He is of medium hight, strong and robust, and weighs not less than 200 pounds. He has a sallow complexion and a physiogonomy that does not impress any one as being intellectual or at all pleasing.
SARAH VANDERKARR, his wife, is about three years his senior, and possesses a hard, grim visage that is extremely repulsive. Her maiden name was MILLER, and, from what we can learn, spent her earlier days in Miami County, where she married one BENJAMIN JOHNIGAN, who was soon after divorced from her on account of her persistent loose and unchaste habits.
KATE FOSTER is a large, overgrown girl, of perhaps 22 vears of age, and not ill looking. Her parents, or her widowed mother rather, lives near Kewanna, and bears the name of FUNK. FOSTER is an alias assumed by Kate to conceal her true name. It is well known that a prominent citizen induced her away from her mother, and placed her at VANDERKARR's to advance his private interests. The name of this ranting hypocrite, who maintains an air of sanctity, will be brought prominently before the public in due time.
HESTER WILSON is a stranger here, of lighter build and feebler constitution. She is young in years but old in vice, and ought to be an inmate of some hospital rather than to be plying her vocation.
JOHN JACOB WALLACE was born in Rochester, and has ever made his home with his father, who is the proprietor of the Wallace House. He had just attained his majority two months ago, and was a young man of good physical proportions and in the prime of his youth. He was somewhat reckless in some of his habits, yet he was possessed of noble impulses and a kind, forgiving spirit. His fine social qualities were admired by all and secured him many friends, who deeply regret his early demise. His desires and willingness to accommodate and do the bidding of his friends is what at many times lead him from the path of rectitude. His transgressions were more of the character of boys' pranks than of a premeditated desire to do wrong, and had his life been spared a few years he would have outgrown his boyishness and have become an honored and useful member of society. He was an only son, loved and cherished by the whole family.
AMOS SELBY's name has appeared so frequently in print in connection with bloody noses and broken heads, that he requires but little notice at our hand. He claims the championship of the county for a square knock-down, and we think he is entitled to the belt. He is perhaps 38 or 40 years of age, and has been "on his muscle" from our earliest recollection. When sober, he is a quiet and orderly citizen; but a few drinks makes a demon of him and nothing is too daring for him to undertake. The buckshot wound received in his hip is quite a serious one, but he is in a fair way to recover.
McKENDRY GREEN is a resident of Liberty Township in this county. He frequently visits this place, and when he does so, the company he keeps and the places he visits has not given him a very enviable reputation among the people of Rochester.
JAMES DEBOLT is a young man, almost entirely unknown in this community, and from his gentlemanly appearance we would hardly have thought that he would be found seeking admission to a house of the character of VANDERKARR'S. ... VANDERKARR is secure within the county jail, and employs his time in drawing discordant sounds out of an old violin....
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 27, 1875]

He is Registered for Twenty Years at Michigan City An Appeal to the Supreme Court.
The third and last trial of JOHN D. VANDERKARR, for the killing of JOHN J. WALLACE on the 20th of February last, was brought to a close on Sunday morning about 9 o'clock. The jury had retired for deliberation a few minutes before midnight, with little hope on the part of the general public for a speedy conclusion of their labors. The announcement that a verdict had been returned was made by the tolling of the Court House bell at about 8 o'clock in the morning, and in a few minutes thereafter the streets and courtyard presented a lively throng of anxious and inquiring faces.
When Judge KEITH arrived and the doors of the court room were thrown open, it was immediately filled with silent spectators. After the Sheriff called the roll of jurymen, the foreman handed to his Honor the paper containing the doom of the defendant. The Court having adjusted his glasses amid the most profound silence, read:
"We, the jury, find the defendant guilty of manslaughter as charged in the indictment, and assess his punishment at twenty years imprisonment in the penitentiary."
The jury was immediately interrogated by the attorneys for the defendant, and each expressed himself satisfied with the verdict as it had been read. A motion for a new trial was at once entered and time asked to procure affidavits showing the prior expression of opinions by some of the jurors. Time being granted by the Court until 9 o'clock on Monday morning, the work of getting affidavits was commenced by the defense and continued up till that time, when (as some would have it) eight or nine corrupt documents were presented and read in the hearing of an astonished audience, creating a manifest surprise. The State then asked time to procure counter affidavits until Thursday morning, when the court adjourned until that time.
The court again convened at the appointed hour and listened to the reading of some sixteen affidavits produced by the State. The principal part of such affidavits were directed to the impeachment of some of those dare devils who had sworn for the defendant, the remainder to sustain the impeached jurors. At 1 o'clock on Thursday afternoon, after listening to the argument of counsel, the Court proceeded to review the facts and circumstances upon which the motion was founded, concluding by refusing the prisoner a new hearing, pronouncing judgment on the verdict. and sentencing the defendant to the penitentiary in accordance with the finding of the jury.
Considerable hot and unnecessary comment has been belched out concerning parties directly interested in the case, and many harsh words have been uttered in moments of passion that reflects but little credit on any one, and now, when the Supreme Court has passed on these questions, John D. Vanderkarr will be tried again, or Fulton County will know him no more forever.

A BOLD STROKE FOR FREEDOM. The sentence of VANDERKARR to twenty years imprisonment in the State's prison was an event entirely unlooked for by the prisoner, and when it became forcibly impressed upon his mind that twenty years of his life must be spent in solitary confinement, he immediately began making preparation for his escape from the county jail, where he has been confined since February last. The JAIL of this county is not very pretentious in appearance, yet it is quite formidable and requires considerable skill and hard labor to effect an escape. The walls of the jail are brick, and instead of plastering on the inside, they are covered with a double coating of two-inch oak plank, in which heavy nails have been driven so close together that the point of a knife can scarcely be stuck between them. An excavation of three feet was made in the ground and filled in with large round stone, on which was placed square timber lOxl2 inches, and these covered by ordinary flooring. Substantial cells are constructed in the center of the large room with corridors running entirely around them. In one of these cells Vanderkarr was kept each night and allowed the privilege of the corridors during the day.
By some means unknown he had come in possession of a hammer, an iron rod, such as are used by butchers to pin meat to a block, a butcher's steel, and a long file. During the day he occupied his time in drawing a staple to his cell door, so that when locked in at night he could remove it again without difficulty.
On Wednesday night he came out of his cell to the corridor, and after prying up the floor, proceeded to burn off one of the heavy timbers beneath, which he accomplished successfully by heating in the stove the iron rod in his possession. It then only remained for him to remove the stone and dig out under the foundation. He was making good progress on the way to liberty when he was discovered by Sheriff MOON, who has kept an eagle eye on him ever since the verdict of the jury was known. A watch has been kept on the outside of the jail every night, and while thus watching the sound of tools was heard within. An investigation of the interior found the prisoner snugly ensconced in bed in the cell, but the aperture in the floor and his near exit to the outer world was plainly visible. In another hour or two he would have been at liberty. An extra guard was then placed around him for the night and succeeding night.
Yesterday noon, manacled and well guarded, the prison doors opened and he stepped forth and to the depot, to take the train for his Michigan City home. At the depot a large crowd of people had assembled to witness his departure. Just previous to the arrival of the train a double seated carriage arrived upon the scene containing three women, one the prisoner's wife, the others inmates of her habitation. The farewell was an affecting one, the wife weeping bitterly and showing a strong attachment for her husband. He (the prisoner) is a man of iron will and nerve, and although deeply agitated and cast down, betrayed but little emotion. The train bore him off and the crowd dispersed, and this is the closing scene of the great tragedy.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, October 16, 1875]

DIED. -John D. VANDERKARR, known to many of our readers as the keeper of a house of prostitution in this place for several years, and at whose hands John J. WALLACE, a promising young man received his death on the night of Feb. 20, 1875, is dead.
Convicted of manslaughter, he was sentenced to 20 years service in the Northern prison and began his term in October of the same year. Vanderkarr was nearly 39 years old at the time he entered the prison and was at that time in robust health, but close confinement soon undermined his constitution and during the nearly four years that he has been there, he has rendered the State but little service. Last week he was taken with a congestive chill and died at an early hour Saturday morning. His wife who still remains at this place was notified of his death and went to the prison at once but did not remain for his funeral which occurred on Sunday in consequence of her own sickness. We are informed that it is her intention to have his remains brought here for permanent interment. Thus has another one of the evil doers paid the penalty of his bad conduct.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 20, 1879]

Considered Comment
Jack K. Overmyer
The murder of Johnny Wallace and the subsequent trial and conviction of his killer, John D. Vanderkarr, has to be the most sensational criminal case ever to occur in Rochester.
It took place in 1875 and contained all the lurid elements that arouse public interest in any age: illicit sex, a prominent victim, a cold-blooded, notorious killer, a threat of lynching, repeated trials to get a verdict and a final attempt at a jail break.
Today's national media would have eaten it up, just as did the inhabitants of Rochester and Fulton County during the eight months required to mete out justice.
The principals were well-known citizens of Roe hester, but for quite different reasons.
Wallace was the only son of Robert Wallace, the respected proprietor of the Wallace House hotel and entertainment center at Fifth and Main Streets. Johnny, who had just turned 21, was a handsome, popular leader among the town's somewhat reckless young sports.
Vanderkarr, 38, had come to Rochester with wife Sarah about 1869 from Kankakee, Ill., by way of Albany, N.Y. At first he was respectably employed, but for the last three years he had been operating a whorehouse on the town's northwest edge. The Sentinel rated the brothel as "low grade" and wrote of many scenes of strife and bloodletting among the motley crews that assembled there night after night.
Prostitution was not uncommon in this place in the 1870s and was tolerated by the local authorities. Indeed, as early as 1871 The Rochester Union Spy wrote that the town had become "notorious as a city of refuge for fallen women who come here to escape the rigors of the law threatened in other places."
About 10 o'clock on Saturday night, February 20, 1875, Wallace was cruising about town in a one-horse sleigh with friends Amos Selby, a local boxer and bully; McKendry Green of Liberty Township and James Debolt, a just-arrived traveler. They pulled up to Vanderkarr's bawdy house, went to the door and demanded to be admitted. Vanderkarr, speaking through a wicket near the door, said it was too late and refused them entrance.
The young men insisted and, when still denied, kicked the door from its fastenings. Then realizing they'd gone too far, they ran for the sleigh. Vanderkaxr emerged from the house with a doublebarreled shotgun loaded with large buckshot and fired at the group. Only one barrel discharged, but it was enough to kill Wallace and slightly wound Selby.
Within a few minutes, the entire town was alerted to these events.
Sheriff Sidney Moon quickly arrested Vanderkarr, who professed ignorance of the effects of his shooting. Also arrested were Vanderkarr's wife and the two women of the brothel, Kate Foster and Hester Wilson. By the time of the arrests, a large number of citizens had gathered at the Vanderkarr house to assist, but were not needed.
As the party of prisoners was marched by the Wallace House, where Johnny's body had been taken, mutterings of lynching were heard among the huge number of citizens assembled there. Wisdom and Sheriff Moon prevailed, however, even as interested townspeople multiplied at the Wallace House and at the justice court where the prisoners were arraigned immediately'
Vanderkarr's wife and the two tarts were released without charges. He pleaded not guilty and was remanded to the county jail. where he began to pass the time by "drawing discordant sounds" from a violin he had brought along.
The town was transfixed. Church attendance dwindled Sunday as people gathered in groups to discuss the shocking event. Johnny's funeral procession to the IOOF cemetery on Monday, which was led by a brass band, passed throngs of citizens whose number was swelled bv arrivals from the countryside.
Trying the accused for his crime proved no easy matter. The first trial in March ended in a sentence of six years that was overturned on a technicality.
A second trial, begun in August, had to be canceled when a juror became ill.
Finally. on October 8 a third trial reached a verdict. But before it was announced, the Courthouse bell was rung and the populace given ample time to assemble to hear it. Tbe jury found Vanderkarr guilty of homicide and sentenced him to 20 years in the Michigan City penitentiary.
There he was taken on October 15, just after discovery of the escape tunnel he had nearly completed under the jail's foundation. At the state prison his health steadily deteriorated and there he died on September 13, 1879, nearly four years after his conviction.
Mrs. Vanderkarr soon sold the couple's notorious house of ill fame and left for other parts. Her departure, wrote The Sentinel, gave the community "a sense of relief not felt for many years." Perhaps, but the town had yet to meet Patrick McGuire. You shall, next.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, July 1, 1997]

See: Patents and Inventions

VANKIRK, JOHN W. [Aubbeenaubbee Township]
John W. Vankirk, a thrifty and enterprising farmer of Aubbeenaubbee township, Fulton county, Ind., first saw the light of day on March 25, 1854. Mr. Vankirk was born in Pulaski county, Ind., in which county his father settled at an early date, removing there from Pennsylvania, his native state. Mr. Vankirk was reared on the farm and taught the valuable lessons of industry, perseverance and frugality, and these he has crowded into his life. He remained with his father until he was twenty-four years of age, and then began life for himself. Selecting a wife in the person of Mary E. Wagoner, whom he married Dec. 22, 1877, Mr. Vankirk started out in life by moving to one of his father's farms, where he farmed on the shares for seven years, at the close of which he removed on a farm of 55 acres, which his wife had inherited. Later he purchased interests of other heirs in sixty-three adjoining acres, and now Mr. Vankirk controls both tracts. Here he has resided for a number of years and diligently applied his talents in the honorable calling of farming, growing prosperous and highly respected. Though a strong republican in politics, Mr. Vankirk has never aspired to office. The home of Mr. and Mrs. Vankirk has been blessed by the birth of three children, George, Etta and Albert.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, p. 141]

VAN SCOIK, GEORGE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rochester Bands

VARIETY STORE, THE [Akron, Indiana]
A new business house is launched in Akron and is known as the Variety Store. S. A. Strong is proprietor and the stock consists principally of kitchen supplies.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, May 17, 1915]

VAUCHAN GROCERY [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] LOOK HERE - Jay Vauchan, at Ward's old stand, is selling GROCERIES at Rock-Bottom prices. Everything new, fresh and cheaper than the cheapest. Call and be convinced. Highest Prices paid for COUNTRY PRODUCE.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesay, June 17, 1885]

VAUGHN & BLOK [Rochester, Indiana]

Messrs Vaughn and Blok of Grand Rapids, Mich., have acquired the former William Maglecic painting plant on east Seventh street and will conduct a business here. They will do auto painting and furniture refinishing.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, January 25, 1926]

VAWTER, BERT [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rochester Laundry

VAWTER, EDMUND [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Hazlett Bros. [fire]
See: Rochester Laundry

The Eagle Steam Laundry has been sold by Fred E. Robbins to J. D. McCoy of Plymouth, who is interested in a laundry at that place, and Ed. Vawter of Rochester. These gentlemen are both practical laundrymen and will guarantee first class work. Have work ready Monday morning, as it will be called for.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, March 31, 1900]

VEIRS, CLARENCE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Anchor Milling Co.
See: Veirs & Wicks Grist Mill

Clarence Veirs was born in Maryland, October 31, 1855, the son of Samuel Clark and Hester (Whittaker) Veirs. The grandparents, Samuel Clark and Julia Ann Veirs, of the subject of this review, lived and died in Maryland. Samuel Veirs was a very successful miller, a trade which he followed throughout his life. To each of his eight children he gave ten thousand dollars and to each of his forty-two grandchildren (seven of his eight children married) he presented twenty-five dollars and a Bible. Samuel Clark Veirs, the father of our subject, engaged in the milling and farming business during his entire life. He died in 1898 at the age of seventy-eight years and his wife died in 1904 at the advanced age of eighty-four years. They had nine children, of whom two sons and four daughters are still alive. Clarence Veirs was educated in Rockville, Maryland, attending the public schools there and the Rockville Academy for four years. He then followed in the footsteps of his father and engaged in farming and milling. In 1886, he came to Indiana and for four months was at Angola when he removed to Akron, Fulton county, Indiana. Here he engaged in the milling business with Mark Wicks and remained in that town until 1907. In that year, he came to Rochester and built a grist mill which was called the Anchor Milling company, one of the oldest in Indiana. In 1888, he married Tina Smith, the daughter of Jeremiah Smith, of Fulton. To this union was born one son, Kenneth, who was educated in the public schools of Rochester and the University of Wisconsin, from which he graduated in 1910. At the present time he is working in South America representing the Swift Company. Mrs. Veirs died in 1893, and in 1896, Mr. Veirs married Ida Leonard, of Miami county, Indiana, and to them have been born two daughters, Irene and Anabel-Lee. Irene Veirs was educated in the public schools of Rochester and then spent two years in Purdue Universit. She is the wife of Theodore Coplen, the manager of the Woolworth store in St. Cloud, Minnesota, and she has one child, Jean Veirs, born July 6, 1921. Annabel-Lee Veirs was educated in the graded and high schools of Rochester and at the present time is attending Indiana University. In fraternal circles, Mr. Veirs is a member of the Knights of Pythias, and he is a member of the Baptist church, while his wife accepts the tenets of the Methodist Episcopal creed.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 292-293, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

See: Anchor Milling Co.
See: Manitau Flouring Mill
See: Veirs, Clarence


Located in old building where the Akron light plant was later located, and it is now the Akron Locker Plant owned and operated by Byron Leininger since the death of his father, Ralph Leininger. The Akron grist mill made Lily Four, and quit operation about 1905 or 1906. They built a new building in Rochester and continued making the same Lily brand of fine flour.
I remember as a young boy saving empty Lily flour sacks until I had five. The housewives of that day baked their own bread. I was paid a vice-cent piece for the five sacks taken to the mill, and this five cents then was good for a sack of candy at the Emahiser and Russell grocery store on the northwest corner where the Akron Exchange State Bank was until the new bank was built a half a block west in 1976.
[Thomas Carpenter Family, Walter F. Carpenter, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

VERNON'S GROCERY [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Wile Department Store

[Adv] VERNON'S GROCERY, 822 Main, Phone 63, successors to Cornell Grocery. - - - - - - .
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, November 19, 1937]

George Fleegle who has been the meat cuttrer at the Berkheiser Grocery for the past two years today resigned his position and has leased the meat market in the Vernon Grocery. He has taken charge of the market he leased.
[The News=Sentinel, Tuesday, April 25, 1939]

Judge Robert Miller in the Fulton circuit court Saturday appointed Loftlee Vanata as receiver of the Vernon market, 822 Main street. He gave bond of $2,000 and is now in charge of the store.
The receivership was asked by Francis Rogers and named Virginia James (Engle) as defendant. The plaintiff said the market owed him money and that the market was insolvent.
The defendant gave her a written consent to the appointment of the receiver. The store will be operated Saturday and will be closed Monday while an inventory is made.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, April 26, 1941]

The Vernon Market at 822 South Main street has been sold to Earl R. Townsend by the receiver of the store, Loftlee Van Atta. The sale was approved in the Fulton circuit court today by Judge Robert Miller. The Market was thrown into receivership on a suit filed by Francis Rogers against Virginia James (Engle).
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, May 7, 1941]

[Adv] CLOSING OUT SALE Starts Wednesday, July 23rd. All Stock MUST be Closed Out Immediately. - - - - VERNON'S MARKET - - - -.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, July 21, 1941]

Ike Onstott, owner of the store room which formerly was occupied by the Vernon Market, 822 Main street, this city, announced today that he had leased the room to Timothy J. Cronin, of Lake Manitou, for the purpose of operating a package liquor store.
Mr. Cronin has been a resident of Lake Manitou for the past four years and is the owner of several cottages on the south shore of the lake. At the present time he is employed as a salesman for the Kiefer-Stewart Drug Company, of Indianapolis.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, August 12, 1941]

See: Defense Enrollment

At a meeting held in the city hall Sunday afternoon a Post for Veterans of Foreign Wars was organized under the supervision of Major H. A. Green. Other notables of the organization, present for this special meeting, were Capt. Frank S. Clark, State Commander of the Indiana District of Foreign War Veterans Post, and Judge Advocate Ralph Green.
The charter papers for the local post will be sent in to National Headwuyarters on next Saturday, and any Fulton County veteran who desires to join this organization can have his name included on the original charter list for a fee of one dollar. Those interested are urged to see R. B. Richards, of this city.
On Thursday evening, 7:30 another meeting of the Foreign War Post will be held at the City Hall. Anyone interested in this organization is urgently requested to attend this meeting.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, May 15, 1933]

A Veterans of Foreign Wars post was organized here last night at a meeting which was held in the City Hall. A number of war veterans who have seen service in foreign fields have already signed as members of the new post. The charter is still open to permit any other veterans who so desire to become members of the post. At the meeting last night it was voted to name the post the John Nicodemus Post in honor of John Nicodemus, son of Mr. and Mrs. William Nicodemus of this city. Nicodemus was one of the first enlisted men from Fulton county in the world war who was killed in action in France. The new post will be installed on June 4 at a public ceremony. State officers of the organization will have charge of the work.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, May 19, 1933]

Local foreign service veterans here decided to name their new post, now being organized here, Manitou Post, V.F.W., Benny Thomas, local spokesman for the new organization announced today.
The Veterans of Foreign Wars, have on previous occasions attempted to establish a post in Fulton county, but to date, have not met with too much success. But at a meeting held last Monday evening, organization was stepped ahead to the point of selecting a name. A meeting to follow next Monday evening at the city hall is designed to make plans for election of officers at a near future date.
These plans, it is understood, will include installation ceremonies for newly elected officers, ritualistic work and other matters pertinent to organization.
Only men and women who have seen overseas service are eligible to membership, Thomas says.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, July 13, 1945]

The newly-organized Manitou Post No. 1343, Veterans of Foreign Wars, will elect officers and be officially instituted Wednesday evening, August 1 at 8:00 o'clock in the Eagles Hall. Officers from the Department of Indiana headquarters in Indianapolis, will have charge of the ritualistic and installation ceremonies.
This local unit of the Veterans of Foreign Wars was formed by men of this community who served overseas in the armed forces of the nation during the Spanish-American War, World War I and the present global conflict. The post numbers among its members several recently discharged World War II veterans and men who are still in active service in various theaters of operation.
In outlining the purposes backof the movement which establishes Manitou Post of the VFW in Rochester, Mr. Benny Thomas, local chairman, explained that prior to the present war the number of overseas veterans residing in Fulton county was too limited to maintain an active, efficient chapter. One of the first aims of this new post will be to cooperate with all other civic, veteran and patriotic groups in the development of post-war plans for the rehabilitation of the men who will come home, according to Mrs. Thomas.
The charter will remain open for a 90-day period following institution of the post and all honorably discharged veterans and members of the armed forces who have had overseas service are urged to become charter members. Relatives can make their father, husband, son or brother a member of the Veterans of Foreign Wars if he is now overseas or aboard ship.
The public is cordially invited.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, July 30, 1945]

VETERINARIANS [Rochester, Indiana]
Dr. Henry Ward
Doc King (a fellow from Canada, not related to Dr. Milo King)
Dr. Theodore "Dode" Cook
Dr. Dow Haimbaugh, had his office at Wagoner's stable.

VICTORIA PARK [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Come out Sunday to Victoria Park and see the Most Sensational Real Estate Proposition Ever Offered in Rochester. - - - - VICTORIA PARK is located on South Main St., right in the location of Rochester's best growth. The new electric line will pass this property and these lots are sure to increase in value. - - - - FULTON LAND COMPANY, Office over Bank of Indiana. N. M. Harrison, C. N. Lodge, Managers.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, April 28, 1906]

Mrs. Newton True and Mrs. P. M. Buchanan entertained the Victoria Reading circle at the home of Mrs. True Tuesday evening. Four new members were accepted with the usual ceremony incident to such occasions. A two course luncheon was served and the membvers were delighted with the evening's engagement provided by the hostesses.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 23, 1907]

VIGILANCE COMMITTEE [Rochester, Indiana]
Thirty-three citizens of Rochester exclusive of the members of the police force, were vested with full police powers at a meeting of the recently organized vigilance committee held at the city hall Monday evening.
Each of the 33 men has a specific duty to carry out and the organization is expected to have a decided effect on the moral status of the community.
An alarm signal has been arranged which consists of one long blast of the siren whistle. The whistle will be kept blowing for several minutes and there will be no blast of the waterworks whistle as in the case of fires so that there might be no confusion.
In the event of the alarm being sounded, the members of the committee are each assigned to a post to guard the city. Twelve men have been selected to occupy central stations guarding the main business center of the city. At these stations rifles, shot guns, revolvers and two riot guns to be purchased by the city will be kept in readiness at all times.
The balance of the men, three to a post, and each squad of these to be supplied with a motor car, are to go immediately to the exit from Rochester designated as their post. Nobody is to be allowed to pass these exits and private citizens are warned to not attempt to leave the city in the event of an alarm as the guards mean business and will use any means they deem effective to stop outgoers.
Each of the squads to guard the exits will be equipped with proper arms and ammunition. High powered rifles are somewhat scarce in a community of this kind and it has been asked that persons possessing weapons of this nature report them to the police authorities.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, January 4, 1921]

Two riot guns of heavy calibre short barreled shot guns that shoot buck shot have been ordered by the city for use by the local vigilance committee. A number of high powered rifles have also been ordered, but still there are not enough guns to supply all members of the organization. It has been asked that any persons in the county having available arms for this purpose to report to the police authorities.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, January 6, 1921]

VILLAGE MARKET [Kewanna, Indiana]
Located -----, at the site of former Ralston Drug Store.

VIN FIZ [Akron, Indiana]
The first airplane to fly over Akron was piloted by Galbreath Perry Rodgers, who was flying a cross-country flight in 1911. The name of the plane was the Vin Fiz, to promote a new soft drink put out by Armour & Co., who financed the trip, at a cost of $180,000, which was acknowledged to have greatly hastened the advance of aviation.
I was standing with a crowd of people in the road at the Erie Railroad tracks by the old Akron cemetery as he went past, following the tracks. He was soon followed by a train traveling at a fast rate of speed. His wife was on this train as also was the team of mechanics with spare parts, plus two complete extra planes.
The flight began at Long Island, N.Y., Sept. 19, 1911, and after 49 days with 68 take-offs, 15 crashes and 4,321 miles, he made it. Five months after completing this journey he lost his life when a sea gull flew into the controls of the plane, and he crashed into shallow water near Long Beach, Calif.
[Thomas Carpenter Family, Walter F. Carpenter, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

VINEGAR RIDGE [Rochester, Indiana]
Nickname by Michael Luther Essick for the area around 13th and Madison, who lived on Madison street, next door to Dr. J. C. Spohn home, which was on the NE corner 13th and Madison.
Since the name, Essig, was of German origin meaning "vinegar," and his residence being near the top of a small rise in elevation, he called the area Vinegar Ridge.

A hoodoo has been hanging over that part of southeast Rochester known as "VINEGAR RIDGE" during the past week, according to residents of that neighborhood, who point to two deaths and three bad accidents in support of their contention.
On Sunday, September 14, John ANDERSON, corner Franklin Ave. and 13th street died; on Monday night, Hugh FOGLESONG, E. 14th street, was seriously, if not fatally burned; on Wednesday, Mrs. John WHEATLY, E. 14th street, fell and broke her hip; on Friday, Hon. M. L. ESSICK, S. Madison street, passed away, and on Saturday, John LEWIS, E. 14th street, fractured his arm.
Residents of that neighborhood are seriously waiting to see if the run of injuries and deaths will continue this week, and are also looking for someone to chase away the "hoodoo."
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 22, 1913]

VIRGINIA SHOE STORE [Rochester, Indiana]
Don't fail to take advantage of the closing out of the stock of the boots and shoes known as the Virginia shoe store. This is not a bait or advertisement, but plain truth. The Virginia will close up for all time, just as soon as the present stock is closed out. Come early before the goods are picked over.

[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, August 11, 1886]

[Adv] We have but 3 Weeks to stay - - - The goods must go - - - CHICAGO BANKRUPT CO., Old Virginia Shoe Store.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 13, 1886]

VOGUE SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
E. Gross, of the firm of Gross and Gross, South Bend, Thursday evening completed the purchase of the Harley Montgomery Sweet Shop, in the Arlington block, and announced that he would open a first class ladies ready-to-wear store in the same location by Feb. 1st. A five year lease has been closed for the room.
Mr. Gross, who is a brother of Joe Gross, Studebaker representative, well known here, has been in the business for some time in South Bend, but expects to make Rochester his home. He is a married man, with three children.
He is advertising for sale the stock and fixtures of the Sweet Shop, which he is said to have bought for $600. Mr. Montgomery has made no announcement of his plans.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, January 4, 1918]

[Adv] Grand opening of The Frances Shop in Rochester on Friday, February 22 - - - - Eugene Gross, Manager. Two doors south of the Post Office.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, February 15, 1918]

Ignorance of the fact that the Frances Shop, of South Bend, is incorporated is claimed by Herman Gross, also of South Bend, in explaining the fact that he has given the new Rochester store the same appellation as that of a similar institution in South Bend.
A representative of Herman Gross Tuesday disclaimed any intention to steal the South Bend store's reputation, expressed his regret that the impression had been given that Rochester store was a branch of the South Bend Frances Shop, and stated that the store here would be renamed at once, altho the new title has not been decided upon. Norman Gross is the owner of the local business and is also connected with Gross and Gross of South Bend, whose store was referred to in the local announcement.
Eugene Gross, a brother, who is the local manager, was in Chicago Tuesday.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, February 26, 1918]

[Adv] Many Thanks! - - - - The Gross Ready-to-Wear Shop.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, February 27, 1918]

It is now "The Vogue Shop."
The new name for the "Frances Shop" recently established here by Eugene Gross, of South Bend, was selected by the judges Wednesday when Mrs. Orbra Taylor won the waist for suggesting the best new name. So many good names were offered that a number were placed in a hat and the first one drawn was "The Vogue Shop." The name was changed as a result of a protest made by The Frances Shop, of So. Bend.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, March 14, 1918]

The Vogue Shop has been sold again. The new owner is a Mr. Deuguid, of Ft. Wayne, who owns several ready to wear shops in northern Indiana. The former owner, Marshall Smith, has already left the city and the new proprietor has not yet reached here so no particulars of the deal could be learned. It is understood, however, that Mr. Deuguid will continue to operate the store along the same lines as it has been in the past.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, August 24, 1920]

A complaint in which creditors of the Vogue Shop seek to have a receiver appointed for that place has been filed in circuit court and Judge Stevens, sitting on the bench at Plymouth has issued a summons for the parties interested and an order turning the stock of the store over to a receiver.
The plaintiffs in the suit and their credits against the stock follow:
Aaron and Sherman, $216.06; Appelbaum and Stern, $416.25; Lilianthal and Berman, $464.21; E M. Glick and Company, $427.46 and H. D. Wuthowsky, $403.50.
The defendants in the action are Eugene Gross, Marshall Smith and E. C. Duguit. The latter is the present owner of the store, according to the complaint, having purchased it of Marshall Smith. Smith in turn purchased of Eugene Gross. Gross, according to the information filed contracts, the debts at issue and then sold the store under the name of the "Vogue Shop" contrary to the statutes governing both sales.
Another point entering into the transaction is the fact that the place was operated under a name which had never been filed with the county clerk.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, September 29, 1920]

VonEHRENSTEIN, E. [Rochester, Indiana]
For the best and cheapest driven or tubular wells, be sure and call on E. VonEhrenstein, who has all the latest improved machinery for putting them down. Orders by mail promptly filled. Rochester, Indiana.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, May 23, 1888]

A petition has been filed in the Fulton circuit court by E. vonEhrenstein for the taking out of naturalization papers. Mr. vonEhrenstein took out his first papers but these are the second and final ones.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 28, 1912]

VULCANIZING SHOPS [Rochester, Indiana]
See Anderson Vulcanizing Shop
See Alspach Vulcanizing Shop
See Hagan Bros.
See Creamer & Davisson




WCMA RADIO STATION [Culver, Indiana]
See Culver Military Academy

Good results were accorded the first attempt of the Culver Military Academy broadcasting station. Reports have been received from twenty-five different states throughout the middle west. Major Eisenhard was well pleased with the results. Many local radio enthusiasts were listeners-in when the program was given. It is planned that regular concerts will be given from time to time.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, March 26, 1925]

Culver, Ind., April 5. - The success of the only Marshall county broadcasting station is assured by the number of telegrams and communications received by the station WHBH, located at the Culver Military academy.
A brilliant future for WHBH is assured if the plans to purchase the Mooseheart station in Illinois, materialize. This plant, rated at 500 watts, would be five times more powerful than the present plant. With this new broadasting unit and Culver's wealth of talent, WHBH should soon be among the best stations of the country.
In order to provide an outlet for the "local talent" which abounds in the corps, a period from 9:15 p.m. to 10:15 p.m. each Wednesday night has been set aside for the local artists. This program has been named the "Tattoo Release" and will always be opened by the bugle call "tattoo," at 9:15 p.m.
The glee club will present a program in connection with the "tattoo release." Solos on a large set of chimes by Loftus H. Ward, director of the Glee club, will also make up a portion of the program.
These chimes were originally found in one of the cathedrals of the old world, and are particularly adapted to sacred music. They consist of a series of one hundred and seventy-six bell metal tubes plated with aluminum and are played by shaking the frames to which the tubes are hanging.
Major Eisenhard has rceived favorable reports from fans residing in all states east of the Rockies, except Florida, South Dakota and Montana. Leading in the number of requests is New York, followed by Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, Indiana and Illinois respectively. The distance record is established by a report from Portland, Maine -- over 1,000 miles.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, April 5, 1926]

Radio listeners in the middle west will soon hear WCMA over the air, coming in strong. With the completion of the installation of the new powerful broadcasting station that is now in progress, the programs from the Marshall county station will be picked up by stations all over the United States from the Rockies east.
The station will broadcast regularly every Wednesday evening, at which time the dances of the Summer school students are held. The Bell Hops orchestra of Plymouth will furnish the music and will be heard over the radio. The new station will serve as an advertisement putting Culver and Marshall county on the map throughout the middle west.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Saturday, July 3, 1926]

Culver Military Academy has bought the broadcasting outfit of Mooseheart, Ill., and will soon have it installed at their place of learning.
The Mooseheart broadcasting outfit was of 500 volts strength and one which was always easy to get. It will be the strongest in Indiana and will thus be a noted addition to the academy. Mooseheart is installing a 1,000 volt machine.
Col. Noble is in charge of the broadcasting and it will be perhaps a month before the station is all ready for work. An invitation was extended by Col. Noble to Mr. Senour, speaker at the dairy show, to come to Culver and make an address to the farmers. Mr. Senour indicated that he would probably do this.
Culver Military Academy has a very fine military band which will give many concerts over the new station, which will be known as WCMA. Col. Noble says they have devised a plan whereby the drum of the band can be heard over the radio, a thing which has not so far been accomplished. Indiana fans may expect some fine entertainment from WCMA this winter.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Saturday, August 28, 1926]

A new Indiana radio broadcasting station will go on the air, Monday night, when station WCMA, at Culver Military Academy, broadcasts its initial program on a wave length of 258.5 meters.
Thirty numbers have been scheduled for the program which begins at 8:30 p.m., Central standard time.
Students and officers at the military academy will furnish the larger part of the program and George Ade, Meredith Nicholson and Will Rogers have been invited to speak.
Station WCMA has been under construction for several months, and preliminary tests have shown remarkable power and clarity of transmission.
Congratulate Culver
Among telegrams received by Col. H. F. Noble, director of the station, was this from Denver, Colo.:
"Your test coming through. Volume very good. You are the only station able to clear through the powerful General Electric station, KOA, of Denver. Congratulations."
Other messages of congratulation have been received from Alaska and from listeners on both sea coasts.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, November 27, 1926]

Culver Military Academy's radio-casting station, WCMA, which went on the air November 29, has been heard in Alaska, New Brunswick, Kissamee, Fla., and Vancouver Island. A Denver fan reported that the program came through with very great volume and that it was the only station he has been able to clear through KOA in his home city.
The set has a generator that develops 1,600 volts. The towers are of standard 150 feet type and the ground is through water pipes connecting with Lake Maxinkuckee, plus deep artesian wells in the immediate vicinity, which are impregnated with iron.
The wave length is 253.8 meters, or 1,160 kilocycles.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, December 14, 1926]

The Howard Melody Syncopators announced Monday that they will broadcast Tuesday night between the hours of 11 and 12:30 from the Culver Military Academy station. The call numbers for this station are WCMA. This program is known as the Arctic Circle Program and is given by the academy for the benefit of all persons living in the Arctic Circle especially those along Yukon River in Alaska. The Howard Syncopators have often been on the air from the station at Logansport.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, February 14, 1927]

Culver, Ind., Sept. 29. - WCMA has adopted the wave-length of 258.5 meters and 1050 kilocycles by permission of the Federal Radio Commission. During the winter, the Monday and Wednesday evening programs from 8:00 to 10:30 p.m. will be continued. Each afternoon during public service hour 3:00 to 4:00, (Sundays excepted), lectures and various programs will be broadcasted. However, from 11:00 to 12:15 on Sundays, the regular chapel service will be on the air. During the past year, WCMA obtained a remarkable record in the radio world, many reports of successful rception having been received from all the United States. Undoubtedly equally as many favorable reports will be received this year.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, September 29, 1927]

The Manitou quartet, composed of Otto Sherbondy, Estil Rogers, William Hoffman and Ray B. Fretz, will make their debut "over the air" next Monday evening, on Station WCMA Culver, at 8 o'clock. This quartet has been singing together for the past 10 or 12 years and the close harmony which is so essential in this class of music, is never lacking in its varied selections.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, October 14, 1927]

Many Rochester and Fulton county radio fans Wednesday night listened to an excellent program broadcasted from Station WCMA at Culver Military Academy by the Howard Melody Syncopators who appear each Sunday night at the Colonial Hotel. The reception was exceedingly good last night as there was little static. The Howards received many requests for special numbers one from a little girl in a sanitarium in Tennessee who wanted to hear "My Blue Heaven". This request was rather touching as the little girl has spinal trouble and has been securely tied on her back to a board for four years and outside of the white walls of her little room in the sanitarium the only thing she ever sees is the blue heavens through the window just above her head.
The Howards played a number of special numbers Wednesday besides some of their own orchestrations. Several piano solos by Ayrton Howard was a feature. This local orchestra will broadcast from the Culver Station a number of times during the coming winter.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Thursday, November 17, 1927]

Radio listeners in northern Indiana will be interested in knowing that radio station WCMA, the Culver Military academy station, has been sold to the General Broadcasting, Inc. This company is affiliated with the Curtis Radiocasting Corporation, an organization operating a group of stations in Indiana and Illinois.
WCMA will very shortly go on the air with a daily schedule from two to five in the afternoon. For the present time, WCMA will continue to operate in its present location at Culver Military academy.
The station management is under the direction of Carl B. Watson of Indianpolis. Mr. Watson is well known in musical circles as a member of the Indianapolis Military band, the Murat Shrine band and other musical organizations. He has been engaged in radio broadcasting activities almost from the beginning and has had the pleasure of seeing many of his proteges rise to fame in the broadcasting field.
Mr. Watson is desirous of getting in touch with those interested in broadcasting work, as it is planned to use talent from the surrounding territory on the programs.
Several changes in the transmitter of WCMA, originally built by the Western Electric Company, are being made which will insure a much wider and better reception.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, August 7, 1930]

Station WCMA at Culver Academy is again on the air. A regular feature on every Monday, Wednesday and Friday from 3 to 3:30 p.m. is the Old Time Trio composed of Alspach, Lough and Alspach of Leiters Ford. Every Saturday afternoon at 2 o'clock the editor of the Culver Citizen will give a feature to be entitled "The Newspaper of the Air". Interesting bits of news from towns in Fulton, Pulaski, Starke, St. Joseph, Cass, Kosciusko and Marshall counties will be broadcast. WCMA can be gotten at about 5 on the dial.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, September 5, 1930]

The owners of radio station WCMA at Culver have received a letter from Myron Stafford at Peheri, Besborre, New Zealand that he is able to hear clearly the Culver station with his radio set as well as 60 other stations in the United States. The Culver station is on a very low wave length.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, December 24, 1930]

Evansville, Ind., Aug. 6. - A suit asking that the Curtis Radiocasting corporation, which operates radio stations in Evansville, Terre Haute, Indianapolis and Culver, Ind., and Decatur, Ill., will be placed in the hands of a receiver was filed in probate court today by Frank O. Wilkins, of Indianapolis, a minority stockholder.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, August 6, 1931]

Culver, Ind. - WCMA, Culver's radio station, was discontinued this week after operating for six years. The station has been sold, along with Station WKBF at Indianapolis, to a Chicago firm which will combine the time at the two stations.
The Culver station was established by Culver Military Academy and maintained by it for four years. It was then sold to the Curtis company of Indianapolis, which moved the equipment from the academy to the Indiana apartment building in the north part of Culver. Louis Lohr has been manager and engineer of the station.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, November 19, 1932]

Indianapolis, Oct. 20. - (U.P.) - Acquisition of the Culvr Military Academy radio station at Culver as northwest unit of the state police radio system was announced today by Al Feeney, State safety director.
Feeney said use of the station had been donated to the state by academy officals. Experiments to determine what power will best serve at the station will be conducted as soon as a transmitter can be obtained, Feeney said.
He said that work on the central station of the system, to be located at the State Fair Ground here, will be started next week.
[The News-Sentinel, Satureday, October 20, 1934]

WLS HOME TALENT [Rochester, Indiana]
Fulton County will be on the air at 11 a.m. Saturday, September 24.
Five local people have been invited to broadcast as a part of the WLS Home Talent program on that day. These people are: Patsy Good of the Burton neighborhood, Jane and Ellen Heater, Wayne township and Charles and Kenneth Wilhelm of Argos.
They were selected as representative talent from the WLS amateur barn dance held in connection with the Fulton County 4-H Fair.
In addition to appearing on the radio program, the Fulton County folks will be guests at the WLS National Barn Dance show at the Eighth Street Theatre, Saturday night.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, September 22, 1938]

W.P.A. [Fulton County]
See Toilets, Outdoor

A proposed line that never was built.
See Railroads
WADE, R. C. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Fix-It Shop

WADE, RUSSELL (BUD) [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Dyche Blue Drug Store
See: Baxter Drugs

WAGNER, GEORGE [Kewanna, Indiana]
[Adv] FURNITURE and UNDERTAKING. I have opened a new furniture and undertaking establishment in Kewanna, opposite the grist mill - - - New furniture always on hand and old work repaired. FUNERALS attended promptly, and prices very reasonable. GEORGE WAGNER.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, June 7, 1879]

WAGNER, JACKSON [Aubbeenaubbee Township]
Jackson Wagner, the son of Jacob and Rebecca (Hendricks) Wagner was born in Sandusky county, Ohio, Jan. 21, 1843. Jacob Wagner was born in Perry county, Ohio, in 1812. Rebecca, was born in Sandusky, Ohio, in 1823. The parents were married in Ohio and came to Indiana in 1850, and settled in Aubbeenaubbee township, Fulton county, Ind. The father was through life a very hard and diligent worker and at the time of his death owned 139 acres of valuable land. He died July 20, 1880. The mother still survives and resides with her son-in-law, John Cohler. Unto Jacob and Rebecca Wagner were born the following children: Jackson, Elizabeth, Noah, Emanuel, Mary, deceased; Jacob, deceased; Sarah, deceased; John, Ellen, deceased; Jonas and Jacob F. Jackson, the subject of this sketch, remained with his parents until the age of twenty-one years. He then worked out as a farm hand for two years, was then a renter for two years, and finally, March 5, 1868, was married to Miss Mary Hood, the daughter of Frederick and Mary Hood. To the marriage were born the following children: Arthur N., Ida, Captola, Elnora, Jacob F. and Lulu May, twins, one of the twins, Lulu May, is dead; George, deceased; Etta and Nanetta, twins. Mr. Wagner has always farmed, and at the present time owns some 187 acres of good land. He received a small amount from home in 1888. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church. He has always been a staunch democrat. He has been a hard and diligent laborer throughout his life.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 141-142]

WAGNER, NOAH [Fulton County]
Noah Wagner, the son of Jacob and Rebecca Wagner, and a brother of Jackson Wagner, mentioned elsewhere in this work, was born in Sandusky county, Ohio, Jan. 14, 1847. He remained with his parents until the age of twenty-one, having in the meantime received a common school education. Dec. 30, 1869, he was married to Elizabeth Coon. At the time of his marriage he owned one horse and possessed $15 in money. He began farming on the farm he now owns. The farm was then the property of his father-in-law. From time to time he purchased the rights of his wife's brothers and sisters until now he is the owner of 160 acres of valuable land. He has been interested in stock-raising in connection with his farming. Unto him and his wife have been born eight children: Sarah Aletta, William Lee, Lizzie Jeanette, Rebecca Viola, deceased; Noah Harvey, Nellie Edna, Hetta Alma, and Netta Leona. He has always supported the democratic party. He and his wife are members of the Methodist church, and are leaders in their community.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, p. 142]

WAGONER, BILL [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Louderback Garage

WAGONER, E. M., MRS. [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] ANNOUNCEMENT. I am pleased to announce a complete Fall showing of the famous Talk-O-Town Dresses - - - - Mrs. E. M. WAGONER, 119 West 9th St., Rochester, Indiana.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, October 18, 1929]

[Adv] Announcing a One Day Extraordinary Display of the Well Known "Talk-O-Town" Dresses at my home, Friday, November 22nd - - - - MRS. ELLSWORTH WAGONER, 119 W. 9th Street.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, November 21, 1929]

WAGONER, FRANK L. [Rochester, Indiana]
FRANK L. WAGONER (Biography)
A selfmade lawyer of the county is Mr. Frank L. WAGONER, of Kewanna. He came here from his birth place in Starke county, Ohio, in 1874 and was principal of the Kewanna schools for two years. He then turned his attention to insurance, collections, etc., until ten years ago when he was admitted to the bar and has ever since been in the active practice of law. He has always been identified with the progressive interests of Kewanna and is one of the substantial men of that excellent town. He married Miss Ida MURRAY in 1877 and their home is blessed with two children.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 20, 1895]

WAGONER, FREDERICK [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Frederick Wagoner)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Second Letter From Frederick Wagoner]

WAGONER, JACKSON [Aubbeenaubbee Township]
Jackson Wagoner. - The subject of this sketch was born in Sandusky County, Ohio, January 2, 1843. He is the son of Jacob and Rebecca Wagoner. The former was born in Perry County, Ohio, where he married and lived until he moved to Fulton County, Ind. He deceased July, 1880, aged sixty-eight years. His wife still survives him, and resides on the old home farm, in Section 9 of the above-named township. Their family consisted of eleven children, of whom the subject is the oldest. He was united in marriage to Mary E. Hood, March 5, 1868. She was born in Ohio June 21, 1845, and is the daughter of Frederick and Mary Hood. The former was born in Virginia in 1815, and deceased in August, 1855; the latter was born in Ohio, and deceased March 3, 1866. Mr. and Mrs.Wagoner have eight children, as follows: Arthur N., born Fevbruary 13, 1869; Ida E., born May 26, 1870; Captolia H., born February 7,1872; Rebecca A., July 30, 1874; Jacob F. and Lula M., born March 22, 1876; Minnie D., born July 6, 1878; George, born September 17, 1880, died December 25, 1880. Mr. Wagoner came to Fulton County with his parents in 1849. He attended the common district school, from which he received a moderate education. By his industry and frugality he has been able to purchase a farm of 167 acres, and now has it under a good state of cultivation; all of which is he result of his own efforts. He enjoys the respect and confidence of his neighbors, and is, in every way, a worthy man in his community.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 35]

WAGONER, P. H. [Monterey, Pulaski County]
[Adv] CHANGE OF FIRM. Having purchased the Undertaking business at Monterey, Ind., of Mr. Follman, I desire to announce that the store is better prepared than ever to please all customers. Good Hearse, fine and medium Caskets and Robes and everything in the line of a complete Undertaking Establishment. Prices Reasonable. P. H. WAGONER. Wm. ALLEN, Funeral Director. P. S. - All calls promptly attended to day or night.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, June 2, 1893]

WAGONER, ROBERT [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Robert Wagoner)

WAGONER, SOLOMON B. [Rochester, Indiana]
Solomon B. Wagoner, farmer, P.O. Rochester, born in Sandusky County, Ohio, March 11, 1830. He is a son of Solomon and Elizabeth (Stockbarger) Wagoner, who were natives of Perry County, Ohio. Mr. Wagoner became a resident of Fulton County in 1854. He was married May 18, 1856, to Sarah A. Gregson, who was born in Owen County, Ind., July 8, 1832. She was the daughter of William and Mary (Myers) Gregson, the former a native of North Carolina and the latter of Kentucky. This union was blessed with four children, viz.: Mary J., born July 10, 1857; Kalista C., March 21, 1860; Harriet E., December 11, 1862, and Margaret R., August 10, 1865. Mrs. Wagoner deceased April 16, 1872, and the subject of our sketch was again married December 10, 1879, to Mrs. Lydia Wiley, a native of Ohio, born December 11, 1851. She is the daughter of Milton and Sarah (Lipencott) West, who were also natives of Ohio. Mrs. Wagoner has two sons by her first husband, viz.: William H. Wiley, born September 19, 1869, and Charles T. Wiley, born September 25, 1876. Mr. Wagoner resides in Section 34. His farm consists of 101 acres of land, and is well improved.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, pp. 31-32]

WAGONER, W. S. [Rochester, Indiana]
See Rouch & Wagoner
See Shobe & Wagoner
W. S. Wagoner is now the sole owner of the Studebaker and Maxwell agencies as well as proprietor of the Studebaker garage, his partner William ROUCH having sold out his interests to him. The deal was completed Monday morning. Mr. Rouch who made Wagoner a partner shortly after Ed Shobe went out of the firm, will no longer have any connection with the business but intends to devote all of his time to his private interests which will be mostly in wood and lumber of which he has large holdings. Mr. Wagoner will continue the agency along the same lines as it has been conducted in the past.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 18, 1922]

WAGONER, WALLACE [Rochester, Indiana]
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, May 17, 1913]

WAGONER & ALSPACH [Rochester, Indiana]
Thirty per cent saved by grinding your feed. We grind corn, oats and rye. Mixed feed for sale constantly on hand. We take toll or cash for grinding. Come and see us. WAGONER & ALSPACH, East of L .E. & W. R.R. at Cider Mill.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, December 12, 1888]

WAGONER & CO., S. [Rochester, Indiana]
S. Wagoner & Co. will pay cash for corn at the Distillery in Rochester.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, March 8, 1862]

WAGONER LIVERY [Rochester, Indiana]
Located 1010 Main

Walter Wagoner, south Main street liveryman, has received three cabs from Toledo, O., and is now fully prepared to handle anything in his line of business. With the vehicles came full driver's livery, which will be an innovation in the city.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, February 12, 1914]

WAGONER LIVERY & FEED BARN [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv} New livery & feed barn. I have moved nearly all of my horses to the feed barn on east 9th st. formerly conducted by Charles Sisson. . . . Special attention given to cab service for funerals, weddings, receptions and dances. Doctor Dow Haimbaugh will have an office at the new location. . . . WALLACE WAGONER.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, March 25, 1915]

WAGONER STATION [Wagoner, Indiana]
Consisted of the following no longer standing: John Jackson, Jake Petty log cabinWagoner Station ice house; Sam O. Wagoner's store with post office and grange hall; Ira Hurst; Clint Strong store and residence - Shropshire moved building to Green Oak in 1927 for Henry Michael's store; residence of log hauler, Arley Gilliland, Ed Lowe, Joe Shadel; Frank Van Duyne, Burkett Andrews; Frank Van Duyne blacksmith shop; Sam Oliver Wagoner farm home, Levi Baker; William Wagoner home; Hopewell school; LE&W freight office and mail bag platform; Levi Baker house; Levi Baker's sawmill; Stockyards for shipping hogs, cattle, and sheep to Indianapolis and Buffalo, N.Y. [NOTE: see map Fulton Co Folks,Vol. 2, Willard, p. 593]
[Van Duyne - Shelton Families, Fred Van Duyne, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

Mr. Jesse Grimes an enterprising young man of Wagoners, has begun work on a two-story building. He will occupy the ground floor with his store and the Grangers will have the second floor for a lodge room. A new blacksmith shop has been built and Wagoners residents are looking forward to the stockyards, which the rail road company has promised to build in the near future.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, June 20, 1902]

I. D. Hurst has been appointed ticket agent at Wagoner.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 16, 1904]

Mr. Carvey has added a barber shop to his store and will also shoe shop in a few days.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, December 13, 1904]

Macy Monitor.
Ira A. Hurst purchased the general store at Wagoner last Thursday of A. E. Miller.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 21, 1906]

The passing of the cross roads store is already history in most cases, but it has been within the last month that the one at Wagoner Station has closed its doors for good. The owner recently moved to Wabash and took his stock of goods with him. The store had been closed at times before, but always reopened in time with a new manager. It was a well known shop on the old Lake Erie and Western Railroad for years.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, November 13, 1926]

H. M. Michael owner of the Green Oak store, has purchased the building at Wagoner Station owned by Dr. C. Y. Andrews, of Peru, which for 22 years housed a general store there. Mr. Michael will move the structure, which is two stories high and measures 50 by 24, overland by means of tractors from Wagoners Station to Green Oak a distance of 2 miles. Mr. Michael will erect the new store on ground which he purchased of Ed Faurote six years ago in what is known as the Green Oak schoolyard just north of the building which he will vacate.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Thursday, January 27, 1927]

WAIF, THE [Lake Manitou]
Should time drag heavily on your hands, try what virtue there is in a sail on Lake Manitou, in that staunch little craft "Waif." Mr. Van Dean, the Accommodating proprietor, will be ready to do the honors at any time.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, May 4, 1861]

The young folks of Rochester propose to have a Basket Picnic party, on the Island in Lake Manitou, on Saturday next, (May 10). The Brass Band will be present. Mr. Vandean's sail boat "Waif" will be on hand to convey excursionists . . .
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, May 3, 1862]

A new implement store will hold its formal opening at 120 East 8th street, this city on Saturday, March 20th. This new business house, which will be known as the Wainscott Implement Store, carries a complete line of farm machinery equipent and supplies.
G. C. Wainscott, the proprietor, is thoroughly experienced in this line of business, he having operated a farm equipment store in Royal Center for a long number of years. The main feature for the opening will be a complete showing of Oliver machinery.
Factory representatives from South Bend will be here to assist Mr. Wainscott in demonstrating the latest models of machinery
Special music, entertainment and lunches and coffee will be available to all guests throughout the entire day.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, February 28, 1935]

WAITE, ABNER C. [Macy, Allen Township, Miami County]
Abner C. Waite, member of the firm of Clendenning & Waite, of Macy, is a native of Union (now Allen) Township and was born November 15, 1840. He was the second son born to Sullivan and Margaret A. (Woods) Waite, natives of New York and Ohio respectively. Our subject spent his early life working upon a farm. He received in the district school a good common school education. In September, 1861, he entered the service of the Union Army in Company A, 26th Indiana Regiment, from which he received an honorable discharge in March, 1864. He participatd in the Siege of Vicksburg, and the battle of Prairie Grove, Ark. His premature discharge was occasioned by an injury received while in active service. He returned to the farm in this county, where he worked upon the same in smmer and taught school in winter, until 1871. He then quit teaching, but continued farming until 1879. At that time he removedf to a farm in Washington Township. In the fall of 1882 he located at Macy and engaged in the dry goods and grocery business. This has rceived his attention ever since. April 5, 1866, he was married to Rebecca E. Edwards, a native of Montgomery County, Ohio, and daughter of Elias and Maria (Duevelbyss) Edwards, natives of Virginia and Maryland respectively. Their marriage has resulted in the birth of six children. They are Laura L., Charles E., Mary B., Lewis E., Thomas E. and Margaret M., of whom Charles E. and Lewis E. died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Waite are members of the M. E. Church. Mr. Waite is a member of the F. & A. M. and G.A.R. Lodges and a Republican in politics. He has held the office of township Trustee in Alen Township one term. He also was honored with the office of President of the first board of Trustees ever in the town of Macy. Mr. Waite is one of the leading and reliable busiess men of the town of Macy and one of her most influential citizens.
[History of Miami County, Indiana, 1887, Brant & Fuller. pp. 530-533]

WAITE, EARL, DR. [Rochester, Indiana]
Rochester has a new physician in the person of Dr. Earl Waite, who has opened up an office in the rooms formerly occupied by Dr. I. L. Babcock, over the American dry goods store. Dr. Waite, who is a brother of Harry Waite of this city, came here from Gilead, where he has been practicing for the past several years and comes highly recommended as a physician and citizen. He already has a wide acquaintance in this city and surrounding country and it is expected that he will enjoy a lucrative patronage.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 7, 1912]

WAITE, JOSEPH H. [Perry Township, Miami County]
Joseph H. Waite, a prominent citizen of Perry Township, was born in what is now Allen Township, March 6, 1839. He is the eldest of six children born to Sullivan and Margaret A. (Woods) Waite, who were natives of New York and Kentucky, respectively. They emigrated to Indiana and Miami County in 1838, settling on the farm where our subject was born, and on which he was reared to manhood, receiving a common school education sufficient to enable him to teach. At the age of tweny-two, July 2, 1861, he enlisted in Company A, 26th Indiana Regiment of Volunteer Infantry, where he served with distinction until January 15, 1866, during which time he participated in a number of hard-fought engagements. May 2, 1864, he was united in marriage to Marietta H. Wright, by whom he became the father of the following named children: William S., Margaret, Joetta, Anna A., Frank H., Henry E., Earle, Emma, Laura E., Carrie M., and Marietta. Mr. Waite made farming his occupation until 1870. He then, for several years, divided his attention between that pursuit and selling sewing machines. From 1876 until 1885, he was engaged in saw-milling; at the latter date he embarked in the mercantile business, and is now the proprietor of a fine store in the village of Gilead enjoying a thriving and remunerative business. November 28, 1881, he met with the misfortune of losing his beloved wife. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity. Although not belonging to any church, he is a believer in the hopes of a Christian religion, and may always be found a faithful worker in the Sunday-school. In politcs he is an ardent Republican, and was twice the successful candidate of his party for the position of Township Trustee, filling that office in a very creditable manner, and to the entire satisfaction of his constituency.
[History of Miami County, Indiana, 1887, Brant & Fuller. pp. 736-737]

WAITE, O. P., DR. [Rochester, Indiana]
The contract for building the new residence of Dr. and Mrs. O. P. Waite, on the northwest corner of Center and Jefferson streets, has been let to O. A. Baldwin, and the old house occupying that site is now being torn down ready for the erection of the new structure.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, June 24, 1905]

WAITE, SULLIVAN T. [Allen Township, Miami County]
Sullivan T. Waite, one of the prominent farmers of Allen Township, is a native of the township in which he now resides and was born August 14, 1850. He was the youngest son born to Sullivan and Margaret A. (Woods) Waite, who emigrated to this county from Champaign County, Ohio, in the fall of 1838. He located upon a farm in Allen Township upon which our subject was born. He attended the district school in which he received a good common school education. At the age of nineteen he took up the vocation of a teacher and was thus successfully engaged for eleven years. His vacations were generally spent working upon the farm. His success in the school room is evidenced by the fact that, during his whole career as a teacher, he taught in about four school houses. He located where he now resides November 14, 1876. September 28, 1876, he was married to Maria Baker, a native of Perry Township, this county, born February 28, 1855. She was the daughter of Timothy and Susan A. (Messinger) Baker, who were among the most highly respected citizens of the county. Mr. and Mrs. Waite have four childrn. Their names are Lillie M., Timothy B., Deborah E. and Charles F., all of whom are living. Our subject and his wife are both members of the M. E. Church. Politically, Mr.Waite is a Republican. They own a handsome farm of 240 acres, over half of which is in cultivation. Mr. Waite is an industrious and successful farmer and a first-class citizen.
[History of Miami County, Indiana, 1887, Brant & Fuller. p. 533]

WAITE & WEILLS [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] CLOSING OUT! For the purpose of closing out our entire stock of summer Goods, we will sell Ladies' and Misses Walking Shoes and Toe Slippers AT COST! Boots and shoes will be sold at greatly reduced prices for the next Thirty Days. We insure [sic] you bargains, WAITE & WEILLS, Shoe Emporium in Citizens' Block, South of Court House.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, August 19, 1885]

WALBURN, JEAN [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Jean Walburn)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Second Letter From Jean Walburn)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Third Letter From Jean Walburn)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Fourth Letter From Jean Walburn)

Akron, Ind., June 9 - Charles Tatman announced Thursday that he has sold his cement industry, located in the north part of Akron, to Fred Walgamuth of Fort Wayne. It is understood that the deal took place several weeks ago. Mr. Walgamuth is said to be a man who well understands an industry of this sort, having had considerable experience in that line. The factory produces a line of vaults, cement blocks, etc.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, Juna 9, 1928]

Although but few Rochester people got a glimpse of him, John Borger, a 25-year-old young man of Seattle, Wash., passed through this city about 7 o'clock this morning on a cross-country hike, which he intends shall end at the city hall in New York city at noon on Jan. 15.
Borger, who is of medium build, has light hair and wore a navy blue suit not so much the worse for wear, arrived in this city Monday evening and not being allowed to spend any money for anything but food, sought the shelter of a protecting barn in the vicinity of the Lake Erie yards and there spent the night. He was up bright and early this morning ready for the day's journey and before leaving gave a brief history of his cross-continent trip to eager listeners at the depot. Borger is doing the 4,000 mile hike from Seattle to New York city on a wager and left the starting point on Sept. 12. The 3,000 miles to this city were covered in just three months and every mile of the distance was followed down a railroad track, as he showed credentials to that effect from mayors of many of the cities through which he passed. He aims to make about thirty miles a day and at present is about two days ahead of his schedule. When he left this city shortly before 7 o'clock he told his audience he expected to walk from here to LaPorte and there follow the Lake Shore tracks to his destination
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, December 12, 1911]

Maxwell Minnear, a resident of Claypool, arrived in Akron Tuesday evening after walking the entire distance from Deland, Florida. Mr. Minnear left Friday on February 5.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, February 25, 1928]

Mrs. Marie Caster, of Middletown, N.Y., mother of ten children, three of whom accompanied her, has finished in Minneapolis, a 1,500 mile walk. She left New York city on July 31, and spent fifty-three days on the road. A number of business men of Middletown agreed to rebuild Mrs. Chester's [sic] burned home at an expense of $4,000, provided she made the trip in sixty-five days. Mrs. Carter [sic] and three children, a girl and two boys, carried knapsacks with food and blankets. They passed through here some time ago.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 1, 1913]

Edward Payson Weston, the famous pedestrian, now 75 years of age, will pass through Rochester, Friday, July 4, on his great New York-Minneapolis walk of 1,500 miles in 60 days, during which he will follow the routes of the Erie and C. & N. W. railroads.
Weston, who left the College of the City of New York at noon, Monday, June 2, is today walking in New York state and will spend the night in Goshen, N. Y. He expects to arrive in Minneapolis, Saturday, August 2, after having averaged better than 25 miles a day. He does not walk on Sundays and will spend Sunday following the Friday he passes through here, in North Judson.
Purpose of Walk
He has covered thousands of miles on foot over the roads both in this country and in England, but he has never engaged in a task exceeding thirty days in time, that the expenses that had to be met by his friends, and self, did not exceed over one $1,000 each month. His walks across the continent cost upwards of $6,000 and he still owes nearly $4,000 of that amount. To repay that sum, and immediately to earn a trifling amount to purchase a small farm, where he can rest for the remaining years of his life, and help others to maintain good health, as well as give practical evidence of the value of walking as the best exercise, he now proposes to walk 1,500 miles in sixty days.
The Route
Weston chose the Erie route, following a personal invitation from President Underwood, who assured him that he would meet with the most courteous treatment all along the way. Upon arriving at Minneapolis, he will officiate at the laying of the cornerstone of the new Minneapolis Athletic club home.
It is not yet known at what time he will pass through here, but it is thought that some sort of a reception will be tendered him.
Another Walker
Weston has a competitor, according to a New York dispatch, Tuesday, which reads: "Cheered by a big crowd John Ennis, aged 71, of Stamford, Conn., set out from City college at noon today to walk the 1,446 miles to Minneapolis. Ennis made the start one day later than did Edward Payson Weston, his ancient pedestrian enemy, in the hope of giving Weston a 24 hour handicap and still beating him into Minneapolis which is also Weston's goal."
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, June 4, 1913]

Edward Payson Weston, the aged pedestrian now walking along the Erie railroad may not be a guest of this city on July 4, after all. Word has reached Huntington that he is twenty-four hours behind his schedule, the delay being caused by the extreme heat.
Weston was scheduled to cross the Indiana-Ohio line Wednesday and to reach Huntington some time late in the Evening, but if the pedestrian has been delayed, it is probable that he will not reach Indiana until Thursday, putting him into Huntington on the 4th and here on the 5th.
When he reaches Rochester, he will have covered 899 miles of his 1,500 mile jaunt.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, July 1, 1913]

Edward Payson Weston is doing most of his walking at night, according to dispatches from the east, is more than 24 hours behind his schedule and will probably not reach Rochester until late Saturday night or early Sunday morning. It is probable that he will remain here over Sunday, in such an event. The heat is the chief cause of his delay.
Weston left Marion, O., which is 169 miles east of here, at 12:30 Wednesday morning, due to reach Lima late the same day. According to his schedule he should have left Marion last Monday morning. It is probable that he crossed the Indiana line today, and that he will reach Huntington late Friday, if the extreme heat does not interfere.
A dispatch indicates that Weston, who is now well advanced in years, is being "outhiked" in his memorable trip from New York to Minnesota by a young rival named Samuel E. Debbs. Debbs left New York twenty-four hours behind Weston and now has forged to the front. He reached Lima, O., Tuesday night, fifty-two miles ahead of E. Payson and declared he would be in Chicago in four days. He is due here Friday.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, July 3, 1913]

Huntington, Ind., July 7 -- Edward P. Weston, veteran hiker, who arrived here early this morning, left for Rochester and points west at 3:30 this afternoon. He will probably arrive in Rochester Tuesday morning and spend the day there, although his plans are not definitely known.

Charles Debs, better known as "Hiker" Debs, who is trying to beat Weston's walking record from New York to Minnesota, arrived in Rochester Sunday, and claims that he left New York one week later than Weston who is now near Huntington.
Debs was met Sunday by Marshal Chamberlain and a member of the local Commercial club. He was first seen by Charles Hunneshagen, who saw the man coming into Rochester from the east. He informed the marshal that he wanted signed papers from some local men to the effect that he left Rochester Sunday at 12 o'clock as he expects to be in Chicago today at one o'clock. Debs says that he expects to break the walking record from Rochester to Chicago, a distance of 100 miles.
Debs was given a suit of underwear by Sol Allman. Mr. Allman offered him a dollar suit, but he said that a 25 cent one was good enough.
Weston Here Tuesday
Edward Payson Weston, the veteran walker, will probably be in Rochester Tuesday.
According to Mr. Weston's daughter, who travels ahead in an automobile, he will arrive in Huntington Monday evening, between 8 and 9 o'clock. He expects to spend the night there. There was no walking yesterday, Sunday being tabooed by the veteran hiker.
When informed that "Hiker" Debs of New York, had been in the city yesterday, crowing of his superior walking accomplishments, Miss Weston remarked merely that "there are many such so-called competitors of whom we know nothing. So far as Debs is concerned, we never heartd of him."
Weston now occupies a regular position on the train sheets in the dispatcher's office. He is reported as having passed sections exactly as all trains are checked.
[Rochester, Monday, July 7, 1913]

Edward Payson WESTON, veteran pedestrian now on a tramp from New York to Minneapolis, is expected to arrive in Rochester not before eight o'clock this evening, and probably later. At two o'clock this afternoon he was at Disko, 15 miles east of here, and had averaged about three miles per hour since leaving Huntington.
At 5:30 this morning he was at Bippus, 33 miles east of here and two hours later, he was at Servia, 26 miles east. According to reports he is not much fatigued and seems to be holding up well despite the weather. No formal preparations have been made to receive him here, but he will be well cared for, and will probably leave again early in the morning.
Four Days Late
Weston was due here July 4, and is consequently four days behind his schedule. When he reaches Rochester, he will have tramped 890 miles, and have three-fifths of his 1,500 mile walk completed. He left Decatur early Sunday morning.
Weston is accompanied by representatives of the Hudson Motor Car company and his daughter, who travel in the auto.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, July 8, 1913]

Accompanied by Mayor SMITH, who bade him good bye and God speed at the north city limits, Edward Payson WESTON, the 75 year old PEDESTRIAN now on his way from New York to Minneapolis, where he will lay the corner stone of the Minneapolis Athletic Association, on August 2, left Rochester at 10 o'clock Wednesday morning going west via the river road. He rested nearly three hours in this city.
Weston expected to reach North Judson, 31 miles west, by nightfall, his daughter getting there by train to meet him. As he issued from the hotel, he was met by a crowd which demanded and heard a short speech, in which he paid tribute to Fulton County and Rochester people. Dressed in a white cap and shirt, and khaki trousers and carrying a cane, he presented a unique figure, as he moved off down Main street, with his peculiar halting gait. He is now three days behind his schedule, but expects to make it all up before he reaches Minneapolis. He will follow the Northwestern route after leaving Chicago.
Arrives at 7:20
Mr. Weston tramped into the city at 7:20 oclock, and went directly to the Arlington hotel, where he rested until he resumed his journey. While at the local hostelry, he was met by a Sentinel reporter.
"I used to think," said the walker, "that the most hospitable people in the world were to be found in New York and Ohio, but I find I must add Indiana to that list. Never have I been treated better. Last night, just before the storm came up, I stopped at the home of James Curtis, just this side of Akron. He insisted that I stay all night, and I did. Never have I been treated better, and I want you to say to the public that the Curtis family is of the right kind."
Four Miles Hourly
"I left the farm about 20 minutes of five, and reached here at seven twenty, taking about two and three quarters hours for the nine miles walk. I can average about four miles on a country road while on the railroad, I can only go about three miles. That is the reason I avoid the right-of-way as much as possible.
"Your farms in this county are great. Seldom have I seen better land and better crops. The people appear to be industrious and frugal. There is only one objection I have to them, that is those of them who ride motorcycles. Just at the edge of the city, I was nearly run down by a reckless rider. Had it not been against my principles to strike children, I surely would have struck that boy. He ought to be prosecuted."
Appeared Fresh
Weston appeared fresh, and ascribed his delay to the hot weather, saying that before this week, he had been unable to travel between 10 and four o'clock in the day. He was accompanied here by J. F. Schuman, who drives the Hudson car, which accompanies the walker, and by O. L. Enos, traveling passenger agent of the Erie, who is well known here. Weston eats only the food fed him by Mr. Schuman, from the car, and his fare includes eggs, beef, tea, cherry pop, and breakfast food. Weston's daughter, Anna, who travels ahead of him by train, arrived in the city Tuesday night, and cared for her father while he was here.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, July 9, 1913]

Edward P. Weston, who left here about 10 o'clock Wednesday morning, arrived at North Judson near midnight, and remained there until six this morning, when he resumed his journey. Shortly before noon, he was reported at Kouts. He expects to remain tonight at Crown Point.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, July 10, 1913]

According to a dispatch from Merrillan, Wis., Edward Payson Weston limped into that village Thursday with a wrenched knee. He encountered bad roads for some distance after leaving Black River Falls this morning, having been misdirected at the latter point. The pedestrian went to bed upon reaching Merrillan, and after a two hours rest resumed his journey. He is due in Minneapolis a week from Sunday.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, July 25, 1913]

Edward Payson Weston rested at Menomonie over Sunday, after completing all but seventy-seven miles of his trip of nearly 1,500 miles from New York to Minneapolis. Weston was annoyed when he read in the newspapers that a man who claimed to have walked with Weston years ago, would walk with him from St. Paul to Minneapolis. The veteran said he had never heard of the man. No one will walk with him from St. Paul to Minneapolis, he announces, unless it be Governor Eberhart, if he wishes.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, July 29, 1913]

Edward Payson Weston, lthe 75-year-old pedestrian on his way from New York to Minneapolis, Tuesday, was given an official greeting by Minnesota when he crossed the Minnesota state line at Hudson,Wis., 10 miles from Minneapolis. Among those who greeted Weston were Governor Eberhart and members of his executive staff and George P. Douglas and Charles H. Gerslinger, representing the Minnesota Athletic Association. Weston probably will remain at Stillwater for a day or two.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, July 31, 1913]

Amid the roar of cannon, the clanging of bells and the tooting of whistles, Edward Payson Weston completed his tramp of more than one thousand five hundred miles from New York City to Minneapolis, Sunday. The aged pedestrian by changing his plans, after leaving the metropolis, has added one hundred miles to his original schedule and has walked 1,546 miles. Leaving New York on June 2, Weston was due to reach Minneapolis on August 2, but when he reached Stillwater, Minn., July 29, he was four days ahead of his scheduled time.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, August 5, 1913]

New York, June 10. - Edward Payson Weston, who first won fame as a long distance pedestrian by walking from Boston to Washington to attend Lincoln's first innauguration, was found on the streets here early today in a dazed condition and sent to Bellevue hospital.
Weston, who is 88, is poorly clad and unable to explain his presence to a patrolman who found him.
Clippings found in his pocket and dating back a half century identified him as Weston.
Weston said he could not remember anything that had happened to him since leaving his home in Philadelphia.
Notification was sent to Mrs. Anna Curtis, a sister in Provicence, R.I.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, June 10, 1926]

Lyle Pletcher walked to Athens last evening in fifty-one minutes, thus winning his wager that he could do it in an hour. This is an average speed of six miles an hour and is a good gait for a pedestrian. Lyle was accompanied by several boys on wheels.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, August 1, 1908]
Mr. and Mrs. Mel Smith Monday afternoon received a letter from their son Fred who left this city on Nov. 26 on a hike to Boston, Massachusetts with Clyde "Red" Eytcheson. The two lads are working in a Goshen, N. Y. lamp works. It had taken them just 10 days to walk that distance. Mr. Smith stated in his letter that he and his companion had never slept in a building while on the hike but had found refuge in haystacks and hay mows. The young men were forced to stop their hike because of the snow which at Goshen is 30 inches deep on the level.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, December 13, 1927]

Howard Sterner and Donald Ruh, who left Rochester Tuesday morning on a walking trip to Indianapolis and Franklin, arrived in the Capitol city Friday morning at 10 o'clock, according to a card received by Sterner's father. Of all the distance to Indianapolis the lads only rode four miles and their largest day of walking was Thursday, when they covered thirty-two miles. The boys are feeling fine and in the best of spirits. They left today on the last lap of their journey to Franklin, where they will visit several days.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, June 10, 1911]

Howard Sterner and Donald Ruh, who walked from this city to Franklin, have left that city for a hike over Brown county, which is considered one of the most beautiful spots in the state.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, June 13, 1911]

Howard Sterner, who, in company with Donald Ruh, left Rochester one week ago Tuesday for a "hike" to Indianapolis and Brown county, arrived home Tuesday evening. Donald stopped off in Indianapolis for a short visit with his sister, Miss Lucy, who is attending summer school in that city.
The boys made the walk in record time and enjoyed the time of their lives although several times they "roughed it." Most of the time they sought shelter in friendly straw stacks and once spent the night in a box car with the floor for a pillow. After leaving Franklin they walked to Brown county, where they enjoyed the natural beauty of the unsettled country. While there they visited Bear Wallow, which is a cup shaped hollow on the summit of a high hill, where bears were at one time supposed to have wallowed. While wandering around in the thickets they became lost, but finally managed to right themselves and started for Martinsville, where they vbisited Fred Ruh, who is there at a sanitarium taking treatment for rheumatism. The boys kept a diary and took many pictures, which will serve in after years to remind them of a joyous boyhood stunt.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, June 14, 1911]

If present plans are carried out several Rochester young men will walk to Brown County and return, a distance of almost 400 miles starting about August 1st. The present agitators of this endurance test are Vernie Plough, Walter Caffyn, S. M. Newby, Lyle Pletcher, and Hubert Douglas.
All who go must carry their blanket as the party will sleep out doors throughout the trip and will get their meals at hotels and restaurants along the way.
Arriving in Brown county the party expects to visit all the principal places of that unfavored hilly region, and spend one night in the jail at the county seat.
At this time the party has not decided how many miles they will try to make but will decide to walk about thirty a day.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, July 22, 1908]

A character of no little interest was in Rochester today in the person of one John Walsh, of New York City, who is now on the greatest walk ever recorded.
On September 23d of last year Mr. Walsh left New York City on a wager of $25,000 to walk to San Francisco and return which trip was to be completed in 180 days. The conditions of the trip were that he got the official stamp of the postmaster in every town which he passed through, that he return with $200, which he was to earn on the trip and that he get married enroute. A complete set of memorandum books show many stamps and signatures of postmasters as well as newspaper men and others. The $200 question could not be settled in this city as Mr. Walsh was unwilling to talk on that subject. The third condition, that of being married enroute was accomplished at Hammond, when he made a Miss Eckert, of that city, who is the daughter of Erie Engineer Eckert his bride.
The pedestrian has already been to San Francisco and back this far having gone the distance in 74 days and is now 23 days ahead of time. He arrived in Rochester early this morning having walked from Crown Point to this city, a distance of 65 miles, Thursday evening. When he passed in front of the court house this morning he lifted his hat in reverence to Old Glory that waved from the G.A.R. flag pole.
Mr. Walsh is 52 years old and a grizzled veteran of Indian and Philippine wars. When the government was trying various mail routes in 1882, he carried 15 pounds of mail on his back from New York City to San Francisco in 72 days beating both bicycles and horses, neither of which finished.
Speaking of his habits, Mr. Walsh stated, "I sleep only six hours each night, am in perfect health, smoke a pipe when resting and take a drink when I feel like it."
Mr. Walsh left Rochester this morning for Huntington, a distance of 40 miles, which trip he expected to accomplish in six hours.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, July 17, 1908]

WALKER, HARRISON [Richland Township]
Harrison Walker. - This esteemed citizen is a native of Erie County, Penn., born April 26, 1838. He came to this county, December, 1840, with his parents. He was united in marriage, November 16, 1866, to Amanda A. Runnells, who was born November 4, 1842. Their children are Missouri, born January 2, 1869, and Harriet, born June 12, 1870. He was called upon to lose his beloved wife January 2, 1878 [1879], and has since traveled life's rugged pathway alone. He also served in the Eighty-seventh Indiana Volunteers, but was discharged on account of disability. Mr. W. is a worthy member of I.O.O.F., of Center Lodge, No. 435. Dean B. Walker, the father of H., was a native of Crawford County, Penn. He married Anna T. Sterling, a native of New York. He held the office of Captain in the Pennsylvania Militia. He came here in the year 1840, and was one of the first Justices of the Peace in this county, being commissioned by Gov. James Whitcomb April 18, 1845. He was born July 28, 1800; deceased September 2, 1851. His wife was a most worthy woman. She was born May 4, 1802; deceased July 11, 1875.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 53]

WALKER, ISAIAH [Rochester, Indiana]
Isaiah Walker. Unobtrusiveness becomes a part of the make-up of some men, not from necessity so much as by the influence of circumstances. Forced into activity by surroundings, compelled to meet the demands of present need by honest, hard labor of hand and brain they have gone beyond the medium of human exertion and achieved some excellence above the ordinary. Thus situated in life and borne through long years of toil with none other than an honest purpose, Isaiah Walker has perhaps achieved success in one thing which places him above ordinary men in that particular. He was born January 7, 1821, in Montville, Waldo Co., Me. He is he son of James and Lucinda Walker, natives of Marshfield, Mass. They moved from Maine to Richland County, Ohio, in 1834, and here the subect of this sketch began his labors in higher education at the "Bellville High School," and afterward attended the Ashland Academy, during the years 1846, 1847 and 1848. He chose the study of law and read with John W. Rankin, of Ashland, for two years, and with Burnes & Dickey, of Mansfield, for some time, but was not admitted to the bar until in April, 1858. He was also a teacher in the schools of Ohio more or less from 1840 to 1856, in which work he was very successful. On the 5th day of June, 1849, he was united in marriage to Hulda Montgomery, a native of Richland County, Ohio, and born March 7, 1829. She was the daughter of Jonathan and ----- Montgomery. Her mother deceased many years ago, but her father finds a quiet home in his old age with her, and is numbered among the old men of Rochester. They have two children living--Clara, born September 1, 1852, and Mary, born May 8, 1878. Soon after being admitted to the bar, Mr. Walker concluded to move West, and he located at Rochester, May 6, 1859, and in November of the same year he purchased the Rochester Sentinel printing office, and published the Sentinel for nearly three years, during which time he took an active part in the politics of the county, district and State, attending many conventions, both Congressional and State. Having disposed of the Sentinel office, he was elected Trustee of Rochester Township, in April, 1863, and in October of the same year was elected County Surveyor, and re-elected in 1865 and 1867. He served as Deputy Clerk in 1874 and 1875, and was appointed County Surveyor by the Commissioners, in March, 1876, and elected to fill the office in October of that year. It was in this position that he distingished himself and won the reputation of being a very efficient surveyor and most careful and congenial business man. He waded swamps and traversed streams, established lines and located corners, and to do his work he traveled over nearly every section of the county and many parts of adjoining counties, and in all manifested his willingness to do his whole duty without complaint. His reputation as a surveyor was not confined to his own county. He was at one time appointed by Judge Osborne, of the Marshall Circuit Court, to make a survey in that county on an appeal from the County Surveyor's work. He surveyed five sections in such a manner as to forever settle a long controversy about corners and lines. He was also appointed by Judge Stanfield, of Lake County Circuit Court, for the survey of two sections, after two other experts had spent several days and had failed in fixing any corners or lines. This he did in such a manner as to settle all dispute. While serving as Deputy Clerk under William Newcomb, he was nominaed by his party as Clerk of the Fulton Circuit Court, and in October election of 1882 was chosen to fill that position, which he is now doing in a most efficient and masterly manner. He is a descendant of old English stock, and, true to his line of ancestry, possesses sterling integrity and a disposition to do his duty in whatever position he may occupy. He and his most estimable lady are widey known and enjoy the full confidence and respect justly due them from so large circle of friends. He is a member of the F. & A. M., and received the degrees in Lodge No. 79, in 1865, and at different times has held the position in said lodge of W. M., for several years. He was exalted to the degree of R. A. M., in Rochester Chapter, May 11, 1875, and as M. E. H. P. represented said Chapter in the Grand Royal Arch Chapter of the State of Indiana, and received the degree of H. Priesthood in October, 1876.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 27]

WALKER & FORD [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Dawson, George V.

Drug Store
This is Rochester's oldest drug house, having been established in the year 1855 by A. K. PLANK. Dr. Plank successfully carried on the business until his death which occurred in March '87. The business was then conducted by his wife and son until October when the stock and goodwill of the old firm was purchased by the gentlemen whose names head this article.
Mr. WALKER has been identified with our city's interests for the past twenty-eight years and has proven himself a worthy citizen in every respect. Mr. FORD moved to our county two years ago. He is an old physician having graduated from the Weston Reserve Medical College of Cleveland, Ohio, in 1863. We speak without fear of contradiction when we say: That the old time honored drug house of Dr. Plank could not have fallen into hands that were better calculated to maintain its commercial honor than the gentlemen of whom we have made mention.
This house carries everything in the way of drugs, fine tinctures and a large list of patent compounds, of standard and reliable makes is always in stock. The selection of notions and druggists sundries is complete, while the paint and oil department shows everything in that line, including a large assortment of dye stuffs. Among the many brands of mixed paints carried by this house, we will make mention of a few of the most prominent. Woodworth Howl & Co., Pratt & Lambert, Neals "Eureka" Carriage Paints, Chicago White Lead and Oil Co's. paints. These paints have an enviable reputation, repeated tests have proven them to be among the best on the market.
In compounding prescriptions this house uses the utmost caution and anyone taking a prescription to the CENTRAL DRUG STORE to be filled can rely upon getting just what he calls for. They carry a fine line of tobaccos and cigars, the best brands always being kept in stock. In fact everything to be found in a first class drug store. We ask our readers when visiting Rochester to give this house a call, you will be waited upon in the most genteel manner and receive value for value.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, February 29, 1888]

WALL, RICHARD [Rochester, Indiana]
Richard Wall, resident of this city, yesterday was appointed superintendent of industries at the Indiana prison at Michigan City. Warden L. E. Kunkle of the state prison, announced the appointment. Wall will fill the position made vacant through the death of Lawrence F. Mutch, of Michigan City, who died in 1935.
The new superintendent, who is the son-in-law of State Senator A. L. Deniston, of this city, has a wide acquaintance in the business field thruout central and northern Indiana. Mr. Wall has been in the sales department of the state's penal institutions since 1930. Mr. Deniston served on the board of prison trustees for a number of years.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, May 26, 1937]

Richard W. (Dick) Wall, son-in-law of State Senator A. L. Deniston, and a former resident of this city has been appointed superintendent of industrial production for the state's three penal institutions. The announcement of Mr. Wall's promotion was made late Thursday by Thurman A. Gottschalk, of Indianapolis. Mr. Gottschalk is supervisor of state institutions and is also the public welfare administrator for the State of Indiana.
The appointment completes centralization for co-ordinated state management of prison industries and sales, Mr. Gottschalk stated in making the announcement of Wall's promotion.
The former Rochester citizen, who for the past several months has been superintendent of the State Prison industries at Michigan City, will have offices at 141 South Meridian street, Indianapois. Mr. Wall will have complete supervision of the production of industries at the prison, the Indiana Reformatory at Pendleton and the State Farm at Putnamville.
The welfare administrator also announced that E. Tom Hannagan has been appointed as head of the industrial sales organization for the three institutions. No successor has as yet been selected to Mr. Wall's former position at the prison, but it was understood that for the next several months Mr. Wall will retain the duties of production manager of the institution as well as officiating in his new duties.
The former Rochester man, is a graduate of the Indiana University, and resides at Long Beach, Michigan City. For a number of years he was employed in the sales division of institution made products, during which time he resided in Rochester.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, February 4, 1938]

Indianapolis, Oct. 1. (INS) - Richard A. Wall, 32, was appointed to take charge of production and planning at Indiana state institutions.
Wall is the son of Claude Wall, Boone county farmer. He was graduated from Indiana University in 1930 and married Dorothy Deniston, daughter of State Senator A. L. Deniston, Rochester.
"The planning of truck garden production and canning plant schedules to meet the food needs of the institutions will be one of Mr. Wall's responsibilities," said Thomas A. Gottschalk, supervisor of state institutions.
State institutions have more than 10,000 acres of farm land and more than a score of occupational industries.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, October 1, 1938]

Indianapolis, March 14. - Richard A. Wall, assistant supevisor of state institutions since 1938, yesterday was named supervisor of penal industries under a law created by the rcent General Assembly.
Appointment was made by a five-member committee chosen by superintendents of the state's penal and benevolent institutions. They met yesterday in the office of Governor Henry F. Schricker.
The new law sets up a separate division of supervision of state farms and penal industrial sales which will operate under the executive department of state government. Thus it does not come under Republican control.
Will Serve Until July, 1942
Members of the five-men committee, who will serve until July 1, 1942, are Dr. W. C. Van Nuys of the Village for Epileptics at New Castle, Leslie A. Cortner of the Knightstown Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home at Knightswown, Warden Alfred Dowd of the Indiana State Prison, A. E. Miles, superintendent of the Indiana reformatory at Pendleton, and Floyd Hemmer, superintendent of the Indiana State Farm at Putnamville.
Mr. Wall as director will receive a salary of not to exceed $4,000 a year. He has authority to employ subordinates, but their salaries are to be fixed by the committee. The committee also has general supervision over sales of prison-made articles.

Mr. Wall, who is the son-in-law of Mr. and Mrs. A. L.Deniston, resided in Rochester a few years ago. Mr. and Mrs. Wall maintain a summer home on the East Shore of Lake Manitou. The Walls have a wide acquaintance of friends in this community.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, March 14, 1941]

Richard Wall, of Indianapolis, has recently been appointed Principal Consultant of Prison Industrial Operations Headquarters, with offices in Washington, D.C. and Indianapolis. The office carries no salary, other than traveling expenses and the former local man's duties will take him to all parts of the United States, it was stated.
The appointment was made by Maury Mavernick, of Washington, D.C., a member of the War Board, and Chief of State and Local Government Requirement Division. The appointment to the U.S. government position will not affect Mr. Wall's state position as supervisor of state farm and prison industrial sales. Wall is a son-in-law of Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Deniston of this city.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, July 17, 1942]

Indianapolis, Ind., Nov. 23. - Gov. Henry F. Schricker announced today he had been informed that Richard A. Wall, of Indianapolis, supervisor of the division of state farms and penal industries, was elected president of the penal industries association.

Mr. Wall, a former resident of this city, is the son-in-law of Mrs. A. L. Deniston and maintains a summer home at Lake Manitou. He has a wide acquaintance of friends here.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, November 23, 1943]

Richard A. (Dick) Wall, former resident of this city, returned to his home in Indianapolis late Wednesday from attending a nation-wide conference of the Penal Industries Association which was held in New York City. Mr. Wall, who is supervisor of the Indiana state farms and penal industrial sales was elected president of the Penal Institution association of America.
Mr. Wall became a member of the Indiana State Prison in 1931, where he was in charge of sales and in 1936 he was appointed superintendent of the penal industries. In 1938 he was named assistant to Thurman Gottschalk, state welfare administrator and placed in charge of the state's penal insitutional production; later Gov. Schricker appointed Wall supervisor of state farms and penal industrial sales.
In addition to these duties the former Rochester resident has served since the fall of 1941 as consultant to the prison industries branch of the U. S. War Production Board. He in company with Lewis B. Laws, former warden of Sing Sing prison made a survey of prison industries through the mid-west area. The former Sing Sing warden is also a member of the War Production Board.
Mr. Wall is a son-in-law of Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Deniston of this city. Mr. and Mrs. Wall and their three children maintain their summer home on the east shore of Lake Manitou and have many friends throughout this locality.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, November 26, 1943]

Indianapolis, April 18 - Richard A. Wall has resigned, effective May 15, as supervisor of the division of state farms and penal industrial sales, a position he has held since 1941.
A past president of the American Penal Industries Association, he now is chairman of the association's executive committee. He also is a member of the board of directors of the American Prison Association.
He was graduted from Indiana university in 1930 and in April of that year was appointed superintendent in charge of manufacturing and sales at the Indiana State prison. In 1936 he was named superintendent of industries at the prison.
In 1938 T. A. Gottschalk, administrator of the State Department of Public Welfare, appointed Mr. Wall assistant supervisor of state institutions. He held this position until June, 1941, when Henry F. Schricker, then governor, named him supervisor of the new division created by the General Assembly, the Division of State Farms and Penal Industrial Sales. His offices have been in Indianapolis.
Mr. Wall is married and the father of three children. His home is in Indianapolis.

Mr. Wall is a former resident of this city and for a few years resided at 302 West Eleventh street. For the past several years the Walls have spent their summers at Lake Manitou where they maintained their summer home. He is the son-in-law of Mr. and Mrs. A.L. Deniston of this city, and has a host of friends throughout the county.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, April 18, 1945]

WALL STREET [Rochester, Indiana]
Nickname for small business area on E 9th street, from Monroe street ?? to the Nickle Plate Railroad track.
See: Rochester, Indiana [Historical Review]

By the Sage of Wall Street
No city ordinance has ever provided for it and no august body of municipal Pa's or Grandpa's have ever sanctioned it, but we have it - have had it for many, many years, and although the time may come when it will be only a name in limn the memory of the aged, that day has not yet arrived.
It's Wall Street!
Sometime in the musty past, before the "Monster" of Manitou was known to be a myth, somebody changed the map of this fair city; filched a block off the ten broad expanse of Pearl street and called it Wall.
And when so referred to, even in this late day, nobody who even professes to know his or her Rochester need think twice to locate it, although Pearl street has long since disappeared into the limbo of the lost or forgotten.
Wall street, then as now, officially begins at Monroe and streaks eastward, across the old Lake Erie tracks. Or in the memory of the old-timers, at Bill Rose's blacksmith shop to the east line of the Alexander's 'Last Chance" . . . unless one happened to be coming from the lake, in which case, the sign read: 'First Chance."
And between those two sentinels to the Alpha and Omega of the street, he no doubt recalls the eating emporium of the late Jess Burns, where delicious and sundry viands were served at a quarter the throw; of Lew Davidson and his grocery, or Bill Curtis and his boy Charlie, who furnished the brooms that kept Fulton county spotless.
London's Piccadilly Circus, New York's Broadway, Berlin's Under den Linden all may have produced bigger merchants, but none ever knew men of greater compassion or the joy of truer companions than Bill Demont and Columbus Richardson the grocers, Jim Kepler and John Swartwood, dispensers of choice cuts of lamb, ram, sheep and mutton; nor would they boast of greater tonsorial prowess than the hand of John Dodge, the barber.
And they never knew better transportation service than that purveyed by Tyne Adamson, the drayman.
Yes, it was a great street - the gateway to the east down which Elliott Bailey and Posey Johnson, Peter Weisener and a host of others who made colloquial history were familiar figures.
It's changed now, of course. Is soggy mud-holes are covered with the respiring surface of paving bricks. Bill Ross's smithy shop is now the site of the Ewing Grocery. The Demont Grocery, broom factory and Kepler's market locations being at present preempted by the Miller Bros. Garage. The Burns eating emporium has long since made way for Virgil Becker's filling station. The Snapp Grocery Co. sign now hangs where once the name of Lew Davidson held forth and the Swartwood Market, later rebuilt and operated by Vine Curtis, is known today as Johnson's Market. The Adamson barn, once the rendezvous of countless drays and nickering hosses, later manicured by our fellow townsman Jimmy Coplen, houses the Johnson poultry market, while beyond the old established limits are the Carlton Ice and Coal Company yards, the Farm Bureau yards and warehouses, the fish hatchery, airport and the mercurial outline of the North Shore, familiar for its dining and dancing and the summer residence of many of our citizens.
The tonsorial honors of the street now go to Reuben (Bony) Thrush, who has efficiently removed the never ending crops of hirstute 'embellishments, while the lusty appetites of the vicinity now find appeasement at the Manitou Cafe.
Only one landmark of the golden yesterdays towers its imposing prominence, not here-to-fore mentioned - the Deniston Elevator, now the Wilson Grain and Coal Company, without which Wall street might be known by the unromantic numeral it really is - East Ninth.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Thursday, December 6, 1934, p. 14]

WALL STREET BARBER SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
Roy Hill, Monday purchased the Wall Street Barber Shop, locatedin the 30 block of East Ninth street, from Rufus Thrush. Mr. Hill has taken possession of the shop and will continue to operate the same. Mr. Hill has been a b arber for the past four years and has been employed in tonsorial parlors in Logansport, Fulton and Rochester. Mr. Thrush, whlhas operated the shop for mahy years, is retiring because of ill health.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, April 8, 1941]

Robert Mills, formerly employed at the Wall Street Barber Shop here, has purchased the Raleigh Bailey barber shop in Fulton and took possession this week.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, October 24, 1941]

{Adv} An Unbelievable Dollar Bargain! 2 Gallons Enarco Separator Oil for $1.00 Wednesday. Don't forget our $20 reduction on Climax Separators. Wall Street Cream Station, Clyde Towne.
[Rochester Sentinal, Monday, February 27, 1922]

WALL STREET MEAT MARKET [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] WALL STREET MEAT MARKET for Fresh Meat and Lard. JOHN B. SWARTWOOD, Proprietor.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, December 14, 1906]

Vine Curtis has resigned his position with Yoder's north end meat market and will open a market of his own at John Swartwood's old stand on Wall Street. Mr. Curtis is an experienced meat cutter and will doubtless build up a nice business at his new stand.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, February 12, 1909]

There are two less butcher shops in the city today than there were last week, Vine Curtis and Frushour having closed their shops. Mr. Curtis was not in the city today, but the Sentinel was informed that he closed u in order to go into some other business, though exactly what he does not say.
Mr. Frushour stated that the business was so poor that he did not make enough money to meet his obligations due mostly to the high cost of meat. A representative of a Chicago concern came here Saturday and took back all the good meat which was left.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, July 7, 1913]

John B. Swartood has opened the butcher shop owned by Vine Curtis who closed up Monday, and is ready for business. Mr. Swartwood's long suit is cleanliness, a fact which makes his restaurant so popular.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, July 10, 1913]

[Adv] Fish - Fish. First of the season. Strictly fresh from the icy waters of the lake to your table. Cleaned - ready for the pan.. . . Wall St. Meat Market. East Ninth Street.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, April 1, 1924]

Lawrence Remley of Logansport has leased the Vine Curtis Meat Market on Wall street. Mr. Remley is a butcher of 15 years experience both at outside killing and at fancy meat cutting. He will specialize in handling home killed meats. The initial add of the lessee appears in another column of the News-Sentinel. Mr. Remley has changed the name of the market from Wall Street to "The Quality Market."
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Tuesday, February 22, 1927]

Lawrence Remley suspended operations of the Wall Street meat market Tuesday evening, and with his wife and two sons, departed immediately for the home of her parents, 0Mr. and Mrs. Rhodes, of Royal Center. The Remleys, who moved to this city from Flora the latter part of last February and leased the Wall Street market from Mrs. Vine Curtis, are alleged to have been slightly involved in financial matters. Mrs. Curtis has several applications for the leasing of the market and an announcement of the reopening of the business may be expected within the next few days.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, August 10, 1927]

Walter McGuire, owner of a meat market, 316 East Ninth Street bearing the name which was formerly known as the Wall Street Meat Market was closed by its owner Saturday night. Reporters for the News-Sentinel were unable to get in touch with Mr. McGuire today.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, January 21, 1929]

Mrs. Frances Curtis this morning stated that the meat market on Wall Street was owned by her and had been under lease to Walter McGuire.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, January 22, 1929]

WALLACE, BENJ. [Peru, Indiana]
See: Flood of 1913
See: Wallace Livery Stable

The Hagenbeck Wallace show has been bought by the United States Amusement Company. John O. Talbott, formerly of Indianapolis, is president of the new company, and Chas. S. Corey, of Peru, secretary-treasurer, a nephew of B. F. Wallace, now sole owner of the show, are the principal stockholders of the new corporation. They will own half the stock. Cory is now manager of the show, and he and Mr. Talbott wil have charge under the new ownership.
Among the other stockholders of the company, in addition to Talbott and Corey, are E. M. Ballard, of Chicago, who will be vice-president of the new corporation; J. B. Warren, of Chicago, who is interested in Chicago theaters and an amusement park; Chas. Hagaman, of Kansas City, and W. H. Harrison, of Davenport.
Was Newsboy
Talbott formerly was a newsboy in Indianapolis. Twenty-one years ago he first went out with a show, starting as a ticket seller with the McMahon show, a small organization that has long been out of existence. For ten years he was with the Wallace shows as legal adjuster and business manager.
Mr. Talbott said the retirement of B. F. Wallace from the show business, after thirty-one years, was not due to ill health on the part of Wallace, but was due to Wallace's other business affairs. Wallace is the president of the Wabash Valley Trust Company, three-fourths of whose stock he owns, and is also the owner of 2,400 acres of farming land near Peru.
Wishes Name Perpetuated
It is Wallace's desire, said Mr. Talbott, that the Wallace shows continue to be operated as in the past, and that his name be perpetuated in connection with the shows, hence his acceptance of an offer to buy from men who have long been closely connected with him in the past. The new corporation will take charge of the show in New York, June 30. Headquarters may be moved from Peru to Indianapolis.
0 [Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, June 10, 1913]

The contract and bill of sale whereby Colonel B. E. Wallace for the sum of one hundred thousand dollars releases all his future connections with the big circus to the Carl Hagenbeck and Great Wallace Show Company for a period of five years, has been filed with the Miami county recorder. In the bill of sale Mr. Wallace agrees not to go into the circus business or to allow any other circus to use his name for fifteen years.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, November 18, 1913]

The body of Benjamin F. WALLACE, 73 years old, pioneer circus man, who died early Friday morning at a hospital in Rochester, Minn., where he had been undergoing treatment for six weeks, undergoing several operations, was brought to Peru today and the funeral services and burial probably will be held next Monday.
At his bedside when death came were Mrs. Wallace, the widow; Charles E. CORY, of Lafayette, a nephew, and Al MARTIN, a well known circus man, who hurried home from China when he learned of Mr. Wallace's illness. Mrs. Charles MURDOCK of Lafayette, a sister, and Bernard WALLACE, of Kokomo, a nephew, also survive.
Mr. Wallace was a native of Pennsylvania. After serving in the civil war, he came to Peru, where he engaged in the livery business. in 1883 he entered the circus business with William ANDERSON. They conducted an overland show for two years. Fire destroyed their menagerie in 1884 and they encountered many difficulties during the first years of the business.
After two years a railroad show was put out and from then until five years ago, Col. WALLACE, as he was familiarly known, continued in the show business, becoming the greatest single owner of circuses in the country.
With the sale of the Wallace-Hagenback shows five years ago, Mr. Wallace turned his energies to banking and farming. His farms aggregate 3,600 acres of river bottom land, and he has improved and beautified them until they are included in the show places of this part of the state. He was president of the Wabash Valley Trust Company, owner of the Wallace theater here and a heavy stockholder in the Senger Dry Goods Company.
Mr. Wallace was well known by many Rochester people and the following residents of this city, George DAWSON, John SWARTWOOD, Foster HAZLETT, Robert WALLACE, George WALLACE and several others were related to him. According to some of the old residents here Mr. Wallace lived in Rochester before he settled permanently at Peru and conducted a livery barn here.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, April 9, 1921]

WALLACE, DAVE [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] I am Saddest when I Sing - - - the Prices on my new Spring suits were so low that it made me sad. DAVE WALLACE, The Clothing man.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, April 25, 1904]

WALLACE, EDGAR [Rochester, Indiana
See: Hotels - Arlington
See: Rochester Bands

WALLACE, GEORGE H. [Rochester, Indiana]
LOOK HERE! As the old year is drawing to a close I would like to reduce my stock before invoicing - - - Package Coffee 22 cents; - - - - White sugar 7-1/2 cents; Prunes 5 cents; Raisins 10 cents - - - and all other goods in proportion. G. H. WALLACE.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, December 19, 1888]

[Adv] CLEARANCE SALE. Having purchased Talbert Shore's big stock of groceries I now have a double stock on hand and can't afford to pay rent for two rooms. - - - - GEORGE H. WALLACE, The Cheap Store.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, August 6, 1890]

[Adv] CHANGE OF FIRM! - - - - Having purchased the old reliable grocery business of G. H. Wallace, I intend to sell groceries as cheap and even cheaper than before. - - - - L. B. WALTERS, Successor to Geo. H. Wallace.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, December 10, 1890]

[Adv] GOING OUT OF BUSINESS - Owing to my numerous farming interests I have decided to retire from the mercantile business and hereby announce a quit business Sale of Sweeping Reductions in Prices - - - - GEO. H. WALLACE, South Side Court House.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, December 15, 1893]

[Adv] - - - - Prices on goods are as low as if closing out. For instance - - - - - - Come in and see WILL LOOMIS, Successor to Geo. Wallace.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, February 16, 1894]

[Adv] FARMERS STORE. We want your trade and will give you Bargains to hold it. - - - WILL LOOMIS, Successor to Geo. Wallace.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, March 30, 1894]

Geo. H. WALLACE is a native of Fulton county, having been born in Rochester township 45 years ago. He worked on a farm until he reached his majority when he engaged in teaching and followed that vocation for seven years. Then he engaged as a traveling merchant, driving over the country for ten years with a general store on a wagon. He then engaged in the grocery business for several years, changing from that to general merchandise and from that to a clothing merchant which line of trade he is very much infatuated with. His store is in the Sentinel block and he has a trade which any man may be proud of. His long business experience in town and country has given him a wide acquaintance and he enjoys universal confidence of the public as a business man and citizen. He owns a beautiful home and some fine farm property and is one of the self-made citizens Rochester may be proud of. He is married and has a family of four children.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 20, 1895]

{Adv] Here I am Again. - - - I have sold thousands of dollars worth of goods in Rochester at bargain prices and I am going to do it again. Come and see the Big Store of Rochester, get my prices and you will buy of me. GEORGE H. WALLACE.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 24, 1906]

It was somewhat of a surprise when it became known that George H. Wallace had bought out the 4 Brothers general merchandise store. The transaction was closed within an hour, and the McMahan boys had no thought of selling out before. Mr. Wallace made them a good offer and it was taken up at once. The store is closed while they invoice. Mr. Wallace will conduct a sale to reduce the stock, and then will move the rest of the goods to his big store north of the court house.
Tom McMahan will move to Peru, where he will take a position on the electric car line. Hugh McMahan, who is teaching school in Delong at present, will move on a farm in the summer. Ott and William, the other two members of the firm, have not yet decided what they will do.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, February 13, 1907]

George Wallace has purchased the cash carrier apparatus of E. H. Murray and will install it in his big store north of the court house.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, April 11, 1907]

The Big Store owned by Geo. H. Wallace & Sons, has changed hands and Mr. Max Eichberg, formerly of South Bend who has invoiced the stock will open up tomorrow morning.
The Big Store has always done a big business. Mr. Eichberg is said to be a hustler, and with Harry and Charley Wallace remaining with him to help him get acquainted he will, no doubt, do a large business.
The transaction which gave Mr. Eichberg the store also gave him the building and Mr. Wallace takes 720 acres of land near North Judson. Both men are highly pleased with their trade as Eichberg is at his best as a merchant and Wallace makes lots of easy money in the land business.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, November 1, 1907]

[Adv] The Leavitt Co, PEOPLE'S DEPARTMENT STORE, has purchased the building and stock of Dry Goods, Groceries, Carpets, Linoleums, Crockery, Tinware, Shoes and Clothing of the well-known firm of Geo. H. Wallace & Sons, THE BIG STORE, North Side Public Square, Rochester. - - - PEOPLE'S DEPARTMENT STORE, The Leavitt Co., R. A. Leavitt, Manager. North Side Public Square - - - -
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, April 24, 1908]

WALLACE, GEORGE H. & SON [Rochester, Indiana]
George H. Wallace & Son is the name of a new real estate and insurance concern, which has opened offices in the Wallace building over Marsh's grocery. The firm is composed of George H. Wallace and son, Charles, and is well equipped to build up a prosperous business. George Wallace has the confidence and esteem of the community and is one of the best posted men in the community on real estate and real estate values. This knowledge and his large acquaintance in the county will be important factors in building up the business. The junior member of the firm is a hustler and will doubtless do his share toward the success of the business.
0 [Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, November 11, 1909]

This is to certify to the public that I have formed a partnership with Wallace & Son in the insurance business and moved in with them, over Marsh'a grocery, where we are ready to give you the best possible insurances at all times, at the lowest possible rate. Come and see us. Respectfully, J. E. TROUTMAN.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, January 12, 1910]

WALLACE, HARRY [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] - - - - The recent decision of a Chicago manufacturer to retire permits me to own a choice fall stock of correctly tailored men's and young men's suits and overcoats to be sold - - - - Best Bargains in Clothing and Shoes. HARRY WALLACE.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 7, 1912]

Two business changes have taken place in this city during the past few days which involve the changing of ownership of a variety store and a garage.
The Star Garage at 623-625 North Main Street, has been sold by Herb Shobe to W. E. Russell of Star City. Mr. Russell will change the name of the garage to that of the Russell Garage and will maintain day and night service. A complete repair shop will also be operated in connection with the garage. Mr Shobe has leased the room at 610 Main Street and has moved his stock of auto acccessories there.
Harry Wallace has purchased the variety store at 816 Main Street operated for the past year by Frank White. He will reopen the store next Saturday with a new stock of goods. Mr. Wallace has engaged the serviced of Cy Davis who is an experienced operator of variety stores.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, October 2, 1930]

Harry Wallace Saturday sold his variety store at 818 Main street to J. M. Wilson and L. P. Clamrock, of Logansport. The purchasers have taken possession and will dispose of the stock of goods.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, December 14, 1931]

WALLACE, JAMES [Rochester, Indiana]
HARNESS. If you want Hand Made Harness, or good substantial Robes, Whips, Etc., go to JAMES WALLACE, the harness man who has few expenses and sells the best of everything the cheapest of any store in Rochester. Mann Building.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, February 14, 1906]

WALLACE, JOHNNY [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rannells, William W.
See: Vanderkarr, John D.

WALLACE, R. C. [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] - - - - STATE SEAL FLOUR - - - - MANITAU MILLS, R. C. Wallace, Prop.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, December 17, 1901]

WALLACE, SYLVIA MAY [Rochester, Indiana]
The city papers have the following New York special which will be of interest to Rochester where one of the party shot at was once a well known woman:
"Two pistol shots fired from a box toward the players on the stage, caused a scene of panic in the American Theater, New York.
"The cause of the shooting is a mystery. The play, a melodrama, "Out of the Fold," had reached an intense situation. Theodore Babcock, as the hero, Nolan Crane, Sylvia Bidwell, as the heroine, Helen Grey, and Harold Hartsell, as the villain, John Lothrop, were in a group at the center of the stage.
"Suddenly and without warning a man in stage box C jumped up and leveled a revolver to the group. He cried out: "That's him," and fired twice. Then he ran from the box.
"Edward Cain, treasurer of the house, attempted to stop him, but was knocked down. The fleeing man fired at him but missed. He then ran from the theater and disappeared. The performers on the stage fled at first shot.
"Actor Babcock's wife, who is Lowetta McCaffery in the "Out of the Fold" company, thought her husband had been shot and she fainted. Miss Bidwell and several other young women in the company were on the verge of hysteria. Sixteen women in the audience fainted and a panic was narrowly averted."
Miss Bidwell will be remembered by many Rochester friends as Sylvia May Wallace, who formerly resided in this city with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Benson Bidwell.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 16, 1904]

WALLACE & BRO., J. [Rochester, Indiana]
Saddle & Harness Shop . . . in the building formerly occupied by J. Wallace & Bro., opposite Chamberlain's Hotel, on Main street . . . A. Renbarger, Rochester, March 1, 1860.
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, March 1, 1860]

Wallace & Chapin. . . Dry Goods, Notions, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Queensware, Groceries, Millinery Goods. . . Country produce taken in exchange for goods. . . Rochester, November 3d, 1868.
[Rochester Union-Spy, Thursday, November 5, 1868]

WALLACE & CHAPIN STORE [Rochester, Indiana]
New Store. Mr. Grey formerly from Plymouth, has opened a very fine stock of Dry Goods and Groceries in second room south of Wallace and Chapins Store in Wallace's Block . . . [Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, March 8, 1866]

We have neglected heretofore to announce that our enterprising business men, Messrs. Wallace & Chapin are erecting a large Steam Flouring Mill in our place, which will give us three large Mills of this kind: more than can be said of any other town the size of Rochester North of the Wabash. . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, November 29, 1866]

Enterprise. Mr. I. T. Van Duzer, with the services of a number of workmen, is busily engaged remodeling and fitting up his building commonly known as the "Mansion House," for the purpose of starting a hotel. With the prospects of our Railroads, and the central location of the house, we cannot see why the business could not be made a very profitable one. Rochester will then have three hotels, and three Flouring Mills; one (Wallace & Chapin) however, is not yet completed, but will be running in a few weeks. Fred Fromm, Sam Keeley and the Cornelius Bro's intend erecting new buildings this summer. . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, April 4, 1867]

WALLACE & COMPANY [Rochester, Indiana]
D. O. WALLACE, P. H. GRELLE, THE CLOTHIERS believe that people read their adds. You are doing it now and if you have a boy from 7 to 14 who needs a new suit of clothes bring him to us and we'll fit him out with a nice double breasted two-piece suit for only 90c. WALLACE & COMPANY
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, April 17, 1899]

[Adv] - - - Wednesday, May 24th - - - $25,000 worth of Clothing, Hats and Furnishing Goods, to be sold at 33 per cent less than their actual cost to manufacture. Wallace & Co., Rochester's Greatest Clothiers entire stock - - - at retail - - - in our large building, Main Street, opposite the Court House, and will be sold at retail in 10 days. DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP.
0 [Rochester Sentinel, Monday, May 22, 1905]

WALLACE & GRELLE [Rochester, Indiana]
On next Monday the clothing store operated by Cy Davis for a year or more will be invoiced to Wallace & Grelle who have bought it and will move it to their present large quarters west of Court House.
"Cy" as he is widely known, has been in the clothing business in Rochester since 1883 and he has made a fine record as a reliable, obliging, and energetic business man. For a time he will be engaged in making some improvements on his home but it is not likely that he will be out of the clothing business very long.
[Rochester Sentinel Tuesday, March 17, 1903]

WALLACE & RANNELLS [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] New Firm! WALLACE & RANNELLS, Successors to P. F. Sarver in the North End and P.O. Book Stores.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, May 8, 1889]

WALLACE'S CHEAP GROCERY [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] G. H. WALLACE'S - - - - and all kinds of Country Produce. WALLACE'S CHEAP GROCERY, Main Street, opposit the Court House, Sergeant Building.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 7, 1888]

WALLACE CLOTHING & SHOES [Rochester, Indiana]
Harry Wallace has purchased a stock of shoes valued at $1,500 of the Howe General Merchandise store, of Denver, Ind. Mr. Wallace will add the new purchase to his large stock of clothing and shoes in Rochester. Mr. Howe closed out his store in Denver to go into the dairy business. It is said that Mr. Wallace secured a bargin in the goods which he bought.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, January 16, 1914]

The purchase of the Wallace clothing store by Lee Wile puts a very progressive young man into Rochester business circles. The new merchant is a son of M. Wile and his business schooling has been of the kind that guarantees straightforward and progressive methods in all his business transactions. He is a young man of good taste in the clothing line, he is polite and affable, and his success is only a question of time necessary to show the public his up-to-date ideas in the clothing and gents' furnishing line.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, June 29, 1906]

N. G. Shaffer send you greeting, Having just returned from buying . . . At the Hall of Robert Wallace . . . Dry Goods, Hardware and Groceries . . .
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 25, 1858]

WALLACE GARAGE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Louderback Garage

WALLACE GROCERY, GEORGE [Rochester, Indiana]
Located 816 Main.
On the alley where now stands the Stinson Clinic (816 Main), the long-since departed George Wallace sold groceries and a bit of general merchandise. It was first and last a country store such as existed in that early day. Nobody helped themselves as now is the practice in food markets. George knew where every small item was located on the store's shelves and could pick it up in the dark without resorting to lighting the coal-oil lamp, the store's only means of illumination.
[Earle A. Miller, The News-Sentinel, Monday, July 14, 1958]
The location was used by Drs. Dick and Dean Stinson when they constructed their clinic.

WALLACE'S GROCERY [Rochester, Indiana]
300 pounds of sugar is sold at Wallace's grocery daily. Low prices, fair dealing and the purest and freshest brands of sugars gives the house these unprecedented sales.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, August 25, 1886]

WALLACE'S HALL [Rochester, Indiana]
Christmas Ball at Wallace's Hall, December 24, 1858. Floor Managers, John H. Stailey, K. G. Shryock. Music by the Rochester Cotilion Band . . . $2.00 . . . R. Wallace, Proprietor.
[Rochester Gazette, December 9, 1858

Rev. A. Gorman, Universalist, will preach tomorrow, (Sunday) morning, at 10-1/2 o'clock, in Wallace's Hall.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 8, 1859]

Miss C. E. Dinsmoor will open a Select School Monday Sept 5th next in Wallace's Hall. . .
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, August 13, 1859]
Christmas Ball. There will be a Cotillion party given on Monday, Eve., December the 26th, at WAllace's Hall.
All are solicited to attend. Supper at the Western House. Tickets $2.00. R. Wallace, A. Chamberlain, Proprietors.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 17, 1859]

New Years Ball at Wallaces Hall, Friday evening, December 30, 1859. Music by the Logan String Band! An oyster Supper at th Hall! Fare - $1.50.
---The scholars composing Prof. Kelley's Dancing School, will meet at Wallace's Hall tonight at 7 o'clock p.m.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 24, 1859]

Leap Year Cotillion Party, Thursday evening next, at Wallace's Hall. By Professor Kelly & Co. Fare: Fifty Cents.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 4, 1860]

The Rochester Brass Band. The members of this Band having at no small expense purchased instruments, and devoted a considerable portion of their time and patience to their practice, propose giving A Cotillion Party and Oyster Supper at Wallace Hall for the purpose of defraying a portion of their expenses and purchasing new music &c. . .
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 25, 1860]

Prof. Baker will open a writing school in Wallace's Hall on Monday evening. The public are invited to attend. We have examined specimens and consider them highly meritorious.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, March 17, 1860]

There is to be a grand Ball at Wallace's Hall on Monday Eve., which promises to be the ball of the season. It is to be an affair in which all may participate, without regard to political proclivities. The Peru String Band will furnish the music and Prof. Barnett "does" the supper . . .
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 1, 1860]

Fourth Annual Fair Ball Given at Wallace's Hall on the evening of the First Day of the County Fair, Friday, October 12, 1860. Music by Reed's Band . . . R. Wallace, Proprietor.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 29, 1860]

Select School. Miss L. Fairbank will open a Select School in Wallace's Hall in Rochester, on Monday, December 17th, 1860 . . .
--- Teachers' Convention, at Wallace's Hall in Rochester, on Saturday, the 29th day of December, 1860 . . . Teachers: James Wagner, Burr Oak, Roch'r Tp., F. B. Ernsperger, Mud Creek, Roch'r Tp., J. S. Rannells, Walton, Roch'r Tp., F. M. Ernsperger, Sand Ridge, Roch'r Tp., Rufus McClung, (-----), Roch'r Tp., J. McClung, Mt. Zion, Roch'r Tp., E. R.

Rannells, Centre, Newcastle Tp.\
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 15, 1860]

Social Hop! There will be a Hop at Wallace's Hall on Wednesday Eve., Jan 9th, 1861. All are respectfully invited to attend. Music by the "Orpheonists." Committee: A. H. McDonald, John Beeber, V. O'Donnell, Jim A. Smith, A. Sheppard, John Elam, Jr., George E. Smith, Wm. Osgood.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 5, 1861]

Firemen's Dance. The First Annual Ball of the P.H. and L. Company, will take place at Wallace's Hall on Thursday Eve, July 4th, 1861 . . Music by the Orpheonists.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, June 29, 1861]

Notice. German Ball. Dance to be given at Wallace's Hall, Thursday, Jan. 9, 1862. Dances to include: cotillions, schottishes, and contra dances. Music by the "Orpheonests."
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 4, 1862]

Notice. Social Hop. We would say to those who love to trip the "light fantastic toe" that there will be a "Social Hop" at Wallace's Hall, next Thursday Eve.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 25, 1862]

There will be a masquerade Ball given on Friday evening, the 21st inst., at Wallace's Hall . . . Admittance 25 cents. Floor Ticket (including refreshments) 75 cents. R. Wallace, Prop'r.
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, February 13, 1862]

J. H. Kelly has started a dancing school at Wallace's Hall, twenty-five cents each evening.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 13, 1864]

We understand that a Military Ball will be given at Wallace's Hall next Wednesday Eve.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, April 23, 1864]

Firemens Dance! There will be a Firemen's Dance given at Wallace's Hall, on Thursday eve., Jan. 12th, for the benefit of the Fire, & Hook and Ladder Company . . . Managers: E. B. Chinn, S. C. Jewel, Charles Cavin, A. J. Davidson, Rolla Phelps, A. D. Hoppe. Floor Managers: M. R. Smith, J. H. Beeber.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, January 12, 1865]

Fourth of July Ball! There will be a dance given at Wallace's Hall, Rochester, Indiana, on Tuesday Evening, July 4th, 1865 . . . R. Wallace, Prop'r.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, June 29, 1865]

WALLACE LIVERY STABLE [Rochester, Indiana]
Livery Stable. J. C. & B. E. Wallace formerly from Peru, have opened a very fine Livery Stable in this place, they are promising young men. . They keep the best of riding and driving horses and have just received a splendid lot of buggies you can always find them at their Stable East of the Rail Road office. . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, May 24, 1866]

Livery & Sale Stables, J. C. & B. E. Wallace . . . 1st door East of Post Office, on Washington st . . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, May 24, 1866]

The body of Benjamin F. WALLACE, 73 years old, pioneer circus man, who died early Friday morning at a hospital in Rochester, Minn., where he had been undergoing treatment for six weeks, undergoing several operations, was brought to Peru today and the funeral services and burial probably will be held next Monday.
At his bedside when death came were Mrs. Wallace, the widow; Charles E. CORY, of Lafayette, a nephew, and Al MARTIN, a well known circus man, who hurried home from China when he learned of Mr. Wallace's illness. Mrs. Charles MURDOCK of Lafayette, a sister, and Bernard WALLACE, of Kokomo, a nephew, also survive.
Mr. Wallace was a native of Pennsylvania. After serving in the civil war, he came to Peru, where he engaged in the livery business. in 1883 he entered the circus business with William ANDERSON. They conducted an overland show for two years. Fire destroyed their menagerie in 1884 and they encountered many difficulties during the first years of the business.
After two years a railroad show was put out and from then until five years ago, Col. WALLACE, as he was familiarly known, continued in the show business, becoming the greatest single owner of circuses in the country.
With the sale of the Wallace-Hagenback shows five years ago, Mr. Wallace turned his energies to banking and farming. His farms aggregate 3,600 acres of river bottom land, and he has improved and beautified them until they are included in the show places of this part of the state. He was president of the Wabash Valley Trust Company, owner of the Wallace theater here and a heavy stockholder in the Senger Dry Goods Company.
Mr. Wallace was well known by many Rochester people and the following residents of this city, George DAWSON, John SWARTWOOD, Foster HAZLETT, Robert WALLACE, George WALLACE and several others were related to him. According to some of the old residents here Mr. Wallace lived in Rochester before he settled permanently at Peru and conducted a livery barn here.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, April 9, 1921]

The William T. Wallace Manufacturing Company, of Peru, has opened a plant in Rochester that will manufacture radio crystals and do assembly work, it was announced today. The plant is the second one of the company. The concern is using the Kepler building, 120 East Eighth street, where they will do 100% war work.
Mr. Wallace has been engaged in manufacturing and production for many years and is well known in the middlewest as one of the leading manufacturers of radio parts. Manager of the new bsiness will be Harry Ward.
Any women between the ages of 18 and 35 interested in this type of work are asked to contact the local U. S. Employment Office or Mr. Ward.
Any further information regarding the employment, or other details, may be obtained by calling Harry Ward at 35.
The plant will begin operation tomorrow Ward stated.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, August 4, 1943]

The William Wallace Manufacturing Co., which recently opened up a branch of the Peru, Ind., factor in the Kepler building, 122-24 East 8th street, this city, has leased the entire first floor of the I.O.O.F. building [NW] corner Main and 9th streets, for the duration.
The company plans to begin the manufacture of crystal discs for government radio sets on or before September 7th. An official of the company stated that employment would be given to approximately 140 girls or women and a few men. It is the desire of the management that no applications be made from anyone already employed in essential war defense work, in the city or immedite vicinity. Transfer of machinery and equipment for the new industry was being made today from Peru.
New Families To Reside Here
The new plant will be under the supervision of Merrill Personett, an official of the main factory at Peru, Ind., at least for the duration and possibly longer. Four or five families from Peru will take up their permanent residency in this city.
It was learned today that the payroll of the East 8th street branch of the factory is now exceeding $4,000 per month, and it was estimated that when the new industry is in full swing in the Main street location, the payroll will average around $12,000 per month.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, August 31, 1943]

WALLACE MENSWEAR, H. O. [Rochester, Indiana]
H. O. Wallace, one of Rochester's well known merchants who has been in business in various locations in this city for years announced today that he was preparing to close his store. He is advertising a gigantic sell out sale and will dispose of all merchandise on his shelves as well as all of the fixtures His sale which is being widely advertised will start Saturday morning and will be handled by an expert from Chicago who is directing the work. Mr Wallace did not state just what he expected to do after closing up his present line of business. His store is located in the north end just across the street from the Fulton County Motor Company.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, April 15, 1927]

[Adv] CLOSE-OUT Quitting Business SALE. Starts Tomorrow, Saturday, 9:00 a.m. sharp. - - - - - H. O. WALLACE, Menswear. 502 Main St. - Formerly 702 Main St.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, April 15, 1927]

WALLACE MILLINERY [Rochester, Indiana]
Mrs. E. M. Wallace oppened new Millinery Establishment in this place and invites the ladies to view her entirely new stock of Spring & Summer goods. Bonnets made to order.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday May 21, 1864]

WALLACE'S STEAM MILL [Rochester, Indiana]
Union Steam Mills. Rochester, Ind. John Wallace informs the citizens of Fulton Co. that he is now ready to do all kinds of milling.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 7, 1860]

The engine &c., having undergone a thorough repairing, the Mill is now in the best of order to do all kinds of Grinding . . . John Wallace, Rochester, August 9, 1860.
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, August 23, 1860]

Wallace's Steam Mill. New Arrangement. Falls & Phelps would respectfully inform the public that they have rented the above mill, where they will at all times be prepared to serve customers.
Grinding of all kinds done on short notice, or grain taken in exchange for Flour or Meal. We warrant satisfaction to our customers. Rochester, May 9th, 1861.
[Rochester Mercury, Thursday, May 9, 1861]

Tally & Phelps would respectfully inform the public that they have rented the Wallace's Steam Mill . . . Rochester.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, April 10, 1862]

Wanted! I will pay $3.00 per cord for timber suitable to make shingles out of. Apply at my planing mill in Rochester, just west of Wallace's steam grist mill. D. R. Martin.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, April 23, 1864]

Steam Mill. William Wallace is putting into his mill a new and excellent engine and boiler, all of the most approved style, and from this cause the mill has not been running for a few days past, but we believe he expects to be ready for business again next week.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, July 21, 1864]

Martin & Wagner the Rochester Furniture men, have moved their splendid Furniture Store into their own new building, immediately west of the Wallace Steam Mills . . .
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, December 28, 1865]

WALLE, GERALD F. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Walle the Jeweler

WALLE, THE JEWELER [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv} Christmas Gifts That Last, Elgin, Waltham and Hamilton Watches. Watch and Jewelery Repairing. Quick Service Reasonable Prices. WALLE, THE JEWELER, Corner Main and 9th Sts., Rochester, Indiana.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, December 18, 1940]

G. F. Walle, local jeweler, announced today that he has leased the Ike Onstott building, 824 Main street, formerly occupied by the Hill Hardware. Walle is now located at the Rochester 5 and 10 Cent Store, 830 Main street, owned by Alden Lichtenwalter, and it was stated that both firms will move into the new building within the next rtwo weeks. The building now occupied by the two firms is owned by the local I.O.O.F. lodge.
The Onstott room is now being redecorated, preparatory to occupation. Lichtenwalter announced that he plans to expand his stock after moving to the new building. Walle has been at his present location for five years, while the Rochester 5 and 10 Cent Store has been in existence for the past year.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, October 14, 1941]

Mrs. Gerald Walle, this city, has purchased the Lichtenwalter Variety Store, 824 Main street.
The store will not be open for business until Saturday, according to Indiana bulk law. However, the jewelry shop in the front of the establishment will be open as usual.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, July 21, 1943]

WALLER, GRANT [Rochester, Indiana]
Grant Waller, of this city, is the founder of a fraternal and social order known as the "Companion Circle" and is meeting with success in launching the enterprise. The plan embraces fraternal principles, with many improvements, and provides for a club room with various amusements. He has been successful in establishing a chapter at Logansport.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, August 23, 1909]

WALLING, FRANK [Rochester, Indiana]
Frank Walling, for the past ten years associated with Phelps-Dodge Company, Ft. Wayne, as a construction electrician and trouble-shooter, announces the opening of his new Hotpoint Store on the south side of the courthouse square.
The new store will feature a full line of electrical appliances, including electric refrigerators, ranges, washers, kitchen sanitary units, sweepers, water heaters, and scores of small appliances. Mr. Walling plans to do electrical contracting work and will give day or night service on all kinds of electrical work.
He has had a wide experience in farm power and light wiring and he carries an endorsement of Carl Evans, REMC inspector and deputy fire marshal.
Paul Hayden will assist Mr. Walling in the operation of the store. Mr. Hayden and Mr. Walling will move their families to Rochester soon, to make their homes.
In the past several months, Mr. Walling has done considerable wiring in Rochester and Fulton county.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, July 21, 1939]

WALNUT, INDIANA [Marshall County]
Argos Reflector.
00 The postoffice at Walnut, Marshall county, will be discontinued on March 15, and superceded by rural free delivery service. Mail goes to Argos.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 24, 1906]

A. H. Albright has sold his restaurant at Walnut to Mrs. Ona Hagenbush, who has taken immediate possession.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 19, 1921]

WALNUT GENERAL STORE [Walnut, Marshall County, Indiana]
The general store at Walnut has passed into the hands of Reuben McKesson, for some time of Plymouth and formerly of Tyner. E. W. Washburn of Plymouth took the store over on a trade some time ago and has been running it since. He traded it to Mr. McKesson and will return to Plymouth to make his home.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, May 5, 1921]

See: Walk Round Trip New York/San Francisco

WALSH, KYRAN [Wayne Township]
Kyran Walsh, son of James and Margaret Walsh, was born in Kilkenny, Ireland, in November 1829; sailed for New Orleans November 7, 1848, landing there January 14, 1849. He came over on the ship Thames, which started with a passenger crew of 900, of whom but fourteen landed alive, owing to ship fever and other diseases originated at sea. Mr. Walsh started from New Orleans to Cincinnati, where he arrived in the midst of the cholera, from which there were 100 deaths per day at that time. He there went into dairying, which he faithfully followed for six years, when his property was destroyed by fire, making him incur a loss of $3,000; but determined on success, he removed to Dayton, where he commenced life again as a farmer, at which occupation he had been raised, and remained there until January, 1859, when he moved to Fulton County, locating on the farm of William Dickey, in sight of where he now resides. He worked as a renter until 1862, when he purchased eighty acres for a home in future years, to which, by industry and integrity, he has added 320 acres, making him at present 400 acres of land, finely located in Wayne Township, and which will be one of the handsomest farms in the northern part of the township when he has completed the fine residence, barn and other farm buildings upon which he is at work at present. Mr. Walsh is the father of eight children, the fruit of his marriage to Nancy Hoynes, the oldest daughter of Patrick and Margaret Hoynes. Of these children, named respectively Margaret, James, Patrick E., Mary Ann, John J., William W., Joanna and Edward, all are living but Patrick E. Mr. Walsh states that 10 cents would liquidate each and all of his and his five sons' tobacco and whisky bills from their cradles up to the present time. This is something that not every family of that size can say, and is a compliment to Mr. Walsh's sterling good sense. In politics, he has always indorsed Democratic principles, and was elected Justice of the Peace two different times by an overwhelming majority. He received but a limited education, and was strictly raised in the Roman Catholic faith, of which church he is still a member.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 62]

Kyran Walsh, one of the most successful farmers and one of the highly respected citizens of Fulton county, was born in county Kilkenny, Ireland, Nov. 7, 1830. His parents were James and Margaret (Gaul) Walsh, both of whom were natives of county Kilkenny, Ireland. Mr. Walsh's paternal grandfather was Kyran Walsh, and for him Mr. Walsh was named. The Walsh family, like many other Anglo-Normans, adopted an Irish surname and title, and was known for ages as "Branach," which signifies in Irish a Welchman. At an early period it had extensive possessions in Waterford and Kilkenny. For four centuries it was only inferior in estate and power to the Butlers and Graces. Thus the subject of this personal mention is a descendant of one of Ireland's oldest and most prominent families. In the schools of Ireland he gained the rudiments of a common school education. Throughout life he has been a close observer and an extensive reader. Hence he is a well informed man, and being a man of foresight and wisdom he stands as a leader among his fellow-citizens. He came to America on the ship Thames, landing in New Orleans Jan. 14, 1849. His ship set sail for America with a passenger crew of 900, of whom but about sixty landed alive, owing to ship fever and other diseases which originated at sea. From New Orleans Mr. Walsh went to Cincinnati, where he arrived in the midst of the cholera, from which there were many deaths daily at that time. Mr. Walsh landed in Cincinnati May 13, 1849, and there engaged in the dairy business. Six years later he removed to Dayton, Ohio, where he took up farming, at which occupation he had been reared. In January, 1859, Mr. Walsh landed in Wayne township, Fulton county. Here he has since resided. On coming to the county, he was a very poor man, but, determined on success, he began farming as a renter, and continued as such until 1862, when he purchased eighty acres for a home in future years, to which, by industry and integrity, he added other acreage, until he has become the owner of nearly 400 acres, a part of which has been divided among his children. He has improved his farm and made it one of the best in the county. He has a good and substantial frame residence, which he built. A few years ago a very fine barn of his was burned, causing him a loss of about $2,900. In 1854, Mr. Walsh was fortunate in securing in holy matrimony the hand of Ann Hoynes, a native of Ireland, also. She is the oldest daughter of Patrick and Margaret Hoynes. The home of Mr. and Mrs. Walsh has been blessed by the birth of the following children: Margaret, James, Patrick, deceased; Edward, deceased; Mary Ann, deceased; Mary Ann deceased [sic]; John J., William W. and Hannah, deceased. Mrs. Walsh is a most excellent lady, a faithful wife and loving mother. The entire family belong to the Roman Catholic church, and is one of the leading families of the community. In politics Mr. Walsh has always been a staunch democrat, and was twice elected justice of the peace with overwhelming majorities. He has led a consistent life, dealt honestly and kindly with his fellow-man, reared a respectable family, gained the esteem of his neighbors, and won from reluctant fortune a good estate, and today stands as a representative and progressive citizen.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 142-143]
By "Pioneer"
The biggest farmer of his day in Fulton County, was the late Kyran Walsh. Born in County Cork, Ireland, Mr. Walsh retained a brogue both interesting and original.
Aside from farming, raising one of the largest families in Wayne Township, to whom every member was given a large tract of rich farming land, Mr. Walsh took an active part in politics. He was a Democrat of the old school.
Time came when Mr. Walsh decided that the Democrat party owed him some reward for long service and donations to campaign funds. So he asked that his name appear on the ticket as a candidate for the office of Joint Representative. "It is not for the money," he backed his demand to the party leaders. "It's for the honor."
During the period of this story, mass meetings, selected and filled the party tickets. Mr. Walsh was nominated by a large majority. The meeting was held in the Academy of Music. Immediately following Mr. Walsh's nomination, some one from the gallery shouted, "Speech-Speech", and the obliging Kyran Walsh, strode down the aisle to the front of the theatre.
"I am no speech maker, gentlemen, but I want to thank yeese all, for the great honor you have conferred on a humble Irishman from County Cork. Mind youse this - if I am elected next November, and I take me place in the legislature of the great state of Indiana, if anything comes up for the welfare of the most of the people, I will fight for it with the ta-nacity of a bull dog."
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, February 16, 1935]

WALTERS, JOHN [Rochester, Indiana]
This estimable gentleman is the son of John and Magdaline Walters, the former a native of Pennsylvania, and the latter of Virginia. He was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, February 14, 1820. He received a very ordinary education, in the common schools of his native State, and at a very early age chose the trade of carpentering, which he has followed more or less all his life.
In 1850, he moved to Muncie,Ind., and was there engaged in the work of his trade for four years. From there he moved to Clinton County, where he engaged in farming for nine years, then went to South Bend, wher he resided till 1867, when he became a resident of Fulton County, residing in Rochester for two years and engaging in the work as carpenter; then he purchased a farm a short distance south of town, on the Michigan road, in Section 34, where he now resides.
He was married December 14, 1844, to Catharine Lamb, daughter of William and Catharine (Cupp) Lamb. She was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, December 10, 1827. This union has been blessed with seven children, viz.: Minerva A., born December 18, 1846; Leander, born February 27, 1849, and deceased March 23, of the same year; William, born April 30, 1850, and deceased August 6, 1851; Belle, born October 29, 1853; Francis M., born April 24, 1860; Lovell B., August 25, 1862, and Estelle G., September 5, 1865. Minerva was married to Sidney R. Moore August 13, 1867, and Belle to Burt H. Slusser, March 18, 1875.
Mr. and Mrs. Walters are both worthy members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and are highly respected by all who know them. They have long since passed the meridian of life, and in the decline have an abundance of this world's goods, and the well-wishes of many friends, and justly deserve the well-earned position they hold in the social circle.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 31]

WALTERS, L. B. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rochester Bands

[Adv] CHANGE OF FIRM! - - - - Having purchased the old reliable grocery business of G. H. Wallace, I intend to sell groceries as cheap and even cheaper than before. - - - - L. B. WALTERS, Successor to Geo. H. Wallace.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, December 10, 1890]

[Adv] COMPELLED TO SELL. On account of having to close up my store and move my goods in order to repair the room, I am forced to sell my entire stock of Queensware, Glassware, Wood and Tinware, knives and spoons, etc., and we will sell the whole outfit for cost for the next 60 days. GROCERIES TOO MUST BE SOLD. - - - Come early and get first choice. Produce taken at market prices. Positively no credit. L. B. WALTERS..
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, January 18, 1895]

[Adv] INTRODUCTORY! I have come to Rochester to do a first-class business and this is my formal bow to the people of Rochester and Fulton County. I have purchased the Walters' Grocery - - - F. M. JAQUES. P.S. Special Low Prices on SHOES to close them out.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, May 1, 1896]

[Adv] FORCED SALE. As the room has been sold I am compelled to close out my entire stock of shoes. - - - - L. B. Walters, South Side Court House Square.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, February 27, 1922]
Rochester has a new grocery store located on West Fourth street under the ownership of Henry Walters. Mr. Walters has a complete stock of all staple and fancy groceries and also has a delivery system. He moved to Rochester from the country about a year ago.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, November 25, 1921]

[Adv] 40c to 75c ON THE DOLLAR SHOE SALE - - - - L. B. WALTERS, South Side Square.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, December 17, 1925]

[Adv] GOING OUT OF BUSINESS. L. B. Walters Shoe Store to be Closed Out Starting Saturday Morning, Mar. 9 at 8 o'clock - - - - L. B. WALTERS SHOE STOCK AND FIXTURES, - - - - - - South Side of Squart

WALTERS, NORMAN [Rochester, Indiana]
* * * * Photo of Norman Walters * * * *
Through the courtesy of the National Kiwanis Magazine, The News-Sentinel is given permission to publish an interesting article and picture concerning the city's youngest business man. The following story with the accompanying illustration also appeared in a recent issue of the Hoosier Kiwanian.
"Norman Walters, a popular and mentally alert youth, physically handicapped all his life, is now the sole owner and manager of 'Norman's Carmelcrisp Shop' in Rochester. The plan used to establish him in business was something like this - A velosipede had been presented to Norman so that he might better get about. Members of the Rochester club then went his securityy for the purchase of modern carmelcrisp equipment, his mother making the carmelcrisp and Norman, using his velosipede, selling it on the streets. Winter came on and the growth of Norman's business gave the club's Child Welfare Committee the idea of a little business room for him. This plan became a reality, as the accompanying photograph reveals. Again some of the Kiwanians went his security for the construction of his place of business.
"The people of Rochester and the adjoining community are justly proud of Norman's determination to make good in his business venture and are enthusiastic in his behalf. In addition to the carmelcrisp which his mother makes and sacks for him daily, Norman sells candies, chewing gum, etc. The Rochester club writes that Norman's keen interest in civic enterprises and high school activities, his enthusiasm for all kinds of athletics even though he is unable to take an active part in them, and his genuine optimistic outlook on life are something that should be a challenge to all good Kiwanians. The club invites all Kiwanians going through or visiting Rochester to get acquainted with Norman at his place of business, located in the [NW] corner of Seventh and Main."
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, July 13, 1937]

Norman W. Walters
June 5, 1919 - Feb. 29, 2000
Norman W. WALTERS, 80, formerly of 1701 Madison St., died at ExtendaCare at 5 a.m. today.
Born June , 1919, in Indianapolis, to Alvah A. and Lenna E. WILSON WALTERS, he married Lydia ANDRADE on April 9, 1955 in Rochester. She survives, at ExtendaCare.
Walters, born with cerebral palsy, started his business career in 1934, at the age of 13, when Kiwanis Club members convinced Rochester businesses to donate merchandise for him to sell. Within two days he had earned enough to purchase a tricycle and began selling caramel corn door-to-door. He opened Norman's Tiny Shop at Seventh and Main Streets and sold ice cream and sundries. With a specially built motor scooter he sold ice cream products throughout town, eventually opening Norman's Catering Service. In 1970 he and Lydia, also handicapped, opened Nor-Wal Sales in their home, selling Bibles, book marks and other religious items until their retirement.
He was a member of Grace United Methodist Church, the Rochester and Lake Manitou Chamber of Commerce, the Lions Club and the Rochester I.O.O.F. Lodge.
Surviving with his wife are several cousins.
Funeral service is at 2 p.m. Thursday at Zimmerman Brothers Funeral Home with Rev. Rick TAYLOR officiating. Burial will be in the Rochester I.O.O.F. Cemetery. Visitation is from 1:30 to 3 p.m. Wednesday at the funeral home.
Memorials may be made to Grace United Methodist Church or the Cerebral Palsy Foundation.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, February 29, 2000]

WALTERS, RAYMOND D. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Raymond Walters)

WALTERS, SAM [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Downs Sawmill

WALT'S PLACE [Lake Manitou]
Also, and better, known as Walt's Chili Parlor

[Adv] Bar-B-Q Eats. Sandwiches of all kinds. Best Chili in the State. Ice Cold Drinks. WALT'S PLACE. North Shore Drive.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, June 17, 1929]

Charles and Goldie Talbert, who were arrested here on August 27 by a squad of federal dry agents from South Bend working under the direction of Major Howard Long, federal prohibition administrator for the Northern Indiana District, appeared before Judge Slick in the United States Court at South Bend this afternoon at 3 o'clock for sentence as each had pleaded guilty Monday to liquor law violation charges filed against them.
Charles Talbert was given a fine of $200 and costs and three years in the federal prison at Fort Levenworth, Kans., while his wife, Goldie Talbert, was given a fine of $50 and costs, and a four months sentence in the St. Joseph county jail at South Bend. The sentence in both cases against the Talberts was suspended during good behavior.
The case against Walter V. Sipe, who was arrested at the same time as the Talberts had not been called at 4 o'clock this afternoon and it is hardly probable judgment will be passed before Wednesday. Mrs. Sipe pleaded not guilty when arraigned Monday and will stand trial before a jury in the federal court at South Bend, later in the month of October.
Each of the defandants had been charged with the sale of liquor in two counts, possession of liquor and with maintaining a public nuisance, in indictments which had been returned against them by the federal grand jury which functioned in South Bend in September.
Mr. and Mrs. Talbert are the owners of the Talbert Inn one and half miles east of this city on the Barrett cement road while Mr. and Mrs. Sipe are the operators of the Walts Chili Parlor which is located one-half mile east of the Talbert Hotel on the Barrett road.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, October 7, 1930]

Walter Sipe, owner of Walt's Chili Parlor, one mile east of this city on the Barrett cement road is moving the stand from its present location to a lot which he recently purchased near his home which is east and south of the site formerly occupied by the barbeque stand.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, March 4, 1931]

[Adv] New Years' Eve Opening. WALT'S CHILI PARLOR. Free Dancing. The home of good Bar-B-Q Sandwiches, Hamburg, Country Sausage and Hot Shots. Best Chili and Vegetable Soup in the State. Dance and Eat. Two nights a week for private card and dance parties. Call 689-W for dates. W. Sipe, Proprietor. On N. Shore of Lake.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, December 30, 1931]

Lawrence Babcock has announced that he has purchased the building which was formerly on the north shore of Lake Manitou, known as Walt's Chili Parlor and is intending to move it to the Babcock boat landing. The building, which was purchased from George Pollock, is to undergo redecoration and will be opened this summer on the new site, Mr. Babcock stated today.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, April 7, 1943]

WALTERS BARBER SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Good Barbering at low prices is hard to get -- but that is just what you get here. Hair cut, 15 cents. Why not save on you bill. WALTERS BARBER SHOP. G. Garner, Mgr., D. Kilmer, Asst.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 23, 1910]

WALTERS & GOSS [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Cheap Notion Store, North of Central Hotel.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, January 13, 1893]

WALTON, JAMES [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From James Walton)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Second Letter From James Walton)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Third Letter From James Walton)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Fourth Letter From James Walton)

A delegation of twelve members of the Rochester Izaak Walton league chapter went to Akron Friday night, where an Akron chapter of the sportsmen-conservationists' league was organized. The meeting was in the Akron library. Harvey Arter was chosen president of the chapter.
The purpose of the league is to stock the lakes, protect the farmers during hunting season and save the vanishing out-of-doors.
Senator L. G. Bradford, of South Bend, president of the Izaak Walton League of Indiana, was one of the main speakers of the evening together with Cal Johnson, president of the South Bend Belt company and noted writer for out-door magazines. The Akron chapter considered itself fortunate in having been able to obtain these men. Other speakers were Andrew E. Bowden of Marion, Indiana, and Grover Walters of Bremen, Indiana.
Nearby chapters, including Rochester, Mentone, Silver Lake and Tippecanoe, were invited to Akron.
This is the first chapter organized in Akron.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Saturday, April 3, 1926]

WALTON ORCHARD [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] The time for buying your APPLES is here right now - - - - BILLY WALTON'S BIG ORCHARD on the Winamac road, Rochester, Ind.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, September 14, 1925]

A real estate transaction completed two weeks ago was made public Monday. The William Walton orchard west of this city has become the property of Dal Black and Pat McMahan. Mr. Black has been the manager of the orchard for the past three years.
The purchasers intend to operate the orchard in the same manner as has Mr. Walton.
The Walton orchard is the south 35 acres of the old Spohn orchard. Some of the finest apples in the state of Indiana re picked from the trees in the Walton orchard. Mr. Walton will devote his entire time to the management of another orchard which he owns near LaPorte.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Monday, February 8, 1926]

"Walt's Chili Parlor," well known eating and dancing place on the concrete road at Lake Manitou, which seems to be enjoying an increasing popularity among residents and visitors has just had installed an expensive Seeburg Electric Piano which will be run in connection with his dance floor. Walter Sipe, the owner, claims that he has the "best small dance floor in the state" and invites the public to come out and try his sandwiches and chili. Whenever anyone drops a dime in the piano everyone is invited to dance as there is no charge. Mr. Sipe says his place will be kept open at all hours and will cater to parties very highly after the dancing pavilions close. His parlor is open the "year around."
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Friday, April 22, 1927]

WALTZ, MERRILL [Fulton, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Merrill Waltz)

WALTZ GROCERY [Rochester, Indiana]
Robert "Bob" Waltz, former salesman for Armour & Co., has purchased his fathr', Ort Waltz, grocery on East Fourth street, this city, and has already taken possession of the business. Mr. and Mrs. Waltz will reside inEast Rochester.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, February 8, 1945]

WALTZ REAL ESTATE, ORT [Rochester, Indiana]
In this day and age when conservative men are constantly seeking investments where they are not only assured a permanent source of income but a reasonable certainty of increase in value, the real estate dealer is doing more than his share to meet the demands of such men. This locality is indeed fortunate in having in its midst such a man as this which is wideawake and not only advertises the property and farms listed with him for sale, but goes out and gets the prospective purchasers, brings them in and shows them what he has in the above line to offer.
He has for years been closely affiliated with the growth and expansion of this section and has made a close study of real estate conditions so that he can offer both the buying and selling public the very best of service. He has on his books a large list of most desirable farms and city property at prices and terms that cannot fail to be attractive to the intending purchaser.
He has made it a point to not list farms or city property for more than their true value, and this is where the close study of local conditions makes him authority on values, for he knows what true values are in all transactions his word is as good as his bond, and people have come to look to him when seeking a desirable medium through which they may dispose of their farms and property. He will be pleased to talk real estate to you.
We take great pleasure in the "Business Review" of referring this man to all our readers. Such a person as this aids materially in the growth and expansion of the community.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, August 17, 1922]

See: Civil War
See: Revolutionary Soldiers
See: Spanish-American War
See: War of 1812 Veterans
See: World War I
See: World War II

Civil War - 150
World War I - 22
World War II - 63
Korea - 11
Vietnam - 14
TOTAL - 260
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, May 27, 2000]

WAR OF 1812, 1812-1815

MEXICAN WAR, 1846-1848

CIVIL WAR, 1861-1865
* - Killed in Georgia at the Battle of Chichamauga, September 19-20, 1863.

** - Killed in action elsewhere.

Others died of disease, from battle wounds or in Confederate captivity.

David J. Barrett
J. R. Bell
*Franklin Bennett
Louis Berry
John Biggs
Thomas Blacketer
**Henry Blosser
William Brockers
John Burton
Jewell Califf
Daniel Cannon
Greenup Cannon
**William Cannon
Oliver Carpenter
Alfred Carter
Isaiah Carter
James Carter
John Carter
William Cherry
**Jonas Clark
James Clayton
Daniel Clise
Elijah Clise
William Cole
Allen Collins
Joseph Collins
**Josephus Collins
Marinius Collins
Parke Collins
Jesse Coon
David Craft
John Cripe
Dennis Cuberly
Eli Detrick
Jacob Dipert
William Dixon
James Duff
Benjamin Evans
*Jacob Evans
*William Ewer
*Simon Fall
John Ferrell
James Foudray
John George
Christopher Gould
Charles Groat
Milton Hall
Franklin Hamlet
David Marsh
**Henry Hazen
Henry Hecathorn
John Heckert
John Hendricks
William Herrill
Daniel Herrold
Alfred Hizer
Newton Hoak
William Hoover
*John House
Henry Hudkins
*Lewis Hughes
**William Irvin
Asbury Johnson
**William Johnson
Nathan Julian
John Keel
John Kelly
Peter Kreighbaum
Christian Krider
John Mackey
Absalom Macy
**John McClung
Benjamin McKelfresh
Benjamin Miller
George Miller
John Minton
James Moore
William Moore
James Mou
Simon Myers
John Newby
John Oakman
Phillip Obermayer
Jeremiah Ormsby
*James Osborne
Charles Pearson
William Pentz
William Polke
Daniel Porter
George Pownell
*Amos Prince
William Prince
James Quigg
J. P. Ream
Otho Rhodes
Andrew Richardson
H. S. Ritchey
Jacob Robbins
Harper Rodgers
Frederick Rowe
*Fredus Ryland
Edward Sanders
**T. W. Scott
**David Shelton
John Sherman
George Sherwood
William Shields
Jasper Shore
**Orton Shore
Rufus Shores
Nelson Sippy
Carrington Slight
*Aaron Smith
Dennis Smith
*Ellison Smith
*Franklin Smith
Jesse Smith
*John Smith
Robert Smith
Stephen Sparks
Adam Spotts
I. W. Stringham
William Strong
William Sutton
William Swartz
**Carson Swisher
Isaac Townsend
*Robert Tribbett
Darius Troutman
Orlando Troutman
Newton Wade
John Walts
Sylvester Warkinger
Ephriam Warrick
George Washington
**Isaiah Webb
John Weidner
**Seymour Wertz
John Whittenberger
Bruce Whittington
Timothy Williams
Cline Wilson
William Worden
Henry Yoke
David Zartman
**Elias Zolman

[The News-Sentinel,
Saturday, May 27, 2000]

Fulton County was represented by Company B of the 156th Indiana Infantry during the Spanish-American War.
Two officers and 102 men were inducted at Indianapolis and spent the duration of the war at Chickamauga Park, Georgia.
No deaths were reported in the Company
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, May 27, 2000]

WORLD WAR I, 1917-1918
Clarence Oren Benge, 24, Akron, died September 19, 1918, of pneumonia in France.
John Black, 24, died November 25, 1918, of spinal meningitis while in camp.
Ernest Burns, 20, Grass Creek, killed while serving aboard USS Delaware, no cause or date known.
Claud Everett Clymer, 21, Talma, died October 7, 1918, at Camp Taylor, Ky.
Jacob Golub, 25, Rochester, killed in action July 18, 1918.
Benjamin Hartz, 28, Delong, died of wounds in France, October 15, 1918.
Fred Hartz, 21, Delong, died of pneumonia October 23, 1918, at Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indianapolis.
Frank William Huffman, 21, Grass Creek, died October 1, 1918, of pneumonia.
Martin Irvine, 24, Rochester, died of pneumonia October 18, 1918, at Fort Wood, New York City.
Earl Koester, 21, Wayne township, died May 11, 1919, in hospital at Camp Sheridan, Ill., following appendectomy.
Clarence Verl Madary, 22, Rochester, killed in action, no date.
[NOTE: Jean C. & Wendell C. Tombaugh, Fulton County Cemeteries, Fulton Cemetery, Liberty Township: Verl Madary, d. in Service, Oct. 14, 1918, ae 22y]
Otto Medary, 27, born in Fulton county, died of wounds in Argonne offensive, November 5, 1918.
Adolph Merley, 21, Akron, died of pneumonia in France, December 25, 1918.
Dean Wilbur Mikesell, 21, Rochester, died September 22, 1918, of pneumonia.
Raymond George Murphy, 20, Rochester, died at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, May 21, 1917.
John Nicodemus, 17, Rochester, killed in Battle of Argonne, October, 1918
[NOTE: Jean C. & Wendell C. Tombaugh, Fulton County Cemeteries, Rochester, I.O.O.F.: John A. Nicodemus, Ind. Pvt 26 Inf 1 Div, 1900 - Oct. 6, 1918]
George Parrish, 22, Rochester, killed while giving medical aid to wounded in France, October 15, 1918.
Omer Guy Reish, 30, Leiters Ford, died of pneumonia at Camp Jackson, S.C., October 27, 1918.
Leroy Shelton, 32, Rochester, killed in action in France, August 10, 1918.
Jesse Leroy Snyder, 21, Rochester, died at Camp Taylor, Ky., no date.
Frank Van Meter, 20, Kewanna, died of influenza at Columbus, N.M., 1918.
William Van Valer, 21, born in Akron, died of pneumonia in France, September 29, 1918.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, May 27, 2000]

WORLD WAR II, 1941-1945
Eldon Abbott, 24, Fulton, killed in action in France, June 23, 1944
Norman Baldwin Jr., Talma, pilot of troop transport shot down over Groesbeck, Holland, September 17, 1944.
Louis Ball, 26, Rochester, killed in action over Southwest Pacific April 9, 1944.
Norval Ball, 28, Rochester, killed in action over Guadalcanal January 6, 1943.
Paul Baumgartner, 22, Kewanna, killed in action at sea, Battle of Leyte Gulf, Nov. 29, 1944.
Jack Beall, 27, Rochester, killed in action over Italy, October 1, 1943.
John Bell, 28, Rochester, killed in action in France, November 19, 1944.
Ora Bolinger, 20, Argos, killed in action in Belgium, January 14, 1945.
Harry Button Jr., 21, Kewanna, killed in action at Okinawa, June 16, 1945.
Willard Chamberlain, 34, Rochester, killed near Strasbourg, Lorraine, France, November 20, 1944.
Dale Clark, Leiters Ford, killed in action in France, November 8, 1944.
Charles Coplen, 21, Rochester, killed in airplane accident while in training in Georgia, July 16, 1943.
Oscar Corsaut, 26, Kewanna, died of wounds in Germany, May, 1945.
Devon Crabb, 23, Kewanna, killed in action in Italy, May 12, 1944.
Kenneth Craig, 19, Rochester, killed in action in Germany, February 17, 1945.
Robert Dague, 21, Fulton, killed in action in Germany, April 14, 1945.
Ben DuBois, 27, Rochester, killed in action over Germany, November 21, 1944.
Chester Freel, Kewanna, killed in action in Italy, March 7, 1945.
George Gault, killed in action in France, September 6, 1944.
Joseph Gilbert, 25, Rochester, killed in action at sea, December 7, 1944.
William Gilliland, Plane lost while flying hump with supplies to China, early 1944.
Clifford Gray, 24, Akron, killed in action in France, September, 1944.
Raymond Gunter, 19, Marshtown, killed in action in Germany, April 1, 1945.
Edward Hardin, 41, Kewanna, killed in plane crash near Kewanna, May 14, 1943.
Cecil Harman, 19, Akron, killed in action in France, December 25, 1944.
Norris Harshbarger, Kewanna, killed in action over Germany, April 11, 1944.
Raymond Hartle, Leiters Ford, killed off Leyte in Battle of Philippine Sea, October 24, 1944.
Walter Hauser, 21, Grass Creek, killed in air crash in North Africa, December 8, 1943.
Louis Heckathorn, 20, Fulton, killed in action in Germany, February 4, 1945.
Edgar Herrell, Rochester, died of wounds in Army hospital in Germany, 1944.
Howard Hoge, 21, Rochester, killed in action in Normandy, August 12, 1944.
Joseph Huffman, 27, Kewanna, killed in action in Germany, November 16, 1944.
Merle Hunt, 22, Grass Creek, killed in action in Leyte, Philippines, November 19, 1944.
Raymond Jones, Akron, died in Battle Creek, Michigan, May 21, 1945.
George Kahler, 22, Kewanna, died of wounds in Germany, April 18, 1945.
John Klise, Akron, killed in Germany, September 11, 1944.
Frank Kralis, 20, Rochester, killed in action in France, November 14, 1944.
Richard Long, Kewanna, died of wounds in New Guinea, September, 1944.
Clyde Lownes, 29, Rochester, died of natural causes in Texas, March, 1943.
Norman McColley, 25, Akron, killed in action in Germany, December 11, 1944.
Omer Eugene McIntyre, 24, Rochester, killed in action over Italy, July 16, 1943.
Rolland Meyer, 23, Rochester, killed in action in Belgium, January 15, 1945.
Guy Murfitt, 24, Leiters Ford, died of wounds in Luxembourg, January 5, 1945.
Theodore Myers, Rochester, died of wounds received in action in English Channel, June 9, 1944.
Dwight Pollock, 20, Rochester, died of wounds in Italy, April 19, 1945.
Ralph Potter Jr., Rochester, died of wounds in Italy, August 27, 1944.
Leland Reynolds, 46, Rochester, killed in aircraft accident at Clinton, Ill., January 6, 1943.
Robert Robbins, 25, Rochester, killed in action over Pacific Ocean, April 1, 1944.
Robert Rose, 20, Rochester, killed in plane crash in Africa, January 26, 1943.
Wilbur Rouch, 26, Fulton, killed in action in France, December, 1944.
Wayne Scott, 22, Rochester, killed in action in Belgium, December 17, 1944.
Wendell Sedam, 20, Grass Creek, killed in action in Belgium, December 29, 1944.
L. V. Teeter, Fulton, killed when fighter plane shot down in China, early 1945.
Clarence Thomas, 27, Rochester, killed in action in France, June 6, 1944.
Norman Paul Thomas, 25, Delong, killed in action in Luzon, Philippines, January 13, 1945.
Harold Thornburgh, Rochester, killed in action at sea, September 21, 1944.
Emerson Towne, 23, Rochester, killed in action in France, October 2, 1944.
Earl Townsend, 21, Rochester, killed in action over English Channel, March 16, 1945.
Frederick Van Dien, 23, Rochester, killed in action over Italy, September 23, 1944.
Arthur Wentzel, 23, Rochester, killed in action over Pacific Ocean, April 21, 1942.
Robert Whybrew, 23, Fulton, killed in action in France, November 16, 1944.
William Willard, 20, Rochester, killed in action at Leyte, Philippines, November 4, 1944.
Raymond Wise, 22, Leiters Ford, killed in action in Germany, April 17, 1945.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, May 27, 2000]

KOREAN WAR, 1950-1953
Wilbur Abbott, Fulton, killed November, 1951.
Lloyd Alderfer, Richland Center, killed December 30, 1951.
Paul Burns Jr., Rochester, killed January 22, 1951.
Freddie Campbell, Leiters Ford, killed March 27, 1951.
Dean Crabb, Bruce Lake, date of death not listed.
[NOTE: Jean C. & Wendell C. Tombaugh, Fulton County Indiana Cemeteries, Bruce Lake Cemetery, Union Twp.: Dean Crabb, 1929-1952, Korea.]
Robert Helt, died June 4, 1951.
William Marshall, Rochester, died May 17, 1953.
James Palmer, Richland Center, killed November 13, 1951.
Jack Schindler, Rochester, killed October 9, 1951.
Paul Spice, Akron, killed August 18, 1952.
Obed Nelson Steininger, Rochester, killed December 30, 1950.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, May 27, 2000]

VIETNAM WAR, 1964-1975
James Ameigh, 26, of near Akron, killed while piloting helicopter, Junee 24, 1969.
James Bellinger, 21, Rochester, killed by mortar fire, January 31, 1968.
Dennis Fairchild, 20, Akron, killed in action, January 20, 1969.
Lawrence Gibson, 31, Rochester, died of wounds, February 14, 1968.
Robert Jernigan, 41, Rochester, died January 20, 1974, of heart illness contracted in Vietnam.
Carl David Johnson, 20, Kewanna, killed in military truck crash, February 11, 1972.
Neil McKinney, 30, Akron, lost on air reconnaissance mission, September 2, 1963
Audley (Bill) Mills, 36, Rochester, killed by booby trap, Ocober 11, 1971.
Joe Nunn, 21, Leiters Ford, killed on combat mission, April 25, 1970.
George Packard, 22, Rochester, died of wounds from land mine explosion, June 1, 1968.
Timothy Roe, 18, Rochester, died of injuries received while working on tank, February 26, 1970.
James Talbott, 21, Kewanna, killed in action, August 6, 1969.
James Utter, 21, Talma, killed while on patrol, April 15, 1967.
Marvin White, 20, Newcastle township, died from grenade wounds, April 29, 1967.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, May 27, 2000]

WAR OF 1812 VETERANS [Fulton County]
See: Civil War
See: Revolutionary Soldiers
See: Spanish-American War
See: War Casualties Fulton County
See: World War I
See: World War II

Constant Bowen, 1850-1928, bur Omega Cem, Henry Twp.
David Bright, d. Mar. 19, 1870, ae 74y-6m-10d, bur Citizens Cem, Akron.
Alexander Chamberlain, d. Jan 9, 1869, ae 80y-9m-11d, bur Citizens Cem, Rochester Twp.
Jacob Hoffman, , bur Mr. Zion Cem, Rochester Twp.
Daniel Hughes, d. Dec 16, 1860, ae 33y-3m6d, bur Mt. Zion Cem, Rochester Twp.
James Porter, d. June 5, 1858, ae 63y-5m-10d, bur Mt. Zion Cem, Rochester Twp.
William Reid, Sr., d. Jan 5, 1856, bur Citizens Cem, Rochester Twp.
Jacob Sippy, d. May 29, 1855, ae 52y-8m-7d, bur Citizens Cem, Akron.
Samuel St. Clair, d. Dec. 28, 1939, bur Citizens Cem, Akron.
Asher Welton, d. Aug 1838, bur Whittenberger Cemetery, Akron.
Christopher S. Wood, d. Nov. 19, 1855, ae 83y-7m-1d, bur Hoover's Cem, Athens.

WARD, ALBERT [Peru, Miami County, Indiana]
Indianapolis, March 2 -- (By I.N.S.) -- Albert Ward, former judge of the Miami circuit court, today took over the reins in the U. S. District attorney's office, having been appointed to succeed Homer Elliott, who resigned several months ago.
Mr. Ward was at his office in the state house early, welcoming attaches and receiving their congratulations. Alexander Havens will continue as assistant district attorney.
Governor Jackson appointed Hurd J. Hurst, of Peru, to fill the vacancy in the Miami circuit court. Hurst, attorney, was to take the oath of office today.

Hurst took the oath of office Monday morning, and was on the bench today.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, March 2, 1925]

Indianapolis, Mar. 10. (I.N.S.) - U.S. District Attorney Albert Ward appointed by President Coolidge Mar 1st, 1924, has sent his resignation to Attorney General Sargent it became known here today. The resignation is effective May first.
Ward confirmed the news by stating he wished to enter the general practice of law in Indianapolis.
During his incumbrance he prosecuted several famous cases including the Hawkins Mortgage Co. Mail fraud and the Jack Daniels distillery bankruptcy case.
Ward formerly was judge of the Miami county circuit court.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, March 10, 1927]

Indianapolis, Ind., Feb. 21. - Albert Ward, United States district attorney for the last four years, will become associated with the law firm of Slaymaker, Turner, Merrel, Adams & Locke, at the close of his term March 1, it was announced yesterday. The new firm will be known as Slaymaker, Merrel, Ward & Locke and will maintain offices at 751 Consolidated building. Mr. Ward forwarded his formal resignation to the United States attorney general's office Tuesday evening. He served as judge of the Miami Circuit court at Peru several years before resigning to take the Federal appointment, and spends his summers at his cottage near the West Side Hotel at Lake Manitou.
Appointment of a successor to Mr. Ward is said to be under consideration at Washington. Leading contenders are understood to be John K. Ruckelshaus, Indianapolis attorney, and Judge Cleon W. Mount of the Tipton Circuit court at Tipton.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, February 21, 1929]

WARD, HENRY H. [Rochester, Indiana]
HENRY H. WARD (Biography)
Among the natives of Fulton county few men are more widely known than Dr. Henry H. WARD. Born in Rochester, the only son of Del. WARD, in 1856, he was given the advantage of a city school education. On reaching his majority he served as Deputy Sheriff for four years, two under his father and two under Sidney MOON. Then he entered mercantile life and followed it for five years. But he loved horses and decided to turn his attention to Veterinary Surgery. Accordingly he took up the study and graduated from Toronto Veterinary College in 1886. He at once commenced the practice of his profession here in partnership with his father and has been very successful. A natural politician, he came within a very few votes of being nominated for county Clerk two years ago and yet was in the race but a few days. He is now also half owner of the brick livery barn and has a nice business. He married Miss Ray SAMUELS and they have one son, Del. [WARD].
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 20, 1895]

A transaction was completed Wednesday evening whereby Dr. H. H. Ward, ex-county clerk, became sole owner of the John A. Braman & Son furnitue store, on North Main street, and took possession at once.
Mr. Ward at present, proposes to conduct the store in the room it occupies at the present time. Although not an old experienced man at the business Mr. Ward will undoubtedly make a great success of it. He is genteel and accommodating, and it is safe to predict that his army of loyal friends throughout Rochester and the county will give him their patronage. He expects to carry a full line of furniture, carpets, stoves and general furnishings.
[Rochester Sentinel,Thursday, February 16, 1905]

L. R. Linkenhelt has returned from the Toronto Veterinary College where he has just graduated, and has formed a parnership with Dr. H. H. Ward for the practice of Veterinary work. The firm will have an office at the Ward & Huffer livery barn, where one of its members can always be found ready to give intelligent help to the suffering members of the animal kingdom.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, March 21, 1905]

Through a deal which was completed this morning, Leo Zimmerman, late of the V. Zimmerman's Sons' furniture establishment, became the sole owner of the H. H. Ward furniture store, this city. Mr. Zimmerman took possession of his new business this morning and at once set about the task of rearranging the stock to his taste. The new owner is a well known and industrious business man and through his long association with the furniture business is admirably fitted to build up a most lucrative patronage.
Mr. Ward, the retiring owner, has not fully decided on his future course of business, but at present will probably follow his profession as a veterinary.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, December 18, 1911]

Henry H. Ward, who recently sold his furniture business to Leo Zimmerman, has rented the business room south of the court house recently vacated by Hedge Bros., and will fit it up nicely as an office, where he will continue his practice as a veterinary surgeon.
Mr. Ward is one of the most successful veterinarys in northern Indiana, and has kept in touch with his profession during the years he served as county clerk and while engaged in business. Mr. Ward retains his furniture lease accounts, all of which may be settled as they come due at his office.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, December 20, 1911]

WARD, HOMER [Perrysburg, Miami County, Indiana]
See Fruit and Produce Stands

WARD, WILLIAM ADELMAN "DEL" [Rochester, Indiana]
William A. Ward. - This gentleman, better known as "Del Ward," is the son of Ebenezer and Rachel Ward, and a native of New York, born February 26, 1829. He immigrated to Fulton County in 1831 with his parents, and received a common school education in the rural schools of his adopted county, and by his industry and fidelity soon won the respect of his fellow-citizens. On January 3, 1853, he was united in marriage to Miss Adaline H. Howes, who was born at Madison, Ind., January 21, 1835. One child survives this union, Henry H., who was born April 17, 1856. Mr. Ward labored on a farm for a number of years, and in 1876 he was nominated by he Democratic party for Sheriff and was triumphantly elected at the following October election. He served two years in that capacity and retired from the office with the good will and approbation of his numerous friends. His father, Ebenezer Ward, is of Scotch descent, born in New York in 1785. He married Rachel Spencer of his native State. They came to this county in 1831, when the Indian wigwam was the only sign of civilization, and the pathless wilderness was the abode of the wild, untutored savage. The companiuon of his joys and sorrows not being accustomed to the hardships of pioneer live, found an early grave near her Western home, August 20, 1838. Not discouraged by his early bereavement, he toiled on in his endeavors to sustain himself, and rear the little family which had been intrusted to his care. On March 18, 1847, at the age of sixty-two years he slept the sleep that knows no waking, surrounded by numerous friends and acquaintances. He was one of the Associate Judges of the County, when these were acting, and took sick while on the bench, dying after an illness of five days. He was the father of eleven children, four sons and seven daughters. Thomas H. Howes was the father of Mrs. Ward. He was a native of New York, and born December 5, 1805. He was a physicain of some note and came to this county in 1847. He was married twice, and left two daughters and one son. He deceased March 19, 1864.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 27]

William A. Ward, Rochester, Ind. - To have lived in Fulton county continuously since 1832 and to have been twice honored with the office of sheriff and now, March 11, 1896, to be only one of two living persons who came here in that early year, is sufficient to make a man honored. "Del" Ward, as he is familiarly known, was born in the state of New York, Feb. 26, 1829, and is the son of Ebenezer and Rachael (Spencer) Ward, who were natives of the same state and who came to Fulton county, Ind., in 1832, bringing with them their family of seven children, of whom the subject of this review is the only one living. The mother died in 1841, and the father in 1847. The father was a farmer by occupation. He was a man of good education and in the early part of his manhood he gave some of his time to the ministry. Upon coming here he taught the first school in Fulton county, and this school was attended by "Del" Ward. His brother, John B. Ward, was the first lawyer to hang out his shingle for the practice of law in Rochester. The earlier years of Mr. Ward were devoted to farming, but later he turned his attention to the business of veterinary surgeon and livery. For nearly fifty years he has been known as a reliable surgeon in this line. He was engaged continously in the livery business in this city for more than eighteen years or until 1871. In politics he has always been identified with the democratic party and in 1876 was elected sheriff of Fulton county and re-elected in 1878 by the magnificent majority of 465. He was one of the best sheriffs the county ever had. In 1895 he again engaged in the livery business and now, with his son, Dr. Henry Ward, continues the same. Mr. Ward was married in 1853 to Miss Adeline H. Howes, who was born in Johnson county, Ind., and died in Rochester in 1890, at about fifty-seven years of age. Mr. Ward is a member of the Masonic fraternity and is a man of unquestioned character and one of the best known men in Fulton county. Of three children born to the subject of this sketch only Dr. Henry Ward is living. He was born in Rochester in 1856, was educated at the schools of Rochester and in 1887 graduated from the Ontario veterinary college at Toronto, Canada, and since that time has been engaged in the practice of his profession. He was married in 1878 to Miss Ray Samuels, a native of Ohio. To this union is one child, Adelman. He is a democrat in politics, a Mason, a member of the I.O.O.F. and K. of P.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 143-144]

Uncle Del Ward is surely the pioneer liveryman in this section, if not in the state. He was running a livery stable in Rochester 46 years ago and is still in the same business. And, by the way, he is one of the most reliable men in the business and has a wide acquaintance among horsemen.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 23, 1901]

Today is the 75th birthday of ex-Sheriff William Adelman Ward, known to almost everybody as "Del" Ward. And notwithstanding his age he was at his place of business apparently the liveliest and most interested man of all of them.
Del Ward came to Fulton county in 1831. He was but a little child then but he distinctly remembers that the settlers were all Indians and half breeds except two, viz: George Bozarth and Wm. Ramsey, both long since dead. At that time there was no suggestion of a town where Rochester now stands. But later the Martins, Shields and other families came in and when Del was twelve years old he helped to carry the surveyors chain in "laying out" Rochester, deer being as plentiful then as cattle were later.
When twenty-four years old Mr. Ward opened a sort of combined livery stable and combined long distance hack line which did not operate on exact schedule time. They traveled then when the roads were passable and there was anyone who wanted to go.
In 1871 he moved on a farm and four years later, he was sent back to town as Sheriff of the County, which office he held most popularly for two terms. Later he was elected town Marshal, was in the grocery business a few years and then drifted into the business he liked best -- liveryman and veterinary surgeon, and in which he is still engaged.
Therefore Del Ward is the earliest settler of Fulton County now living and it is not extravagant to say that he has been the most widely known and popular man that ever lived in the county. At one time it is said he could recognize and call by name 90 per cent of the residents of the county and there is not another man living in the county, today, so widely known as "Uncle Del Ward." And he made his hosts of friends by honesty and good fellowship. Although a horseman all of his life he never deceived in selling or tradng horses, and as a public officer and business man, no man could ever say that Del Ward did not treat him square.
He is now making his home with his son, Dr. H. H. Ward, and the shower of congratulations and presents which he received in honor of his birthday made him a deservedly happy old man. May he live and enjoy life many years yet.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, February 26, 1904]

By William A. Ward
As I go back in memory, over my long and somewhat eventful life, it is almost impossible to realize that it has been my good fortune to see this part of Indiana change from unbroken forest, filled with wild game and inhabited by Indians, to a highly civilized land of cities, fertile farms and comfortable homes. Neither can our boys and girls in this thriving age of education and competition in the affairs of men, understand anything of the hardships endured by the brave men and women who left their kith and kin in other states, came to a strange country, built homes and blazed a way for coming generations to find comfort and competence.
It is not my intention to relate any historical data of those early days, when Rochester did not exist, even in fancy, but to tell some of the incidents which are indelibly stamped on my memory, and acquaint a modern public with matters that are of importance to me.
When a mere babe, two and one-half years of age, my parents, Ebenezer and Rachel Ward, with their seven children, left their home in New York, and journeyed, by slow degrees, to Indiana, arriving here in about four months. I was too young to remember incidents in the overland trip, but recall that my parents frequently talked of the journey, and said that not far distant from this place, we staid three nights at one house, yet traveled every day, the ground being so soft that our teams and horses were nearly lost in the mire. It was hitch and unhitch, the advance being slow indeed. After a long and patient struggle we reached our destination and became citizens of the Hoosier state.
To go into the details of constructing a home, clearing land and the many privations sustained by my people, would lengthen this effort too much. Suffice it to say that the only whites here in those days, which I think was in 1831, were George Bozarth, William Lindsey, Joseph Truckey, Thomas Robb, DeClair, a half Frenchman, and "Friend" Johnson, who was the Indian gunsmith. We soon made friends with the red men, and as I grew in size and age, I became the interpreter for the whites. As time went on, the pale faces became more numerous, and stores and houses were built. Among those early store keepers, I recall the names of Johns and Dave Holland, the store standing on what is now the corner of Main and Third streets. James Moore was also a store keeper and held forth in a log building, where he sold whiskey by the barrel, receiving $125 per barrel, the same being purchased by the Indians. The story went that Moore sold the liquor straight until the Indians were drunk, then watered the whiskey, and they would drink until they were sober. Discovering the deception, they would pour the remainder on the fire with the comment, "Too much bish."
About this time Benjamin Benjamin put in an appearance and erected the first frame house of any consequence. It still stands, a monument to the enterprise of the builder, and may be inspected by any citizen. I refer to the first house south of the Barcus lime house on Main street. It was in this house that the first tragedy occurred among the white settlers. Margaret Reese, who lived there with her husband, decided that she wanted to get rid of her spouse, and daily administered broken doses of arsnic, the man dying in two weeks. Dr. Howes and Dr. Chas. Brackett removed the stomach of the dead man and took it to LaPorte, where it was analyzed by Dr. Meeker, who could not tell whether the poison had been administered before death or had been dropped in the bottle containing the stomach on the way to LaPorte. Mrs. Reese was acquitted and allowed to go her way.
Another incident that may be of interest now comes to my mind. A band of thieves began to make life miserable for the settlers. Houses, stores, mills and stock received visits from the band, the territory of their operations reaching as far as Ft. Wyne, Lafayette and Logansport, Forrest mills, near the latter place losing heavily. The headquarters of the band was an old house which stood a mile south of what is now Fulton, on land owned by William Wright. The band was composed of two Murdock brothers, Wright boys, Kingsley and Stotenburger. All efforts to capture the thieves and bring them to justice seemed of no avail.
I have passed over the time when the settlement had attained to the dignity of a village, and Fulton county had been organized. James Gregory had been elected sheriff, and had left nothing undone to bring about the arrest of the offenders of the law, accomplishing but little. The following men then decided they would capure the outlaws and laid plans which were successfully carried out: Dr. Lyman Brackett, Eli Clifford, Luke Ward and William Spencer. Men were stationed at the south end of the village, others at the north end, where the stage, which was driven by Henry Barcus, always stopped. When all was ready the above named men rode boldly to the rendexvous of the robbers, which they surrounded. Wm. Spencer, who was the leader, knocked at the back door, and was met by a cross dog, which he promptly dispatched with a club, then hearing some one within, without further ceremony, broke in the door, coming face to face with Stotenburger, the most desperate of the gang. It was a hand to hand fight, and Spencer surely would have lost his life had he not called for the others to come to his aid, for Stotenburger, who was a strong man, was slowly, step by step, forcing Spencer backward to a table on which laid a long knife. The front door was soon demolished, others of the band captured and Spencer freed from his dangerous position. A search was made of the upper floor. Here a bed was found that seemed empty and smooth. A grab at the cover though, revealed another of the thieves, who was soon tied to the rest and the coterie marched to town. As an example to the rest, Stotenburger was tied to a tree and lashed until his body was a mass of cuts and bruises. The thieves were then put in safe keeping, tried before Judge Wright and sentenced to prison. The prisoners were to be taken to Jeffersonville, the journey being made in an open wagon. Is there any cause for astonishment when I say all escaped save one, and he was too sick to make the attempt? He died soon after reaching prison. For several years after breaking up this band, dress goods, silks, satins, groceries, flour and money were found in hollow trees and various places where the thieves had concealed their spoils.
Another tragedy that occurred at a somewhat later day, but still an incident of those primitive times, was a cold-blooded murder east of town, and the circumstances may be remembered by one or two still living. Arnold Perry, an old bachelor, resided on a farm with his sister and nephew, Jackson Clemens. The lad wanted to secure the farm and marry a girl of the neighborhood, so followed his uncle to the woods where he was clearing the land, and deliberately shot him in the back, killing him instantly. All night neighbors searched for the missing man, finally finding the body and gave it burial, then turned their attention to locating the murderer. Old Man VanLue openly accused the boy of killing his uncle and he confessed to the crime and the motive The criminal was brought to town, a preliminary hearing given him and he was bound over to circuit court. Rochester could not boast of a jail, so Clemens was kept in the County Auditor's office in the old court house, during the day, and taken to the court room at night, where he was chained to the floor. Abel Greenwood was sheriff and he and I watched Clemens night about. The night before the trial, Greenwood suggested that he stay with the prisoner while I take a rest. I am not prepared to say the sheriff planned the escape of the murderer, but the facts are that when daybreak came the bird had flown, no one knew where. He had broken his chains, burned the boards from the windows and departed for parts unknown. Long afterward, I heard that he had settled in Nebraska, changed his name to Jackson Burse, married and prospered. I offered to bring him back, on learning his whereabouts, but the authorities seemed to think the expense would be greater than the benefit derived to the county, so Clemens died a free man as far as that crime is concerned. I realize these crimes I have related, are nothing compared to the awful tragedies occurring all about us in these modern times, but coming in those early days, when every man was a law unto himself and each feeling the responsibility of the well being of the community, they struck the inhabitants with horror, which was only appeased when we felt that justice had been meted to the law breaker.
One of the most pleasing things I recall of my early experience, was my association with the Indians. Perhaps the readers of this sketch will be interested in knowing something of the customs of those children of nature. The burial of the dead was in some respecrts peculiar. The deceased was tied in a sitting posture against a tree, all his personal belongings, tomahawk, arrows, gun and blankets were laid around him. A screen of brush was then put around the corpse, and he was visited each day by members of the tribe until the law of disintegration resolved the form back to nature. The tribe were honest with each other, and had great respect for their dead, touching nothing that belonged to them lest when they came to die the Great Spirit would refuse them entrance to the Happy Hunting Ground. I saw the remains of two Indians receive the last rites as above described. Only once to my knowledge did they go on the war path during my association with them. That was when they refused to accept the amount of money agreed upon in the treaty with the government, in exchange for their land. So unruly did they become, a message was sent to Logansport for the troops stationed there. Well do I remember what an imposing sight I thought the soldiers presented in their uniforms, brass buttons and stripes, as they came in and wheeled into line. The Indians were gathered at Pottawattomie mills, near the lake, where a wagon laden with silver money stood to pay each red man his claim. The interpreter for the government spoke, explaining the meaning of the presence of the sodiers, after which each Indian speedily took his money and the troops returned to Logansport. Not a shot was fired on either side.
Tradition says the red men buried money at different points in the county. I belive this is true. Indians owned the land which is now the farm of Mrs. Edith Cowgill-Bryant, north of town. I am almost positive money is buried on that land, and in large quantities. Some day it will be discovered, buried in an iron kettle, and the coin in gold. Years after the Indians had gone from among us, a young brave returned, staid at the Wallace house several months and employed Andy Edwards to turn over the soil on that land. He said that the oldest man in the tribe had told of the buried gold, and said it was hidden so many feet under ground, between three trees. The ground had been cleared, however, the trees removed and the soil under cultivation, so the search was fruitless. I also believe money is buried in the field east of what was the Duke Kilmer farm. It was here DeClair, the half-breed lived many years in a little cabin, burying his money after the custom of his tribe, and died with the secret untold.
As a general thing the red men were peacable, although they had a fondness for the white men's "fire water." We-we-see was very firm with the tribe and demanded fair conduct of his subjects. It was no uncommon thing for Poor Lo to imbibe freely, lose his blanket and have to buy it back from some nimble-fingered white man, after sobering, always paying a good big price for that which was already his own property. Several of these shtewd fellows piled up a nice competence as a result of the red man's ignorance. It was not often that my people had trouble with them, but my mother, who was a slender little woman, once whipped one until he was glad to cry for mercy. He had been drinking, and answered her rudely. She knocked him over with a stick, then used a small whip. He finally crawled off into the bushes and sobered up. He then returned and begged mother to keep the matter secret from the chief, who surely would have put him to death. We raised corn, turnips and other vegetables for the Indians, they refusing to take anything with paying well for the same.
Living was very cheap. We need not go one hundred rods from our door to bring down a deer or squirrel. I have seen deer in herds of great numbers, but strange as it may seem, when the Indians went away, they also disappeared, none knowing where they went.
I could go on with many legends of the lake and river, but will only relate one that came under my personal observation. DeClair was paddling about the lake in his log canoe, one eveing, when he observed something he thought to be a log. He gave it a push with his paddle, when, to his astonishment, it turned, gave a swish with a mighty tail, which nearly spilled the Indian-Frenchman into the water. It did not take him long to put for shore, relate the facts to the Indians, who at once built big fires, danced around it and called to the Great Spirit for protection from Manitou. For many years Lake Manitou was called "Devil's Lake," because DeClair had seen the "Evil Spirit."
I shall never forget with what deep regret I witnessed my red brethren bunched together and driven like cattle from their native land, to a place selected for them by the Government, beyond the "Father of Waters." Among them were my boyhood playmates and staunch friends, whom I regarded with brotherly affection, and who held a friendship for me equal to kinship. Out of their kindly disposed feeling for me, they had offered me gold and enough land to make me a wealthy man, had I taken advantage of them, which I am glad to say I refused to do, notwithstandind that I was repeatedly urged to accept their generous offers. They were gathered together, --the chief, braves, sqwaws and old men--some walking, some on ponies, some in wagons because too old to walk, and started westward on their long journey. For more than a mile I followed them out of town fully determined that I would go with them, my mother folowing and as much determined that I should return home. She won the victory, but after several years I had still further proof of their loyalty to me, as they sent word that if I would pay them a visit they would agree to give me large tracts of land.
Lot M. Bozarth at one time held three county offices,--clerk, auditor and treasurer. John Davidson was the first sheriff of the county. My father was the first justice of the peace, and held a number of responsible positions. He also delivered the first 4th of July oration in Rochester and Fulton county. In fact, to read the history of the county, and of Rochester, is to read the history of Ebenezer Ward and several of his children. My brother John was the first man to prctice law in the town, and my sister Mary Jane was first school teacher. To my knowledge, there are but two persons still living who are connected with the period I have given some history of, and those persons re C. A. Mitchell and his mother, Mrs. Jane Smith, the latter being ninety-four years of age. Two others, now deceased, were Jesse Shields and James Martin. There is not one person living who attended my wedding, when I married Adaline Howes. I remember three young ladies who were present,--Ann, Eliza and Amanda Burroughs, but these too, no doubt, are numbered with the dead.
I was elected sheriff of Fulton county in 1876 and served two terms (four years). It was during this time that I helped to break up a gang of counterfeiters which were operating in the county. I became acquainted with the facts of their existence, through an attempt to locate a band of horse thieves, who were stationed some place in Marshall county. Letters began to come, hinting that spurious money was in circulation and they put me on the trail of the counterfeiters, who occupied a house beyond Glaze Hill, north of town. I spent many a night in the woods, near the house occupied by Langdon and Ferdone, and after some time succeeded in getting some of the dies they used. George W. Holman and I then sent a letter to the United States Secret Service Commission, to send a detective, but heard nothing in reply for a long time afterward. On day, during court, I was told that a stranger wished to speak to me, and to me alone. I went into the corridor of the old court house and found a large man, who introduced himself by name of Brooks, and that he had been sent by the Secret Service Commission. I appointed a time to meet him in my office, and after satisfying myself that he was all that he represented himself to be, I showed him the dies and told him what I knew. Shortly afterward the house was surrounded, the outlaws captured, taken to Logansport, then to Indianapois, where they were tried in Federal Court and sentenced to prison. The counterfeiters were located at different points in the county, one at Fulton, who was arrested at Logansport. In all, seven men were made to feel the iron hand of the law. There were several man in Rochester at that time, who might have told what they knew of the circulating of the money made by the counterfeiters, but they kept quiet, and having no positive proof, thought best to let the matter drop.
I am eighty years of age, still in reasonably good health, and enjoy life and the pursuit of business. The past years have been actively spent, much of the time out doors, to which I believe is largely due the ripe age I have attained. On the whole the world has been exceedingly kind to me, and while the experiences have been varied and such as falls to the lot of many who are reared in a new country, still I am thankful that it has been my privilege to help make "the desert blossom as the rose," and out of the semi-savage state I have lived to enjoy the blessings of refined civilization, the acquaintance of countless friends, and retain the memory of the days which were the history-makers of Fulton county, for hard as those days were, they contained much of pleasure, of loyal friendship and constant devotion to the principles which denominate this country as the grandest exponent of freedom on the blobe.
[Marguerite L. Miller, Home Folks, Vol. I, 1910, pp. 1-7]

WARD & HUFFER LIVERY [Rochester, Indiana]
Located N side E 7th, E of alley.

WARD LIVERY STABLE [Rochester, Indiana]
Bill Holeman has purchased Del. Ward's Livery Stable.
[Rochester Union-Spy, Thursday, December 24, 1868]

WARE, "BUD" [Rochester, Indiana]
The many friends of Charles Taylor of this city will be somewhat surprised to learn that he is to re-engage in the meat market business in Rochester. Some time ago he sold his business at the corner of Main and Ninth streets to L. C. Kistler and went on the road as a traveling salesman for a Chicago meat packing firm. However, after a few weeks he found that the work did not agree with him and he resigned. Now he has purchased the Jacob Karn meat shop in the north end and will move the fixtures to the room south of the court house which was formerly occupied by the "Bud" Ware wholesale liquor house. Mr. Taylor is well known in the local business world in the meat business and will, no doubt, prove as successful this time as he has heretofore.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, November 13, 1912]

Akron News.
Stant THOMPSON surprised himself the other day, as well as the rest of us by selling his restaurant stock and fixtures to Bud WARE, of Rochester. The purchaser took possession Thursday morning and Stant has no job. He retains his business room and his residence, but has nothing in view for future business activity, but is alert to any opening that may fall his way. The new owner has some acquaintance here, but is practically a stranger.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, May 31, 1913]

The old saying that it is always darkest before the dawn was demonstrated fully to the West and LaPearl Stock company this morning when they found that they were stranded in this city without money to pay hotel bills or even car fare to another town. But they found a friend in "Bud" Ware, bartender for Jesse Chamberlain, who advanced enough money to pay hotel bills and carry the troupe to South Whitley, where they are billed for three nights. Mr. Ware will accompany the show and take charge of the receipts for a few days.
The troupe appeared at the Academy of Music for three nights in melodramas and gave just fair entertainments. But the box receipts met but a few of the bills and this morning they were short about $40 with the baggage in the hands of the drayman whom they had failed to pay.
Eleven people are in the troupe, including a woman with a baby seven months old. Many telegrams were sent by the company Wednesday night asking for assistance.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, December 11, 1913]

WARE, JAMES [Wayne Township]
This man is the son of Samuel and Mary Ware, both of whom were natives of Virginia, the former born in the year 1801, and deceased while a resident of this county in 1858; the latter was born in 1808 and deceased in Warren County, Ind., in 1846. The father was a school teacher most of his life, being prevented from doing manual labor owing to an injury rceived early in life. His labors were confined to the pioneer life and the log schoolhouse, with meager appliances common to that time. James was the second of a family of five children. He was born in Johnson County, Ind., January 21, 1828, and with a very limited education, he early began the struggle of life upon his own responsibility, going with his parents from one place to another until finally, in 1851, he located in this county, where he has since resided. He purchased a small tract of land, and began life as a farmer. From time to time, by industry and economy, he has added to his original purchase of land until now he has 320 acres, over two hundred of which are under cultivation. It is situated in the northern part of Wayne Township, and the manner in which it is cultivated reflects the sturdy character of the owner. On the 27th dy of January, 1853, he was married to Mary Bowman, a native of Somerset County, Penn. She was the daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Bowman, both natives of Pennsylvania, but at the time of the above-mentioned marriage were residents of this county, where they had settled in 1842. To Mr. and Mrs. Ware have been born twelve children, six sons and six daughters--Louisa J. (deceased), Greenville, Henry M., George W., James F., Mary E., Martha A., Samuel (deceased), Ezara L., Ada E., Nettie M. and Dora E. Mr. Ware, though a farmer most of his life, and taking an active part in every enterprise for the development of the county and the welfare of all good enterprises, yet, like all such men of sterling qualities, has been sought by his people to fill positions of trust. He has been honored by the people of his township by being elected Trustee for a number of years, and, in the election of 1882 was chosen as Treasurer of the county, which position he will take in October, 1883. He is universally respected, and widely known as one of God's honest men, and certainly the title does not fall amiss. Himself and wife are worthy members of the Presbyterian Church, and the good people of Rochester may well welcome the day when they shall become residents of the town.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 62]

WARE, LON [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Hotels - Arlington

WARE & PERSCHBACHER [Rochester, Indiana]
The Ware & Perschbacher firm, pop manufacturer, who have been occupying the Cornelius building on north Main St., are getting ready to move into new quarters. The Robbins Garage in the rear of Elliott & Bailey's Cycle exchange is being fitted up with all modern improvements of the pop making business and the firm will continue to make their famous brands of soft drinks.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, February 24, 1909]

WARE & VANDERGRIFT [Rochester, Indiana]
Bud Ware, who has operated the Rochester pop factory so successfully, has disposed of half the business to Quincy Vandergrift of this city, and the new firm will at once begin enlarging their present large trade circle. Both the men will go to Chicago Sunday morning to inspect several gasoline auto trucks with the prospect of purchasing one for their pop delivery.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, April 29, 1911]

The Ware & Vandergrift auto truck has been equipped with a hack top and will be used each Sunday and other occasions as a hack.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, May 22, 1911]

The firm of Ware & Vandergrift was dissolved this morning, when Mr. Vandergrift assumed complete control of the pop business, having purchased his partner's interests. The new owner will continue in the manufacture of the high grade soft drinks, which made the firm popular.
Mr. Ware will now devote his entire time to the promotion of his wholesale beer business.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, September 4, 1911]

WARING GLOVE CO. [Rochester, Indiana]
Located 120 E 8th.
See: Culver Manufacturing Co.
See: Rochester Commercial Club
See: Rochester Glove Corporation

The final steps in the procuring of a glove factory for Rochester was taken Thursday afternoon, when a contract was entered into with Messrs. Warring and Lafferty of the Huntington and Decatur glove factories, for the establishment of a like institution in this city.
The Commercial club committee, who dealt with the visitors found them fair and reasonable in every respect and at the same time were able to get terms that insures the city absolutely against any chance of loss.
The matter of a proper location for the factory was taken up at once after the contract was signed and after looking the ground over thoroughly the Deniston building on East Eighth street, known as the Manitou hall was decided upon. Sufficient money to purchase the building will be collected at once and work on the remodeling will follow immediately. The cost of remodeling the building into a factory will cost about $1,500 to $2,000, which will be paid by Messrs. Warring and Lafferty.
The concern will occupy both the first and second floors and the basement will also be utilized. At the present time the building will be extended to the north over the entire plat of the lot which space will be needed to take care of the work.
The factory will be in operation July 5 and on the opening day all the women and girls of Rochester and surrounding towns and country, who apply will be given positions. Not only will this be done on the opening day but every day thereafter as all the women and girls who apply can be readily used. The managers of the factory and the Commercial club members stand united in the statement that any woman or girl who works in the factory may do so in perfect assurance that she will be treated and respected as every lady should be and that there will not be the slightest disruption in their present social standing for having been a worker in the factory.
Concerning the wages to be paid there is little to say excepting that after working a couple of months those employed will be able to make $7 to $8 per week. Of course, when they first start in they will not be able to earn much but their wages will advance according to their work.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, May 6, 1910]

The sound of hammer and saw in the Centennial block each day tells its own story of the rushing to completion of the Deniston building for the new glove factory. A force of carpenters have been busy remodeling the interior of the building for the past ten days and a vast change has been made over the former appearance. The second floor has been removed and a number of skylights installed now furnish light from above. The building will be laid off in handy and commodious rooms and when finished will be a first class factory building. All conveniences are being planned as well as the safety of the employes.
It is thought that the carpenters will finish their work in about one week and then all will be readiness for the installation of machinery.
The glove company expects to have the factory running by July 5, if nothing unforeseen happens and they will need a large force of girls to begin with. However, it may be that the factory will not open promptly on July 5 as the company's contract calls for the factory to be in operation by July 31. But the firm wants to begin work as soon as possible. And, no doubt, it will be running as near the fifth as possible.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, June 7, 1910]

This is to inform the women and girls of Rochester and vicinity who wish employment in the Waring glove factory, that the forelady, Miss Alta Dibble, is at the factory ready to assign machines for you to begin work Monday morning, July 11. Call at the factory this week for all particulars. WARING GLOVE CO.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, July 6, 1910]

It has been reported by various parties that the Waring Glove Company was discouraged with their plant in this city and thought of closing it. Nothing could be further from the truth.
D. E. Lauferty states that the business is necessarily slow at the start, and that the company is in no way discouraged with the prospects here. He feels certain that as soon as the girls now employed become more proficient in their work and are able to earn good salaries there will be no difficulty in securing help, on which the success of the industry depends.
Twenty-five girls are now employed and those who are sticking to the business are already making from $2.50 to $5.50 per week. It requires from three to six months to become proficient at mitten making, and proficient operators average from $7 to $7.50 per week, while experts at the other plants of the company often draw as high as $12 working at the same scale of wages paid here.
Mr. Lauferty says that the difficulty here has been that many of the girls expected to make big money right from the first day, a thing which is obviously impossible, but which has been experienced at the start of every other plant owned by his concern. He says that they will employ as many girls as can be secured here, and believes that before many months the force will gradually increase until a full 100 girls are at work at wages which will be highly satisfactory to themselves.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, August 16, 1910]

Miss Minnie Alexander, who has held the record for one day's work at the glove factory, made an increase, Friday, from thirty-one and one-half dozen to thirty-three dozen pair, or a total of seven hundred and nine-two gloves. This meant an average of about one and one-third gloves per minute for ten hours, and only lacking three cents of making three dollars for her day's wages. In making one complete glove, four different pieces of material are used, palm, thumb, finger and hand, and each glove is handled six times.
The usual method is sew thumbs in a dozen pair and clip apart, then the fingers and clip apart. Then two other seams make two more clippings, which are broken apart as banded and finally packed. Add to this an occasional thread break, a change of bobbin from two to three times each dozen and changing and counting of boxes which never contain more than twenty-two dozen (and many less) and you can get some idea of the skill, accuracy and speed required to accomplish such a day's work. For in the thirty-three dozen pair are 792 gloves, 3,168 pieces of material, and by actual measurement 52 inches of stitching in each glove or 1,144 yards in all.
Many of the girls can make thirty dozen pair in a day and but very few who have sewed any length of time fall below twenty.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, July 21, 1913]

The Glove factory now employs near to one hundred persons. Recently all the machines, sixty in number, were filled, but some have dropped out since. The turning and stretching is all done by hand and the girls soon become very skillful. One girl in the past week turned 146 dozen pair or 3360 gloves, and stretching made a total of 6720 gloves handled.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, March 9, 1914]

Another enterprise in Rochester which deserves mention is the Glove factory which was established through the efforts of the Commercial Club about five years ago. It is owned by a Mr. Leffel, of Decatur. The institution employs about eighty people, seventy of whom are women and many are highly efficient. Mrs. Minnie Barger and Mrs. Cecil Hart hold the record as stitchers, and their speed at the buzzing machines is not much short of wonderful. Fred B. Jones is superintendent.
The output is approximately 700 dozen pairs of gloves per day. Several million pairs will be manufactured during the summer and stored for the winter season. -- Adv.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, June 17, 1914] [sic]

After a shut-down of over five months the Waring Glove factory is again to resume work with a force of about forty employes and will increase the number to 75 or more as fast as help applies.
D. E. Lefferty, who is one of the owners, has just returned from Chicago where he has been looking after purchasing of materials and supplies, says that the outlook for the future of the concern is now brighter than at any time in the history of the organization.
The growing popularity of the Waring Glove has inspired the manufacturers to put into them the best material that can be had. A large shipment of the material has already been received and under the charge of Mr. and Mrs. Richard Burrell, the factory will be opened Monday, June 5th - - another big step in the direction back to normalcy in Rochester.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, May 29, 1922]

Who doubts that business in Rochester is looking up? A look at the Waring Glove Factory's ad on another page of this issue of the Sentinel will effectively remove all such doubt and show that at least one concern in this city is experiencing the greatest prosperity it has enjoyed since the World War.
The owner of the factory, L. C. Waring and D. E. Lauferty were in the city Friday evening going over the situation with the local managers of the plant, Mr. and Mrs. Richard Burell, and imparted the information that they were totaly swamped with orders and that it would be necessary to take on all the help they could get at once. The augmented help will necessitate more floor space which Waring and Lauferty declare they must have even if it is necessary to build an addition to the present factory, or perhaps another building in which to house the additional machinery and help to cope with the situation.
Employment in the glove factory is of the most desirable sort, as the working conditions are most ideal and women are able to earn good wages after a brief period of apprenticeship. Moral conditions are also of the highest order, each employe being under the watchful care and supervision of Mrs. Burell, who has won an enviable place in the hearts of the local factory girls. Within the next 30 days Rochester will see a real awakening in the industrial field and the glove factory will be prominent if not first among the local industries if Rochesterites will only rally to the call and lend the support, in the form of working girls and women, this organization deserves and has every right to expect.
It is stated on good authority that if this support is forthcoming, the Waring Co. will furnish employment for many more than the 300 asked for in their today's advertisement. "Get me the girls," said Mr. Lauferty, "and I will furnish room and work for them."
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 15, 1923]
The sewer in the basement of the Waring Glove Factory on East Eighth street became clogged in some unknown manner late Saturday night the water backing up and flooding the basement causing damages to material and stored gloves estimated by Manager Richard Burrell at $1,000. The gloves will have to be sold as seconds by the company. The plant has been closed until after repairs can be made to the sewer. A large shipment of material to replace the damaged goods was received Tuesday at the plant. D. E. Lafferty, of Huntington, president of the company, was in this city Tuesday inspecting the damge done by the water and making provision for the shipment of the gloves.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Tuesday, December 9, 1924]

Rochester residents are probably unaware of what an industry the Rochester Glove Factory, owned by Waring & Lafferty of Huntington and Decatur, has grown to be during its several years existence here. A Sentinel representative who was recently shown through the factory on West 8th street, was surprised to find such a busy and going institution right in the downtown district.
About 40 girls and three men are employed in the factory. Up until the present time these workers have been kept exceedingly busy at the machines turning out cotton gloves. The plant is now closed for the holiday vacation. However, there are forty more machines in the place that the management hopes to have in operation when it opens up again about the middle of January.
The wholesome condition all thru the factory is well worthy of mention. As a result the employees are found to be happy and satisfied with their work which is not at all irksome. The pay roll of these people runs over $500 each week, all of which goes to people living in this city.
Dick Burrell is the manager of the plant, while the girls in the plant are under the supervision of Mrs. Burrell, and they have developed the plant and individuals to a high state of efficiency so that the speed with which the work is carried on is really amazing. A visit to the factory on the part of local people would be well worth while.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 24, 1924]

David Edward Lauferty, aged 56, formerly associated with L. C. Waring of Decatur in the ownership and management of glove manufacturing plants of the Waring Glove Company at Rochester, Decatur and Huntington, died at 1:20 p.m. Sunday at the Huntington county hospital after an illness of 48 hours of hemorrhagic pancreatitis. He was taken ill at the Huntington Elks Club rooms Friday afternoon.
As the result of his death, the local factory will remain closed until Thursday morning. Mr. Lauferty had much of the responsibility of the buying and general management of the factories.
Mr. Lauferty was born March 16, 1876 to Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Lauferty at Auburn, Ind., and 15 years ago came to Huntington from Fort Wayne.
Surviving are a sister, Mrs. Lou Manhiem of Santa Monica, Cal., and three cousins who live in Boston. The sister is confined to a hospital at Santa Monica and will be unable to attend the funeral services.
Mr. Lauferty was a prominent member of the Elks lodge in Huntington and was widely known thruout the state and in wider business circles. His partner, Mr. Waring, said Monday, that he felt the loss of Mr. Lauferty very keenly.
The body will lie in state at the residence, 200 Oak St., until the hour of funeral services to be conducted there by the Elks Tuesday morning at 10:30. The funeral party will leave the residence at 11:30 for Fort Wayne, where services will be held at the Achduch Voshiem temple at 2 o'clock by Rabbi Markovitz. Burial will be made in Lindenwood cemetery at Fort Wayne.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Tuesday, July 28, 1925]

The Waring Glove Factory which employs 50 women will be closed down indefinitely Thursday evening. Superintendent Richard Burrell received the order to close the plant Tuesday from the Decatur office of the concern. Mr. Burrell stated Wednesday that he did not believe the plant would be closed for a very long period.
A story was circulated in this city Wednesday, probably based on the suspension order, that the Waring company had gone into the hands of a receiver. This story was declared false.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Wednesday, February 24, 1926]

After being closed down for several months the Waring Glove Factory gave notice Monday morning that it would resume work again and has advertised for girls to report for work. There are enough orders on hand now Manager Dick Burril said to require work about three days a week but that gradually they would work back to the full week's time.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Monday, October 18, 1926]

The local branch of the Waring Glove Company resumed operation this morning with 40 girls being given employment. The plant has been shut down for the past seven months due to an over supply of gloves on the market. Manager Richard Burell stated today that he believed steady employment would now be given throughout the coming year. The greater number of girls who were hired today had been previous employees of the company.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Monday, October 17, 1927]

A notice was posted Friday morning at the Waring Glove Factory on East Ninth Street that just as soon as materials now on hand were worked into gloves the plant would be closed down. The reason for the closing of the plant at this time Manager Richard Burell stated is because of the loss in transit of a shipment of canvas which is used in making gloves. Every effort has been made by the company and by railroad tracers to locate the canvas shipment but all efforts have proved unavailing. The glove factory here has been in operation for the past three months during which period steady employment has been furnished to 40 women and men. At the present time 25,000 dozens of gloves are in storage at the plant.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, January 6, 1928]

Stock, machinery and equipment of the Waring Glove Company of Decatur was sold yesterday by L. C. Waring, the owner of the company, to J. C. Bernstein, Gary and H. H. Sobol, Indianapolis. Mr. Waring is the owner of the glove factory on East Eighth Street in this city bearing his hame. No word has been received here as to whether the local glove factory was included in the transaction. The new manufacturers have announced that they will continue to operate the plant in Decatur which gives employment to 75 people. Mr. Waring established the plant in Decatur in 1903. He will continue to reside in that city.
[The News-Sent inel, Wednesday, April 6, 1932]

L. C. Waring, of Decatur, has informed business men of this city that the local plant of the Waring Glove Company was not included in a transaction last week whereby Mr. Waring leased his plant at Decatur to Indianapolis and Gary men. Mr. Waring stated that he tried to have these men lease the Rochester plant and operate it but they stated that they did not feel that they were in a position at present to do so.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, April 12, 1932]

Here's a bit of news that should be most pleasing to the people of this community.
Twenty-five Rochester girls were given active employment today at the Waring Glove factory located on East Eighth street this city. This business which was closed a little over four years ago by the same management, resumed operations early today with an abundance of orders on hands which will assure plenty of work for the local people for some time to come.
The factory is under the management of Mr. and Mrs. Richard Burrell, of this city who supervised the work during the operation of the company several years ago. The re-opening of the factory by the owners, Messrs. J. S. Bernstein, of Gary, and H. H. Sobel, of Indianapolis, came voluntarily on their part and no outside financial assistance was given.
All of the employees which were given work today were thoroughly experienced and if orders for the canvas and jersey gloves keep pouring in like they have for the past five weeks another group of girls will undoubtedly be given employment.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, October 5, 1932]

The Rochester Glove Corporation was granted papers to incorporate by Secretary of State Frank Mayr Monday. The capital stock is to be 100 shares at $10 each. The object of the company is to manufacture gloves. The incorporators are H. Sobel, Jacob S. Bernstein and M. Clyde Brown. The company several weeks ago took over the assets and equipment of the Waring Glove Factory plant on East Eighth street in this city.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, October 12, 1932]

WARNER, HENRY [Rochester, Indiana]
Let me fix up your buggies and wagons. Prices are as low as good work can be done, and all work guaranteed. Horseshoeing a specialty. Our Buggy trimming department is in charge of an experienced workman. HENRY WARNER.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, August 15, 1904]

WARNER, J. H. [Rochester, Indiana]
Call at my shop on North Main street for blacksmithing and wagon making and repairing. lJ. H. WARNER.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, November 21, 1899]

WARREN, ADRIEL M. [Richland Township]
Adriel M. Warren, born September 11, 1863, was schooled in this county, and, although a young man, has managed the farm well since the death of his father. His mother, Jennette Warren, was born in New York City January 11, 1824. She was married to Mr. A. M. Warren April 10, 1843. He was born September 15, 1816. Their children are Rheuamma S., born February 22, 1844; Margaret J., born June 28, 1846; Julia E., born March 19, 1849; Mary L., born Ocober 6, 1850; Agnes M., born January 7, 1858; Eldora J., born August 23, 1860; and Lura T., born May 24, 1867. The father of Mrs. Warren was Thomas Shake, a native of Scotland. He married Margaret Foot. They came to America in 1823, and finally settled in this county. Mr. P. Warren, the father of A. M. Warren, Sr., was a native of New York. He married Miss B. Benson. They settled in Noble County at an early date. He deceased there 1844; she deceased in this county April, 1863.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 53]

WARRINER, ALFRED S., REV. [Rochesrter, Indiana]
See: Churches - Methodist Church [Rochester, Indiana]

Presently SR-25 from Rochester toward Mentone and Warsaw.

WASHAM, JOHN [Mentone, Indiana]
Special to the Sentinel:
Mentone, Aug 8, 4 p.m. -- This town is in the throes of a most deplorable sensation -- a social scandal that has resulted in a murder. Sometime ago liveryman Jim COX, who is a married man, met John MILLER's wife, of this town, at Alexandria, where they registered at a hotel as man and wife. Their conduct arounsed suspicion and they were arrested and fined $35 each for adultry. This scandalous news reached Mrs. Miller's brothers, the WASHAMS, who are farmers, living near here, and they made threats of dire vengeance against Cox. In turn Cox publicly stated that he had $50 to "put up" that he could whip any Washam that ever lived. Jim WASHAM accepted the challenge and came to town Sunday evening, accompanied by his brothers, John and Lewis [WASHAM]. Jim Cox denied making the challenge when Lew Washam called him a liar and Cox struck him. John and Bob COX, brothers of Jim, here came up and took a hand. John COX thumped Lew Washam and then went to the aid of his brother Jim Cox, striking Jim Washam with a pair of "knucks" and knocking him down. Here the deadly work began. Jim Washam jumped up, drew his revolver and commenced firing. Bob Cox also pulled his gun and seven or eight shots were exchanged, as the fist fight waged horribly.
Jim Cox was struck by two bullets, one in the muscle of the arm and the other in the fleshy part of the breast neither wound being necessarily dangerous. John Washam received one ball in the abdomen from Bob Cox's gun and the doctors say he must die. Bob Cox had a ball lodged in his hip and thigh which makes him quite lame but he says he doesn't care so much for that as for the damage to his Sunday breeches. When John Washam fell the firing ceased and he was carried into a room where he lay in a dying condition when his wife and mother arrived. John Cox skipped and has not yet been apprehended. Bob Cox is held without bail. Jim Washam is under $1000 bond and the Prosecuting Attorney is working on other indictments. Bob and John Cox are single men while all the others implicated are married and the heads of families. Some of the men had the reputation of being a "little tough," but none were thought to be vicious or capable of such outlawry.
LATER: Authentic reports from Mentone announce that John Washam died of his wounds Monday evening.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, August 10, 1892]

WASHBURN, E. P., M.D. [Kewanna, Indiana]
E. P. Washburn, M.D., one of the prominent physicians of Fulton county, is a native of Cass county, Ind. He was born Jan. 24, 1842. His parents were William W. Washburn and Jane Calvin, both of whom were born and reared in Brown county, Ohio. They were married in Cass county, Ind., but soon afterward moved into Pulaski county, where they reared their family of six children, of which the subject of this biography is the eldest. Dr. Washburn gained a fair common school education, and was nineteen years of age when the civil war broke out. October, 1861, he enlisted as a private in company H, Forty-sixth Indiana infantry. In February, 1863, he re-enlisted in the same company. With his company he aided in the work of opening the Mississippi river from Columbus south. He participated in the siege of Vicksburg, and was on the Red river expedition, a difficult and disastrous one, in which his regiment was reduced to about 200 soldiers. The doctor was discharged Sept. 10, 1865, at the close of the war. Then his return home followed, and for five years thereafter the doctor was engaged in farming, a calling never in keeping with his choice. The practice of medicine he wished to follow, and first preparing for the profession by studying under a practicing physician as preceptor, he then took a course in medicine in the medical college of Indiana at Indianapolis. Locating at Linden, Ind., he took up the practice of the profession. Subsequently he returned to the medical college of Indiana, whence he graduated March 3, 1881. He continued in active and successful practice at Linden till 1890, in which year he removed to Kewanna, Fulton county, where he now resides and has a large and remunerative practice. In the year 1859, Dr. Washburn was united in marriage with Rebecca Reichard, of Pulaski county, Ind. Mrs. Washburn was born in Darke county, Ohio, Nov. 16, 1839. The union has been blessed by the birth of the following children: Isabella J.; Newton E., deceased; John M.; Blanche A.; and Burt H. The doctor is a prominent member of the Masonic fraternal organization, the Grand Army of the Republic and Knights of the Maccabees and a republican in politics. John M. Washburn, M.D., a son of Dr. E. P. Washburn, and associatd with his father in the practice of medicine, was born in Marion county, Ind., Dec. 6, 1867. He was given a good common school education. He learned telegraphy and was a railroad operator for five or six years; then studied medicine under the guidance of his father. He then spent three years in the medical college of Indiana, whence he graduated March 29, 1895, since which time he has practiced his profession in association with his father. He was married June 11, 1894, to Miss Matie Sears. He is a member of the Masonic order; of the Sons of Veterans, and Knights of the Maccabees.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 144-145]
WASHBURN, JOHN M., M.D. [Kewanna, Indiana]
John M. Washburn, M.D., a prominent physician and surgeon of Kewanna, was born in Augusta, Marion county, Indiana, December 6, 1867, the son of Dr. E. P. and Rebecca (Reichard) Washburn, both natives of Ohio. Dr. E. P. Washburn was born in Ohio, January 24, 1842, and studied for the profession of medicine. He was in active practice for forty years. He died on April 1, 1922, and he is buried in Clark cemetery, his wife being buried in the I.O.O.F. cemetery of Kewanna, she, who was born on November 16, 1839, having died April 16, 1915. John M. Washburn received his early education in the public schools of his home community, and he then took up the study of medicine at the Indiana Medical College, of Indianapolis, being graduated from that institution in 1895 with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He began active practice immediately upon the completion of his studies and his work has been accompanied by marked success. He was married to Mary Sears, and to this union have been born four children: Marjorie, Helen, Harold, and Herbert. Dr. Washburn holds membership in the Indiana State Medical Association to better keep in touch with the important medical and scientific questions of the day and to insure himself and his clients against mal-practice.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, p. 293, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

WASHBURN CAFE [Kewanna, Indiana]
Thursday of last week the Washburn Cafe was purchased by Ralph V. Johnston, who is now in charge. Mr. Johnston contemplates making some changes in the service and we hope will meet with success. Mr. Washburn at present is in Rochester with his wife, but what his future plans are we are not advised.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Tuesday, February 2, 1926]

The Washburn Cafe at Kewanna has been sold by Ralph V. Johnston to E. J. Blosser.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Saturday, April 3, 1926]

The undersigned has been appointed County Treasurer of the "Ladies' Washington National Monument Society," for the County of Fulton . . . Mrs. A. F. Smith, Rochester, June 22, 1860.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, June 23, 1860]

WATSON, W. P. [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] LADIES TAILORING. - - - W. P. Watson has opened a Ladies' Tailoring Parlor in rooms Five and Six over Stockberger & Hisey's Store. - - - W. P. WATSON, The Tailor.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, March 4, 1902]

[Adv] Trousers that Fit. Trousers that Wear. - - - W. P. WATSON, The Tailor. Over Keith's Drug Store.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, August 3, 1903]

A deal was consumated Monday, whereby W. P. Watson becomes the sole owner of the dry cleaning and pressing establishment on west Ninth street, formerly owned by Watson and Timbers, Mr. Watson buying Arch Timbers interest. Mr. Timbers decided that the work was too confining and desired more work in the open. Mr. Watson the present owner, has had many years of experience in this line of work and is quite prepared to take charge of a large business.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, November 12, 1913]

WATSON & STAHL, MISSES [Rochester, Indiana]
We want to sell at cost our large stock of millinery goods, all ladies that are in need of a Bonnet, Hat or childrens' Hats, Caps, and babies' Lace Bonnets, will get a bargain by giving us an early call. We must and will sell out by the first of June. MISSES WATSON & STAHL, Opposite Central House.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, May 27, 1882]

WAY GROCERY, B. M. [Rochester, Indiana]
S. M. Friend, manager of the B. M. Way grocery store in this city, received a telegram Monday morning from the main offices of the company at Chicago instructing him to lock the doors of the store and turn the keys over to the United States Bank & Trust Company.. There was no word of explanation with the telegram, and the local man has no idea as to what may be happening as regards the groceteria.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, May 16, 1921]

The chain of nine grocery stores, one of them in this city, operated by the B. M. Way Stores Company, an Illinois corporation, have been ordered sold in district court in Chicago, the location of the central headquarters of the company. The Rochester store has been closed for several weeks and indications point to bankruptcy. The other stores are located at Chicago, Dixon, Amboy, Polo, Mt. Carroll, Geneseo and Ohio Illinois and Argos, Indiana.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, June 2, 1921]

WAYMIRE, HARVEY [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Patents and Inventions

WAYMIRE, MADGE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Heath & Waymire

WAYMIRE, NELSON B. [Rochester, Indiana]
By Nelson B. Waymire
I do not know as there is anything out of the ordinary in my life that will interest the public so very much, as hundreds had about the same experiences that come to every one born in the pioneer days, but some incidents come to me now that are a heap of interest to me and might help to pass away an hour or so for the readers thereof.
Will say in the beginning, that I was born in the time when lickin' and learnin' went hand in hand, and the boy who did not get his pantaloons dusted at least once a day, was dull indeed.
I first saw the light of day December 18, 1845, and the event took place twelve miles west of Frankfort, Clinton county, Ind., my parents being Enoch and Henrietta Waymire. They were the parents of six children, I being the fourth, the oldest a girl, who burned to death at the age of six years.
Our home was like those of other settlers, a log cabin; and like all other children we climbed a ladder to bed, slept between feather beds, ate bread that mother baked in the fire place, and crowded more real happiness into each hour, than children of the present time have in a day. My brother John and I were inseparable, and what he did I imitated, and if one was trounced the other was tickled with the same switch.
How well I remember the way that old home place looked, with the spring branch between the house and barn, where we played, swam and enjoyed ourselves, frisky as untamed colts.
Once having the privilege of a spring house, who could ever forget the pleasure a boy got from seeing the long rows of crocks, pails and pans of rich milk, wih their floating islands of yellow cream, set in a stream of cool, rnning water. To slip in on a hot, sultry day, with a big chunk of warm bread, dip it up and down until it was soaked with cream, then eat until your waist band was so tight you felt like another bite and it must part company. Ah! That was a pleasure to which the town dude with his standup collar, green trousers and pickadilly shoes, will ever be a stranger, since the late fad of a cream separator and selling milk straight from the cow to the creamery has put the spring house out of business.
As I hinted in the beginning, my father was handy with a gad, so when John and I took the partitions out of the watering trough, to make a toboggan slide, it is no stretch of imagination to say we got a dose of hickory oil that left an impression for days to come. Pap was a very strict man, and wanted to raise his children to be models of goodness, therefore, I never heard him use profanity in any form and he lambasted me more for that one thing than anything else, for as all know I would work off a few furbelows by way of embellishment to my speech, and sometimes add a frill or two yet, which comes from long practice.
I began my education at four years of age, my first teacher a German who also taught English. I did not learn very much of him, but became an expert in throwing paper wads and doing other deviltry, giving him an opportunity to develop the muscles in his good right arm.
That same year, my parents sold their home and moved three miles east of Perrysburg, Miami county, the transfer being made in wagons, four horses hitched to each of them. We moved again into a log house and set about making a permanent home. The country was very wild, and game plentiful, bear, venison, wild turkey and rabbit seeming to await the hunter's rifle. I recall one Sunday morning when I stepped into the yard and found four deer browsing. I called Pap and he ran out, killing one, and later succeeded in bringing home the other three.
Grandpap Kline, mother's father, lived with us and Pap and mother left us children in his care, while they went back to Clinton county aftr a supply of applebutter and other things we did not have in our new home. Grandpap was quite a timid man and very easily frightened, so it did us a world of good to scare the old man. One night I heard him put his head out of a loft window, then call to John and Will, who slept with him, to get up, there was a fox after the chickens, but they pretended not to hear him. Then he called me. I was sleeping down stairs in the trunnel bed. Oh how I snored, fairly shook the house, and he called in vain. As he was afraid to go out himself, and the boys were too sound asleep (?) to waken, the fox got the chickens. Shortly afterward I killed my first deer.
One evening I was sent to the field to get corn for the cattle, and took a rifle with me. Parting a shock, I saw the ears of a deer not far away. I raised the gun and fired, and found I had made a good shot, for after a kick or two, Mr. deer shuffled off. The next thing was to get him home. I pulled and tugged, but could not budge him an inch. Knowing I would be laughed at and disbelieved, if I went back home and said I had killed a deer, I took out my jack knife and cut off an ear, and like Joshua and Caleb, took something back to prove the truth of my story. Pap hurried out, after seeing the ear and dragged the deer to the house. When weighed, we found it tipped the scales at one hundred pounds. For days I walked on air, for had I not done a big thing for a kid?
One of our duties was to keep the wood box replenished. My sister and I carried wood about forty rods from the house. I had heard a good deal about the devil, how I was likely to be nabbed without time for argument, and had considerable fear as well as curiosity concerning him. One evening at dusk, we made our usual trip, and there in a tree, saw two big round eyes and heard a mournful hoot. My first thought was, that I was the next candidate of the place I had heard so much about, and Sister and I fell over each other seeing who could get into the door first. I dold Mother "the devil is out there," but she sent us right back. I grew bolder, investigated, and found the "Devil" was only a hoot owl. Since then I have not taken much stock in such stories.
Pap prospered and after a time built a new house, a little south of where the old one stood. It had several rooms and unlike other houses in that vicinity, was plasterd. When completed we moved in. I asked my brother if he thought Heaven was anything like that, for it was the finest house I had ever seen.
We went to school in the winter time. One of the teachers was Oscar Piper, who boarded around among the patrons of the school. He passed for a scholar, was a reader of Tom Paine. He and Pap often set up at night to argue whether we were or were not free moral agents. Finally he became spiteful and took his anger out on Sister and I, in the school. After an unusually strong tilt with Pap, he called Sister and I up for imaginary offense, put a cap on her head and a sunbonnet on me and told us to stand up before the school. I jerked the cap off her head and the bonnet off my own cranium, and started for home at a lively pace, with Piper close to my heels. We ran across the field as if possessed by the "old Harry," I reaching the stake and rider fence a little in advance of the teacher, who was puffing like an engine, his long hair flying in the wind. I ran in the house, got Pap's gun and met the schoolmster with it cocked. Well I did not shoot, just put up a bluff and what I said was not read in the scriptures. That night he and Pap had an understanding which ended by him taking a summersault out the door and his Sunday clothes flying out after him.
My next teacher was Miss Jane Hill, sister of Dr. William Hill of this city. I got along better with her and, by the way, it might be well to say that she figured as a prominent party in the first wedding I ever attended, being a bridesmaid.
The couple married were my cousin, Mary Ann Waymire, and Henry Ream, Rev. J. H. Lacy officiating, Jane Hill bridesmaid and John Hoover best man. The wedding took place at our house in the presence of many people. Such a lot of cooking and fixing as went on for days before the wedding, but the day came at last, the folks began to arrive and at the time appointed, the bridal party walked out, all in their fine toggery. You bet that was a sight for Nelson. Brother and I got in the corner and I whispered: "John, does a fellow have to go through all that tom foolin' to get married?" "Of course, you fool you," he answered. "Then," said I, "danged if I will ever get married." "Yes you will," he insisted, and we argued the point until time to eat. He proved to be a prophet, for I committed matrimony twice as all know, and if single would be on the market again.
There was not much style in the days of which I write. Of course we were taught to have company manners, and behave a trifle better on those occasions, but if a boy wanted to lick his knife from the handle to the "pint," pour his coffee into the saucer, drink clear around the rim and smack his mouth like a pig drinking buttermilk, there was no particular damage done and he was not apt to get a lickin'. The table was long and broad, not built for beauty, but to hold the "grub," for every thing was put on at one time, and a fellow could sit up and help himself to what he liked best. In place of serving the dinner in courses, each course only enough to smear the mouth of a katydid, the whole family sit down at once, the food passed and by the time we were ready to eat, each plate looked like it was filled with the leavings of a charity supper. Meal time was the hour of good cheer, and the way us boys stored the things away, cracked jokes and laughed, was conducive to good health if not to good manners.
Our house was headquarters for preachers, those traveling the circuit and visiting each neighborhood about once in three or four weeks. As my parents were very religious, and I might add tried to live what they believed was right, they always welcomed those of their faith and gave them the best their means afforded. My mother was an excellent cook, and prided herself in providing the most toothsome food for her family, and doubly so when the man of God put in an appearance, for she had learned that a man's appetite was not disturbed by his religion, in fact the more religion he had the bigger his appetite seemed to be. One man, Elder Lakin, came every three weeks. His home was in Peru. That man could eat everything in sight, then look hungry. He never failed to compliment mother on her splendid cooking and he also usually passed some remark about me.
One day, at the dinner table, he looked up at my mother and said, as he helped himself to another piece of pie: "Sister Waymire, I like to stop at your house, you are such a good cook, and I tell you what, your boy Nelson is going to make a mighty good preacher some day." It riled me some, and I answered: "Not by a darn sight. But if I could hug the sisters as well as you, I would be one now." The meal was finished in silence, for I had hit the bull's eye.
Previous to this time, however, the first sermon I remember of ever hearing preached, was by Rev. Sam McCarter, who was on Mexico circuit. He was the kind of a preacher who took a fellow by the seat of the pantaloons and the hair of his head and held him over the firey pit until the congregtion smelled smoke. After one of these sermons, I would be afraid to go to bed, and would jump into bed and pull the cover over my head. Father got religion in one of those meetings, and after that we had family prayer twice a day. Those were the days when people got the "power" and would run, jump, and shout until you could hear the converted a mile. One woman, Maria Davis, who was of excitable nature, would jump up and down and shout, was especially pleased with Jake Rannells when he "received the blessing," for she came teetering down the middle of the meeting house on the tips of her toes, until she reached Jacob, brought a brawney hand down on his back like a sledge hammer as she hallooed: "Praise God, the biggest rascal in the country is on the Lord's side."
Preachers were not paid much money. Rev. Samuel Woolpert got the magnificent sum of $100 per year, and whatever else the members of the church wished to give him, in the way of provisions--sidemeat, ham, sausage, flour or meal. None of them parted their hair in the middle, or put perfume on their 'kerchief to make them smell good. Times have changed, and perhaps it is well that they have.
As a general thing, the early minister was an honest, earnest man, and was not afraid to soil his hands with hard work. So, when they happened around and there was extra work, they pitched in and made a "hand," especially at the table.
There is another thing, connected with those early days, that ligers in my memory and I hope never to forget, and that is hearing my mother pray for me as she kneeled by her bed in he loft. I would lay in my bed and listen as she asked a special blessing for her wayward boy Nelson, and alhough I was full of mischief, at other times, I never felt like laughing, for those gentle prayers were fraught with a solemn meaning to my young mind, although that meaning I did not understand. The years have passed, and I have experienced some of the misfortunes common to the lot of man, I have had much pleasure and not a little success in worldly things, but there are times, even yet, when I would give all I have or hope to have, to go back to that little bed under the clapboard roof and hear my dear old mother say, "God bless my boy."
As I grew in size, I also learned a few things that still stick to me like a porous plaster, one of them being to learn how to spell. I went to all the spelling schools in Union township, and earned the reputation of being the best speller in the neighborhood. I knew every word in the Elementary spelling book, and they could not stump me, try as they would. One time, all the schools in the township gathered at the Weesaw church, to contest for a prize, a nicely bound Webster's dictionary. Two of the best spellers in each school were selected, and I was one of them out of the Weesaw school. We were to be given but one trial at each word and a girl and I were fnally left to face the music alone. We spelled everything pronounced, and when there was no hope of losing out, the judge said: "Give them a word out of the dictionary." The chosen word was Scheneedochee. The girl missed and I spelled it by the skin of my teeth and got the prize.
I will now pass on to the time when the war began and I with my brothers enlisted, I going much against the wishes of my father. I belonged to the state militia two years and thought it nice to be a soldier. Joined Company L, 12th Ind. Cavalry and staid in service until Nov. 10, 1865.
Never will I forget the day we started to the war. Mother followed as far as the bend in the road, and after kissing us goodby, said, between sobs, as the tears ran down her cheeks: "Be good soldiers, and obey orders and if shot in battle, let it be with your faces toward the flag." That advice followed me through many a conflict, and helped to put courage into my heart.
The first battle I was in was at Murfreesboro and the first man I saw wounded had his chin shot off. I am free to confess that my hair stood up stiff on my koko, and when the comrade by my side lost his arm, I thought things were getting pretty d---d hot in my vicinity. But then I was only eighteen years of age and felt a little squeemish. I soon got over that, and took to shootin' like a duck to water.
My father wrote us letters from home each week and that helped us immensely, for we were always glad to hear from the old folks at home. Our family, Waymire and Staley, sent twelve soldiers to the front. Two lost their lives on southern battle fields and all the rest were wounded.
I might go on and tell of the battles I was in and the many privations endured for my country, but what's the use, the war is over, the last gun fired and hope it will never again be my lot to see our glorious flag wave in another bloody strife. Therefore will only relate an incident or two that occurred while I lay sick in Cumberland Hospital, Nashville, Tenn.
There were many men in the hospital who had lost limbs, and some who would never again see the light of a northern sky. Consequently, the place was not as lively as a German Sunday school picnic, in fact it was a place of gloom most of the time. There were a few soldiers who could see the funny side to every thing, and they were ones who kept life in the poor homesick lads, who wanted nothing so much as to see their mothers and eat some of the food prepared as only a mother knows how.
One fellow we called Jimmy, because we did not know his other name, had both legs off at the knees and the right arm off at the elbow. Even that could not dampen his spirits, and as soon as he could get out of bed, he fastened leather stumps on his legs, then with the aid of a board, came stumping into our ward and would go through such antics and say such comical things, the boys would laugh until they cried. I often said "If that dern fool could be happy with his legs and an arm off, I ought to be with mine all on."
I was so sick my father came to see me and it was a proud moment when I heard Captain Thornton say I was a brave soldier and had not flinched when on the firing line.
I was fearfully afflicted with stomach trouble, so all I was given to eat, in the hospital, was toast and blue milk. I grew to dispise toast and begged for fruit. Shortly after, I was sent home on a furlough. When I got off the train at Peru, and started home, my legs wabbled so from weakness that I could only walk a short distance, then rest. It was ten o'clock at night when I reached my father's door. Mother did not know me, for I was so poor there was but little left but bones with the skin drawn over them. The hospital doctor had sent a letter to Pap, telling him what I should and should not eat. One of the things to eat was toast. I kept asking for fruit, and they kept wanting to give me toast, so I had about concluded to go back to the army, when the country doctor offered me half of a peach. Finding that did me no injury, I went out to the orchard, filled my hat with apples, peaches and pears, ate as long as I could hold, waited, then ate some more. For three weeks I lived on fruit, followed my brother around the field as he plowed, eating as I walked. That convinced me that nature knew more about what I needed than the doctors who looked so wise and tried to stuff me on baby food.
I went to the front a Republican and came out more firm in that political faith than when I went, grew stronger as I increased in age, and, I trust, in wisdom. I cast my first vote for Gen. U. S. Grant for president, and every ballot since then has been for the Grand Old Party.
In those days I would fight at the drop of the hat, and gave a trouncing to a Democrat I once met in the road, who first insulted me, then wanted me to halloo "hurrah for Hell," meaning the Republican ticket. I said "All right; every man for his own country," and by that time I had him in the dust and left the print of my fist on his anatomy until he looked like a spotted pup. His name was Eugene Benedict and, if living, I warrant he feels sore in spots to this day. Those were hot times and I had my share of the fun both going and coming.
I was twenty-four years of age when I married Mary Ann Stubbs, a Fulton county girl, and we lived together sixteen years on the old home place, and then moved to Liberty township, Fulton county, where she died. Later, Miss Mary Ann Burns became my wife, and for the first two years lived on the John Gottschalk place, in Rocheser township. One day my wife said she would buy ten acres of ground if I would put up a house and in this way have our own home. I agreed. We put up a house, built a barn, put in a well, and about Christmas time moved in. That year we cut eighty cords of wood and fence posts, planted a good orchard, had a garden and numerous other things. In this she helped me, working faithfully by my side.
The greatest surprise of my life came while I was working on the John McKinney farm. I had heard that my uncle, John Kline, of Kentucky, my mother's brother, had become a wealthy man, but never thought about his money doing me any good. When my cousin, Harrison Kline, came out to the McKinney farm and told me that I was one of my uncle's heirs, I did not say much but kept up a devil of a thinking and felt good all over. I only about half believed that anything so good could come to me, and concluded to keep mum and wait. When the estate was finally settled, my share was a little over eight thousand dollars, but it did not give me the big head, for money or no money, was still "Old Dad Waymire," plain and homespun, like my daddy before me, yet honest with my fellow man.
I did not buy diamonds, or finery for my wife, or fool money away, but I did buy a comfortable home and a good buggy, and try to take a little pleasure and do a little good as we pass along toward the sunset of our journey, which can't be so many years to come. I have been a hard worker, so has my faihful companion, and we hope to spend our remaining days in peace with the world and all mankind.
[Marguerite L. Miller, Home Folks, Vol. I, 1910, pp. 77-84]

WAYMIRE GARAGE [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv. - Open for Business - The Waymire Garage - Located One Mile North of Rochester, on Michigan Road. We make a specialty of repairing cars of any and all makes, will call for and deliver them without extra charge. Gasoline - Oil - Accessories. Low Overhead Means Moderate Prices. Harvey Waymire.]
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, May 25, 1923]

WAYNE TOWNSHIP [Fulton County]
At this late day, and in view of the meager data we have been able to obtain, we are not prepared to state positively who was the first white settler within the present townsip of Wayne. It is believed, however, that John Fetcher was one of the first. He located in the southeast part of the township, near the lake that still bears his name, as early as 1832 or 1833. Although he was a cripple, he did a large amount of work, clearing and cultivating a small farm and devoting a large share of his time to the pursuit of the wild game then so abundant. John G. Treen located at the east end of the lake, on land adjoining Fletcher, some time between 1833 and 1835. He cleared and improved a portion of his land, and was prominently identified with the earlier history of the township. In later years, however, he removed with his family to Cass County, where he remained till his death. Thomas Whalen, Felix McLaughlin, "Jack" Smith and Jacob Smith were also among the advance guard of the pioneers. They settled in the southern part of the township within the period intervening between 1834 and 1837, and bore well their parts in the develoment and improvement of the township. Michael Troutman came in 1837, and in February, 1838, David Marsh entered the farm which he still occupies, in Sections 19 and 30. Shortly afterward, however, he returned to Ohio, and came back to live upon his farm in the spring of 1844. His wife, it is believed, was the first white girl who settled in the township. Her father, John Hall, settled in Cass County, Ind., in 1827, and died there, and in 1835 his wife removed with her family to this township, locating near the lake. Mrs. Marsh was then a girl, eleven years old, and has a distinct rcollection of the Indians, who were almost her only neighbors, and the pleasure she experinced when white peope would visit that region in quest of land.
In the fall of 1841, Jacob Hendrickson came with his family from Ohio and located upon the farm where he now resides, in Section 16. "At the time of my arrival here," said Mr. Hendrickson, "There were seventeen or eighteen families living within the present bounds of Wayne Township. There were Nathan McCumber and family, Elias Gandy and family, Peter F. Brunck and family, Robert and William Torrence and their families, Frederick Long and family, James Callahan and family, Cornelius Coovert and family, Frank Huff and family, Jacob Smith and family, Jack Smith and family, Moses McElhany and family, Thomas Whalen and family, Felix McLaughlin and family, Samuel Custer and family, Benjamin Adair and family, Maurice Fitzgerald and family, Abraham Sutphen and family, Joseph Horn and family, Michael Wilson and family, and others." Aaron and John Heiser, Mr. Nicholls, Thomas Burk, James Lamb and Michael Wilson came during the year 1840. Samuel Stroub, Henry Bowman, Joseph Hendrickson and others came in the year 1841. William Van Meter came in the spring of 1842, and John R. Schenck, ----- Camlin and others came later in the same year. Frederick Huffman and Robert Holliday were among the settlers of 1843, and John Teegarden, Isaac Egman, John Matthews, Samuel Lyon, James Van Blaricum, William Phillips and Thomas Phillips were among those who came in 1844. John Hume came in 1845, and during that year the settlement received the addition of several other families, whose names cannot now be obtained. John R. Smalley came in 1847, and located on the land where he still resides, in Section 20. James Thrush came about two weeks later, and located about a mile west of Mrs. Smalley. Jacob Pownall came in the same year, and located about a mile north of the Smalley farm; he now lives in Liberty Township. Between the years 1847 and 1851, new families came to the settlement with greater frequency than in the earlier days, and it would not be possible to give a complete list of all who came within that period. Among this number, however, we may mention the names of Martin Friedner, Daniel Bishop, Ephraim Bishop, Robert McLaughlin, David McGaughey, Robert Beattie, Samuel Beattie, Daniel Rush, Samuel Ware, Peter and Abraham Lane, Alfred McDonald, and others. From this time on, the settlement of the township progressed rapidly.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 60]

See Grass Creek Fire House.

WAYSIDE INN [Akron, Indiana]
Located on Rochester Street in Akron, owned and operated by Sterling Crosby. It was a log cabin.
Sterling Crosby and wife Lucinda Sippy Crosby married in Medina County, Ohio, Sept. 15, 1833. The Crosby family was supposed to have come to Akron in 1837 from Medina County, Ohio. He was the first shoemaker in the settlement. In 1837 the Crosbys erected a cabin on Rochester Street where the old Palace Garage is now located a block west of the stoplight. They kept open house and many weary travelers found comfortable lodging and a good meal at this Wayside Inn which was the first boarding house of the village.
[Dr. Joseph Sippy Family, Velma Bright, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

Located on SW corner of SR-14 at the entrance to Colonial Condominiums.
Started by Walter House.

WEASNER, PETER [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rochester, Indiana [Historical Review]

Peter Weasner has rented the old Langsdorf meat market stand on north Main street. Mr. Weasner is now proprietor of two meat shops, one being on Wall street. Frank Rannells will have charge of the new shop.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, October 5, 1901]

WEATHER WARNING FLAGS [Rochester, Indiana]
Rochester is to be provided with a Signal Service station. A wire stretched across Main street from the Central Block to Shields' building was put in position yesterday on which to display the signal flags. When you see the flag indicating that an able-bodied cyclone is coming, it will be time to hunt your holes. Joking aside, the service, if properly conducted, will be of incalculable benefit to the public. Mr. J. W. F. Smth will receive the reports and display the signals.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, April 21, 1886]

WEATHERFORD, FRANK [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Hotels - Arlington

WEBER, CHARLES F. [Rochester, Indiana]
Charles F. Weber, farmer, P.O. Rochester, son of Nathaniel and Susan (Downey) Weber, the former a native of Ohio and the latter of Indiana. The subject of our sketch was born on the farm where he now resides, September 12, 1856, and was educated in the schools of the county. His farm consists of 116 acres, and is well improved. He resides in Section 24, and is a young man of energy and ability, with a good prospect of long years of usefulness before him.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 32]

WEEKS, SELDON [Akron, Indiana]
See: Home Bakery

WEILLS & PETERSON [Rochester, Indiana]
{Adv] NEW HARDWARE STORE by a new firm. - - - - Hardware - - -Building Material and Agricultural Implements - - - Prices Low. - - - WEILLS & PETERSON, Commercial Block, on North Main Street.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, April 23, 1881]

WEILLS, PETERSON & WEBBER [Rochester, Indiana]
Notice is hereby given that the co-partnership heretofore existing between Weills, Peterson & Webber, in the hardware trade, has been dissolved by mutual consent, M. S. Weills retiring from the firm. The books and accounts are in the hands of the remaining partners for settlement. WEILLS, PETERSON & WEBBER, Dec 24th, '84.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, December 27, 1884]

WEISE, CHAS., MRS. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Hotels - Arlington

WELCH, CON [Rochester, Indiana]
Another business change is the north end livery stable. Enoch Mow has sold out to Con Welch, the well known Newcastle township farmer, and, in part payment, took the showy team of heavy draft dapple greys heretofore driven by Mr. Welch. Con will sell his personal property at public sale and then move to town.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, March 5, 1897]

WELCOME INN [Grass Creek, Indiana]
Restaurant operated in building just north of the elevator, by Mrs. Sommers, the wife of the elevator owner.

WELLS AND WIND MILLS [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] FARMERS, ATTENTION! Wells and Wind-mills. Having over ten years experience in the Well and Wind Mill business we are now selling the old reliable Perkins Wind Mill, and respectfully solicit your orders for wells and wind mills in Marshall and Fulton counties. Prices on application. Orders left with P. M. Shore will receive prompt attention. Work warranted. J. A. MATHENY, Argos, Ind. LEVI STAHL, Rochester, Ind.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, July 2, 1890]

The local Wells Fargo agency has been furnished a new horse to replace "Old Joe" that dropped dead several days ago after a good many years of faithful service.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, February 20, 1908]

Rochester friends are in receipt of word of the death Saturday at Ashland, Ohio of C. B. WHITE a former resident of this city. Whe he lived in Rochester, White was the local agent for the then Wells Fargo Express Company. He was the express agent at Ashland, where death occurred.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, January 29, 1923]

Beginning June 1st, the two express companies of this city, the American and the Wells Fargo, will consolidate their business in this city. Two wagons will be operated, as in the past, but the office work will be in charge of W. C. Smith, the present Wells Fargo agent.
Offices of the two companies have consolidated in many other cities for years. It is the present plan to make the action effective over the United States.
It is not known what E. H Mattice, the American agent, will do, but it is possible that he will be transferred to some other ciy.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, May 15, 1914]

The Rochester Wells Fargo and American Express agencies were united today (Monday) the offices of the companies to be in the room on west 8th street formerly occupied by the latter. W. C. Smith, Fargo agent, is now agent for both companies.
The business of the two companies will be kept entirely separate, two sets of books being maintained for that purpose. Both wagons will run as formerly. E. H. Mattice, former American agent, will not continue in the service. Several men have applied for the place as driver of the American wagon. Will Delp will continue on the Fargo wagon.
This change has been made in many places to reduce office expenses and does not mean that the companies are merged. In many cities the United States Co., is merging with one or the other of these companies.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, June 1, 1914]

WENTZEL, EDWARD [Union Township]
Edward Wentzel was born in Northumberland county, Pa., Nov. 21, 1830. His parents were Christophal and Leah (Adams) Wentzel. They were natives of Pennsylvania and of German parentage. They had twelve children, all of whom grew to manhood and womanhood. The subject of this sketch remained at home with his parents until 1855, when he was married to Elizabeth Schwartz, a native of Pennsylvania, of German origin. In the spring of 1858 Mr. Wentzel came to Fulton county and settled on his present farm in Union township, where he now owns 340 acres of land. He has been a successful farmer, and has reared a good family. Unto him and his wife the following children have been born: Nathaniel, who married Ida Bitterling, and is now a farmer; Julia Ann, who is the wife of Rev. A. E. Gift; and Jesse, who married Ruth M. Singer, and is now a farmer. Nov. 29, 1864, Mr. Wentzel became a private in company E, Ninth Indiana infantry. He was discharged by reason of the close of the war, Oct. 18, 1865. He is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. He and his sons are republicans in politics. The whole family are members of the Evangelical Lutheran church.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, p. 145]

WENTZEL, NATHANIEL S. [Union Township]
Nathaniel S. Wentzel was born in Sunbury, Northumberland county, [Pennsylvania], February 27, 1856, the son of Edward and Elizabeth (Swartz) Wentzel. Edward Wentzel came from Pennsylvania to Logansport, Indiana, by train, and from there he came to Union township, Fulton county, Indiana. He bought land here and farmed it, increasing his possessions until at the time of his death he had three hundred acres of land. He made his home on this farm for over forty years, and died in 1917, his wife having preceded him in death in 1910. They had three children: Julia, Jesse and N. S. Nathaniel S. Wentzel was educated in the public schools of his home community and since the completion of his studies, he has engaged in farming. He inherited one hundred acres from his father and seventy acres which he earned himself. He has never cared to confine his attention to any particular branch of agriculture, preferring to carry on general farming. He was married to Ida Bitterling and to them have been born five children: Bertha, Edna, Esther, Charles, and Arthur.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 293-294, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

WERNER, J. C. [Rochester, Indiana]
Prof. J. C. Werner, former county superintendent, has accepted a position as director of corresnpondence in the extension department of the Kansas State Agricultural college at Manhattan, Kan., and will leave the first of the week to take up his new work. His family will go later.
Mr. Werner began his teaching in Aubbeenaubbee township and later changed to Gilead. In 1905, he finished a course at Indiana univdersity and was given an A.B. degree. In 1906, he was made county superintendent, an office he held for six years, making a splendid record. At the close of his term, he had charge of the Rochester college for one year, then went to Chicago university, where he this year received his Master's degree.
The Kansas college has an annual attendance of about 3,000, with a faculty numbering 200, and as Prof. Werner has always been ambitious to attain a college position, he is to be congratulated on securing such an enviable place.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 20, 1913]

WERNER, JOHN [Rochester, Indiana]
John J. Werner, who is manager of the Rochester Co-Operative Elevator, was re-elected president of the Farmers Grain Dealers Association at their annual meeting which was held at Purdue University Thursday.
Mr. Werner has served as president of the association during the past year and was very reluctant to accept the presidency for another year.
Other officers of the association who have served with Mr. Werner during the past year were re-elected.
These officers are: H. O. Rice, Huntington, first vice president; Walter Penrod, Medaryville, second vice president; W. L. Woodfield, Lafayette, secretary and treasurer.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, March 1, 1935]

At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Rochester Farmers Mutual Insurance Co. held in this city today, John Werner was elected as Secretary to fill the vacancy in this office which was incurred by the death of Edwin C. Mercer. Mr. Werner will serve until next October.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, April 4, 1935]

WERNER, MARVEL E. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Marvel E. Werner)

WERT BROS. [Rochester, Indiana]
Wert Bros. has a full line of cigars and Tobacco, candies and fruits. One door south of Emrick and Metcalf's millinery store.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, May 3, 1904]

The Wert Bros. billiard and cigar business will move into the room now occupied by the Ditmires.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 30, 1904]

Ira Wert has disposed of his interest in the firm of Wert Bros. and will go to Peru Monday, where he has accepted a postion in the shoe department of Hale's store.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, October 13, 1904]

WERTS' CASH SHOE STORE [Rochester, Indiana]
{Adv] TAN SHOES! Our line of Tan Shoes for Ladies, Misses and Men, surpasses any and all lines in this market in style, quality and price, and we sell them at greatly reduced prices. Call and see them. WERTS' CASH SHOE STORE.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, July 30, 1897]

[Adv] WAIT FOR US! WATCH FOR US! Stock is on the Road. - - - I have bought the Big Cooper stock at North Manchester, the heavy Smith stock of Dunkirk and the F. J. Fowler stock at Logansport. Think of it! Three big stocks added to my store. More shoes than all the rest together and at prices that talk. - - - Don't buy shoes until we open, Friday, April 29. - - - - S. I. WERT, The Cash Shoe Store Man, Rochester, Ind.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, April 29, 1898]

[Adv] CLOSING OUT SALE of Boots and Shoes. Sale opens Saturday, March 9th, everything must be sold by March 27th. GOING OUT OF BUSINESS - - - WERT'S CASH SHOE STORE.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, March 8, 1901]

S. I. Wert, who is now closing out his stock of shoes, will go to Delphi, the latter part of next week. He will engage in the same business there, and already has a store nicely arranged.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, March 18, 1901]

Wert's Shoe store was closed yesterday evening by an order of the bankruptcy court. For several days rumors have been out that the store would be closed by creditors and the action came yesterday evening when the store was full of people buying the bargains in shoes the store has been giving for several days.
While nothing definite is given out all kinds of rumors are afloat as to the liabilities of Mr. Wert. Some say his debts will not exceed $5,000 and others estimate them as high as $14,000. But whatever the amount, by the time the attorneys fees and court costs are settled there will be little left for the creditors all of whom are out of town wholesale firms. Mr.Wert failed some years ago in Bluffton or Decatur.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, December 25, 1903]

WERTZ, MISS M. E. [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] LADIES, The place to get all the late style MILLINERY, at the lowest prices, is at the millinery establishment of MISS M. E. WERTZ - - - Shop 1st door south of Commercial block, Rochester, Ind.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, October 28, 1885]

WERTZBERGER, HOWARD [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Howard's Variety Store

WERTZBERGER, MEL [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Howard's Variety Store
In a business transaction consummated today, Mrs. Mel Wertzberger, proprietor of the Howard's Variety store, located on the corner of Main and 9th streets, became the owner of the C. E. Renbarger Grocery, which is adjacent to the Variety Store.
According to Mrs. Wertzberger the store will continue to operate under the name of "Renbarger's Grocery." The new owner also stated today that Fred Shobe will be retained as manager and Ernest Bonine as his assistant. This transaction was incurred through the death of C. E. Renbarger. Mrs. Renbarger plans to reside in Galien, Mich., and will remove to that city in the near future.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, June 29, 1936]

WERTZBERGER, W. J. "BILL" [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Bill Wertzberger)

WESLEY, INDIANA [Henry Township]
See: Akron, Indiana

Alfred T. Welton, Aug 9, 1837, William Culver, Sep 30, 18 [??]
Hiram L. Welton, - - - - - - [?], Jacob Whittenberger, Jan 28, 1846.
[Name changed to Akron, Jan 6, 1853.
[F.C.H.S. Files]

WEST, BENJAMIN ODEN [Rochester, Indiana]
B. O. WEST (Biography)
For thirteen years the traveling public has met B. O. (Ben) WEST at the ticket window of the C. & A. Ry. depot. Mr. West was born and raised at Washington, D.C., where he was educated in the city schools and at Maryland Agricultural college. He came west in 1880 as civil engineer for the Mutual Union Telephone Co. and the C. & A. Ry. construction company. In all of the thirteen years of his railway agency here he has taken but three vacations from office duty and he has always been an enthusiast for the interests of his road. He married Miss Jennie HELVIN, of North Carolina, and their family consists of two children, Irene and Charley [WEST].
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, September 20, 1895]

Benjamin Oden West. - This gentleman is a representative of the Chicago & Erie railway, and agent for the Wells-Fargo express company, at Rochester, Ind. He is a native of Washington, D.C., born Jan. 9, 1858. He is a son of Benjamin Oden and Helen West, whose maiden name was Williams. The father of Mr. West was born in Maryland and his death occurred in Washington, D.C., in 1858. The mother of our subject with her daughter (Helen Oden) now resides with her son in Rochester. Mr. West first attended a private school in the city of his nativity, and later was for four years a student at the Maryland agricultural college, where he succeeded in acquiring a good education. In 1881 he entered the employ of what was then the Mutual Union telegraph company of New York city, but which has since been absorbed by the Western Union company. Here Mr. West continued until June, 1882, when he entered the employ of what was then the Chicago & Atlantic railway company, now the Chicago & Erie line, in the capacity of civil engineer and this trust he held until the completion of the line to Chicago. Mr. West came to Rochester March 27, 1883, and since that time he has been the Chicago & Erie's agent at this place. He has been the agent for the Wells-Fargo express company here since 1886. He is a man in whom the companies he represents and the people of his adopted city have implicit faith and confidence. In 1879 he was united in marriage with Miss Jennie Helvin, a native of North Carolina. They have two children, viz.: Irene O. and Charles W. In politics Mr. West is a democrat and cast his first presidential vote for Hancock. He is a memberr of Fredonia lodge, No. 122, K. of P., and Mrs. West is a member of the Episcopal church. They are among the highly respected citizens of Rochester.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 145-146]

An interesting letter was received at the News-Sentinel office today from B. O. West, of this city, who is spending the winter season at Winter Haven, Fla. Mr. West having read the recent articles appearing in the paper about those who had seen the dead Abraham Lincoln was living in Washington at the time the Civil War president was assassinated and relates the following facts concerning the tragedy:
"I was living in Washington, D. C. at the time President Lincoln was killed. We lived only two blocks from Fords theatre when Mr. Lincoln was shot. We kept a horse and carriage in the same alley where Booth came in at the rear of the theatre. I also knew at that time the boy who held Booth's horse while he went into the play house to kill the president."
The former Chicago & Erie ticket agent added that the weather had been ideal at Winter Haven and at the present time Mr. Geo. W. Holman and daughter, Lucille, Mrs. Katherine Brackett, all of this city, and Mrs. Rome Stephenson of South Bend were guests at his home.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, February 20, 1930]

WEST, HELEN O. [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Watch this space for special bargains in art needle work and supplies. HELEN O. WEST.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 23, 1910]

WEST & CO., IRENE [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] Saturday, Sept. 19, the 5 & 10 Cent Store WILL OPEN. - - - No article in stock will be paid for more than ten cents or less than five. - - - IRENE WEST & CO., Opposite Zimmerman's Furniture Store.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 19, 1903]

WEST SIDE, THE [Lake Manitou]
See Lake Manitou Boats

See: Dawson, George V.

WESTERN OIL COMPANY [Rochester, Indiana]
Rochester will now have another filling station. This became true Thursday when the Western Oil and Refining Company, 310 North Meridian street, Indianapolis, purchased the old Reece property at 318-320 North Main street of the Reece heirs. C. V. Kindig and Sons contractors were given a contract Friday for the erection of a modern filling and service station, which will be housed in a 22 by 60 brick structure which will have crushed rock approaches. The Western Oil Company has as their trade mark the work "Target" on all their products. No local manager has as yet been named by the company.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, July 9, 1927]

See: West, Benjamin Oden

The Western Union telegraph company will abandon the old B. & O. telegraph line which runs along the Michigan road in the near future, and the wires and poles will then be removed.
Rochester Sentinel, Friday, April 18, 1902]

Newt Canaday, the Western Union telegraph agent who has had charge of the business here for two or three years, has been promoted to a better position in the main office of the company at Indianapolis where he will commence work next Monday. He will be succeeded by Willis Coplen, and Mrs. Canaday will remain here a couple of months and assist in the business of the office.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, July 2, 1903]

A gang of fifteen men in the employ of the Western Union Telegraph Company, came to Rochester, yesterday evening, to commence the work of moving the through wires, running from Chicago to Indianapolis, from the Michigan road to the Vandalia right of way, and to remove the poles from Main street and place them in the alleys.
The work of removing the poles in Rochester will not be commenced until the latter part of next week and at present it is not known whether an underground cable will be laid or the poles put up again.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, October 25, 1904]

From the Leader.
A gang of men passed through this place the first of the week and removed the wires from the old Western Uion poles and placed them on the Vandalia railroad poles.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, October 31, 1904]

The Western Union Telegraph Co. will run a line into Chas Mitchell's cigar store election night and bulletins will be received there.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, November 4, 1904]

The old telegraph line along the Michigan road is now a thing of the past. Linemen are now taking down the poles and the gang passed through Rochester today, going north and lowering the poles as they went.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, November 15, 1904]

The Western Union Telegraph company is erecting a new line from the Lake Erie depot to their office on Washington street. When the poles were removed from the Michigan road it left their office cut off from the service and it became necessary that they should connect with the Lake Erie wires.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, December 8, 1904]

After making out his monthly report, buying an express money order for the amount due the company, and taking care of the work of the office up to 6 o'clock last Friday evening, Willis Coplen, the operator at the local Western Union Telegraph Co's office, suddenly disappeared, and dispite telephone, telegraph, and special delivery mail efforts to find him, all the attempts have been futile.
Coplen has not been feeling well for several weeks, and has eaten very little. At times he has acted very strange, and United States Express Agent A. C. Mitchell, who has his office with Coplen, says he acted very queer Friday evening. Mitchell was the last man to see Coplen, who attempted to converse with him at their office at six o'clock. Mr. Mitchell says he did not talk distinctly and would only utter sylables of words; that he could operate the wire all right, and that he was perfectly sober.
After supper Friday evening, as Coplen could not be found, Floyd Mattice took care of the business. On the desk of the office was found a number of letters written by Coplen. They were written in a good hand, but like his speech had been while talking to Mr. Mitchell, were unintelligent. In the notes, which were all addressed to Cashier O. B. Smith, of the First National Bank, who is one of Coplen's bondsmen for the position held with the Western Union, Coplen had tried to thank Mr. Omar Smith for the kindness shown him.
At 6:30 o'clock Coplen called up Miss Grace Harrison, a hello girl of the Rochester Telephone company, and telling her that he was going north, bid her boodbye. Since then it has been learned that he was at Elkhart Sunday morning, but had left there. It is now thought that he is in Chicago where he has a sister, Mrs. Nora Draper, and where he formerly worked.
An examination of all his books show that he did not take any of the company's money. He had made out his report, signed it, collected all that was due for last month's messages and purchased an express money order for the amount due the Western Union people. He had also paid the rent for his office, and all other expenses.
Up until this morning, an attempt had been made to keep the news of Coplen's disappearance from the officers of the Western Union, but this morning, the Superintendent was written concerning the matter. An attempt was made to persuade that official to allow Floyd Mattice to continue in charge of the office until Coplen could be found. The fact that his whereabouts were not known here was not revealed, but instead the officer was told that Coplen was sick at the home of his sister in Chicago.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, January 9, 1906]

It is rumored that Willis Coplen, the mysteriously missing telegraph operator has been located in Chicago where he is reported very sick. It is expected that he will return to his work here if he recovers and Floyd Mattice has been given temporary charge of the Western Union office.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, January 10, 1906]

Relatives have received word from Mrs. Frank Draper, of Chicago, who writes that her brother, Willis Coplen who disappeared mysteriously from here over a week ago, is at her home and may be able to come to Rochester the latter part of this week.
The letter did not say what he was sick with or what was the cause of his illness. Neither did it say that his mind was allright, or what had been the cause of his sudden disappearance. it did, however, say that he would be allright, and there was no danger, and that if he continued to improve, this week as he did last, he would be well enough to come to Rochester Saturday.
There are other rumors to be heard about Rochester, to the effect that Coplen will not return to his old position, but these the relatives say, have no foundation.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, January 15, 1906]

Diestrict Supt. J. F. Wallick of the Western Union Telegraph Co., came to Rochester, last evening, to investigate the mysterious disappearance of former manager Willis Coplen. After learning the particulars of the entire case the Superintendent, this morning, said, "The Rochester office will continue to be conducted by the present manager, Floyd Mattice, and Mr. Coplen will go to Indianapolis to work.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, January 25, 1906]

The new observatory time electric clocks installed in connection with the Western Union telegraph service are now in several Rochester business places. The places possessing one of these clocks are the postoffice, Gilliland's cigar store, Dawson's, Brackett & Co., Newby's and Wolf & Howard. Each day at eleven o'clock the time flashes over the Western Union wire and if the clocks are off the least bit the minute hand jumps to exactly eleven o'clock. They are also self winding and are all in all a very handy and reliable time piece.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, August 5, 1908]

The office of the Western Union Telegraph Company will be a very busy scene Tuesday evening, and all men who can operate the telegraph key will be pressed into duty. Special wires will be installed to the Armory hall, where the republicans will hold forth, the democratic headwuarters at the Kai Gee theatre and Rochester Cigar store.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, November 3, 1908]

Commencing at 6 o'clock this evening, the Western Union Telegraph Company will inaugurate a new service which will be of great benefit to the public. Messages of fifty words can now be sent for the usual day rate for ten words, which messages will be sent after 6 o'clock p.m., for delivery the next morning at destination. These messages are known as "Night Letters," and are expected to prove very popular with the public. Over and above fifty words the rate is to be one-fifth of day rate for each additional ten words or fraction thereof. These "Night Letters" may be telephoned to the company's office, or collected by messenger, and will be delivered by messenger as ordinary telegrams now are, and may be sent either paid or collect.
A telegram of fifty words to Chicago , to New York, or other Eastern points, fifty cents.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, March 7, 1910]

Commencing Wednesday morning the Western Union Telegraph Company will inaugurate another service similar to the now popular "night letter" plan. The new service is known as "day letters," and under this system messages of fifty words can be sent anywhere in the United States for one and one-half times the amount formerly charged for ten words. For each ten words or fraction thereof over fifty words an additional charge of one-fifth the initial charge is made. One can now send fifty words to Chicago or to any point in Indiana, except the southern end of the state, for 38 cents, whereas at the old rates such a message would cost $1.05. Fifty words to New York and other Eastern cities may be sent for 75 cents. The only distinction made between this service and the usual day rate telegrams is that regular day messages have the first right-of-way over the wires, but no considerable delay will occur to any "day letter." This in connection with their "night letter" and "ocean mail" service will, no doubt, prove quite convenient to the public. Special blanks printed in blue for the new service have been received for use at the local office.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, February 28, 1911]

The vacancy in the management of the local office of the Western Union Telegraph Company made by the resignation of F. J. Mattice, has been filled by Fred Scholder, who resigned his position with the Lake Erie to take up his new duties. Mr. Scholder is an experienced operator, having worked in that capacity for the Western Union and, although the duties of the management are intricate and many, it is presumed he will be able to master them.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, May 22, 1911]
Another occupant-to-be of the new A. J. Dillon building now under construction, became known this morning when it was announced the Western Union Telegraph Company will have its office in the front section of the second story.
For many years the company has occupied the brick building on East Seventh street and besides the inconvenience of being located on a side street, the business has so increased as to demand more commodious quarters.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 16, 1911]

The new building being erected by A. J. Dillon is nearing completion and it is now announced that it will be ready for occupancy by March 1. The work of plastering is finished with the exception of a small part on the second floor and the interior decorations will be a matter of small consideration. The big drawback has been the absence of the flooring and word has been received that that material is on the way from Michigan. At the same time the plate glass for the front windows will arrive and be installed at once.
The main floor will be taken over by Stoner & Black for their hardware stock and the display of automobiles. This firm will also use the third floor, where they will exhibit farm machinery and other hardware. The second floor will be partially occupied by the office of the Western Union Telegraph Company, and the remaining rooms will be rented to professional men. The basement will be turned over to Hartung's tailor shop and a barber shop, the latter proprietors not being named.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, January 10, 1912]

Owing to the fact that Fred Scholder of this city, who has had charge of the local office of the Western Union Company, has resigned, Special Agent Nusam of the company is here and he has selected Harvey Waymire as Mr. Scholder's successor. Mr. Waymire has been in the employ of the company at the Crawfordsville office and formerly was employed as operator in the Rochester office. He is a capable operator and it is thought he will succeed as manager. The retiring manager will hereafter devote his entire time to the plumbing business with which he has been associated for some time.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, February 28, 1912]

The Western Union Telegraph Co., announces another innovation for the benefit of its patrons. Heretofore, the senders of money by wire have not been permitted to include in the transfers any communication of a business or personal character to the payee, such information being req uired to be sent by separate message. Under the new arrangements, however, transfers between points in the United States may include such information and the same will be delivered to the payee at the time the transfer is paid.
Thru this service, people will be enabled to transmit money quickly with proper instructions to meet banking obligations, pay insurance policies, guarantee purchases, accompany bids, purchase railroad, steamship and theater tickets, pay taxes, assessments and bills of all descriptions, make remittances to traveling salesmen and pupils attending distant schools, etc. There is practically no limit to the purposes for which this service is available.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, April 15, 1916]

The large room, opening on Eighth St., formerly occupied by the Racket clothing store, has been rented by the Western Union Telegraph Co., for a new local office. The change will be made from the present location December 1st. Agent Harvey Waymire says that the new office will be modern in every way, new fixtures having been ordered which will give the public better service.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, November 8, 1917]

J. G. Hunter and J. W. Meek, of the Plant Dept. of the Western Union headquarters at Chicago, are in the city installing the fixtures for the new office on 8th St., just east of Main. The men state they expect to finish their work within two weeks, when the city will have a complete and modern telegraph office, of the W. U. type, standard all over the U. S. It is said that more than $600 is being spent in the improvement.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, April 17, 1918]

Harvey Waymire, recently discharged from the service, who had charge of the Rochester office of the Western Union Telegraph Co. for years, has once more taken over the managership in this city. W. L. Emerick, who recently replaced John Slaybaugh, left Tuesday for Kokomo where he will remain for a short time before taking over the office at North Manchester. Mrs. Emerick accompanied her husband.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, March 11, 1919]

Western Union wire repairing gang which has been operating along the Erie railroad from Rochester, west to North Judston for the last three months, last Frday moved from this city to North Judson and will operate from there west. This outfit had four cars in which they lived. Two of the cars contained their supplies, one was constructed very much like a modern dining car and the other contained the sleeping quarters of the crew. A Victrola was in evidence here which according to the boss served to liven up the long winter evenings spent in towns. This is the second Western Union gang which has operated in this county within the past six months, the other working out of Fulton county following the C. & O. railroad.
The Western Union men along the Erie have lowered every pole with the lowest of the thirty different wires thru this city is not more than six feet off the ground at any point, except where there is a road crossing.
The poles were formerly set 120 feet apart but are now twenty feet closer because of the increased number of wires which they are supposed to carry. By setting the poles closer to the ground the men say that it will enable repair men to save much time which formerly was taken in climbing. The reason for lowering the poles was the fact that they are very hard to obtain. By cutting off the part of the pole that has been in the earth at the grass line they were able to use the upper parts. These were first treated with a preparation of creosote to keep them from rotting and also to keep insects from them.
All of the wires from the city have been repaired and the two lead wires have been restrung and copper ones installed. The lead wires were strengthened so as to enable them to conduct electricity better. This will enable the operators along the line to send faster and clearer. Less maintenance will be the result of this improvement it is said.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, March 23, 1920]
The Western Union Telegraph Company in Rochester has been compelled to reduce its force to one man by orders from headquarters, according to Harvey Waymire, in charge of the local office. Beginning Monday noon the services of the messenger boy, Rue McKee were dispensed with and hereafter there will be no calling for messages. They will have to be brought to the office by the sender.
Messages will still continue to be delivered but those far from the office will be sent by taxicabs for which expense the local office is allotted $5.00 per month. Telegrams sent by individuals over the telephone and told to be charged will no longer be received as the agent will not have time to collect for them. Charge accounts and telephone service will still be continued for business houses.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, January 16, 1922]

The Western Union Telegraph office in this city is now under the management of Miss Wilma Rehard who comes here from Lebanon to fill the vacancy left by the resignation of Mrs. E. A. Caldwell.
Miss Rehard, who is twenty years old, was transferred here from the Western Union offices at Lebanon. She has been a certified operator for the past two years.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 26, 1924]

The Western Union Telegraph work crew which is installing new poles and lines between Indianapolis and Michigan City, are now as far north as Rochester. The crew, comprising eighteen men, live in three Pullman type cars, a work car, a combined cooking and dining car and a sleeping car which has also an office for the road foreman. They expect to remain here for about two weeks before moving to Plymouth. The living conditions provided for the Western Union men are ideal. In fact, the W. U. is the only company that employs Pullman cars for housing traveling work crews.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, June 6, 1924]

Harvey Waymire, local manager of the Western Union Telegraph Company, this morning announced that his company had leased the A. D. Robbins room at 717 Main street for a term of 10 years and would move the company's office from its present location at 110 East Eight Street to the new location by December 1. The move is in line with the policy of the Western Union Company that of placing their offices on the principal streets of every city in whch they engage in business. The new local office will be the finest telegraph office in this section of the state, Mr. Waymire stated, and will include a ladies rest room. The new furniture for the office has already arrived. The Western Union Company has occupied the room in the Holman and Stephenson building for the past 15 years. Only the front 40 feet of the Robbins room was leased. A partition will be built dividing the Robbins room.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, October 26, 1929]

An agreement has been completed here it was announced today between the Western Union Telegraph Company and the Rochester Telephone Company whereby telegrams can be sent and received by telephone. The new arrangement will be effective January 1st. This will be a big benefit to business men and others who wish to send and receive telegrams at hours when the telegraph office is closed.
All patrons of the Rochester Telephone Company can phone in their telegrams and have the charge added to their monthly phone bills. Such charges, itemized, will be included with the statements sent out by the phone company at the end of each month.
During Closed Hours
During the hours of day and night, Sundays and holidays when the telegraph office is closed, subscribers can phone in their message and give it to the long distance operators. The message will be immediately transmitted assuring rapid service. Incoming messages received at hours the telegraph office is closed will be telephoned to the addressee without delay and on the following day a confirming typewritten message will be delivered from the telegraph office.
This agreement will end the inconvenience undergone in Rochester for years by persons wishing to send telegrams at odd hours as they were forced to go in person to the railroad crossing switch tower in East Rochester. Also previously telegrams coming in to Rochester were never delivered until the following morning.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, December 9, 1933]

The Rochester Telephone Company business office is being moved today into the new telephone building on [West] Eighth street, Roscoe Pontius, manager, announced today. Long distance booths in the new building will also be in operation.
Beginning Nov. 1 the Telephone Company will act as sole agent for Western Union Telegraph Company in Rochester. During business hours, telegraph business will be handled through the commercial office by means of a teletypewriter. After business hours and on Sundays and holidays the long distance operator will handle telegrams through the switchboard.
Better Service
"By a unification of the telephone and telegraph services we will be better able to serve people of this vicinity," said Mr. Pontius regarding the combination of the two services.
"We're realizing a dream of many years in operating in a new building. We will be in a position to give better service to patrons and we will feel more secure when our equipment is housed in a thoroughly modern, fireproof building," he added.
To Hold Formal Opening
Installation of new equipment will begin soon under the direction of expert engineers from the Stromberg Carlson Company, of Rochester, N. Y. In about two months work will be completed.
As soon as every piece of equipment is in its place the company will hold a formal opening and open house for interested persons. Until that time workmen will be busy with installation work, and will not have time to show people through the plant even though they'd like to.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, September 28, 1938]

Operation of the local office of the Western Union Telegraph Company jointly with the Rochester Telephone Company was begun today. R. D. Pontius, general manager of the telephone company, will be joint manager of both the telephone and telegraph service here.
The Western Union office on Main Street was closed last night. William Leischman, manager, had been transferred to another assignment.
A modern telegraph typewriter, working direct with the Chicago office of the telegraph company, has been installed at the telephone building, 117 West Eighth Street. This, according to Western Union, brings to Rochester the most modern facilities the communication field has to offer.
Complete Wire Service
A complete telegraph service will be continued in the community, including all classes of day and night messages, telegraphic money orders, time service and messenger service. Standard delivery service will also be available.
To assist during the transition period, Roger P. Graybiel, instructor for the telegraph company, will be assigned at the new quarters for a period of several weeks. He will instruct the personnel of the telephone company in all phases of Western Union's work and routine.
How Machine Works
The telegraph messages which will be received at the telephone building, either over the counter or by telephone, will be transmitted by an automatic telegraph typewriter printer. This is a long-distance typewriting machine, resembling a typewriter in appearance and weighing 70 pounds. The impulses produced as the words are written by depressing the keys, record the words upon the dry side of gummed paper tape in the office in Chicago. At the same time, a duplicate of the message is typed upon paper emerging from the machine here.
The process will be reversed when incoming messages are received here. To prepare messages for delivery, all that must be done by the local operator is paste the gummed tape upon which the telegram is printed upon a telegram blank. The message is then ready for delivery by messenger.
24 Hour Service
Residents of Rochester will be provided with telegraph service 24 hours each day through the telephone company.
Western Union and the Rochester Telephone Company today issued an invitation to all persons interested, to call at the telephone building and see the telegraph typewriter in operation.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, November 2, 1938]

WESTFALL, MRS. [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] New Goods! - - - - Hats & Bonnets, handsome ribbons, feathers, also a full line of laces, veils, ties, ruching, collars, cuffs, combs, canvas, zephyrs, fancy card board, floss, and everything pertaining to Needle Work. South Room, Danziger's Block.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, September 20, 1879]

WESTRICK, K. [Rochester, Indiana]
A deal was closed yesterday by which Crate Anderson became the owner of the Rochester bottling works, formerly owned by K. Westrick.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, February 16, 1905]

WESTWOOD BARBER SHOP [Rochester, Indiana]
Located basement 112 E 8th.
Formerly the Tipton barber shop.
See Rochester High School Basketball.

WEWISSA RESERVE [Newcastle Township]
See: Goss, Emanuel
See: Swonger, David C.

WHALEN, THOMAS [Wayne Township]
Thomas Whalen, of Irish descent, was born in Pennsylvania August 7, 1833, and was but six years of age when his parents settled on the place where he now resides. His sister, Joanna, married William Kelley, of Union Township, while he was married, January 27, 1875, to Bridget Hoson, a native of Ireland. This couple have but one living child. Mr. Whalen owns 100 acres of land, and has been elected Township Assessor once. He and his whole family are members of the Catholic Church.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 62]

WHARTON, BESSE EMRICK [Rochester, Indiana]
Rochester people may not generally be aware of the fact that Mrs. Leo D. Wharton, wife of the man who is now producing the famous serial "Romance of Elaine," in his studio at Ithaca, N.Y., is Besse Emrick, daughter of Mrs. Alice Emrick of Rochester, and formerly of this city.
Some photographs of her and her home, now on display at the SENTINEL, have been received by Mrs. Emrick, together with a newspaper clipping which says in part: "Fifty Ithacans participated in a "Lawn fete" given by the Whartons near the moving picture studios at Renwich Park yesterday afternoon. The local talent that participated in the affairs, which will be a scene in the "Romance of Elaine" series, seemed prone to be in the same picture with Lionel Barrymore, Pearl White, Craighton Hale and other screen favorites.
"The character work of Bessie Wharton, wife of Leo D. Wharton, one of the producers, is one of the most interesting features of the picture taking, from the spectator's viewpoint. Mrs. Wharton yesterday took the part of a gypsy fortune-teller and she had 'some' makeup. In fact, her character makeups are very well done."
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, June 30, 1915]

Mrs. Leo D. (Bess Emrick) WHARTON, of Ithaca, N.Y., who is now the guest of her mother, Mrs. Alice Emrick, and who plays big parts with the Wharton Film Co., says that the moving picture game is a life of constant hardships and does not advise girls to enter into this work, unless they have plenty of endurance, and patience and are sure that they are fitted in every respect.
Mr. and Mrs. Wharton, who have been in the game eight and six years respectively, have succeeded to such an extent that, together with Mr. Wharton's brother and brother-in-law, they own and operate one of the largest and best film producing plants in the country. They are employing at the present time such stars as Burr McIntosh, Max Pigeman, Lolita Robertson, Bruce McRay, Reilly Hatch, Creighton Hale, Pearl White, Kate Kathew, Harry Robinson, Dorothy Morton, Miss Edney, Thurlow Bergen, Elsie Esmond, Lottie Alter and Miss Winthrop. These players are all drawing salaries from $1,000 to $5,000 weekly. Besides the artists mentioned, 100 people are employed on the regular staff. The grounds owned by the company cover an area of 43 acres and on them are two immense studios, which are in use at the present time, and another under construction, a large carpenter shop, offices, dressing rooms and work rooms of all descriptions. All the scenery used is built on the grounds by the company's own workmen, who are so efficient that they build boats, cars, etc. Only stars are used in the pictures produced by the Whartons and the films are contracted for by the Pathe Feres people, who release one feature film, consisting of from three to six reels and one episode of a serial, which consists of two reels, each week. The Whartons have been producers for the past two years but have only had the complete immense plant they now own for a year. They are influential enough to be able to use large railroads' fast trains and government troops, stations and forts, in return for which no money is asked, as these things cannot be bought. The plant is located at beautiful Cayuga lake near Ithaca and is situated in one of New York's wonderful scenic districts.
Mrs. Wharton does not do any directing herself, but her husband is the managing director and has under him several assistant managers. She was employed by the Pathe people six years ago, when she broke into the movie game, where she met Mr. Wharton. After a strenuous courtship, she married him about two years ago. She has played, in six years, in 25 different parts and in one part she appeared in 72 reels. She has written several scenarios, which were produced by the Pathe Co., and has one complete now which her husband will produce soon. She is not playing in the Wallingford serial, now being shown here, as she was ill when the piece was started, but has just finished parts in two feature films, "The City" and "The Lottery Man," in which she starred. Mr. Wharton will arrive in the city Saturday and will be only too glad to tell people of his work. It is very interesting and but few understand how the films they see every night are produced.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, November 18, 1915]

Among the film celebrities who passed in Chicago with Mrs. Vernon Castle, dancer and movie star, was Mrs. Bessie Wharton, wife of the Pathe director and daughter of Mrs. Alice Emrick of this city. Mrs. Wharton has a prominent part in Mrs. Castle's new vehicle "Patria," now being taken in California.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, December 1, 1916]

The first installment of the serial picture, "Patria," shown at the Paramount Monday evening, was well received by several capacity crowds. A feature of the picture, which is produced by the Whartons of New York, is the appearance of Mrs. Vernon Castle with the former local girl, Mrs. Bess Emrick Wharton. The four Ravencrofts, an added feature, were highly entertaining in their singing act and received numerous encores. They rendered classical as well as popular selections. Special mention is made of the ukulele imitation.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, April 3, 1917]

WHARTON, ESTHER [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Miniature Dress Shoppe

New Picture Gallery. John Wharton, formerly from Wabash, this State, has rented the new rooms up stairs in Doctor Hill's Building and is now ready to take Pictures. It must be recollected that Mr. Wharton received the Premium at the State Fair as the best artist in the state.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, December 19, 1867]

WHEADON, VOLNEY [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Volney Wheadon)

WHEATLEY, EARL EDWARD [Leiters Ford, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters [Letter From Earl Edward Wheatley)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Second Letter From Earl Edward Wheatley)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Third Letter From Earl Edward Wheatley)

See Berthiesville

See Rochester Telephone Company

Mrs. Lee Jamison, formerly of Tiosa, now of Claypool, is now sole owner of the Whippoorwill Telephone Co., having acquired the half interest held by the Talma Telephone Company.
The Whippoorwill exchange, which has 145 patrons, is said to be valued at $4,000, and is a good paying business, but its distance from Talma made it hard to handle. Mrs. Jamison will continue William Wynn, it is believed, as manager. S. Y. Grove is president of the Talma company, which is also in a flourishing condition.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 3, 1915]

The Whippoorwill rural telephone plant has been sold by "Billy" Foster to Charles and Chauncy Hiatt. The new owners will rebuild the plant into a modern exchange and hope to enlarge the business by improving the service. The plant is located about seven miles northwest of Rochester and has a hundred subscribers.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, November 16, 1922]

WHITCOMB, PAUL [Rochester, Indiana]
See: World War II

Police Officer Paul Whitcomb received considerable of a thrill Wednesday when the Fifth Division troops passed through Rochester, for he directed traffic at Seventh and Main and assisted in the passing of his old regiment, the 21st Field Artillery.
Whitcomb joined the division at San Antonio in February, 1918, and accompanied it to France where, equipped with 4.7 in. guns the regiment participated in many of the battles of the World war.
A division normally at that time consisted of 28,000 men but due to the necessity of losses required replacements in France the Fifth division, the very organizsation passing through this city, lost 2,120 men killed and 6,996 died of wounds.
This is in itself a testimonial of the combat record of the division. Whitcomb was discharged from the organization at Camp Sherman, Ohio, after its return to the United States. This is the first time he has seen the organization since that time.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, May 21, 1941]

WHITE, DR. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Rochester, Indiana [Historical Review]

WHITE, FRANK W. [Rochester, Indiana]
The Cy Davis Variety Store at 816 Main Street was sold today to Frank W. White of Fairmount, an experienced variety store man who will reopen the store within a few days. Several months ago Ostinell A. Davis, brother of Cy Davis founder of the store petitioned the court in a friendly suit asking the appointment of a receiver for the store stating his brother because of his ill-health could no longer manage. The request was granted by Judge Hiram Miller who appointed Ostinell Davis as receiver. The sale of the store to Mr. White was approved this morning by Judge Miller. The sale price was $525 in cash.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, September 17, 1929]

Two business changes have taken place in this city during the past few days which involve the changing of ownership of a variety store and a garage.
The Star Garage at 623-625 North Main Street, has been sold by Herb Shobe to W. E. Russell of Star City. Mr. Russell will change the name of the garage to that of the Russell Garage and will maintain day and night service. A complete repair shop will also be operated in connection with the garage. Mr Shobe has leased the room at 610 Main Street and has moved his stock of auto acccessories there.
Harry Wallace has purchased the variety store at 816 Main Street operated for the past year by Frank White. He will reopen the store next Saturday with a new stock of goods. Mr. Wallace has engaged the serviced of Cy Davis who is an experienced operator of variety stores.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, October 2, 1930]

WHITE, JACK [Lake Manitou]
See: Hotels - Fairview
See: Howard & White

WHITE, JAMES [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From James White)

WHITE, JOHN [Fulton, Indiana]
For good second class lumber at $7.00 per thousand go to John White, at Fulton.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, December 10, 1897]

WHITE, LESTER [Rochester, Indiana]
Lester White, who has been employed at the Armour plant in east Rochester for the past two years, Tuesday purchased the J. C. Johnson grocery at 517 East Fourteenth St. Mr. White is well qualified to operate the grocery as he has had many years experience in this line of work. Mr. White, who will operate his store on a cash and carry basis, has already assumed management. He will carry only standard brands of foods.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, June 20, 1928]

[Adv] PUBLIC SALE OF GROCERIES. I will sell at auction at my store at 517 E. 14th Street Rochester, Ind., on Thursday 24th at 12 o'clock, all of my stock of groceries, showcases, paperracks and refrigerators. This is your opportunity to lay in your groceries at your own price. LESTER WHITE, Owner. Ira Bastow, Auct., H. L. Coplen, Clerk
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, January 22, 1929]

WHITE, RALPH [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Leter From Ralph White)

Printed at the office of The Fulton County Sun, 130 E 8th.
See Chester White Journal

Moore Bros. Co., of this city, have announced that beginning with the July issue, the White Breeders' Companion, their monthly publication, will be known as the Chester White Journal. The issue will bear a cover design by Russell Parker, of this city.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, June 11, 1918]

WHITE CITY [Lake Manitou}
Located at the NE corner of the lake on the last bend in the Barrett Road. [Longbeach?]
A group of Indianapolis people built White City with swimming pier and slides, also concessions, at the northeast corner of the lake on the last bend in the Barrett Road. This was somewhat popular with visitors for a while but profit-wise it was not self-sustaining and after the marathon dancing craze was over in the late 1920's, it fell into discard.
[Hill Family, Clarence F. Hill, Fulton Co. Folks, Vol. 1, Willard

Lora Tharp, who has promoted the dances given by the Moose Lodge during the past winter, announces that next Sunday evening there will be a dance at the White City pavilion at the lake. The music will be furnished by the Lang orchestra of Peru. They play for both round and square dancing.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, May 2, 1924]

Arrangements were completed Tuesday afternoon whereby the White City site will be made suitable for the Camp Gridley sailors who will come to Lake Manitou next Sunday for a week's stay. Workmen are now busy getting the grounds in shape and when the 110 youngsters and their instructors arrive they will find a large, clean camp ground with big airy frame buildings ready to house them.
Captain Burton and Lieut. Knackle, naval heads of the camp, were in Rochester Tuesday accompanied hy two of their youthful sailor students, and after making a number of suggestions as to changes and improvements put their O. K. on the location and site.
They announced that their outfit will arrive on the Nickle Plate next Sunday morning and that they will go to the camp grounds at once to get all located and everything in shape at once. They will depart the following Sunday afternoon. They are bringing one large sea going boat with them for use in drills and pleasure sailing.
Charles Allen, who is operating the skating rink at White City, very generously agreed to close his place for the week so that the entire grounds could be under the jurisdiction of naval officers and so that outside influences would not interfere with the schedules which are never deviated. The rink will be closed after next Sunday afternoon and will open again the following Sunday night for the remainder of the summer.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Tuesday, July 17, 1928]

E. C. Mesle, proprietor of the Saginaw, Mich. Amusement park, who recently took over the White City Park, Lake Manitou, is making some extensive improvements which should make this location one of the busiest spots around the lake this season. A gang of workmen have been busily engaged for the past three weeks putting the park in shape for the big opening on Sunday, June 14th.
Among the major improvements made by Mr. Mesle was the remodeling and refurnishing of the large bath house; the installation of a Safe-T rail toboggan slide, 128 feet in length and 40 feet high; the building of a sand play beach for the bathers and a large number of outboard motor boats, fishing boats and sail boats. A new departure for anglers will be found at this resort, where an enormous stock of gold fish minnows will be available for use in bass fishing.
Marathon Starts Sunday
The large dance hall is being re-arranged with box seats, bleachers, dressing rooms preparatory to the starting of a Marathon dance on Sunday. Ten couples from nearby cities and possibly two or three local couples will start on the grilling grind. Glen Norris and his "Rhythm Boys" music-makers from the Ohio State University will furnish the music for the dancers.
The contestants in the Marathon dance 40 minutes out of each hour and rest 20 minutes. During the rest period special feature numbers will be presented and the audience may have the use of the dance floor. Dick Edwards, co-partner with Mr. Watson, of the Edico Hotel and miniature golf course, whose property joins the park will have charge of the marathon. Edwards has conducted these endurance dances throughout many of the larger cities in the midwest states throughout the past two years.
The park will be open to the public at all times and the management especially urges picnicers, fraternal organizations and family groups to make use of the bathing beach, picnic tables and the thousand and one little conveniences which are erected for the use of the public, free of any charge.
High Powered Speed Boars
Two Criss-Craft speed boats, equipped with the high powered motors will be available for taxi and pleasure use at all hours of the day and night. These craft are said to be the very last word in speed boat construction and are capable of doing 40 miles per hour.
All of the stands shooting gallery, power plant, fencing, in fact every building in the park have been repainted and re-furnished throughout, presenting a most attractive appearance. The Edwards property immediately south of the park has also undergone several improvements. The hotel which was repainted this spring has been equipped with attractively striped awnings, hot and cold water system installed and all rooms furnished with Simmons beds and furnishings.
The Edico miniature 18 hole golf course is now equipped with original Texas cotton seed greens and will undoubtedly receive a big play from the many put-put fans who will visit the amusement park. All in all, the new White City Amusement Spot adds greatly to the assets of the lake resort and it is believed the new forms of amusement will be instrumental in bringing a new group of visitors to the lake.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, June 11, 1931]

The White City Marathon dance contest came to an end at 12:30 Tuesday a.m. when Dennis York was disqualified for getting out of position with his partner, Mrs. Elmer "Spark Plug" Dupree. This automatically gave first place to Larry DeCaredeo and his partner Hilda Ludwig.
The contest which started on June 14th was nearing the 2,100 hour mark when the marathon judge brought it to a close. The winning couple who are professional dancers appeared to be in excellent condition and could have probably lasted several days. Gilford Bowers of this city and Peggy O'Day of Kokomo who dropped out several days ago finished in third position.
Dick Edwards who managed the marathon will soon start another such contest at Milwaukee and practically all of those who took part in the White City Park Marathon have signed up for the Milwaukee grind.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, September 8, 1931]

WHITE CITY BAR [Rochester, Indiana]
Carpenters were at work today on the P. M. Shore building formerly occupied by the White City bar, putting in a stairway so that the upper rooms may be reached from the street.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, August 21, 1908]

WHITE HOUSE INN [Lake Manitou]
[Adv] The White House Inn, North Shore Drive - Chicken, steak and fish dinners. Parties a specialty. Also board and room by week, day or meal. Phone 1186-W.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, June 15, 1931]

WHITED, RODERICK [Argos, Indiana]
Argos Reflector:
Roderick Whited, a graduate of Argos high school, who left here 10 years ago, is the developer of a plastic art novelty industry in Escondido, Calif., according to word received here.
The industry employs nine persons in addition to Mr. and Mrs. Whited. He is his own representative to retailers, and approximately 600 stores in southern California handle the novelties.
The articles are made of art plastic, which is less brittle than plaster-of-paris and takes less time for setting. Ash trays and wall plaques are among the principal items. A plaque illustrating the song "South of the Border" was so much in demand that the plant could not keep up with orders. Mr. Whited creates most of the designs himself, and the plant produces between 40 and 50 items.
Most of the numbers are copyrighted. Three men operate the moulder, which is capable of turning out approximately 2,000 pireces before it needs to be replaced. The design is cast and set in five minutes, after which it must dry for five days before it is shellacked and painted.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, June 29, 1940]

WHITMER, ABRAHAM L. [Rochester, Indiana]
Since it was definitely determined that Prof D. P. Powers would retire from the superintendency of the Rochester schools, the school board has been diligent in investigating the standing and qualifications of the fifty or more applicants for the position. Great pains were taken in the matter by the board to get the right man, and it is believed that it has been eminently successful. At its meeting, held last evening, Prof. A. L. Whitmer was chosen as the one believed to be the best fitted for the place.
Mr. Whitmer is a native of South Bend and comes to us highly recommended by men of exalted rank in educational matters. He has been the Principal of the Walkerton schools and served six years as the Superintendent of the schools at Spencer. He has been given two degrees by the Indiana University and for the past year he has been at the Harvard University where he will continue his studies until near the time for engaging in his work here. Mr. Whitmer is in town at present and will remain for a few days forming acquaintances and assist in the selection of teachers and organization of the schools for the coming school year. He is a gentleman of fine appearance, is 37 years of age, married, and has a son five years of age. It is hoped that he will receive a cordial welcome from our citizens and second his efforts to keep our schools at their present high standard of excellence.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, March 26, 1907]

Abraham L. Whitmer, the superintendent of the Rochester schools, was born in St. Joseph county, Indiana, April 1, 1869. He received his elementary education in the graded and high schools of his home community, and he then attended the Central Normal College and Indiana University, being graduated from the latter institution and receiving the degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts. After leaving Indiana University, he served as the principal of several high schools and later as the superintendent of schools at Spencer, Indiana. He then took a post graduate course at Harvard University, and since the year 1906, he has been the superintendent of schools of Rochester. Under his efficient management, the Rochester school system has been greatly developed, many new courses being instituted and the new high school building being erected. Mr. Whitmer was married in 1898 to Maude Fulmer, of Mishawaka, Indiana, and to this union one son, Orville F., has been born. Orville F. Whitmer was grduated from Purdue University in Mechanical Engineering in June, 1923. He participated in college athletics and was a member of the Delta Upsilon fraternity.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 294-295, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

* * * * Photos * * * *
Nearing the completion of his 31st year as Superintendent of the Rochester City schools, Prof. A. L. Whitmer, on April 9th, submitted his official resignation to Dr. Chas. L. Richardson, president of the Rochester City School Board.
Meeting in special session late Wednesday, the School Board accepted Mr. Whitmer's resignation and selected Prof. Fred W. Rankin as Mr. Whitmer's successor, with duties of his new office becoming effective as of June 1st, this year
Efficient Record
Prof. Whitmer's long tenure of office sets a new record in the school superintendency regime in the Rochester City schools and perhaps may also be a state record. The retiring superintendent came to Rochester in the year of 1907 from the Spencer, Ind. schools. In his long tenure as head of the city schools Mr. Whitmer was responsible for many marked improvements, both educationally and materially in the school system. The retiring superintendent who was seriously injured in an auto accident in Ohio last winter, has not as yet, definitely decided on his plans for the future, it was stated today.
Prof. Rankin, the newly appointed superintendent, came to Rochester in the fall of 1922 and was employed as an instructor of physics and mathematics. In the year of 1929 he was advanced to the principalship of the Rochester High school, in which capacity he has served most efficiently.
The new superintendent is a graduate of Hanover Colleg. He holds master degrees in Mathematics, Science and Education from Hanover, and in October of 1933, he received his master degrees of Science and Education with a first grade administrative's license from Indiana University.
Prof. Rankin is a member of the Rocheser Kiwanis Club, the Northern Indiana Principals Club, the National Educational Association, the Athletic Council of the I.H.S.A.A. and is president of the Athletic Conference of the Central Indiana H. S. Conference. Mr. Rankin is a member and elder of the First Presbyterian Church of this city.
Mr. and Mrs. Rankin reside in their own property at 418 West 7th street. They are the parents of two children, Suzanne,aged 8, and David, aged three.
A. Vernon Purdue was appointed by the Board to succeed Prof. Rankin to the principalship of the Rochester High school. Mr. Purdue has been the assistant principal of the High school for the past nine years.
Prof. A. V. Purdue, the new principal, became associated in the Rochester schools in the year of 1925. He obtained an A. B. degree from Central Normal College in 1929 and his M.S. degree from Purdue University in January, 1938. Upon completion of his college course, Prof. Purdue taught for five years in rural schools in central Indiana. He was principal of the Columbia grade school, this city, for four years and became assistant principal of the R.H.S. in 1929.
The new R.H.S. principal is a member of Rocheser Masonic Order, the Methodist Church and the Kiwanis Club. Mr. and Mrs. Purdue reside at 500 West 9th street.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, May 12, 1938]

(front page editorial)
Irrespective of the fact that Professor Abraham L. Whitmer, through his 31 years of continuous service as the guiding director of the Rochester City Schools has unquestionably well merited retirement from the multi-duties of this important post, the citizens of Rochester and his legion of friends throughout the entire county will sincerely regret his withdrawal from the activities of the city's educational field.
Professor Whitmer assumed his duties as head of the city schools at a time when there was much work to be done. The older citizens who have followed the retiring school head's remarkable career, will well remember that while the staff of instructors were on a par with those in adjoining county centers, the buildings, their accommodations, the range of educational facilities, in those earlier years, were indeed limited.
Regardless of how great the task may have appeared to the then young Professor Whitmer, he proceeded quietly, gradually and methodically to build up a modern and highly efficient educational system from which graduates of today are on a par scholastically with those from any city in the state.
At no time during the continuous progress which was being made in the city's school system, did Mr. Whitmer bid for a fanfare of praise for these achievements. He serenely pursued his ideals until they were formed into realisms. His judgment in decisions for the general welfare of his school children was as infallible as the law of gravity itself; and, it may be said that at no time during his record-breaking span of tenure in the office of Superintendent were there any factional disturbances in the city's educational governing branches, nor any signs of discord or discontent among the hundreds of students and teachers who were under the supervision of Professor Whitmer.
Such an official, a friend and truly worth-while man, is in reality an institution within himself, and his retirement, though well earned, must be sincerely deplored.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, May 13, 1938]

WHITMER GYMNASIUM [Rochester, Indiana]
Assurance of the erection of an addition to the Central school building to be used not only for a gymnasium for physical training for the school children of the city, but also as an auditorium and community building, was given following action of the city council in session Tuesday evening in endorsing a resolution of the school board to build.
The members of the school board, A. L. Deniston, Dr. Harley W. Taylor and Harry Wilson, appeared before the council with the resolution to build, and after the entire proposition had been presented the council, on motion of Councilman Barcus, unanimously placed its stamp of approval on the project, thus removing the last semblance of an obstacle, a number of which had already been encountered and overcome by the board.
The building is to be of brick of one-story height and 83 by 124 feet on the outside, to be erected on the northwest corner of the Central school building lot [SE corner of Sixth and Fulton]. Facing north is the entrance with a small lobby and ticket selling booth. On the inside on the north, east and west sides are bleachers with a capacity of 1,000 and on the south side is a stage 43 feet in width and 20 feet deep. This stage also can be used for seating capacity during athletic contests. The gymnasium floor is 54 by 80 feet with a 22 foot overhead clearance.
At the rear of the stage and on each side are locker rooms, toilets and showers for the men on one side and for the women on the other and space is also provided for a furnace room, coal bins and ash bins. The building is of fireproof construction with metal sashes thruout and is to be heated by hot-air factory type furnace, the latest approved method for open buildings of this nature.
Used as an auditorium for public meetings or stage productions such as that staged by the high school each year, the building offers a seating capacity of 2,500 persons.
As a gymnasium for physical training the floor space offers adequate provision for the classes of the common schools and high school pupils, and the board stressed the fact that while physical training was instituted in the schools here last fall, it was found necessary to give it up at least for the time being because of lack of proper facilities.
Besides the previously mentioned advantages to be secured by the building, additional room in the high school building is thus provided. The high school building is no longer entirely adequate there being a lack of space for proper manual training, domestic science, typewriting and bookkeeping class rooms and laboratories, to say nothing of lack of space in the assembly room.
The old high school gymnasium [located basement Joint High School] would consequently be converted into manual training class rooms, profiding additional space for iron working, which is in demand and will be instituted in another year.
This gives more assembly room space up stairs and also provides facilities for larger domestic science laboratories. Already the class has outgrown the facilities offered and many pupils have been turned down for lack of facilities to handle larger classes.
The school board estimates the cost of the building at $23,000. Other schools over the state have built even more costly structure of this nature and by taking over the handling of funds derived from them have made the buildings self-supporting. One feature of the proposed building is contained in the announcement that it would be rented out for public gatherings, thus filling a long felt want of the community in this respect.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, April 26, 1922]

The contract for the construction work of the new high school gymnasium and auditorium to be erected on the north school building lot during the summer so as to be ready for the opening of the school season in September, was let Thursday afternoon by the city school board to the Rochester Construction Company, with a low bid of $18,074. The plumbing contract was let to James DARRAH for $3,500 and the electric wiring and fixtures to the Hawkins-Myers Electric Company, of Wabash, for $354. This brings the total cost of the building to $22,528. On the two smaller items there were but the one bidder each.
Other bidders for the construction work were E. A. Carson, of Logansport, $22,444; Stephen Parcell,Rochester $29,404; Milo Cutschall, Akron, $25,682; Wabash Construction Company, Wabash, $25,362 and Ertle and Wolf, Logansport, $27,000. The latter bid was not considered, having been delayed past the hour of two o'clock. The firm that secured the contract is composed of Ben Hatfield, Heber Dunlap and Carl Keel. It is expected that actual construction work will go forward as soon as the bonds are sold.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, June 1, 1922]
Just as the point was reached by the city school board where all was believed clear sailing for the construction of the proposed city school auditorium and gymnasium, the Rochester Construction Company threw a monkey wrench into the wheels of the smoothly revolving machinery and turned the whole affair topsy turvey by refusing to enter into the contract with the board to start construction.
The local contractors refused to complete the contract according to their bids on the grounds that they had made an error in estimating the cost of construction and would lose money if they built the structure at the bid price of $18,674.
Just what this action on the part of the contractors means is a matter yet to be determined. There are several means of solving the difficulties precipitated, but the school board has not yet decided which course to pursue. If it is possible under the law, the board may accept the next highest bid offered at the letting several weeks ago. This bid, which [is] approximately $22,000, is but very little higher than the bid offered by the local people. In the event that this cannot be done, it is possible that the job will be re-advertised and the whole procedure repeated.
The Rochester contractors may be forced to forfeit their good will bond, which was in the form of a certified check for five per cent of the contract price, altho it was not stated definietly that this would be the case.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, June 14, 1922]

McClay and Brady, general contractos of Hammond, were awarded the contract for erecting the new high school auditorium and gymnasium when the bids were opened by the school board at the high school building Thursday afternoon. Their bid of $22,658 was the lowest of the four made for the building.
James J. Darrah, plumber of Rochester, was awarded the work for the plumbing fixtures and installation at $3,299.26 the specifications calling for Clow fixtures.
The Lige Heating and Ventilating Company of Auburn had the low bid for heating and ventilating installation at $2,860.
There were more bids on all of the work than at the former letting which was awarded to the Rochester Construction Company, which defaulted making second letting necessary. The bids were somewhat lower and much closer than at the first awarding.
Other bidders on the building were Milo Cutshaw, Akron, $25,565; G. O. Sharp, Camden, $23,637, and E. A. Carson, Logansport, $31,894. The Carson bid included all of the fixtures, plumbing, lighting and heating. There were eight firms bid on the plumbing, heating and ventilating while only one firm, the Levitt Mfg. Co., bid on the bleachers alone.
While the school board was in session a telephone message was received announcing that the Fletcher Trust and Savings Bank of Indianapolis had approved the sale of the bonds for the buiding. They were bought through the agency of the U. S. Bank and Trust Co. This insures the construction of the gymnasium starting at once.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, July 13, 1922]

Work on the foundation of the new high school gymnasium and auditorium on the north school building lot has been completed and masons are already at work laying the walls. The supplies for the new structure, however, have been delayed to such an extent that it is now believed that instead of the building being finished by October 15, according to contract, it will take at least a month longer. The building, however, will be ready for the opening of the 1922-23 basketball season, it is confidently expected.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, August 17, 1922]

Work on the new high school gymnasium and auditorium is rapidly nearing completion and there is now no doubt whatever that the building will be ready for occupancy in time for the Tipton-Rochester game here.
A visit to the new structure is a delight and revelation to the athletic fans as there will not be a better building of its kind in any city of near the size of Rochester in the state, and for the purpose for which it is intended, no city regardless of size can boast of a better building.
The basketball floor, of hardwood laid on concrete, is 50 x 74 feet with each side for out-of-bounds playing. The beams are 22 feet from the floor and 12 feet above the baskets, which gives sufficient space for an arc shot from any place on the floor. This has been the big factor, it is believed, that has held Rochester back in basketball championship matches.
The bleachers, which have a seating capacity of 1,500 persons, are being installed by the manual training class of the high school and will be ready by Friday. Besides the 1,500 that can be seated in the bleachers there will be space on the stage which altogether will permit 2,000 people to witness athletic events in the building.
There are three entrances, the main entrance facing the north. A wing has been built out here providing a ticket booth and small lobby. From this point the person entering the building steps through a second door, where tickets are taken, immediately into the hall. The other two entrances are on the east and west sides. Besides the three entrances, there are two other exits at the rear, one on each side of the stage.
The building is absolutely fire-proof in its structure and all inside wood work is being painted so that a pleasing color scheme will be presented.
At the south end of the building is a 30 foot stage, also with a hard-wood floor, laid on concrete. There are two doors, one at either side of the stage, one leading to the girls' and the other to the boys' locker, shower and toilet rooms on each side of the building. At each side of the stage are drinking fountans, one of the popular finishing touches that have been added to the whole structure and its equipment.
The building is heated by two large hot air furnnaces which are now installed and in operation. The heat is sent out over the building by a mammoth hot air circulating fan, which throws fresh hot air on one side and draws out the old air on the other, thus providing the finest kind of ventilation.
Taken as a whole the building is very complete and when the general public has been admitted to see and admire, the already numerous compliments received by the school board which made it possible is expected to be buried under a deluge of congratulations.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, November 29, 1922]

Since it has been in use three or four years, the gymnasium of the schools here should no longer be called the "new gym," sport fans of the city are saying and a movement is on foot to have it given another name. "Whitmer Gymnasium," honoring Mr. Whitmer, 19 years superintendent of the city schools, has been suggested and has many proponents. It is expected the fans and citizens will consider the matter and take some action shortly.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Monday, October 12, 1925]
Rochester for the first time in basketball history will be the seat of a regional tourney this year. As usual it will also have the sectional tourney. Announcement of the assignments was made last night by A. L. Trester, commissioner of the Indiana High School Athletic Association.
The national tournament will be played here in the Whitmer gymnasium on March 6 and 7 and the regional will follow a week later in the same place on march 14. The same dates will prevail for all 64 sectionals and 16 regionals to be held in Indiana. The final state tourney will be held in the Butler University field house at Indianapolis on March 20 and 21.
Four Teams to Be Here
The winners of four section tourneys will come to Rochester for the regional. They will be the victors from Elkhart, Mishawaka, North Judson and Rochester. This region contains a number of strong teams and Rochester fans will see some basketball at this tourney.
In the section there will be eight teams from Fulton county which includes Kewanna, Akron, Fulton, Grass Creek, Leiters Ford, Talma, Richland Center, Rochester and four teams from Marshall county including Culver, Argos, Tippecanoe and Bourbon.
Tech of Indianapolis lost the local regional to Anderson, where winners from Danville and Tipton also will compete. The East side school, however, again is host to the sectional tourney.
Washington, Gary, Frankfort, Martinsville and Mishawaka also lost regional meets but in each instance were awarded sectionals.
Evansville, Valparaiso, Lafayette, Bloomington and Rochester are the other new regional centers in addition to Anderson. All staged sectional meets last year.
Ticket Information
Commissioner Trester also announced that for the final tourney at Indianapolis all schools will be limited to tickets for only 6 per cent of their enrollment as filed with the inspection office of the state department of public instruction last September for the school years 9, 10, 11 and 12.
If all tickets are not sold in this manner they will be offered to schools asking for more than their allotment and if some still remain unsold they will be available at the fieldhouse on the days of the games.
High school principals will be in charge of the ticket sales at their respective schools and they must mail their orders to Commissioner Trester after Monday, March 9 and before Tuesday, March 17. Sixteen blocks of "ringside" seats with 280 in each block, will be reserved for regional winners.
The board of control has designated the association co mmissioner as manager of the final tourney with Fred Gorman of Tech and K. V. Ammerman of Broad Ripple as his assistants.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, January 17, 1931]

Allison Scott Whittenberger has the distinction of belonging to one of the oldest of the pioneer families of Fulton county whose advent into this region occurred long before Akron was anything more than a part of the wilderness, and the most primitive of conditions prevailed. It was in 1836 when the grandfather of Mr. Whittenberger crossed from Pennsylvania into Indiana, and brought his family with him in the historic "covered wagon" of the pioneer. The little party settled on one hundred and sixty acres of land secured from the government, and put up a log house, as did the other pioneers for there was not then a single frame building in the county. This continued the home of the grandfather until his death. His son, Daniel, was born in Pennsylvania, April 24, 1825, and was eleven years old at the time of the family migration to Fulton county. Here he was reared, educated, and taught to be a farmer. In politics he was first a Whig, and later a Republican, although his father was a Democrat, and he was a stanch supporter of Abraham Lincoln. For a number of years he was a justice of the peace. He and his wife were devout members of the Methodist Episcopal church. She was born in Medina county, Ohio, February 2, 1836, and she died March 7, 1907. Prior to her marriage she was Fannie McCloud, and her family is of Scotch origin. Both she and her husband are buried in the Akron cemetery. They had three children born to them, of whom two survive: Allison Scott, who was born almost on the site of his present residence at Akron, December 15, 1853; and Laura, who is the wife of Charles Vickrey, a painter and farmer. They have two sons. Allison Scott Whittenberger has spent his life in Indiana, but his active years were lived in Kosciusko county and he still owns his valuable farm of one hundred and sixty acres there, on which he lived for forty years. He also owns his portion of the old Whittenberger estate at Akron, and is a man of ample means. Casting his first presidential vote for Rutherford B. Hayes, he has since continued a Republican. Both he and his wife are consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal church, and are honored in it as they are elsewhere in their home community. He takes a deep pride in his family, and its connection with the progress of Fulton county, and cherishes various heirlooms, and mementoes of the days that are gone, all of which are interesting, and some are very valuable from a historical standpoint. One of these is a letter written home by his maternal uncle, George McCloud, who with five companions, started for California in 1849, after gold was discovered in that state. They made the long and dangerous trip overland with ox teams, but he died enroute. This letter was written when he reached the Missouri River. In 1905 Mr. Whittenberger traveled westward under very different conditions, as far as Pike's Peak, which he climbed on the back of a burro. October 5, 1876, he married Miss Anna Slaybaugh, born in Fulton county, October 7, 1857, and they became the parents of three children: Theodosia, who is a graduate of the high school of Akron, is a Methodist, and married William Stout, their children being two sons and three daghters: John Otis, who is an agriculturalist of Kosciusko county, married Miss Pearl Hart, and they have two sons, he is a Republican, and a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Modern Woodmen of America, and his wife belongs to the Royal Neighbors; and Daniel Asa, who is connected with Saint Joseph's Savings Bank as cashier, is a resident of South Bend, Indiana. He is a Republican and belongs to the Knights of Pythias. In addition to his high school training at Akron, he had a commercial course in a bsiness college of South Bend. He married Miss Edith Stine, and they have a son and daughter. The parents of Mrs. Whittenberger were John and Eliza (Gamble) Slaybaugh, pioneers of Fulton county, both of whom are deceased. The father was a German by birth, but he came to the United States when young. He was a Republican, an Odd Fellow, and he and his wife were devout Lutherans.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 295-297, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

Daniel Whittenberger. - Daniel Whittenberger, the fifth son of William, Sr., and Joanna Whittenberger, was born in Beaver County, Penn., April 24, 1825, and with his parents immigratd to Indiana, and arrived in the vicinity of Akron July 1, 1836. His educational advantages were of a necessity very meager, there being no school at all for a year and a half after their settlement in this county; The first schoolhouse in their vicinity, and perhaps the first in the township, was erected in the autumn of 1838, and during the following winter the first school was taught by William Culver, at which the subject of this sketch was an attendant; and where he used his best energies to obtain an education. He afterward worked on the farm in summer seasons and went to school in winters, improving his time so that he became one of the foremost teachers of his day, and which occupation he followed for a number of winters. In his early manhood, he served an apprenticeship at carpentry, and for a number of years followed the occupation of builder, erecting many of the buildings in and around Akron. For many years, however, he has confined himself exclusively to farming. By his industry, economy and good management, he has succeeded in accumulating consideravble wealth, owning at present some 400 acres of land in the vicinity of his home, and 320 acres in Arkansas, and one of the most pleasant homes in the county. On the 2d of February, 1850, Mr. W. was united in marriage to Miss Fannie McCloud, a native of Ohio, born in 1833. Of this union were born three children--Charles A., Allison S. and Laura B., all of whom are living. Mr. and Mrs. W. have for many years been members of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Akron, and are highly esteemed as upright and exemplary citizens. Mr. Whittenberger having for many years filled the positions of class leader and Sabbath School Superintendent.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 41]

Daniel Whittenberger is one of Fulton county's most honored pioneers, having for more than sixty years been identified with its interests. He was born in Pennsylvania, April 24, 1825, a son of William Whittenberger, deceased, the first settler of Akron. Daniel was a lad of eleven years when his parents started for the then far West, in company with nine families, who sought homes on the frontier. They traveled from the 1st of June until the 4th of July, when they pitched their tent on the present site of Akron, about where the town pump now stands. During the last ten miles of their trip they had to cut their way through the forest. The father entered a quarter section of timber land, two miles southwest of the village, and there made his home for forty-two years, when in 1878 his life labors were ended and he was called to the home beyond. Daniel Whittenberger spent his minority with his parents and acquired sufficient education to enable him to teach a district school, so that for several years he was the "master" in a little log school house, located on the farm now belonging to Reuben Whittenberger. Going to Warren county, Ohio, he began learning the carpenter's trade, which he completed in Cincinnati, and on his return he followed that business in Henry township for thirty years, erecting all of the more substantial buildings in Akron in that early day. Success attended his efforts and on his marriage he bought a small tract of land adjoining Akron and began farming. Today he is the owner of 557 acres of rich land near the town, besides other valuable property, which has been sdecured entirely through his own labors, guided by sound judgment. Mr. Whittenberger was married Feb. 2, 1850, to Fannie McCloud. Her father, George McCloud, was born in Ontario county, New York, Dec. 18, 1801, and wedded Polly Lowe, by whom he had four children--Mrs. Jacob Whittenberger; George, who died of cholera on the plains; Sarah, deceased wife of Dr. S. S. Terry; and Mrs. Daniel Whittenberger. Our subject and his wife have three children--Charles A., born in 1850, married Nancy Gatrel, and has a son, Merrill; Allison S., born in 1853, and now a farmer of Kosciusko county, married Annie Slaybaugh, and their children are Theodosia, John O. and Asy, aged respectively seventeen, twelve and two years; Laura B. is the wife of Charles Vickery, a farmer of Kosciusko county, and has two sons, Walter and Earl. Mr. Whittenberger is a staunch republican in politics and as a citizen seeks to advance the interests of good government and to promote the welfare of his resident community. He and his wife are highly esteemed for their genuine worth and their long residence in the county thoroughly entitles them to personal mention in this volume.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 146-147]

George H. Whittenberger, the son of Reuben and Esther (Miller) Whittenberger, was born on his father's farm in Henry township on June 30, 1866. He was educated in the home schools and has spent the major part of his life in the same place. At present his residence is in the fine brick house which is father built in 1877. He has greatly improved the place, being a carpenter by trade, built new buildings and calls it "Homestead Dairy Farm." His specialty as farmer is the raising of full blood Holstein cattle and is also in the dairy business. He has a hundred and thirty-three acres in pasture and fields. In 1890 he married Miss Martha Personett, of Kosciusko county. Mr. and Mrs. Whittenberger have a daughter, Hazel, whose husband, Harley L. Rodgers, helps his father-in-law with the farm. Samuel W. Miller, the maternal grandfather of our subject, was an early settler in Henry township. He was at one time an officerin the state militia and his sword is still in the possession of his grandson, the subject of this sketch. On the paternal side of the family we find that Daniel and Mary (Davis) Whittenberger came to Fulton county from Ohio as early as 1837, when the father of George Whittenberger was only four years old, cleared eighty acres and built his home. He was a prominent man for the times and we learn that the first township election was held at his house. He died in 1844 and his widow married twice afterward, always living in the same community. The subject's father lived in several places but eventually settled down on the farm his son now occupies. He paid $400 for it in the beginning. It is now worth many times that amount. The children in this family were: Laura and an infant son who died; Miller H.; Amanda; George H.; Luella; and Samuel R.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, p. 297, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

WHITTENBERGER, H. J. [Rochester, Indiana]
H. J. Whittenberger today announced opening Saturday of his O'Brien Paint Company agency at 508 North Main street in connection with the Major Zimmerman Furniture Store.
Mr. Whittenberger will feature a full line of inside and outside paints, and varnishes. In the future he plans to have a full line of wallpaper and glass.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, July 14, 1939]

As the Whittenberger family were among the first to make settlement in Henry Township, and as they have ever been a prominent and well-known family in the history of the township, the writer thinks proper in this connection to give a short history of their ancestry. The paternal grandfather's name was also Jacob Whittenberger, born of German ancestry in Eastern Pennsylvania, about the year 1759. Was one of the sturdy yeomen who went forth in the revolution to battle for those rights so dear to all freemen. Shortly after the war, he was united in marriage to Miss Catharine Engle, in Southeastern Pennsylvania, where they resided until about the year 1803, when they removed and located in Beaver County, in Western Pennsylvania, about fifty miles from Pittsburgh. This journey was made in wagons over the mountains, and to accomplish it required weeks of constant traveling and incessant toil. This gentleman was twice married, and was the fathr of eighteen children, of whom William, the ninth, was born in Bedford County, Penn., March 28, 1795, and at the age of eight years removed with his parents to Beaver County where his father had purchased a large tract of land. Here, on the 12th of Sepember, 1816, he was united in marriage to Joanna Sippy, daughter of Joseph Sippy. Mr. Sippy was born in France in the year 1754, and when the American colonies were struggling for freedom, he was one of LaFayette's number that participated in that great strggle, obtaining for us that priceless boon of which we are so proud. In 1786, Mr. Sippy was united in marriage to Lucretia Johnson, a native of Virginia, born June 20, 1769. To this union were born eighteen children, of whom Joanna was the fourth born, December 23, 1793. William Whittenberger remained in Beaver County, Penn., until 1831, when he removed to Medina County, Ohio, where he remained until 1836, when he removed to Fulton County, Ind., in company with the families of Joseph Sippy, Asher Welton, Henry Bristol, Uriel Bragg, Nathaniel Cogswell and Moses Worden, consisting in all of forty-seven persons. They drove with them their cattle, hogs, sheep and other domestic animals, and the journey required one month to accomplish it. William and Joanna Whittenberger were the parents of ten sons and one daughter, all of whom are yet living, and are respected and influential citizens. Of these, Jacob, the subject of this sketch, was the second, born in Beaver County, Penn., April 5, 1819. He worked with his father on the farm until he was seventeen years of age. Living on the frontier, his educational advantages were limited and his education was, to use his own language, very common. In 1836, at the age of seventeen, he began an apprenticeship at the cabinet trade in Cleveland, Ohio. After some time, he went to Muskingum County, where he was occupied at his trade, and where, on the 30th of June 1840, he was united in marriage to Mary Supinger, a native of Virginia, born in 1820. Fifteen days after this event, he loaded his tools and other effects in a one-horse wagon, and with his wife turned his face toward the setting sun, determined to stake his fortune with that of the now great State of Indiana. He came by way of Lebanon, Ohio, from which place he went on horseback to Cincinnati. Thence on his return from Lebanon to Indianapolis, and finally to Akron, in this county, where he landed on the 6th of August, 1840. Here he at once began his trade on a cash capital of $3. In the following year, Mr. W. purchased eight acres of land, where his present residence is located, and built himself a cabin. Now he could say that he had a home of his own, and here he reared his fmily. Of the union of himself and lady were born six children, three of whom lived to reach manhood and womanhood, but two of these have since passed away, leaving but one son--Charles L., the youngest. The names of these children are Harriet J., John Bruce, Mary Joanna, Laura L., James W. and Charles L. Bruce served as Sergeant in Company K, Forty-sixth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and was a gallant, efficient officer and soldier, but was stricken down by disease and died at Memphis, Tenn., October 7, 1862. Mrs. W. was a dutiful wife, a kind and affectionate mother and a faithful Christian woman, a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, highly esteemed by her acquaintances. She departed this life November 27, 1855. Mr. Whittenberger was again married April 10, 1856, to Mrs. Mary Shelt. Of this union were born two daughters--Ella A. and Ina M., the elder of whom is married, but the younger is yet enlivening the home circle. Mr. W. has added to his first purchase of land, and by hard labor has steadily grown in wealth, until he is at present the owner of more than four hundred acres of fine land and much other valuable property. He is a man of much influence and great integrity. He served for many years as Justice of the Peace in his neighborhood; was Postmaster in his adopted village for about eight years. In 1874, he was appointed to fill a vacancy in the office of Township Trustee, to which office he was elected in 1876 and re-elected in 1878. He filled this position with honor to the people that placed him there and with great credit to himself. In 1837, at the age of eighteen, he united with the Methodist Episcopal Church, to which he has ever since belonged. He has always been one of the foremost men in the church of his choice, and for near a quarter of a century has been a minister of the Gospel. On the 8th day of April, 1866, he was ordained as Deacon, and by his administration of the office has shown that the confidence of his brethren in the church was not misplaced. While the writer speaks highly of him and his many good qualities, he does not pretend to say that he is perfect, for all human beings have their faults; but his life has been one that will bear inspection, and in which there have been many acts worthy of imitation. One to which the rising generation can look for an example that they can safely follow.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, pp. 41-42]

Rev. Jacob Whittenberger. - A long and honord identification with the history of Fulton county has connected the name of our subject inseparably with its history. He has been prominent in business life and has been an earnest laborer in those interests calculated to advance the general welfare and over the record of his long residence here there falls no shadow of wrong. Mr. Whittenberger was born in Beaver county, Pa., April 5, 1819. His grandfather, also named Jacob, was of German lineage, and was born in Eastern Pennsylvania, in 1859. Having aided the colonies in their struggle for independence, he was married in southeastern Pennsylvania to Catherine Engle, and in 1803 removed to Beaver county. He had eighteen children by two marriages. William Whittenberger, the father of our subject, being the ninth. The latter was born in Bedford county, Pa., March 28, 1795, and was married in Beaver county, Sept. 12, 1816, to Joanna, daughter of Joseph and Lucretia (Johnson) Sippy. Her father was born in France, in 1754, and with Gen. LaFayette's forces aided in the establishment of the American republic. In 1831 William Whittenberger removed with his family to Medina county, Ohio, and five years later came to Fulton county. His children were William, Jacob, Joseph, Daniel, Stephen and Thomas, in Fulton county; John of LaCrosse, Kan.; Abraham, of Kosciusko county; Isaac, of South Whitley, Ind.; Hiram, of Whitley county; and Mrs. Dr. Harter, of Akron. At the age of seventeen Jacob Whittenberger began an apprenticeship to a cabinet maker in Cleveland, Ohio, and later worked as a mechanic in Muskingum county, Ohio, until 1840, when on June 31 [sic] he wedded Mary Supinger, who was born in Virginia, in 1820. Fifteen days later they started by wagon for Fulton county, reaching Akron on Aug.6. Mr. Whittenberger bought a small tract of land and erected a cabin, where a few years later he built his present residence, the only Indiana home he has ever known. From 1855 until 1870 he was a prosperous merchant of Akron, and since has been successfully engaged in farming. Mrs. Whittenberger died Nov. 27, 1855, and her six children are all now deceased. On April 10, 1856, Mr. Whittenberger married Mrs. Mary Shelt, and they have two daughters--Ella A., wife of L. M. Noyer, of Akron, and Ina M., wife of George K. Brundige, county recorder. For twenty-three years the father has been an Odd Fellow, and has several times been a representative in the grand lodge. For many years he served as justice of the peace, was postmaster of Akron for eight years, and for a number of years was township trustee, discharging all his public duties with marked fidelity and promptness. In politics he is a stalwart republican. He united with the Methodist church in 1837, was ordained a deacon in 1866, served as secretary of the quarterly conference for twenty-five years, and for thirty-five years has been actively engaged in the work of ministry.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 147-148]

WHITTENBERGER, JOHN [Rochester, Indiana]
The Rochester flouring mills, which for a number of years, have been under the proprietorship of John Whittenberger, have passed into other hands. The firm of Caffyn & Deniston has leased them and will take possession December 1st. Mr. Caffyn and Roy Deniston will be the managers and the force of workers now there will be retained. The lease is for a period of three years.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, November 21, 1902]

In 1897 John Whittenberger sold the farm, bought a half interest in the Rochester Flour Mill and the family moved to Rochester. John was so worn out with grief [sickness and death in the family] and worry over his business, which had gone sadly downhill during his illness, that he became deeply in debt.
Things were so bad that John sold the mill and went to North Dakota and Minnesota.
[Leininger-Krause Family, Charles Daniel Smith, Faye Leininger Smith, Kate Morris Jennens, and Violet Titterton, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

Mrs. Mary Whittenberger. - The subject of this sketch was born in Medina County, Ohio, February 25, 1827, oldest daughter of George and Mary B. McCloud. Her advantages of school were not very great, but through industry she obtained a fair education and became a great reader, from which art she has constantly gained knowledge. Being naturally of a religious turn, her great delight has been to keep well-posted in the history of the church and what has been accomplised by the religion of Jesus Christ. On the 11th day of September, 1842, she was united in marriage with William Shelt, in Summit County, Ohio, of which union were born four children--Elmore, Elbridge, Mary E. and Sarah E. Five years after her marriage, she, with her fmily removed to this county and located in Akron, where, in 1853, death deprived her of the companion of her youth. Again she was united in marriage April 10, 1856, to Jacob Whittenberger, of which union two children were born--Ella A. and Ina M. Her father, George McCloud, was born of Irish parentage in Ontario County, N.Y., December 18, 1801. Emigrated to Ohio in 1819, and was united in marriage in Medina County in 1820, to Mary B. Low, a native of New York, born October, 19, 1805. Came to this State in 1847, where Mrs. McCloud died September 24, 1870, followed by her husband January 3, 1882. Elmore Shelt (the eldest son of Mrs. W.) served four years and seven months in Company K, Forty-sixth Indiana Volunteer Infantry and participated in many hard-fought battles, and was taken prisoner on the 8th of April, 1864, on Bank's expedition up Red River, and suffered for several months at Tyler, Tex., and other rebel stockades. Elbridge, the second son, served in the One Hundred and Twenty-eighth Indiana from its organization to the close of the war. Mrs. W. is a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and an exemplary Christian lady.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 41]

Merrill Whittenberger is one of the men of Fulton county who has devoted his efforts to the improvement and cultivation of the soil, with excellent results, and at the same time he has invested heavily in different financial and industrial enterprises of Akron, where he maintains his residence. A man of public spirit he has served the public capably, and is recognized as one of the representative citizens. He was born on the site of his present home in Fulton county, July 13, 1884, son of Charles A. and Nancy Whittenberger, the former a native of Fulton county, the latter of Wabash county, where she was born September 27, 1859. She died January 27, 1913, having been a devoted wife and mother, and a devout member of the Christian church, to which her husband also belonged. He, too, is deceased, and they are interred in the Odd Fellows cemetery, a monument of appropriate design marking their last resting place. When he was seventeen years old he went to Sevastapool, Indiana, and was there engaged in clerking, but his health was poor, and with the hope of bettering it went to Kansas, where, in the vicinity of Great Bend, he entered one hundred and sixty acres of land from the government on which he remained long enough to secure his title, and then returned to Indiana. Subsequently he traded that farm for fifty-two acres of land in Fulton county, now owned by his son, and on it he erected a dwelling. While he was a stanch Republican, and an ardent admirer of Abraham Lincoln and James G. Blaine, he never was an office seeker. A man of high moral character, he exerted a good influence in his community, and was generous in his benefactions, especially to churches. Merrill Whittenberger had two years' work at the Akron High School before he began the serious work of life. That he displayed wisdom in adopting agriculture as his calling, his present prosperity proved, for he owns one hundred and seventeen acres of very valuable land in Fulton and Kosciusko counties, and stock in the Akron State Bank and the basket factory, both of which concerns he is serving as a director, and the Akron Co-operative Supply Company. For eight years he has served on the township advisory board. April 12, 1905, he was married to Miss Ada Thompson, and they have five children, two sons and three daughters: James E., who is attending the local high school, class 1924; Charles B., who is in the eighth grade; and Helen, Georgie and Joanna, all of whom are bright, intelligent young people, and a credit to their parents. Mrs. Whittenberger was born in Fulton county, July 5, 1886, daughter of Isaac and Rosetta (Halderman) Thompson, natives of Henry and Fulton counties, resspectively. A successful agriculturist, he is still living on his fine farm in Fulton county. The Republican party has his support. His wife died when Mrs. Whittenberger was eight [sic] years old, and her grave is marked by a monument that is an ornament to Omega cemetery where she lies. The Progressive Brethren church had in her a devout member. Both the Whittenberger and Thompson families are well known and honored in Northern Indiana, and their members are numbered among the constructive citizens of the different communities in which they are now found.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 298-299, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

WHITTENBERGER, MILTON [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Louderback Garage

William Whittenberger, Jr. - The gentleman whose name appears as the subject of this sketch, was born in Beaver County, Penn, June 7, 1817, and was the eldest son and first child of William, Sr., and Joanna Whittenberger, a sketch of whose lives appears elsewhere in this work. In the early part of the year 1836, Mr. W. came with his parents to this county, which was then a wilderness. Having been brought up as a farmer in he wilds of Pennsylvania and Ohio, he was well calculated to battle with the hardships common to the pioneers of Indiana; and, together with those that came with them, he went to work with a will that is characteristic of the Whittenberger family, and assisted in the erection of the cabins in which those pioneers began life in this new country. In the year 1837, these pioneers did not raise corn on which their animals and themselves could subsist for a year. So in January, 1838, Mr. W., in company with one McFarland, went to Leesburg, a distance of some thirty-five miles, to purchase corn. While there, the Tippecanoe River rose and the water spread out over a prairie of some twenty-five rods extent. Upon their return, the water being frozen, they attempted to cross on the ice; after proceeding about twenty rods, the horses and sled which Mr. W. was driving broke through and precipitated him into the water to his waist. Here they were compelled to unhitch their teams and unload their corn on the ice in order to get the sled out of the water. While at this, three other men came with six yoke of oxen, which were not shod. These men all assisted in getting Mr. W. and companion out of their trouble, after which they assisted them across the ice and were compelled to pull the oxen and sleds, one at a time, across by hand, because the ice was so smooth that the oxen could not stand up. This kept them hard at work until dark, their accident having occurred about sunrise, before they had eaten their breakfast. During this day they suffered much, it being so severely cold that there was frost continually in the air. They were compelled to leave their corn here and walk some two and a half miles to obtain lodging for the night. The writer relates this that the reader may know what the pioneer had sometimes to endure to obrtain the necessaries of life. Mr. Whittenberger was at the first prayer meeting held in Henry Township, held in July, 1836, at the residence of Asher Welton, who presided. Those who participated were Asher Welton and wife, Joseph Sippy and wife, Joseph Terrel and wife, Josiah Terrel and Susan Stradley, William Whittenberger, Sr., H. Bristol and wife and Adaline Welton. In the autumn of the same year, Rev. William Fraley, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, preached the first sermon in the township and organized a society at the same residence. On the 8th of April, 1838, the subject of this sketch became a member of this society, of which he is yet a member, having been a communicant for more than forty-five years. Mr. Whittenberger was present and assisted in the organization of Henry Township at the first election held in it on the 2d day of April, 1838, at which there were eighteen votes cast. There are but three of the men who votes there now living--Charles J. Stradley, Isaiah Hoover and Mr. Whittenberger. On the 7th of December, 1837, Lot N. Bozarth was married to Miss Melissa Welton in the house of which which Mr. W. afterward became the owner, and in which he yet resides. He yet has in his possession the written invitation to the wedding. Mr. Whittenberger has been twice married; first to Mrs. Elsie M. Welton, February 18, 1845, with whom he lived for more than twenty-two years, when she was taken from his side by death. The second marriage occurred on the 11th of May, 1868, to Miss Hannah Strong, a native of Ohio, born May 28, 1836. Of this union was born one daughter--Orla, June 26, 1873. Mrs. W. with her husband, is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Akron. Mr. Whittenberger is highly esteemed as a gentleman of integrity and a man of many sterling qualities.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 41]

In October 1979 Sylvia Noyer, widow of Don Noyer a grandson of Jacob Whittenberger, gave a chair to the Fulton County Historical Society museum that was brought to Akron by the Whittenberger family. George Washington sat in the chair when he came to visit Joanna Whittenberger in Pennsylvania sometime before 1799.
[Jacob Whittenberger Family, Velma Bright, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]
See Winona Interurban; Erie Railroad.

The new 20x40 story addition to the old Whittenberger flour mill on East 8th street is being rapidly pushed to completion and when finished Mr. Boelter, the new proprietor expects to enlarge his business to such an extent as to meet all competition.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, April 16, 1908]

Located N side of street at 328 West 13th.
Operated by Victoria Chastain [Mrs. Milton] Whittenberger, 1937-50.

Mr. and Mrs. Milton Whittenberger have purchased the Reub Hendrickson grocery store in East Thirteenth street and have taken possession. The Whittenbergers will live in the Mackey property at Thirteenth and Monroe street which is on the same lot with the grocery store building.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, April 21, 1937]

Lottie Whittenberger, daughter of Thomas and Ollie Herendeen Whittenberger, was a milliner in Akron for 60 years. Her first millinery store was with her sister Mabel and was located across the street west of the present Methodist Church. The location of the store changed from time to time. Often they would have the store in the front of the house and they would live in the back. Mabel did much of the making of the hats. Mabel later moved away and Lottie continued the business. Lottie never married. She died in 1960, the last one of her family.
[Jacob Whittenberger Family, Velma Bright, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

WHO-DA-THOT-IT [Lake Manitou]
[Adv] Fried Chicken Dinners $1.00 Plate. Stewed Chicken Dinners 75 Plate. WHO-DA-THOT-IT. "Fish and Chicken Dinners". North Shore Lake Manitou.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, June 14, 1924]

WICKS, MARK [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Anchor Milling Co.
See: Veirs & Wicks
See: Viers, Clarence
Mark Wicks was born in Penbrook, Niagara county, New York, August 7, 1844, the son of George W. and Susan (Brayley) Wicks, the former being born in Massachusetts. Baobour Wicks, the paternal grandfather of our subject, was a native of that state and served during the entire Revolutionary war, being wounded in action. After the cessation of hostilities he removed to a farm in western New York and remained there for the rest of his life. It was on this farm that George W. Wicks was reared, and he left it to learn the milling trade, which he pursued at Lockport, New York; Middleport, New York; and Toronto, Canada. He then went to Niles, Michigan, where he made his residence for nine years and left there to enter the John Carlisle mill at Indianapolis. In 1860, he removed to Madison county, Indiana, and from there he went to Tuscola, Douglas county, Illinois. He and his wife, who was three years his junior, both died in 1895 at the ages of seventy-six and seventy-three years, respectively. They left five children: Mark, the subject of this review; Madora; Luke; and Jennie, the wife of Charles Hewitt, of Los Angeles, California, and John, who died in infancy. Mark Wicks came to Fulton county in 1887 and settled at Akron where he formed a partnership with Clarence Veirs. In 1905, he removed to Rochester and bought out the milling business of Robert C. Wallace. His mill was completely destroyed by fire in 1910, but undaunted by this misfortune, he rebuilt it immediately and since then has continued to operate the mill. On September 22, 1868, he was married to Elenora Pugh, the daughter of Meads and Mary A. Pugh, of Tuscole, Illinois. To this union were born two sons: Earl and Seth, the latter of whom died in 1920. Mr. Wicks supports the Republican party and during Lincoln's second term of administration was postmaster. He served in Co. K, 14th Illinois Infantry, during the Civil war and since the organization of the Grand Army of the Republic he has been a member of that body. Fraternally, he holds membership in Masonic Lodge No. 79, the Plymouth Commandery at Plymouth, Indiana, and the chapter at Rochester.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 299-300, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

WIDEMAN, EDWARD [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Edward Wideman

WIDEMAN, HENRY [Henry Township]
Henry Wideman. - This industrious gentleman was born in Canada A. D. 1818. His ancestors are mentioned elsewhere in this work. He immigrated to Ohio in 1826, where he obtained a limited education in the rural schools of that early day. In 1843, he was united in holy wedlock with Miss Elizabeth Lowe, also a native of Canada. In the autumn of 1846, he came to Fulton County, Ind., and located in the northwestern part of Henry Township, where he began in the woods and cleared a farm. In 1867, he disposed of this property and purchased his present home, where he erected a residence in 1871. His farm consists of 90 acres, which, with his personal property, have all been secured by his own industry. He is an acceptable member of the Church of God, as was also his wife until her death, which occurred in 1878. To Mr. and Mrs. Wideman were born nine children, of whom five daughters and two sons are living--Barbara L, Julia A., Sarah, Mary, Almeda, William and Alexander, all of whom reside in Fulton and adjoining counties.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 42]

WIDEMAN, JOSEPH [Henry Township]
Joseph Wideman was born in Canada Aughst 29, 1823. His father, John Wideman, was united in marriage with Barbara Kisinger. Both were natives of Pennsylvania and of German descent. They immigrated to Ohio in 1826, where Joseph was united in marriage with Barbra Fritz, December 9, 1846, this lady having been born in 1827. They came to Indiana in 1867, and located on their present homeastead, a farm of 105 acres of land. To the wedded life of this couple have been born twelve children, ten of whom are living--Barbara, Philip E., Thomas C., William H., Mary L., Henry E., Joseph C., James T., Elmer E. and Sarah, all of whom remain at home but Barbara, who is now the wife of George Bryant. Mr. W. is a successful farmer and a genial gentleman. He served in the One Hundred and Forty-fourth Ohio Infantry.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 42]

Joseph Wideman was born in Canada in 1829, the son of John and Barbara (Geisinger) Wideman, both natives of Pennsylvania who moved to Canada and thence to Ohio, where they remained until their death. He was educated in Ohio, and in 1865, he came to Henry township, Fulton county, Indiana. He had been preceded to this section of the country by two brothers, Henry and Jacob, who in the early forties came to Indiana either on foot or on horseback and settled in the wilderness that then existed. In 1866, Joseph Wideman bought eighty acres of land in Henry township, and this farm is now the home farm of the Wideman brothers. He, with the aid of his sons, cleared most of this land in addition to another eighty-acre tract which he had acquired later, situated across the road from the original farm. He lived here until his death. To him and his wife were born twelve children: Philip E., deceased; Thomas C., deceased; Barbara E., Mrs. George Bryant; W. H.; Frank, deceased; Mary Ida; Frances E., deceased; Henry E.; Joseph C.; James T. S.; Elmer E.; and Sarah Evelyn. Henry E., W. H., Joseph C., James T. S., and Elmer E. operate the home farm under the style of Wideman Brothers, and their industry and application have enabled them to increase the size of the farm to two hundred and fifty-nine acres. They have improved the land by the construction of modern homes on both farms and by the erection of two circular barns, seventy feet and sixty feet in diameter, the latter being placed on the property across the road from the original farm. Elmer E. Wideman was married to Lola Kindig, of Henry township, and they make their home on the last mentioned farm. To Mr. and Mrs.Wideman have been born three children: Russell, Ruth, and Marie. Mr. Wideman takes an active interest in politics and has served on the township advisory board. The Wideman brothers are widely known throughout the county for their pure Poled Durham cattle, to the raising of which they have confined their attentions for some time, and in this they have been eminently successful.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 300-301, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

WIDNER & CO. [Rochester City]
Widner & Co. Proprietors of the Union Bakery & Eating Saloon, No. 1 Mammoth Building . . . Rochester, Oct. 7, 1868.
[Rochester Union-Spy, Thursday, October 22, 1868]

WIKEL & RICE [Akron, Indiana]
Akron News.
We are pleased to note that the Akron creamery is re-opening. John Wikel and a Mr. Rice of Logansport, will be the new firm and it will be styled Wikel & Rice. New butter machinery has been installed, and a little later one, if the sweet milk can be had, cheese will be manufactured.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, July 9, 1910]

WILBURN, ALICE [Rochester, Indiana]
Florian Dovichi today purchased the City Social Club, 711 Main Street, of Mrs. Alice Wilburn. The purchaser has taken possession and will continue the club in operation. Mr. Dovichi has named Otto Weimer manager.
[The News-Sentinel, Monday, October 14, 1935]

WILBURN, ED [Rochester, Indiana]
Ed Wilburn, Tuesday announced the establishment of a broom factory and up to date auto laundry at the rear of the Kilmer and Son filling station at the corner of Franklin and Ninths.
Mr. Wilburn has had 25 years experience as a broom maker and for many years was the head of the broom making department of the Progress Wholesale House. Brooms made by him have taken many prizes in shows. Mr. Wilburn's new venture will make the second auto laundry in the city and the only broom making establishment.
[The News-Sentinel, Tuesday, August 25, 1925]

Ed Wilburn has purchased the fixtures of the Gilliland poolroom at 502 Main street of the heirs of the late Reuben Gilliland. He will reopen the establishment after he has redecorated it.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, July 12, 1930]

Ed Wilburn today opened the billiard parlor and soft drink place at 502 North Main street which he purchased several days ago from the heirs of the late Reub Gilliland. James Wilburn, a son of Mr. Wilburn, will be in charge of the place.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, July 17, 1930]

WILDER, FRANK [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Patents and Inventions

WILDER, JAMES S. [Rochester, Indiana]
James S. Wilder, who for the past twenty-five years has been a successful farmer of this county, was born in Monroe county, Mich., Oct. 21, 1846. He was educated sparingly in the country schools of his county, and before reaching the age to begin civil pursuits independent of parental sanction, he allowed his patriotism to draw him into the struggle of the United States to put down the southern rebellion. He enlisted at Toledo, Ohio, in company F, Fourteenth Ohio volunteer infantry, before he was eighteen years old. He was mustered in at Cleveland and was sent to Chattanooga, through Nashville and on to Ringgold, Ga., where he was doing guard duty until he was taken down with the measles. He was not able for duty again for some weeks. When he became convalescent he returned to Nashville and was furloughed home. He returned to the field in twenty-eight days and at Nashville was attached to the First Tennessee light artillery for a short time and later to the Forty-fifth New York. He was assigned to a detachment of the Fourteenth corps at Chattanooga and participated with it in annihuilating Hood's army at Nashville. The second day he was ordered to report at Gen. Steadman's headquarters and for the following two weeks acted as an escort to that officer. He left this service at Chattanooga and took boat at Nashville for Parkersburg on the way to Washington, D.C. He was ordered South and went by boat from Alexandria, Va., to North Carolina, and joined his regiment ner Goldsboro. When Johnston had surrendered all were joined to Sherman's army and set out for Washington to participate in the grand review. The war being over, Mr. Wilder was mustered out of the service at Louisville, Ky. On his return home he was occupied on the farm one or two seasons, and then secured work in a sawmill. Two years later he came to Indiana and to Rochester, and learned the baker's trade with an uncle, J. W. Wilder. He followed this two years and then began his career as a farmer in this county. He owns a farm of 100 acres near Rochester, besides two smaller tracts near town. He has just completed a cozy and handsome residence in Rochester. Mr. Wilder was married Feb. 14, 1871, to Hester A. Mackey, a sister of H. C. Mackey, of Rochester. Their children are: Frank, born August, 1872, and Mary, born May 21, 1881. Mr. Wilder is a republican in politics, a successful man in business, and an exemplary citizen.
[Elia W. Peattie, Fulton County History, National Publishing Co., Chicago 1896, pp. 148-149]

WILDER & MACKEY [Rochester, Indiana]
The partnership of Wilder and Mackey has been this day dissolved by mutual consent. Mr. Wilder will continue business at the old stand. All persons knowing themselves indebted to the firm will please call and settle before August 6th. After this date all accounts not settled will go into the hands of a collector.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, July 26, 1899]

WILDERMUTH, JOSEPH M. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Joseph Wildermuth)
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Second Letter From Joseph Wildermuth)

WILDERMUTH, WILLIAM [Liberty Township]
William Wildermuth was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, on the 7th of October, 1844. In February, 1864, he enlisted as a volunteer in the Seventeenth Ohio Infantry, and was mustered out of the service in August, 1865. His parents, in the meanwhile, having come to this county, he followed them, and became engaged in the profession of teaching, which he followed for four years. April 23, 1806, he married Miss Lucinda Zabst. This union was blessed with two children, of whom Edith is still living. Mr. W. when young united with the Evangelical Association, and in 1871 was licenced a minister, in which relation to the church he served about seven years in the itinerancy, after which he located. Lucinda, his wife, was born October 7, 1845, in Fairfield County, Ohio, and came to this county with her parents in 1846. She is at present a cripple, from the effects of being thrown out of a buggy by a runaway team, which broke her left arm and injured her hand.
[T. B. Helm, Fulton County Atlas, A. L. Kingman, 1883, p. 44]

WILDMAN, JAMES [Perry Township, Miami County]
James Wildman, an old and respected citizen oif Perry Township, was born in Jefferson County, Indiana, April 15, 1817, the eldest in a family of eight children born to Joseph and Mary (Underwood) Wildman, who were natives of Virginia and Kentucky, respectively. They emigrated to Miami County in 1838. Two years later they pre-empted a tract of land in Perry Township, where they lived until their deaths. The immediate subject of our sketch has always lived at the old homestead. The opportunities for acquiring an education were in those days very limited, and his help, which was needed in clearing away the forest and putting the land in a state to cultivate, kept him from taking advantage of the facilities that were afforded, hence he obtained no education. October 25, 1866, his marriage with Anna E. Carlisle was solemnized. To their union these three children have been born: Carey, born August 6, 1868; Leroy, born October 20, 1870, and Alta, born November 23, 1872. Mr. Wildman is a successful farmer, and the owner of 120 acres of land in good condition. He and wife are members of the Baptist Church. Politically he is a Republican.
[History of Miami County, Indiana, 1887, Brant & Fuller. p. 737]

Located S side of W. Rochester Street (site of David Kruger residence in 1974)
Business was operating in 1910 when Jay Emahiser was employed there. [probably out of business in mid-twenties. WCT]

WILE, ARTHUR [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Wile Department Store

Plymouth Independent.
Art Wile, of the Bee Hive, has gone to Rochester to manage the store of M. Wile & Son at that place for a week, during the absence of his brother, who is in New York buying goods for the store at Rochester and also the Bee Hive at Plymouth.
[Rochester Sentinel, Tuesday, August 13, 1907]

Bourbon News-Mirror.
The A. L. Turner store in Bourbon has been sold, the new proprietors being M. Wile and son Arthur, the latter of whom has been with the Bee Hive in Plymouth until his interest was recently purchased by Mr. Glass. The senior Mr. Wile is a business man in Rochester, having quite a large store and a good business there. The son, desiring to enter into business at Bourbon, chose the Turner stock and the deal was consummated last week, the invoice taking place this week. The new proprietors have the reputation of being business getters, and as the field is large about Bourbon, we trust they may find things as they desire and that they may be permanent citizens. In the deal Mr. Turner comes into possession of land near Rochester.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, June 18, 1909]

WILE, BLANCHE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Wile Department Store

WILE, IKE M. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: First National Bank
See: Hotels - Fairview
See: Louderback Garage
See: Wile Department Store

WILE, LEE [Rochester, Indiana]
The purchase of the Wallace clothing store by Lee Wile puts a very progressive young man into Rochester business circles. The new merchant is a son of M. Wile and his business schooling has been of the kind that guarantees straightforward and progressive methods in all his business transactions. He is a young man of good taste in the clothing line, he is polite and affable, and his success is only a question of time necessary to show the public his up-to-date ideas in the clothing and gents' furnishing line.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, June 29, 1906]

[Adv] Invitation to New Store of The Wile Clothing Company - - - - West side of Public Square. THE WILE CLOTHING COMPANY.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, July 27, 1906]

On another page of this issue will be found an advertisement by the Wile Clothing Co., announcing a gigantic sale previous to their going out of business, word of which created considerable surprise in business circles today. The move means a discontinuance of business by one of the largest and best firms of the city and is brought about by several considerations, chiefly, the failing health and desire to cease active business of Joseph Levi, the senior member of the firm, and the plans of Lee Wile, the junior member to go into business with eastern capitalists. The sale will commence next Wednesday, and continue indefinitely. It's close means that the city loses a live business concern. The exact future plans of the owners has not been divulged.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, September 17, 1913]
WILE, MATTIE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Wile Department Store

WILE, MEYER [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Wile Department Store

WILE, ROSE [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Wile Department Store

WILE DEPARTMENT STORE, [Rochester, Indiana]
Located 820 Main.
Founded by M. Wile. Store known as M. Wile & Sons.
M. Wile, a name of long and respected standing in the annals of Rochester business, proudly exchanged general merchandise for the coin of the realm with perhaps a trade arrangement for a load of country sawed fire wood.
[Earle A. Miller, The News-Sentinel, Monday, July 14, 1958]
Sold to Fred Senger, owner of Senger Dry Goods Co., at Peru.
Later moved to Arlington Hotel building [701 Main].
Building destroyed by fire in 1975.

[Adv] Stop and See Us - - - Dry Goods, Clothing, Hats and Capts, Boots and Shoes and Groceries - - - Bring your Produce to the Balcony Building. M. WILE.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, February 17, 1877]

[Adv] A new departure at the store of Myer Wile - THE CASH SYSTEM ADOPTED! - - - - Next door to Mercer's Hardware Store. MYER WILE.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, April 12, 1879]

[Adv] NOTICE THIS DROP! Having decided to do a strictly cash business in the future, I have marked all goods down to Farmer's Alliance rates, and quote the following sample prices - - - - M. WILE.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 18, 1891]

[Adv] WILE'S QUIT BUSINESS SALE. - - - - I am going to quit business. M. WILE.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, January 18, 1895]

A writer of this paper caught an old citizen in a reminescent mood the other day, and talk drifted to business men and business methods, past and present. The citizen was Myer Wile, who located in Rochester in 1869, just 34 years ago, and embarked in the grocery business in an old frame building where the Academy of Music now stands. Of the various men in business here then Mr. Wile is the only one remaining who is still actively engaged in commercial pursuits, and his recollections of the past would make an interesting story. The room in which Mr. Wile started his business career was lacking in many conveniences, but boasted of good ventilation at least, having holes in the floors through which a careless shop keeper might easily have fallen into the cellar beneath.
The Cornelius Block, in the north end, was the most imposing business structure in this section of the country at that day, and in it the Cornelius Brothers - Gus and Henry - Flourished as the merchant princes of pioneer Rochester - - - Jesse Shields erected the first brick building and for years conducted a general merchandise business in the room now occupied by the Bank of Indiana. Prominent among the commercial pioneers of Rochester were Lyon & Kendrick, the Gould Brothers, Marion Ernsperger, L. Holman, J. Holtzman, Mercer & Shepherd, Will Deniston, Cal Van Trump, Fred Fromm, Dr. Plank, Ches. Chamberlain, E. Kirtland and others, but the only one who has remained in business ever since, and is still among us is Myer Wile, who developed and grew with the town until now it is doubtful if any store in Rochester can boast of larger trade or sounder financial standing.
Mr. Wile says the chief reason for his success, is the fact that he always tried to do what was right by his customers and as proof that he has succeeded, he says that among the throng of people who come to his store are many who traded with him when he first located here, and have given him a large share of patronage ever since. This he considers an excellent testimonial as to his business methods and as a substantial token of the confidence of the people.
Mr.Wile recently established a store in Battle Creek, Mich., where his son Lee represents his interests, and this was an important move in the interests of his patrons, for the reason that the Battle Creek store is one of a chain of sixteen large stores that buy their goods in common, enabling them often to take the entire output of a factory, and securing prices that an ordinary firm cannot compete with. The Battle Creek store handles house furnishings and buys for the store here such goods as carpets, curtains, window shades, etc., at such prices as to defy competition in these lines.
While Mr. Wile may safely lay claim to being the pioneer merchant of Rochester, he is not a back number and no business methods of the past cling to him; he is progressive, and alive to the wants of the people, as his steadily increasing trade will testify.
In order to celebrate the 34th anniversary of his business career, the Wile store will commence a great sale on Monday, April 20th, to continue one week, during which profits will be reduced to the minimum and in many cases entirely wiped out. Mr. Wile wants to make this the banner week of business history, and you can save money by helping him do it.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, April 16, 1903]

Omer Ross has resigned his position at Marsh's dry goods store, and has accepted a position as stock keeper and salesman with M. Wile & Son, where he will have entire charge of the stock. Mr. Ross has a well earned reputation as one of the best stock keepers in Rochester.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, April 3, 1905]

Rochester's big store, owned by M. Wile & Son, is again to be improved and enlarged -- this time the basement will be put in the best condition and several new departments added to the already mammoth stock. The present plan is to put a concrete floor in the basement and there have the linoleums, mattings, and other departments
When the basement is completed it will make three floors to the store. The present ones are now completely filled and in each case crowded shelves reach to the ceiling. The stock is without a doubt the largest in the county and the firm attributes their mammoth business to their low prices and the SENTINEL advertising columns.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, October 5, 1905]

Miss Claudie Kirkendall has moved her milliner shop to the Wile Dry Goods store where she and Luella Mackey will be found with a full line of up-to-date and fashionable hats etc.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, September 3, 1908]

An important business deal, which has been pending for the last few days, was closed this morning and as a result the Fair store is now the property of M. Wile & Sons, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Franklin retiring.
The business has grown from a small beginning into one of the best local business institutions, and enjoyed a large patronage. On account of Mrs. Franklin's ill health, and a desire to change their place of residence, the Franklins decided to dispose of the business.
In acquiring the business, the Wiles have not definitely decided as to whether they will continue the Fair store as a separate business or combine it with the present Wile store. At any rate, the Franklin stock will be placed on sale as soon as an invoice is taken and after the stock is reduced the future policy of the business will be disclosed. The stock is one of the best in the city and the sale will afford buyers an unusually good opportunity to buy goods cheap.
Mr. Franklin has not decided upon his future business program.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, April 4, 1912]

M. Wile & Sons have disposed of The Fair Store, which they recently purchased from Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Franklin. J. E. Hall of Knox is the new owner, having traded lands in Starke county for the store and fixtures. Mr. Hall is an experienced merchant and will continue the business. He will replenish the stock and promises the citizens of Rochester an up-to-date mercantile establishment. The Fair Store has always enjoyed a splendid business and will doubtless continue to do well under the new management.
Arthur Wile, who has had charge of The Fair Store, will devote his attention to the Wile store in the future.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, July 29, 1912]

Ike WILE, representing the M. Wile and Sons department store on Monday purchased the Harrold Department store at Bourbon at a receivers sale. The Harrold store in Bourbon is one of the oldest dry goods and general merchandise establishments in Marshall county. It was forced into the hands of a receiver several months ago because of new management, it is said. Over 30 buyers were present to bid for the store. Mr. Wile stated today that he would re-open the store within a week and continue it in operation.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Tuesday, November 2, 1926]

M. Wile & Sons announced today that they closed a deal last week whereby they are now sole owners of the Wile-Cassady ready-to-wear and dry goods store at Franklin, Ind.
The business change was made necessary through the illness of Mr. Cassady. The firm of Wile and Cassady has been in operation at Franklin for over 14 years. Mr. Wile stated today that he already had employed an experienced manager, who is now in charge of the store and several improvements would be made in the building and in the merchandise stock.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Monday, April 23, 1928]

"Every honest business man will make a success unless he develops a costly hobby."
"Work never killed anybody - it's what you do after working hours that makes or breaks you."

These two axioms originated over three score years ago by Meyer Wile, founder of the M. Wile & Sons department store, of this city, we believe, will prove just as effective today as guide posts to a successful business career as they have done for the Wiles.
To obtain a more or less authentic resume of the early history of M. Wile & Sons, the writer solicited the aid of Ike M. Wile, senior member of the firm. While Ike frankly admits his faculty of remembering exact dates is a bit faulty the following narrative is, in essence, a true summary of one of the community's oldest business firms.
Sailed For U.S. In 1853
Born in Alsace-Lorraine, France, in the year of 1838, Meyer Weill, a lad of 15 years sailed for the United States in the year 1853. The destination of the sailing vessel was Boston, however, the ship encountred such heavy storms during the voyage that its course was altered to the southward, and it made dock at New Orleans. Young Weill, who made the trip alone, was nine weeks in crossing the Atlantic.
Soon after his arrival in New Orleans, Mr. Weill was forced to change his name to Wile as there was a confliction with the names of Weill in that city. He was employed in the southern city until he was conscripted into the service of the Confederate army. In the latter years of the Civil war he was taken prisoner and was confined in a southern prison until the close of the conflict.
Gets Work In Cincinnati
Following the war, Mr. Wile went to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he found employment in a clothing store. While there he was united in marriage with Miss Amelia Rosenburg. Several months later Mr. and Mrs. Wile took up their residency in Plymouth, Ind., where Mr. Wile was given employment by a Mr. Lauer, who was a cousin of Mrs. Wile's.
The next business move brought the Wiles to Rochester, where Meyer was employed in the Levi Heilbrun general store. This business was located in a frame building where the Evergreen Sandwich shop is now located. In a brief time he was taken in as a partner in the business. In 1870, the partnership with Mr. Heilbrun was dissolved and Mr. Wile opened a store of his own. The stock consisted of groceries, boots and shoes, dry goods, ladies' and mens's wear. The store was lighted with coal oil lamps and heated by wood burning stoves.
In the summer months Mr. Wile would make trips to various parts of the county on horseback, where he made trades for beans, tallow, dried apples, hides, wool and furs. The final deals were consummated when the farmers had completed their harvest and summer work.
Ike well recalls his father telling him about one of these horse-back trips he made in the vicinity of Leiters Ford, in which he experienced one of the worst "scares" of his career. The elder Wile had completed a day's trading in that community and started on his return ride to Rochester around eight or nine o'clock in the evening. He had traveled but a couple of miles when the horse became sick and laid down. The narrow dirt road at this point was banked by heavy woods. While Meyer was ministering to the sick animal he heard a wailing and moaning noise which caused his hair to stand on end. These weird noises became more audible, and as they did so, the merchant abandoned his sick mount and hid in the woods.
Interspersing the moaning and groaning were occasional shouts of "Hallelulah" and a moment or so later he saw the tall form of a man plodding along the road, who was the cause of the weird noises. Later, Mr. Wile learned the shouting and moaning was done by a well-meaning religious fanatic of that area.
After the "scare" was over the merchant smmoned help from nearby farmers and it was well after daylight of the following day before either Meyer or the horse could resume their homeward trek.
Former Employees
Among the clerks who were employed by Mr. Wile during the operation of the store in the southern section of the town were Henry Morrison, Cal Knaupp, Jake Rosenburg, Sam Aikens and Albert Richter.
In the late '70s the store was moved into new brick building which was erected by a Mr. Moore. The south half of the store today still utilizes this same building. Duringthe same period of improvement, Dr. Hecktor built the building which now is tenanted by the Vernon Grocery and the building to the south of the Moore's was built by Henry Meyer, Sr.
Upon resuming the business, in the new home, Mr. Wile discontinued the handling of groceries, shoes and men's clothing and carried a most replete stock of dry goods, floor coverings, and ladies' and children's ready-to-wear garments.
I. Wile Starts Career
It was along in this period that Ike Wile, then 16 years of age, went to Chicago to obtain his business experience. He was employed in the Carson, Pirie, Scott store for a few months. After losing this job Ike accepted work in the French building at the old World's Fair and remained there until the close of the exposition. He then returned home for a brief period and later left for Chicago where he spent a year in the study of a business course.
Meyer Wile, it was stated, was a personal friend of Robert Scott, of the Carson, Pirie, Scott firm and also of Marshall Field the 1st of Chicago.
Completing his course, the younger Wile returned to Rochester where he was employed by his father. After a few months' tutelage Ike ws promoted to a managerial position in the store and made frequent buying trips to the New York markets. (This practice he is still continuing today; in addition he is also the representative buyer of a chain of Indiana mercantile firms.)
During the busiest years of Meyer Wile's career he established other department stores in northern and central Indiana. Stores were located in Plymouth, Tiosa, Bourbon and Franklin, Ind.
A. Wile Starts In Plymouth
Arthur Wile, the junior member of the firm of M. Wile & Sons began his business career in the Plymouth store which was operated under a partnership with Albert Richter. Prior to the establishment of the Plymouth business Mr. Richter was associated with Meyer Wile in a store which was located in the corner room of the old Academy of Music building, [SW] corner of Main and Fifth street. The sign "Wile & Richter" is still visible today on the northern side of the building.
Arthur Wile and Mr. Richter's store was successfully operated for several years. A number of years ago, however, the partnership was dissolved and Arthur Wile went to Buffalo, N.Y. where he opened up a Kay Jewelry store and several branch stores.
In the meantime, the Rochester store and the branch stores were experiencing a decided step-up in business. The main home store had purchased the Moore building and secured a long-time lease on the Meyer property, thereby doubling the space of the business. It was during this boom era that Arthur Wile returned to Rochester to take over co-managerial duties in the business.
Although the founder of the Wile store lived to see his establishment become one of the foremost business firms in the county, he did not survive to experience the accelerated business expansion which came for his firm during the war and post-war periods. Meyer Wile passed away at his home here in Rochester on March 7th, 1912.
One Son In East
Another son, Lee Wile, although receiving early training in his father's store, selected the East for his field of business acrtivity. Lee is engaged in the Kay Jewelry store chain and is managing the main store of this chain at Springfield, Mass., today. Prior to his entry into the jewelry business Mr. Wile was associated in the Hadley Furniture business for several years. Lee Wile also served in the World war, and at the close of the conflict was a lieutenant.
On the feminine side of the Wile family, two daughters of the store's founder survive: Mrs. Mattie Radel, of Vincennes, Ind., and Mrs. Maurice (Blanche) Yuster of Columbus, Ohio.
The first lady clerks employed by the local firm were the daughter, Blanche Wile, Almetta Reed, of Tiosa; Mrs. Ross Metzler and Mrs. Ella Hoover. Rose Wile (now deceased), another daughter of Meyer Wile, also assisted at the store in the earlier days.
The owners during the interview stressed the importance of Lake Manitou trade and stated that in thair estimation the sales during the summer months are steped up between 25 and 30 per cent of what they were before the resort was so thickly poplated.
Present Day Personnel
The personnel of the Wile store today is comprised of the following: Virginia Pleasants, Betty Bryant, Miriam Kennell, Hattie Parcel, Bess Shelton, Geraldine Day, Frances Haggerty, Kathryn Riley, Frances Van Deren, Golda Ambler, Erdine O'Blenis, Bess Keel, Eva Smith, Ferris Hatfield, Eva Quackenbush, Lillian Fenstermaker, Agnes Kimmell, Belle Fenstermaker, Lottie Jennens, Rhea Dielman, Floyd Kindig and Clem Bowen.
Both Ike and Arthur Wile have taken a most active interest in the community's civic, industrial and charitable projects, and the business establishment of M. Wile & Sons is held in highest esteem throughout the mercantile field of the state. Ike Wile resides in the home place, a two-story brick residence situated at the [NE] corner of Main and Eleventh, and Mr.and Mrs. Arthur Wile are comfortably located in a two-story bungalow type residence on the southwest corner of Main and Thirteenth streets.
[The News-Sentinel, Friday, April 18, 1941]

WILE & RICHTER [Rochester, Indiana]
[Adv] NEW FIRM! NEW GOODS! Low PRICES! WILE & RICHTER, would respectfully inform the public that they have purchased the stock of goods known as "CHAPIN'S STORE," kept in the corner room of Davidsons Academy of Music. They have made large additions to STAPLE DRY GOODS, NOTIONS, GROCERIES, BOOTS AND SHOES - - - Produce taken in exchange for goods.
PS - To all my friends who have so liberally patronized me during the past five years, I beg leave to state that I will be found at the old stand, as I have been employed by Messrs. Wile & Richter - - - -J. S. CHAPIN.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, May 12, 1883]

[Adv] CLOSE OUT AND QUIT BUSINESS SALE. Wile & Richter's Farewell Bargains! Owing to the fact that the junior member of our firm has decided to locate in the West our entire stock of general merchandise - - - - Dry Goods, Ladies' Wraps, Carpets, Boots, Shoes, Groceries, Glass and Queensware, &c. will be closed out, commencing Monday Feb. 13th - - - -WILE & RICHTER, Academy of Music Building, North End.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, February 10, 1893]

WIL-WOOD CAFE [Leiters Ford, Indiana]
Located W side of 750W across from the triangular lot.
The old Overmyer-Anderson store building was abandoned, and in 1954 was razed by Fred and Paul Stayton and some material from it was used in construction of the present restaurant building at the same location.
In 1955 Woodie and Wilma McGlothin from Rochester purchased the restaurant and building and opened Wil-Wood Cafe. Being friendly, likeable people, and the cordial welcome and friendly atmosphere created by them, together with their obvious hard work preparing and serving delicious home cooking and baking, brought the restaurant good business. In 1966 they completed and opened an additional, beautiful and well furnished larger dining room where they were then able to serve groups, special meetings and parties.
They sold out and the new owners converted the business into a tavern.

WILHOIT [Akron/Rochester, Indiana]
See Madeford & Wilhoit

WILHOIT, JOE [Akron, Indiana]
A business transaction took place at Akron Tuesday night, when the Hattery and Secor garage owned by Ralph Hattery and Daniel Secor was sold to Roy Sheets, who is, at the present time, employed at the Palace garage.
Mr. Sheets wil take possession Monday. The garage will be known as the Hudson-Essex garage and Joe Wilhoit will have charge of the sales dapartment.
Mr. Sheets has had 14 years of experience in the garage business and he is also preparing to do welding in connection with the garage work. Floyd Fitton, who has been employed by Hattery and Secor will remain as an employee under the new ownership.
Mr. Hattery and Mr. Secor state they have no plans for the future.
[The News-Sentinel, Saturday, March 19, 1927]

Joseph B. Wilhoit, operator of the Hudson-Terraplane Sales Agency, 116 East Ninth Street, on the south side of the public square today announced that he was going to close the auto agency and retire from business.
Mr. Wilhoit has had the local agency of the Hudson, Terraplane and Oldsmobile automobiles for several years. He came to this city from Akron where he also operated an auto agency.
Mr. Wilhoit stated today that he has no immediate plans for the future.
[The News-Sentinel, Wednesday, October 7, 1936]

Joseph Wilhoit stated today that he will continue in the auto business in Rochester and will operate his sales room on the south side of the public square at 116 East Ninth Street.
Mr. Wilhoit in the past has operated his auto agency under the name of the Hudson-Terraplane Sales. He has been the agent for not only Hudson and Terraplane autos but also Oldsmobiles.
Mr. Wilhoit has operated an auto sales agency in Rochester for the past five years moving here from Akron where he was engaged in a similar line of business.
[The News-Sentinel, Thursday, October 8, 1936

One of the early businesses in Akron was the Wilhoit and Hoffman Meat Market, located on the street north from the Emahiser and Russell Grocery. They built the new brick building that went from the corner north for a whole half block.
[Thomas Carpenter Family, Walter F. Carpenter, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]
"Owned by Bill Wilhoit and his brother-in-law, Joseph Hoffman. It was a great place for stockbuyers to congregate. They'd select someone to go to Chicago to buy cattle and sheep and divided up the shipment. Men and boys came to town in their buggies to drive their stock home. It sometimes took all day, but no one minded. If it was dinner time, you didn't hesitate to sit down at anyone's table. There was always enough food for one or two extras.
"They never sold shipped-in meat in the shop. It was all butchered here. They used to kill the pigs in a barn that stood out back. Dad always gave away the heart, liver and cracklings.
"There were several ice houses in town. Dad and Uncle Bill had their own for the shop. They'd cut ice out of Town Lake in the winter and store it in sawdust for use in the summer. But later they were the first ones in town to have their own refrigeration system."
[Ruby Dawson Remembers Akron, Ann Kindig Sheetz, Fulton Co Folks, Vol. 2, Willard]

Joseph Wilhoit has sold his butcher shop and Meat Market to Chris Fleck of Mentone. Mr. Fleck formerly resided in this community and is well known, and of late has been operating a meat market in Mentone. This is the first time the Wilhoit Meat Market has changed names for approximately sixty years, having been run by William Wilhoit and Joseph Hoffman, and later by Joe Wilhoit, who bout Mr. Hoffman's share. -- Akron News.
[The News-Sentinel, Rochester, Indiana, Saturday, June 26, 1926]

WILKINSON, ANDERSON [Allen Township, Miami County]
Anderson Wilkinson, one of the old pioneers of the county, and one among the first settlers of Union Township, was born in Ross County, Ohio, Jan. 21, 1813. He was the second son born to John and Delila (Stinson) Wilkinson, both natives of North Carolina. Our subject spent his boyhood and youth in his native county working upon a farm. He, in company with his wife, father, mother, three brothers and two sisters, came to this county in 1836, and located in that part of Union Township that has since been changed to Allen Township. He was then a married man, so, on arriving here, he immediately set up for himself. He located upon a tract of fifty-six acres just north of the present site of Macy. Here he has resided ever since. During his entire life his occupation has been that of a farmer. He has since added to his farm eighty acres more, making in all one hundred and thirty-six acres. He has since, however, sold from his farm some town lots, so that his farm, at present, consists of but one hundrd and twelve acres. When he came to the county he located in the woods, and to develop a farm out of the wilderness naturally devolved upon him a great deal of hard work. He chopped, grubbed, burned brush, rolled logs, plowed and, in fact, did all kinds of hard work which the development of a new country necessitates. He had erected a log cabin in the summer of 1837, and the structure, with additions, though nearly fifty years old, still stands to shelter its occupants. Sept.1, 1836, he was married to Hannah Rains, who died April 24, 1854. Dec. 14, 1854, he was married to Mrs. Martha Sutton. She died March 1, 1876, and, on the 25th of January following, he was married to Mrs. Hannah Baker. In all, Mr. Wilkinson is the father of ten children: George, John D., Andrew J., Charles A., William F., Allen S., Margaret J., Benjamin F.; the next was an infant son that died in infancy unnamed; then Azro H. and Mary C. The first eight were by his first wife and the last two by his second wife. Of those named, Charles A. and Benjamin F. are deceased. Mr. Wilkinson is a member of the Church of God and a Democrat in politics. He has held the office of Township Trustee three terms. As such, he discharged his duties with credit to himself and satisfaction to the public. On the 24th of March, 1886, he had the misfortune to lose his left hand--the result of an amputation caused by a cancer that had afflicted him three years. He is now in the 74th year of his age and is enjoying good health. He has been a resident of Miami County over fifty years, and is one of her most highly respected citizens.
[History of Miami County, Indiana, 1887, Brant & Fuller. pp. 533-534]

WILKINSON, LEWIS C. [Kewanna, Indiana]
Lewis C. Wilkinson was born in Kosciusko county, Indiana, August 24, 1880, the son of Joel and Lydia Ann (Wolf) Wilkinson, both natives of Indiana. The parents of our subject had four children, of whom two, William and Lewis, are still living. Joel Wilkinson was at one time the marshal of the town of Leesburg, Indiana. He died in 1920, his wife having preceded him in death in 1915, both being buried in the old Pioneer cemetery near Kewanna. Lewis C. Wilkinson was educated in the graded and high schools, and he then decided to follow the carpenters' trade, and he accordingly became engaged in this occupation which he pursued for fifteen years. In 1911, he opened a moving picture theater in Kewanna and has the distinction of being the first man to operate such a theater in Kewanna. He later went into the garage business, a concern which he conducted till June, 1922. Since March 1, 1923, Mr. Wilkinson has conducted the Toner Hotel. He was married on August 24, 1902, to Minnie B. Rhodes, and to Mr. and Mrs. Wilkinson has been born one child, Lulu May. In fraternal circles, he is a member of Lodge 69 of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.
[Henry A. Barnhart, Fulton County History, pp. 301-302, Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1923]

WILLARD, WM. AND LON [Rochester, Indiana]
Wm and Lon Willard have bought out Mart Richter, the well driver, and are prepared to promptly look after all business given them. Work guaranteed.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, April 5, 1905]

This is to inform the public that the undersigned have entered a co-partnership in the tubular and driven well business and the firm will be known as Shelton & Willard. All our work will be guaranteed to give satisfaction and all orders will receive prompt attention. Patronage respectfully solicited.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, September 30, 1908]

Horace Shelton has disposed of his interest in the Shelton & Willard well driving business to Lon Willard. Hereafter the firm will be known as Willard & Willard. Mr. Shelton will now pay his entire attention to his plastering trade.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, January 26, 1910]

[Adv] ROCHESTER TUBULAR WELL WORKS, Successors to Willard Bros. Phone 296-01. 1201 Bancroft Ave. H. H. MUTCHLER, S. S. MUTCHLER. Wells, Wind Mills, Tanks, Pumps and Supplies. All kind of wind mill and pump repairing.
[Rochester Sentinel, Saturday, January 14, 1911]

WILLARD, WILLIAM C. [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From William C.Willard)

The Willard Battery and Radio Shop owned by Owen and Harold Davisson will on October 27 be moved from the rear of the Charles Kepler service station to the city building on Main street occupied by the Theatre Lunch which closes its doors Saturday night. The Davissons plan to remodel their new quarters and build an addition to the east end of the building to house machines while battery, wiring troubles are being adjusted. A radio salesroom will be operated in the front part of the building. The chevrolet firm will occupy the room vacated by the Willard shop.
[Rochester Sentinel, Monday, October 20, 1924]

WILLARD & STAHL [Rochester, Indiana]
Willard & Stahl, Carpenters and Builders. Shop opposite the Bank, on Main Street, Rochester, Ind. Will furnish material and do all kinds of work in the best manner on short notice.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, June 27, 1867]

Carpenter Shop. Willard & Stahl have erected a new carpenter shop on the lot opposite Truslow's Clothing store which they intend to occupy themselves, and where they expect to continue to work for their customers.
[Rochester Chronicle, Thursday, December 12, 1867]

WILLIAMS, DAVID [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Hotels - Fairview

See: Patents and Inventions

WILLIAMS, JAMES [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From James Williams)

WILLIAMS, JIM [Rochester, Indiana]
See: Service Men, World War II, Letters (Letter From Jim Williams)

WILLIAMS, LORIN "LARRY" [Rochester, Indiana]
See Larry's Furniture-Appliances

WILLIAMS, MARJORIE [Rochester, Indiana]
Miss Marjorie Williams, who for the past two years has been connected with the Y.W.C.A. in New York City, and is now Asst. Educational Secretary of the Central branch there, left today (Wednesday) for a short stay in Gotham, after which she will take up her new work as General Secretary of the Springfield (O.) Y.W.C.A. the last week in January. Miss Williams, whose home is really here, was highly recommended by the national headquarters, and her new position is one of considerable importance. She has probably had the most interesting career of any Rochester young woman, having taught in Porto Rico, as well as here. Her work in New York has been most fascinating.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, December 30, 1914]

Miss Marjorie Williams, formerly of Rochester, and for several years secretary of the Springfield, O., Y.W.C.A, has been granted a six weeks leave of absence to help raise Ohio's $36,000 war work quota, with headquarters at Cincinnati. A Springfield paper contains a striking picture of Miss Williams, together with a flattering article concerning her work there. Miss Williams is a sister of Mrs. Fred Ruh, of this city.
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, November 29, 1917]

Miss Marjorie Williams, formerly of this city, and who is at the head of the Y.M.C.A. at Springfield, Ohio, is now the general manager of a newspaper published by the above organization in that city. The paper is a four page one and is full of good news, well written and has plenty of "pep." Among the stories carried is one about Miss Williams, which tells of her giving an address in which she stated among other things that "the Y.M.C.A. is a very democratic organization." When the findings of the conference were being read this item appeared: "Miss Williams said the Y.W.C.A. was first adopted in Boston and it came from the Democratic party."
[Rochester Sentinel, Thursday, February 10, 1921]
Miss Clara Mae Robbins, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Robbins of this city, who has moved to California, writes to Rochester friends that she recently attended a luncheon for eight at Hollywood, where she makes her home. Included among the guests at the luncheon were Mary Pickford Fairbanks, famous motion picture star, whom Miss Robbins describes as being exceedingly brilliant as well as beautiful. Miss Robbins has come to know many of the big people in the motion picture work thru her association with Miss Marjorie Williams, also a former Rochester resident.
[Rochester Sentinel, Friday, March 9, 1923]

Radio fans will have an opportunity to hear Miss Marjorie Williams, formerly of this city and now of Hollywood, California, give a talk on the Y.W.C.A. if they will tune up their instruments to the proper distance. Miss Williams is in charge of the Hollywood Studio Club, the Y.W.C.A for motion picture actresses.
She will speak tonight from the Los Angeles Herald broadcasting station K.F.I. between the hours of eight and nine, Western time, which will be between ten and eleven o'clock here. Miss Williams will talk in connection with a campaign to raise $150,000 for the Y.W.C.A. on the western coast. She is being assisted in the drive by Miss Clara Mae Robbins of this city.
When the campaign was opened the main speakers of the evening were Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, Rujert Hugres [sic] and the mayor of Los Angeles, and Miss Williams. To date the drive has been a wonderful success and gives every indication that the quota will be raised.
[Rochester Sentinel, Wednesday, March 14, 1923]

Miss Clara Mae Robbins, formerly of this city, who is now aiding Miss Marjorie Williams, of Hollywood, Calif., in a $50,000 Y.W.C.A. drive on the western coast, plans to open a tea room in Hollywood, according to word received by friends in this city.
While comp